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Partner-assisted reproduction

  (Redirected from Reciprocal IVF)

Partner-assisted reproduction, reception of oocyctes from partner (ROPA), reciprocal IVF, shared motherhood, partner IVF or co-IVF is a method of family building that is used by couples who both possess female reproductive organs. The method uses in vitro fertilization (IVF), a method that means eggs are removed from the ovaries, fertilized in a laboratory, and then one or more of the resulting embryos are placed in the uterus to hopefully create a pregnancy. Reciprocal IVF differs from standard IVF in that two women are involved: the eggs are taken from one partner, and the other partner carries the pregnancy.[1] In this way, the process is mechanically identical to IVF with egg donation.[2][3] Using this process ensures that each partner is a biological mother of the child.[4]

It was first introduced in Spain in 2009.[3]

Birth ratesEdit

A study published in February 2018 found a 60% live birth rate in a group of 120 lesbian couples who underwent reciprocal IVF.[5] The subject of the research are European patients only.


  1. ^ "Shared motherhood: The amazing way lesbian couples are having babies". Cosmopolitan. 14 February 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  2. ^ Klatsky, Dr Peter (22 June 2017). "Co-Maternity And Reciprocal IVF: Empowering lesbian parents with options". Huffington Post. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b Marina, S.; Marina, D.; Marina, F.; Fosas, N.; Galiana, N.; Jove, I. (9 February 2010). "Sharing motherhood: biological lesbian co-mothers, a new IVF indication". Human Reproduction. 25 (4): 938–941. doi:10.1093/humrep/deq008.
  4. ^ Ethical dilemmas in assisted reproductive technologies. Schenker, Joseph G. Berlin: De Gruyter. 2011. ISBN 9783110240214. OCLC 763156926.CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ Bodri, D.; Nair, S.; Gill, A.; Lamanna, G.; Rahmati, M.; Arian-Schad, M.; Smith, V.; Linara, E.; Wang, J. (February 2018). "Shared motherhood IVF: high delivery rates in a large study of treatments for lesbian couples using partner-donated eggs". Reproductive Biomedicine Online. 36 (2): 130–136. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2017.11.006. ISSN 1472-6491. PMID 29269265.

External linksEdit