Rebel Heart(Redirected from Rebel Heart (Madonna album))
Deluxe and digital standard edition artwork
|Studio album by Madonna|
|Released||March 6, 2015|
|Singles from Rebel Heart|
Rebel Heart is the thirteenth studio album by American singer and songwriter Madonna. It was released on March 6, 2015, by Interscope Records. Following the completion of the MDNA release and promotion, Madonna worked on the album throughout 2014, co-writing and co-producing it with various musicians, including Diplo, Avicii, and Kanye West. She regularly uploaded pictures of her recording sessions on her Instagram account. Unlike her previous efforts, which involved only a few people, working with a large number of collaborators posed problems for Madonna in keeping a cohesive sound and creative direction for the album.
Thematically, Rebel Heart represents the singer's romantic and rebellious sides. The themes grew organically during the writing and recording sessions. Musically, it is a pop record which merges an array of genres such as 1990s house, trap, and reggae, as well as the use of acoustic guitars and gospel choir. Some of the songs are autobiographical in nature while others talk about love and Madonna's career. Rebel Heart features guest appearances by boxer Mike Tyson and rappers Nicki Minaj, Nas and Chance the Rapper.
The record had been set for a March 2015 release, with the first single to be released on Valentine's Day. But after a flurry of unexpected album content leaks, Madonna released the album for pre-order on the iTunes Store on December 20, 2014, with six songs being available immediately for download. A police investigation led to an Israeli man being arrested and charged with hacking into Madonna's computer and leaking the songs. The leaked cover art for the deluxe edition of the album became popular, leading to numerous memes being created on Instagram, Tumblr, and Twitter. To promote the album, Madonna made several television appearances and performances, including the 57th Annual Grammy Awards and the 2015 Brit Awards. It was further promoted by the Rebel Heart Tour which started in September 2015, and concluded in March 2016, visiting North America, Europe, Asia, and Oceania. "Living for Love", "Ghosttown", "Bitch I'm Madonna", and "Hold Tight" were released as singles from the album.
Rebel Heart received predominantly positive reviews from music critics; multiple reviewers called it her best effort in a decade. They found that unlike her two previous studio efforts, Hard Candy (2008) and MDNA (2012), the album's sound was progressive. It peaked at number two on the Billboard 200 chart in the United States and the UK Albums Chart. Rebel Heart also peaked at number one in various countries across the world, including major music markets such as Australia, Canada, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Switzerland, while reaching the top ten on charts in France, Ireland, Mexico, Japan, New Zealand, and Sweden, and attaining Gold certifications in some of the regions.
Background and developmentEdit
Following the release of her twelfth studio album, MDNA (2012), Madonna embarked on The MDNA Tour to promote it. The tour created much controversy over her statements on violence, human rights, and politics, and her use of fake firearms and her nudity on stage. She was threatened with several lawsuits. She was enraged by many world events, which she claimed were acts of "injustice" against human beings. In September 2013, she released secretprojectrevolution, a short film she directed with Steven Klein, dealing with artistic freedom and human rights. The film also launched a global initiative called Art for Freedom to promote freedom of expression. She clarified in L'Uomo Vogue that her next album would be connected with Art for Freedom, saying that she "had" to be committed to the initiative and use her voice as an artist.
By December 2013, Madonna's manager Guy Oseary commented that the singer was "eager to get started" on her next album. However, she had another project in mind - developing the screenplay for the Andrew Sean Greer novel, The Impossible Lives of Greta Wells. Madonna decided to split her time between writing the screenplay and writing songs for the new album. In February 2014, Madonna confirmed that she had already begun working on her thirteenth studio album, saying: "I'm right now in the process of talking to various co-writers and producers and talking about where I want to go with my music". Working with a number of collaborators on the album, Madonna encountered problems in keeping a cohesive sound and creative direction for Rebel Heart, since her previous efforts had been produced with only a small core group of people developing the music. She observed that a lot of the people she enlisted would not stay in one city at a time due to their different projects, resulting in Madonna not finishing her songs. "So, I was just the person standing there with a clipboard in the headlights, going 'Ok!' A little bit like a school teacher," she admitted.
