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Recognition of same-sex unions in Slovenia

Slovenia has recognized partnerships (Slovene: partnerska zveza) since 24 February 2017. These provide same-sex partners with all the legal rights of marriages, with the exception of joint adoption and in vitro fertilisation. Previously, Slovenia had recognized the more limited registrirana partnerska skupnost for same-sex couples between 2006 and 2017, which gave same-sex partners access to one another's pensions and property.

A bill to legalize same-sex marriage was approved by the country's Parliament on 3 March 2015. However, it was rejected in a referendum on 20 December 2015.


Laws regarding same-sex partnerships in Europe¹
  Civil union
  Limited domestic recognition (cohabitation)
  Limited foreign recognition (residency rights)
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples
¹ May include recent laws or court decisions that have not yet entered into effect.

Registration of Same-Sex Partnerships Act 2005Edit

A law establishing partnerships was adopted on 22 June 2005,[1] titled Zakon o registraciji istospolne partnerske skupnosti (ZRIPS).[2] The law covered only property relations, the right/obligation to support a socially weaker partner, and inheritance rights to a degree. It did not grant any rights in the area of social security (social and health insurance, pension rights) and it did not confer the status of a next-of-kin to the partners. The adoption of this law sparked a political debate in the National Assembly, with Slovenian National Party deputies opposing recognition of same-sex partners. The opposition Social Democrats and Liberals, arguing that the law proposed was too weak, refused to take part in the voting, leaving the chamber. The vote succeeded with 44 votes for and 3 against.

A more comprehensive registered partnership bill passed the first reading in Parliament in July 2004, but was rejected by Parliament during the second reading in March 2005.[3][4] The bill would have provided for all rights inherent to marriage apart from joint adoption rights.

On 31 March 2005, the Janša Government proposed a new partnership bill, described above, providing access to pensions and property. It was passed on 22 June 2005, published in the official gazette on 8 July 2005, and became effective on 23 July 2006.[5][1]

On 2 July 2009, the Constitutional Court found that it was unconstitutional to prevent registered partners from inheriting each other's property. It held that treating registered partners differently from married partners constituted discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, breaching Article 14 of the Slovenian Constitution. It gave Parliament six months to remedy the situation.[6][7] In response, the Minister of the Interior, Katarina Kresal (LDS), announced the Pahor Government would prepare a new law, which would legalise same-sex marriage.[8] This sparked considerable controversy in the public.[9]

The Registration of Same-Sex Partnerships Act 2005 was repealed upon passage of the Partnership Act 2016, and ceased to be operational on 24 August 2017.[1]

Family Code 2011 reforms and referendumEdit

On 2 July 2009, the Minister of the Interior, Katarina Kresal (LDS), announced that Slovenia is likely to legalize same-sex marriage in the near future, citing the Pahor Government's commitment to provide equal rights for both opposite-sex and same-sex couples. The announcement stirred some level of public controversy, mainly because it provided grounds for same-sex adoption.[8]

On 21 September 2009, the Government presented a draft of the new Family Code, which would allow same-sex couples to marry and adopt children.[9][10][11][12][13] The bill went through a period of public debate until 1 November 2009.[14][15][16][17][18][19][20] In December 2009, the Government considered amendments to the bill, which were expected to be voted on in 2010.[21] On 17 December 2009, the Government approved the Family Code.[22][23][24] It was submitted to the National Assembly on 21 December 2009.[25][26] On 2 March 2010, the bill was approved by the Assembly in its first reading.[27][28]

On 24 January 2011, the Government announced its intention to change the bill before final passage in the National Assembly. The amendments were made due to the difficulty of passing the bill. Marriage would be defined as a union between a man and a woman, but same-sex registered partnerships would have all rights of marriage except joint adoption (stepchild adoption would be allowed).[29][30]

On 7 April, the National Assembly approved the amended bill in its second reading and sent it for a third reading.[31] It passed its final reading on 16 June 2011.[31][32][33]

The new law was challenged on 1 September 2011 by conservative popular movement "The Civil Initiative for the Family and Rights of Children", which called for a national referendum on the issue, and started gathering the requisite popular support.[34] In response, the Government asked the Constitutional Court to judge whether such a referendum would be constitutional. On 26 December 2011, the Constitutional Court ruled that holding a referendum on this issue is constitutional.[35] A referendum on 25 March 2012 led to the rejection of the bill.[36][37]

