Reciprocal IVF, also known as shared motherhood, partner IVF, co-IVF and ROPA (reception of oocytes from partner) is a method of family building that is used by couples who both possess female reproductive organs. The method uses in vitro fertilization (IVF), a method that means eggs are removed from the ovaries, fertilized in a laboratory, and then one or more of the resulting embryos are placed in the uterus to hopefully create a pregnancy. Reciprocal IVF differs from standard IVF in that two people are involved: the eggs are taken from one partner, and the other partner carries the pregnancy. In this way, the process is mechanically identical to IVF with egg donation.
A study published in February 2018 found a 60% live birth rate in a group of 120 lesbian couples who underwent reciprocal IVF. The subject of the research are European patients only.
- "Shared motherhood: The amazing way lesbian couples are having babies". Cosmopolitan. 14 February 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- Klatsky, Dr Peter (22 June 2017). "Co-Maternity And Reciprocal IVF: Empowering lesbian parents with options". Huffington Post. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- Bodri, D.; Nair, S.; Gill, A.; Lamanna, G.; Rahmati, M.; Arian-Schad, M.; Smith, V.; Linara, E.; Wang, J. (February 2018). "Shared motherhood IVF: high delivery rates in a large study of treatments for lesbian couples using partner-donated eggs". Reproductive Biomedicine Online. 36 (2): 130–136. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2017.11.006. ISSN 1472-6491. PMID 29269265.