Writing and recording sessionsEdit
In March 2014, Madonna started posting a number of images on the social media website Instagram, where she hinted at possible songwriters and collaborators with hashtag captions. First she posted about going into the recording studio with Swedish DJ and producer Avicii. Record producer Carl Falk talked to the Dagens Nyheter newspaper in April 2014 about the sessions with Madonna and Avicii. He recalled that eleven demos were recorded within a week at Henson Recording Studios in Hollywood, with acoustic guitars and piano. A total of six personnel were selected by Avicii's manager Arash "Ash" Pour Nouri. They were divided into two groups, the first consisted of Falk, Rami Yacoub, and Savan Kotecha; the second consisted of Salem Al Fakir, Vincent Pontare, and Magnus Lidehäll. Avicii worked with both groups to create the demo songs, while Madonna arrived at the studio in the afternoon and stayed until 7 am. She worked closely with both teams while writing and changing melodies, and was in charge of the process.
A few days later, Madonna posted an image of a sunset with the words "Rebel Heart" on them, and a caption which the media interpreted as lyrics from a new song. The lines posted were: "Day turns into night. I won't give up the fight. Don't want to get to the end of my days... saying I wasn't amazed". Additional images showed Madonna with singer Natalia Kills in front of a microphone, and with Martin Kierszenbaum, the founder and chairman of Cherrytree Records, and senior executive of A&R for Interscope Records, Madonna's label. By mid-April 2014, she had also revealed on Instagram the names of songwriters Toby Gad and Mozella and record producer Symbolyc One with images of the group working in studio. The list of personnel grew to include producer Ariel Rechtshaid and sound engineer Nick Rowe. In an interview with Sirius XM Radio, Kierszenbaum described the recording process:
We were supposed to be with her in the studio for a couple of days. She kindly invited us to stay a little longer. We don't know what's going to end up on the album but it was an absolute you know honor... For me being such a fan for so long it was so exciting to hear her vocal in the room right next to me, coming out of her head really sounding exactly like all those records we all love and she's a pleasure to work with because she's so in tune with who she is and what she wants to sing. I don't know. It's really great collaborating with her and Natalia is such a great writer.
In May 2014, Madonna posted a selfie in which she talked about working with American DJ Diplo. Madonna had invited him for her annual Oscar party, but he could not attend. They eventually started talking about music through texts and decided to collaborate on the album. Madonna asked Diplo to provide his "craziest record" for the album. Together they wrote and recorded seven songs. "Those records are gonna be crazy-sounding. We really pushed the envelope with some of the stuff we were doing... [S]he was up for anything. I love when an artist gives a producer the confidence he needs to work with them, and Madonna was very open-minded to my ideas", Diplo added. One song was composed using a hook Madonna had sung in the studio; Diplo described it as "super weird". Another one, later confirmed as "Living for Love", had nearly twenty versions recorded ranging from a piano ballad to an EDM version. Ultimately Madonna and Diplo compromised on version midway between the two styles. Rechtshaid and British singer MNEK also joined their writing sessions, improving the song's verses. Diplo also confirmed another track, known as "Bitch I'm Madonna", which he believed would push the lyrical boundaries for a pop song. Both Alicia Keys and Ryan Tedder confirmed working on the album, saying that they had contributed to the songwriting with Keys playing piano on "Living for Love". Two other songs, "Messiah" and "Devil Pray", were confirmed by Madonna in different interviews.
Titling and themesEdit
Thematically, Caryn Ganz of Rolling Stone felt that the album focused on two subjects: listening to one's heart, and being a rebel. Madonna explained that these concepts were not the initial inspiration, but emerged during the sessions with Avicii. Madonna observed two distinct themes emerging organically, and felt the need to express them. The record was titled Rebel Heart, since it dealt with two different aspects of the singer's character — her rebellious, renegade side, and her romantic side; she wanted the album to represent both. On the French radio station NRJ, she explained that Rebel Heart could be both autobiographical and fictional, since she mixed both her own experiences with imaginary narratives while writing the songs. The title also stemmed from Madonna's belief that contemporary music artists are not encouraged or inspired to be rebellious, take risks, or speak-up, and she wanted to highlight this. However, she understood the importance of having love in the rebellious nature, so added the word Heart to the title.