Partnership Bill 2014Edit

On 14 April 2014, the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities presented a bill to grant partnerships all the rights of marriage, except adoption and assisted reproduction. It underwent a public consultation process until 5 May 2014.[38][39] However, the bill's fate was uncertain due early parliamentary elections on 13 July 2014, which were held following the resignation of Prime Minister Alenka Bratušek. On 15 October 2014, the Ministry announced another public consultation on the draft, which lasted until 15 November.[40] In January 2015, Minister of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities Anja Kopač Mrak said that the bill was put on hold while a proposal to legalise same-sex marriage was considered by Parliament.[41]

Partnership Act 2016Edit

On 22 December 2015, following the 20 December 2015 referendum, which prevented same-sex marriage from becoming legal in Slovenia (see below), Independent Deputy Jani Möderndorfer introduced a bill to grant same-sex couples all the rights of marriage, except adoption and in vitro fertilisation.[42][43][44] The bill would also repeal the Registration of Same-Sex Partnerships Act 2005, and all partnerships would have to be converted to a new institution, called partnerska zveza in Slovene, within the first six months after the bill's date of application.[1] Partnerska zveza has the same formal registration procedure as marriages. On 10 March 2016, the Cerar Government expressed its support for the bill.[45][46] On 5 April, the bill was approved by the Committee on Labour, Family, Social Policy and Disability of the National Assembly.[47][48] On 21 April, it was approved by the Assembly, in a 54–15 vote.[49][50] The National Council did not require the Assembly to vote on the bill again.

21 April 2016 vote in the National Assembly of Slovenia[51]
Party Votes for Votes against Absent (Did not vote)
 G  Modern Centre Party (SMC)
     Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS)
 G  Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (DeSUS)
 G  Social Democrats (SD)
     United Left (ZL)
     New Slovenia – Christian Democrats (NSi)
     Group of Unaffiliated MPs (NP)
     Unaffiliated MPs (Hungarian and Italian minorities)
Total 54 15 21

On 28 April, the Union of Migrant Workers (SDMS) filed a motion, with 2,500 signatures, in order to be allowed to proceed with a petition for a referendum.[52][53][54] However, on 5 May, the Speaker of the National Assembly, Milan Brglez, refused to set a thirty-five-day deadline during which the proposers could collect 40,000 valid signatures to force a referendum, arguing that this and several other SDMS referendum initiatives constitutes an abuse of the referendum laws.[55][56] He sent the bill for promulgation the next day.[57][58] It was promulgated by President Borut Pahor and published in the official journal on 9 May 2016.[59][60] The law took effect on the 15th day after its publication (i.e. 24 May 2016) and became operational nine months later (i.e. 24 February 2017).[61][62][63][64][65]

On 10 May, SDMS challenged Brglez's decision to the Constitutional Court.[66] On 21 July 2016, the Court rejected the challenge.[67][68][69]

Same-sex marriageEdit

Bill to Amend the Marriage and Family Relations ActEdit

On 15 December 2014, the opposition party United Left (ZL) introduced a bill to Parliament to legalise same-sex marriage.[70][71] The sponsors of the bill said the goal was to provide equal rights to all members of society, and claimed that the bill would extend constitutional rights to all groups.

On 29 January 2015, the Cerar Government expressed no opposition to the bill.[72][73][74] Two of the three parties of the governing coalition, SMC and SD, backed the bill, as did the opposition parties ZL and ZaAB. The third party of the coalition DeSUS decided to allow a conscience vote in its ranks. Only SDS and NSi opposed it.[75]

On 10 February 2015, the Committee on Labour, Family, Social Policy and Disability of the National Assembly passed the bill 11 votes to 2 in its second reading.[76][77]

On 3 March, the Assembly passed the bill in its third reading, in a 51–28 vote.[78][79][80] On 10 March 2015, the National Council rejected a motion to require the Assembly to vote on the bill again, in a 14–23 vote.[81][82] The bill was up to President Borut Pahor to sign.

