Recceswinth, also known as Reccesuinth, Recceswint, Reccaswinth (English), Recesvinto (Spanish, Galician and Portuguese), Rekkeswint (German), Réceswinthe (French), Recceswinthus, Reccesvinthus, and Recesvindus (Latin), (? – 1 September 672) was the Visigothic King of Hispania, and Septimania in 649–672. He ruled jointly with his father Chindaswinth until his father's death in 653.
|King of the Visigoths|
|Reign||20 January 649 – 1 September 672|
|Coronation||20 January 649|
|Co-king||Chindasuinth (20 January 649 – 30 September 653)|
|Died||1 September 672|
Under Recceswinth, the Visigothic Kingdom enjoyed unbroken peace for 19 years (653–672) — except for a brief rebellion of the Vascons, led by a noble named Froya, " exiled Goth, who, fleeing the monarch’s persecutions, had settled, like many others, in Basque territory. Froya and the Vascons ravaged the lands of the Ebro Valley, looted churches, murdered clerics and laid siege to the city of Saragossa,. Recceswinth reacted, broke the siege and killed Froya ".
Beginning in 654, Recceswinth was responsible for the promulgation of a law code Liber Iudiciorum to replace the Breviary of Alaric; he placed a Visigothic common law over both Goths and Hispano-Romans in the kingdom. This Liber Iodicioruim showed little Germanic influence, adhering more closely to the old Roman laws. In his general law code of 654, he outlawed a set of essential Jewish practices, including male circumcision, dietary laws (kashrut), marriage laws and ceremonies, and the celebration of Passover.
Moreover, the church councils in the Visigothic capital Toledo (Toletum) became the most powerful force in the government and the bishops were the primary support of the monarchy. Will Durant wrote in The Age of Faith: "By their superior education and organization they dominated the nobles who sat with them in the ruling councils of Toledo; and though the king's authority was theoretically absolute, and he chose the bishops, these councils elected him, and exacted pledges of policy in advance."
The votive crown of ReceswinthEdit
The votive crown of Receswinth is an example of Visigothic art made in Hispania. It was found in the Treasure of Guarrazar, a goldsmith's treasure made up of crowns and crosses that several kings of Toledo offered in their time as a gesture of the orthodoxy of their faith and their submission to the ecclesiastical hierarchy; the treasure was found between 1858 and 1861 at the archaeological site called Huerta de Guarrazar, located in the city of Guadamur, near Toledo The votive crown of Receswinth is in the National Archaeological Museum of Spain (Madrid). Among the crowns, made of gold and precious stones, it is the one that attracts the most attention because of the exquisite workmanship of its goldsmithery, with gemstones suspended beneath the filigree Latin letters hanging from its base, which read: RECCESVINTHVS REX OFFERET ("King Receswinth offered it")..
- It is spelled Recceswinth in the Encyclopædia Britannica, vol. 7, p. 328: "Liber Judiciorum". Chicago, 1989.
- Henry Bradley, The story of the Goths: from the earliest times to the end of the Gothic dominion in Spain, G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1903
- John Edwards, The Spain of the Catholic Monarchs, 1474-1520 (Wiley-Blackwell, 2000), p. 72.
- Karen Eva Carr, Vandals to Visigoths: rural settlement patterns in early Medieval Spain (University of Michigan Press, 2002), p.33
- "Tesoro de Guarrazar". Museo Arqueológico Nacional (National Archaeological Museum) (in Spanish). Retrieved May 16, 2020.
- (in Spanish) Coins of King Recceswinth
| King of the Visigoths
20 January 649 – 1 September 672
with Chindaswinth (20 January 649 – 30 September 653)
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