Introspection was also listed as one of the foundational themes prevalent on the album, along with "genuine statements of personal and careerist reflection scattered among the posturing of 'Bitch I'm Madonna' and 'Unapologetic Bitch'" according to Slant Magazine's Sam C. Mac as well as her "obsessive self-regard". Madonna explained to Jon Pareles of The New York Times that although she has never looked back at her past endeavors, reminiscing about it felt right for Rebel Heart. "And it's bittersweet for me to think about that. It just seemed like a time where I wanted to stop and look back. It's kind of like survivor guilt. How did I make it and they didn't?" During the album's development phase, she became comfortable expressing her ideas in front of a few people, comparing it to: "writing your diary in front of somebody and reading it out loud... It was almost like an acting exercise, you know, just putting myself in a room and letting ideas flow even if I didn't feel so connected to the people".
Further inspiration for the album came from Madonna's exploration of other cultures and art, literature, and music, referencing them in the songs. She believed that the tracks should stand on their own, so that one could sing them accompanied with just a guitar. Madonna enlisted the help of her daughter Lourdes and son Rocco, calling them her A&R advisers. They visited night clubs and were able to provide her with news about up-and-coming music and artists, helping to create the sounds she gravitated towards for the album.
Generally a pop record, Rebel Heart was different from Madonna's releases in the last decade according to Bradley Stern from MuuMuse. He called it an "eclectic record" citing the merging of an array of musical genres like 1990s house, trap, and reggae along with the use of acoustic guitars. Stern felt that unlike Hard Candy (2008) and MDNA which chased then current musical trends, this album's sound was progressive. Adding to this, Mitchell Sunderland from Vice felt that Rebel Heart was a "lesson learned" from the criticism Madonna had received for her previous two albums. Jed Gottlieb of the Boston Herald found the album continued Madonna's "increasingly interesting, innovative approach" by combining contemporary musical styles with her previous tastes. He found Rebel Heart to be an improvement from the generic dance tunes on MDNA. For Jon Pareles of The New York Times, Rebel Heart was like a sequel to MDNA in its composition, but while the latter was marred by its cold mechanized vocals and clichéd songwriting, the former portrays Madonna's musical abilities as someone "who ponders sin along with romance and fame". Jay Lustig of The Record believed that Madonna had always lacked a thematic coherence with her previous endeavors. However, with the songs from Rebel Heart, she was able to create potentially successful singles despite the tracks' different styles, thereby maintaining consistency on the record.
Music and lyrical interpretationEdit
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Rebel Heart opens with the song "Living for Love". Composed in the house genre, it begins with Madonna singing over a "regal" piano line, eventually joined by percussion. Although a breakup song, "Living for Love" talks about being triumphant and hopeful. According to Dean Piper of The Daily Telegraph, the song has "some classic Madonna traits: religious references, a gospel choir, 90s piano beats and a whirling bass". It was compared to her 1989 singles, "Like a Prayer" and "Express Yourself" by Jason Lipshutz of Billboard. The second track, "Devil Pray", was inspired by how one could be enticed to partake of narcotics to achieve a higher level of consciousness and connect to God. Lyrically it asks for salvation from a variety of drug abuses, making allusions to Saint Mary and Lucifer, as well as the pain of healing from drug abuse. Produced by Madonna with Falk, Avicii, DJ Dahi, and Blood Diamonds, "Devil Pray" starts with gentle guitar sounds which build up to an electropop production, accompanied by a house beat. "Ghosttown" talks about civilizations ending and the world encountering an armageddon, but humans seeing hope amid the destruction. Written with Jason Evigan, Evan Bogart, and Sean Douglas, it is a power ballad song, which Madonna sings in "piercing" and "warm" vocals like those of Karen Carpenter's, and the production is comparable to her 1986 single, "Live to Tell". According to Douglas, "Ghosttown" was written in three days, after Madonna personally requested studio time with him and the other songwriters. The fourth track, "Unapologetic Bitch", has reggae, dancehall, and dubstep influences, and is a ska song where Madonna speaks negatively about a break-up and her lover, in lyrics such as: "It might sound like I'm an Unapologetic Bitch but sometimes you have to call it like it is". Madonna explained that the song is about having fun irrespective of the situation one is in.