3 March 2015 vote in the National Assembly of Slovenia[83]
Party Votes for Votes against Abstained Absent (Did not vote)
 G  Party of Miro Cerar (SMC)
     Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS)
 G  Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (DeSUS)
 G  Social Democrats (SD)
     United Left (ZL)
     New Slovenia – Christian Democrats (NSi)
     Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (ZaAB)
     Unaffiliated MPs (Hungarian and Italian minorities)
Total 51 28 5 6

On 10 March 2015, opponents of the bill announced that they had collected more than 80,000 signatures to call for a referendum. They filed 2,500 of them, as required, in order to be allowed to proceed with the petition for a popular vote.[84][85]

On 17 March 2015, the leader of the SMC parliamentary group said that, although the party supports same-sex marriage legislation, it would not try to prevent a possible referendum on the issue. United Left, the main proponent of the bill, criticized the statement.[86] However, on 19 March, SMC politicians clarified that they were against blocking proponents from collecting signatures, but that the party would support the motion to block the referendum, when the signatures are submitted.[87][88]

On 23 March 2015, a thirty-five-day term began in which the proposers of an eventual referendum against the law had to collect 40,000 valid signatures.[89] On the same day, a group of 23 deputies from SD, DeSUS, ZL and ZaAB filed a request to call an extraordinary session of the Assembly in order to vote on a motion to block the referendum.[90][91] On 26 March, the National Assembly voted 53–21 to block the referendum on the ground that it would violate the constitutional provision which prohibits popular votes on laws eliminating human rights and fundamental freedoms.[92][93]

26 March 2015 vote in the National Assembly of Slovenia[94]
Party Votes for Votes against Abstained Absent (Did not vote)
 G  Modern Centre Party (SMC)
     Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS)
 G  Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (DeSUS)
 G  Social Democrats (SD)
     United Left (ZL)
     New Slovenia – Christian Democrats (NSi)
     Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (ZaAB)
     Unaffiliated MPs (Hungarian and Italian minorities)
Total 53 21 3 13

The proponents of the referendum, who had announced that they had collected 48,146 signatures before the Assembly's vote, said they would appeal the decision to the Constitutional Court, which they did on 2 April.[95][96][97]

Petition to the Constitutional CourtEdit

The Court had the option of declaring the referendum unconstitutional, as Article 90 of the Constitution prohibits referenda on the subject of constitutionally protected human rights. Any referendum in Slovenia is only successful if a majority of participants and at least 20% of all eligible voters vote against the law.

The Constitutional Court deliberated about the appeal in four sessions on 10 June, 9 July, 10 September and 24 September.[98][99][100][101][102] In October 2015, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Ljubljana, Stanislav Zore, intervened politically to signal his support for the referendum.[103]

On 22 October 2015, the Court officially published its decision, which permitted the referendum to proceed. However, the ruling did not address Article 90 making a new challenge to the referendum possible. The ruling solely regarded the ability of the National Assembly to declare a referendum unconstitutional.[104][105][106]


On 4 November 2015, the National Assembly decided that the referendum would take place on 20 December 2015.[107][108][109] The bill was rejected, as a majority of voters voted against and the votes against were more than 20% of registered voters, as required by the Constitution.[110][111][112]

Adoption casesEdit

On 3 March 2010, the Supreme Court in Slovenia ruled that a male couple with dual Slovenian-American citizenship, who adopted a baby girl in the United States, were to be recognised as the child's legal parents in Slovenia as well.[113] On 17 July 2011, the Ministry for Work, Family and Social Affairs allowed for a woman to adopt her same-sex partner's biological offspring, on the basis of a 1976 law. This raised the possibility that such adoption could be possible even if the 2011 Family Code were to be repealed in a referendum.[114][115]

Public opinionEdit

A Eurobarometer survey published in December 2006 showed that 31% of Slovenians surveyed supported same-sex marriage and 17% recognised same-sex couples' right to adopt (EU-wide average: 44% and 33%).[116]

A survey conducted in October 2009 showed that 23% of respondents supported adoption rights for same-sex couples, while 74% opposed.[117]

