Partner-assisted reproduction, reception of oocyctes from partner (ROPA), reciprocal IVF, shared motherhood, partner IVF or co-IVF is a method of family building that is used by couples who both possess female reproductive organs. The method uses in vitro fertilization (IVF), a method that means eggs are removed from the ovaries, fertilized in a laboratory, and then one or more of the resulting embryos are placed in the uterus to hopefully create a pregnancy. Reciprocal IVF differs from standard IVF in that two women are involved: the eggs are taken from one partner, and the other partner carries the pregnancy. In this way, the process is mechanically identical to IVF with egg donation. Using this process ensures that each partner is a biological mother of the child.
A study published in February 2018 found a 60% live birth rate in a group of 120 lesbian couples who underwent reciprocal IVF. The subject of the research are European patients only.
- "Shared motherhood: The amazing way lesbian couples are having babies". Cosmopolitan. 14 February 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- Klatsky, Dr Peter (22 June 2017). "Co-Maternity And Reciprocal IVF: Empowering lesbian parents with options". Huffington Post. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- Marina, S.; Marina, D.; Marina, F.; Fosas, N.; Galiana, N.; Jove, I. (9 February 2010). "Sharing motherhood: biological lesbian co-mothers, a new IVF indication". Human Reproduction. 25 (4): 938–941. doi:10.1093/humrep/deq008.
- Ethical dilemmas in assisted reproductive technologies. Schenker, Joseph G. Berlin: De Gruyter. 2011. ISBN 9783110240214. OCLC 763156926.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Bodri, D.; Nair, S.; Gill, A.; Lamanna, G.; Rahmati, M.; Arian-Schad, M.; Smith, V.; Linara, E.; Wang, J. (February 2018). "Shared motherhood IVF: high delivery rates in a large study of treatments for lesbian couples using partner-donated eggs". Reproductive Biomedicine Online. 36 (2): 130–136. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2017.11.006. ISSN 1472-6491. PMID 29269265.