The fifth song, "Illuminati", was inspired after Madonna learnt that she was considered as one of the Illuminati's members. She decided to research about the real Illuminati and then wrote the song. Lyrically it refers to the Illuminati conspiracy theory, the Egyptian pyramids, the Phoenix, the Age of Enlightenment, and the Eye of Providence among others, with the chorus lyrics: "It's like everybody in this party is shining like Illuminati". According to Madonna, Kanye West, who produced the track, loved the melody and changed the composition adding his own spin to it. Minaj appears on the sixth track, "Bitch I'm Madonna", where she raps, asking everybody to "go hard or go home", while Madonna shouts lyrics like: "I just want to have fun tonight, I wanna blow up this house tonight". Produced by Diplo and Sophie, the track has a tearing sound alongside the "bleepy electro" and "churning dubstep" composition. During the writing sessions, Minaj had to rewrite the lyrics until she could get the correct sentiment Madonna wanted. "Hold Tight" consists of an "arresting" chorus and a drum beat sound, described by Sam C. Mac of Slant Magazine as: "innocuous, lyrically platitudinous pop that briefly works itself up into something exciting when it threatens to become a gospelized stomp". Track eight, "Joan of Arc", is a ballad in which Madonna sings about the media scrutiny of her life, singing: "Each time they take a photograph, I lose a part of me I can't get back". It also references the Roman Catholic saint of the same name. Madonna's hushed, vibrato-tinged vocals, and confessional lyrics in "Joan of Arc", are enhanced by a new beat instrumentation that utilizes strings and acoustic guitars in the bridge.
"Iconic" features Chance the Rapper and boxer Mike Tyson. The latter has a spoken word introduction to the song, similar to his addition on Canibus' debut single, "Second Round K.O." (1998). Madonna invited Tyson to the recording studio where he talked about his life; he recorded the introduction in one take. Consisting of a "weird" beat, "Iconic" finds Madonna embracing herself as an icon through the lyrics. "HeartBreakCity" follows "Iconic", and is a piano ballad talking about lost love, with Madonna singing in a deeper vocal register, inspired by baroque pop. Containing synths, banjo sounds, and hollow drums, "Body Shop" describes love as a damaged car on the highway, requiring a body repair to be alive. West also produced the next track, "Holy Water", where the singer compares her bodily fluids to the title. With hedonistic sound effects, the song is reminiscent of Madonna's 1990 single, "Justify My Love" and contains a lyrical excerpt from "Vogue". A bassline accompanies the chorus, consisting of moaning sounds, arcade game music, and synths. "Inside Out" was produced by Mike Dean, and features Madonna's vocals with reverb, accompanied by piano sounds and restrained chords. "Wash All Over Me" follows, and is the last track on the standard version of the album. Baroque piano sounds, and a steady military beat, lead up to the chorus as Madonna sings about the world changing, heartbreaks, and acceptance. A gospel choir and minimum synths back the song's sound.
The deluxe version of Rebel Heart begins with the track "Best Night", an 80s electro composition reminiscent of Sade's songs with drums and Indian flute instrumentation. Madonna begins the song with the line, "You can call me M tonight" but her voice is not discernible in the chorus, only in the harmonies. There is another reference to "Justify My Love" at one point during the intermediate bridge."Veni Vidi Vici" appears next, and is a rap "origin story song" with its lyrics built around Madonna's songs: "I expressed myself, came like a virgin down the aisle / Exposed my naked ass, and I did it with a smile / And when it came to sex, I knew I walked the Borderline / and when I struck a pose, all the gay boys lost their minds". Madonna sings the chorus over simple guitar beats, uttering "I came, I saw, I conquered", the English translation of the song's title. Nas appears for a guest verse talking about his own life as Diplo backs it with shotgun and crunching horn sounds. "S.E.X." is the next track where Madonna asks sarcastically "tell me what you know about sex" over sounds of bass, synths and a string arpeggio. Near the end she lists a number of bondage items like: "Twisted rope, handcuffs, blindfold, string of pearls". Described as both an embodiment and critique of act, "S.E.X." talks about the lack of intimacy with Madonna rapping in a "dispassionate" voice; she purposely made it sound like she had a lisp in her articulation of the words.