A poll conducted by Delo Stik in February 2015 showed that 59% of Slovenians surveyed supported same-sex marriage, 37% were against. A separate question in the same survey found that 51% of Slovenians supported the bill, which was debated in the National Assembly at the time, to allow such marriages and adoptions by same-sex couples, while 42% were against. The poll also showed that 38% of respondents supported adoptions by same-sex couples and 55% were against.[118]

Another poll conducted by Ninamedia in March 2015 showed that 42% of respondents supported the new law, while 54% opposed. Support was highest among those younger than 30, and in the Slovene Littoral.[119]

A poll conducted by Delo in March 2015 showed that a majority of respondents thought that the Constitutional Court should not allow a referendum on the subject. Of those who said they would participate in a possible referendum, 36% said they would support the law, and 50% said they would vote against it.[120]

The 2015 Eurobarometer found that 54% of Slovenians thought that same-sex marriage should be allowed throughout Europe, 40% were against.[121]

The 2019 Eurobarometer found that 62% of Slovenes thought same-sex marriage should be allowed throughout Europe, 35% were against.[122]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d (in Slovene) Zakon o registraciji istospolne partnerske skupnosti (ZRIPS)
  2. ^ Slovenia passes same-sex marriage law Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ (in Slovene) Istospolni in heterospolni
  4. ^ (in Slovene) Zavrnili predlog zakona o istospolni zvezi
  5. ^ Slovenian Marriage License Requirements
  6. ^ (in Slovene) U-I-425/06
  7. ^ Constitutional Court of Slovenia Upholds Equal Rights for Same Sex Partners
  8. ^ a b Slovenia to legalize soon same-sex marriage: minister
  9. ^ a b New Family Law Allowing Gay Marriage Stirs Controversy Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ (in Slovene) Po novem zakoniku istospolni partnerji do posvojitve otrok
  11. ^ Natural Order Of Things (Everyone Needs A Family)
  14. ^ (in Slovene) Novi družinski zakonik – revolucionarni korak naprej ali nepremišljeni zdrs nazaj?
  15. ^ (in Slovene) Javno mnenje delijo posvojitve otrok istospolnih skupnosti
  16. ^ (in Slovene) Ko se nad nov družinski zakonik spravi Komisija Pravičnost in mir
  17. ^ (in Slovene) Predlog družinskega zakonika razdvaja javnost
  18. ^ (in Slovene) Izteka se javna razprava o predlogu družinskega zakonika
  19. ^ (in Slovene) Družinski zakonik naj varuje otroke
  20. ^ Deputies and Experts Clash Over Concept of Family
  21. ^ (in Slovene) Družinski zakonik bo predvidoma sprejet maja 2010
  22. ^ Family Law Bill Ready for Parliament
  23. ^ (in Slovene) Družinski zakonik pripravljen za obravnavo v DZ
  24. ^ (in Slovene) Družinski zakonik odhaja v parlament
  25. ^ (in Slovene) 0817-V Družinski zakonik
  26. ^ (in Slovene) 0817-V Družinski zakonik Evidenčni podatki
  27. ^ Gay Adoptions Cause Rift as MPs Discuss Family Law Bill Archived 2010-03-18 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ (in Slovene) Družinski zakonik čez oviro
  29. ^ Ministry Confirms Changes to Gay Adoption Proposal
  30. ^ (in Slovene) Ministrstvo je pripravilo kompromisni predlog družinskega zakonika
  31. ^ a b (in Slovene) Odbor za delo potrdil t.i. kompromisni predlog družinskega zakonika
  32. ^ (in German) Queer:Slowenien schreckt vor Ehe-Öffnung zurück
  33. ^ (in Slovene) Zakonik sprejet, morda veto DS, morda še referendum
  34. ^ (in Slovene) Dosje: Družinski zakonik
  35. ^ "Referendum o družinskem zakoniku bo" (in Slovenian). 27 December 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  36. ^ Family Law Struck Down