"Messiah" is a dramatic pop ballad with an orchestra backing and violins. Madonna sings in a "deeper velvety" tone, with the lyrics talking about lighting candles, necromancy, and casting love spells. The title track finishes off the deluxe version and was changed completely from its leaked demo. It consists of acoustic guitar and violins, with autobiographical lyrics. Amy Pettifer of The Quietus noted, "'Rebel Heart' quietly [acknowledges Madonna's] part in building the scene and popularizing stylistics that are the foundation of current trends." The super deluxe version presented tracks like "Graffiti Heart", where Madonna drew inspiration from her pre-fame friends like artists Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring evoking the power of art in gaining freedom. It was described by the Pretty Much Amazing blog as a "a galloping love letter to creativity", while "Beautiful Scars" is a disco-lite throwback track. "Borrowed Time" deals with war and social issues while "Auto-Tune Baby" features a baby wailing in the background.
Release, leaks, and artworkEdit
In May 2014, photographer Mert Alas posted on his Instagram account that he was listening to a new Madonna album, but Billboard clarified that she was still in the process of recording it in Los Angeles. They later posted a 50-second snippet of an instrumental which media claimed to be from Madonna, but the sample was traced back to Dutch DJ Sander Kleinenberg and his song "We Are Superstars". Oseary confirmed that Madonna looked forward to a 2015 release date for the album. However, on November 28, 2014, two songs titled "Rebel Heart" and "Wash All Over Me" were leaked onto the Internet; the songs were immediately taken down, and Oseary tweeted asking for assistance in finding the source of the leaks. On December 17, 2014, a total of thirteen songs were leaked, as well as artwork suggesting the album was to be named Iconic. An aggravated Madonna clarified that the songs were demo versions from earlier recordings; she described the leak as "artistic rape". The singer was also criticized for referring to the hack as "terrorism", due to the then-recent Peshawar school massacre and the Sydney hostage crisis. Madonna said in a Billboard interview that after the leak she and her team tried to trace it back to the source, but ultimately decided to release the finished songs. Referring to the Sony Pictures Entertainment hack, she was critical of the Internet and explained that the incident led to her securing her laptop and hard drives, and disabling the Wi-Fi. "I wanted to plan everything in advance. Release the single, shoot a video, start talking about my record. And you know, prepare for the release of the entire album and have everything set up just so... But we sort of were left with no choice", she added.
On December 20, 2014, the album was made available for pre-order at the iTunes Store. When ordered, six tracks (five in the United Kingdom) were automatically downloaded. Madonna stated that the songs were meant to be "an early Christmas gift" with the final release on March 10, 2015. Originally, "Living for Love" was intended to serve as the lead single from the album. It was to be released on Valentine's Day, with the rest of the record slated for the spring. However, due to the leak, the release date had to be pushed up. Oseary recalled that they did not receive a confirmation until Friday night whether the pre-release could be executed, since iTunes was closing for the Christmas weekend. After much discussion on the pros and cons of the release, and with the aid of Interscope vice-chairman Steve Berman, and Apple Inc.'s Robert Kondrk, they were able to go live slowly. The six songs Madonna chose had to be polished, and since the tracks' producers were unavailable, she mastered and mixed them herself. The album's release was compared to Beyoncé's self-titled surprise release in 2013, with The Guardian calling it a "partial Beyoncé". The leaks continued with fourteen new demos being revealed between December 23 and December 27. Three new tracks—"Hold Tight", "Joan of Arc" and "Iconic"—became available following Madonna's Grammy performance.
The final track list for Rebel Heart was revealed on January 20, 2015, including the standard and deluxe version song names. A day later Israeli police arrested a man suspected of hacking into Madonna's, as well as other musicians' computers, stealing and leaking content. Lahav 433, an Israeli crime-fighting umbrella organization, had led a month-long investigation after the leaks occurred, working closely with the FBI. Although Israeli police refused to name the suspect, media identified him as former reality show contestant Adi Lederman, who had participated in the Israeli singing competition, Kokhav Nolad, season ten. As the deluxe edition leaked in full, Lederman was charged by Israel's Magistrate Court on four counts: computer trespassing, prohibited secret monitoring and additional computer trespassing, copyright Infringement, and obstructing investigation. The investigation also revealed that Lederman was the one who had leaked the demo of Madonna's lead single from MDNA, "Give Me All Your Luvin'". Copies of songs, including rehearsal recordings of upcoming Madonna performances, were sold for more than $1,000 to various clients. Lederman was ultimately sentenced to fourteen months in a Tel Aviv prison.