  37. ^ Slovenia referendum rejects law granting same-sex rights
  38. ^ (in Slovene) Pričela se je javna obravnava Zakona o partnerski skupnosti
  39. ^ (in Slovene) Partnerska skupnost je skupnost dveh žensk ali dveh moških, ki skleneta partnersko skupnost
  40. ^ (in Slovene) Začetek javne razprave o predlogu Zakona o partnerski skupnosti
  41. ^ (in Slovene) Zakonska zveza – ne za moža in ženo, za dve osebi
  42. ^ (in Slovene) 967-VII Zakon o partnerski zvezi
  43. ^ After referendum, new bill submitted to protect gay couples
  44. ^ (in Slovene) Möderndorfer: Primc je zlorabil referendumsko vprašanje za vključitev v politiko
  45. ^ (in Slovene) Mnenje Vlade o Predlogu zakona o partnerski zvezi
  46. ^ Slovenia will expand civil partnership rights after gay marriage defeated in referendum
  47. ^ Skozi matični odbor tudi predlog Möderndorferjev zakon o partnerski zvezi
  48. ^ Same-sex partnerships: Committee puts ball in Parliament's court
  49. ^ (in Slovene) Državni zbor sprejel zakon o partnerski zvezi
  50. ^ Same-sex partnership act passed
  51. ^ "Evidenca dokumenta (DRŽAVNI ZBOR) – Zakon o partnerski zvezi (tretja obravnava – Glasovanje o zakonu v celoti)" (in Slovenian). 21 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  52. ^ (in Slovene) 967-VII Pobuda volivcem za vložitev zahteve za razpis referenduma v zvezi z Zakonom o partnerski zvezi (28.04.2016)
  53. ^ (in Slovene) Delavci migranti vložili referendumske pobude še za tri zakone
  54. ^ (in Slovene) Predstavniki delavcev migrantov v DZ vložili referendumske pobude še za tri zakone (daljše) Archived 2016-04-29 at the Wayback Machine
  55. ^ (in Slovene) 967-VII Odločitev predsednika Državnega zbora o nedoločitvi roka za zbiranje podpisov volivcev 05.05.2016
  56. ^ (in Slovene) Brglez je zavrnil še tri referendumske pobude. Odbor 2014 protestiral pred DZ-jem.
  57. ^ (in Slovene) 967-VII Dopis predsedniku Republike Slovenije (06.05.2016)
  58. ^ (in Slovene) 967-VII Dopis Uradnemu listu
  59. ^ (in Slovene) Uradni list RS, št. 33/2016 z dne 9. 5. 2016
  60. ^ (in Slovene) Objavljeni zakoni, za katere so delavci migranti predlagali referendume
  61. ^ (in Slovene) Zakon o partnerski zvezi
  62. ^ New civil unions act enters into force
  63. ^ Slovenia boosts rights of same-sex couples
  64. ^ Same-sex partnership act implemented
  65. ^ 24. 2. 2017 se začne uporabljati Zakon o partnerski zvezi
  66. ^ (in Slovene) Delavci migranti so vložili ustavno pritožbo nad Brglezovo odločitev
  67. ^ (in Slovene) Ustavno sodišče zavrnilo vse pobude delavcev migrantov
  68. ^ Greater equality is on the way for same-sex couples in Slovenia
  69. ^ 217 days to application of the Civil Partnership Act and substantially greater equality of same-sex couples
  70. ^ (in Slovene) Zakon o spremembah in dopolnitvah Zakona o zakonski zvezi in družinskih razmerjih
  71. ^ Time to bestow marriage equality to same-sex couples?
  72. ^ (in Slovene) Mnenje Vlade o Predlogu zakona o spremembah in dopolnitvah Zakona o zakonski zvezi in družinskih razmerjih
  73. ^ (in Slovene) Vlada ne nasprotuje predlogu ZL o istospolni skupnosti
  74. ^ The government issues opinion on the Act Amending the Marriage and Family Relations Act
  75. ^ (in Slovene) Pravice istospolnih in raznospolnih parov že kmalu izenačene
  76. ^ Green light for the debate about the amendment to the law on marriage and family
  77. ^ (in Slovene) Redefinicija družine v smer enakosti dobila zeleno luč
  78. ^ Slovenia allows same-sex couples to marry, adopt children
  79. ^ Same-sex and heterosexual union equal in Slovenia
  80. ^ Slovenia approves same-sex marriage, adoption legislation
  81. ^ (in Slovene) Državni svet ni izglasoval veta na zakon o družinskih razmerjih
  82. ^ (in Slovene) Veta na novelo zakona o zakonski zvezi ne bo
  83. ^ "Evidenca dokumenta (DRŽAVNI ZBOR) – Zakon o spremembah in dopolnitvah Zakona o zakonski zvezi in družinskih razmerjih (tretja obravnava – skrajšani postopek)" (in Slovenian). 3 March 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  84. ^ Same-sex marriage opponents in Slovenia push for referendum
  85. ^ (in Slovene) 80.518 podpisov za referendum o redefiniciji zakonske skupnosti
  86. ^ (in Slovene) SMC referendumu ne bo oporekal, ZL pa vztraja, da ga ne sme biti
  87. ^ (in Slovene) Poslanci SMC: Ne bomo dopustili referenduma o zakonski zvezi
  88. ^ SMC Against Gay Marriage Referendum After All
  89. ^ (in Slovene) Referendum o zakonski zvezi: podpise bodo zbirali od 23. marca
  90. ^ Fate of gay marriage referendum in the hands of MPs
  91. ^ (in Slovene) 23 poslancev v boju proti referendumu o zakonski zvezi
  92. ^ MPs Vote to Ban Gay Marriage Referendum
  93. ^ (in Slovene) Poslanci zavrnili referendum
  94. ^ "Evidenca dokumenta (DRŽAVNI ZBOR) – Predlog sklepa o nedopustnosti razpisa zakonodajnega referenduma o Zakonu o spremembah in dopolnitvah Zakona o zakonski zvezi in družinskih razmerjih (ZZZDR-D), EPA 257-VII" (in Slovenian). 26 March 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  95. ^ (in Slovene) Pobudniki referenduma so zbrali 48.146 podpisov
  96. ^ (in Slovene) Primc: V DZ-ju imamo podivjano večino, ki zlorablja ustavo in zakone
  97. ^ (in Slovene) Koalicija Za otroke gre bo nocoj oddala ustavno pritožbo
  98. ^ (in Slovene) Ustavno Sodišče 18. seja – predlog dnevnega reda
  99. ^ (in Slovene) 21. seja – predlog dnevnega reda
  100. ^ (in Slovene) Odločitev US o referendumu o zakonu o zakonski zvezi verjetno šele jeseni
  101. ^ (in Slovene) 23. seja – potrjen dnevni red
  102. ^ (in Slovene) 25. seja – predlog dnevnega reda
  103. ^ Ljubljanski nadškof Stanislav Zore za Demokracijo: Podpreti je treba družino!
  104. ^ Court judgement
  105. ^ "Slovenia court allows referendum on halting gay marriage". Yahoo!7. 23 October 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.
  106. ^ Constitutional Court allows gay marriage referendum
  107. ^ (in Slovene) Referendum o izenačitvi partnerskih skupnosti bo 20. decembra
  108. ^ Slovenia to hold gay marriage vote in December
  109. ^ Slovenia to hold Dec. 20 referendum on same-sex marriage
  110. ^ Slovenians reject equal marriage in referendum
  111. ^ "Slovenia rejects same-sex marriage in a referendum". Reuters. 20 December 2015.
  112. ^ Marriage equality voted down in referendum
  113. ^ Supreme Court Upholds Gay Adoption
  114. ^ "Zelena luč lezbični posvojitvi otroka" (in Slovenian). 19 July 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  115. ^ First Adoption by Gay Partner of Child's Parent
  116. ^ "Eurobarometer 2006" (PDF). Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  117. ^ (in Slovene) Vox populi – Aktualna vprašanja
  118. ^ "Večina podpira istospolne poroke, do posvojitev je zadržana". RTV Slovenia (in Slovenian). 16 February 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  119. ^ (in Slovene) Izenačitev pravic raznospolnih in istospolnih parov po anketi podpira 42 odstotkov vprašanih, 54 jih temu nasprotuje
  120. ^ (in Slovene) Anketa: Referendum o družinskih razmerjih ni dopusten, a če bi bil, bi zakon lahko padel
  121. ^ Special Eurobarometer 437
  122. ^ "Eurobarometer on Discrimination 2019: The social acceptance of LGBTI people in the EU". TNS. European Commission. p. 2. Retrieved 23 September 2019.

External linksEdit