The cover art, featuring Madonna's face inter-crossed with black wires, became popular on social media resulting in numerous memes being created on Instagram, Tumblr and Twitter. Fans wound black wires across their faces imitating the cover, and even created memes with the faces of other celebrities, including: Britney Spears, Michael Jackson, Homer Simpson, Jim Carrey, Marlon Brando, and the Grinch. Madonna forwarded many of the images to her social media accounts. However, three of the images—those of Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela and Bob Marley with the same wires around their faces—were heavily criticized for being "disrespectful and racist". The singer explained the photos the next day, saying that she was flattered by the comparison to the three and characterized herself as a "freedom fighter".
Madonna confirmed her appearance at the 57th Annual Grammy Awards on February 8, 2015; Oseary clarified that the singer would also perform at the ceremony. The singer performed "Living for Love" wearing a one-piece, matador red outfit, surrounded by male dancers dressed as Minotaurs similar to the song's music video. Forbes reported that Madonna's performance was the most-watched moment of the night. Her effort to sing live without Auto-Tune during the choreographed performance was also widely praised. She also performed the song at the 2015 Brit Awards, on February 25, 2015. However, in the early stages of the performance, a wardrobe malfunction caused her to be pulled down a flight of stairs that made up part of the stage. She later took to Instagram to confirm that she was well, posting: "Thanks for the good wishes! I'm fine". It was later revealed that her cape was tied too tightly, and when her dancers attempted to remove it from her neck, this caused her to crash to the floor, leaving the audience in shock. After several seconds, she continued her performance as planned.
Madonna partnered with the geosocial networking app, Grindr to promote Rebel Heart. A contest was held and five of the app's users were selected for an exclusive interview with the artist. The contest required re-creating the artwork for Rebel Heart and posting it as a Grindr profile picture. Other winners received signed copies of the album. Joe Stone from The Guardian considered this to be a "savvy" promotional method allowing Madonna to connect directly with her gay audience. Madonna appeared on The Jonathan Ross Show, for her first UK television interview in three years, on February 26, 2015 (aired on March 14). She performed an edited version of "Living for Love", as well as "Ghosttown" for the first time. On March 1, she travelled to Italy for an appearance on the television show Che tempo che fa (aired on March 8), where she performed "Devil Pray" and "Ghosttown" while talking with host Fabio Fazio on numerous topics including the album's development process. The next day she appeared on France's Le Grand Journal show, performing an edited version of "Living for Love" and "Ghosttown". Another interview aired on The Today Show on March 9 and 10, 2015, where she spoke to host Carson Daly about the Rebel Heart leaks. Madonna appeared for the first time on a special edition of The Howard Stern Show on March 11, 2015 during which she discussed her life, and personal relationships, as well as confirming that "Ghosttown" was to be the second single from Rebel Heart.
Madonna appeared and performed on The Ellen DeGeneres Show in the US for the entire week of March 16 to 20. Songs performed included "Living for Love" with DeGeneres herself joining the singer onstage, a stripped down version of "Joan of Arc", "Ghosttown", and finally, her 1985 single "Dress You Up", during a bathroom concert sequence with DeGeneres. On March 29, 2015, Madonna performed "Ghosttown" at the 2nd iHeartRadio Music Awards in Los Angeles, where she was joined onstage by singer Taylor Swift playing guitar. Two days later, the BBC's Jo Whiley interviewed her for Radio 2, the singer's first radio interview in the UK. Madonna appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon on April 9, 2015, singing "Bitch I'm Madonna" and her 1983 single, "Holiday".
"Living for Love" was the first single from the album, released along with five other tracks. It was sent for radio play in the US on February 10, 2015. The song received positive feedback with Slant Magazine listing it at number 25 on their year end top songs list for 2015, saying: "Overworked and overthought, for sure, but the song's essence remains in tact, and if Madonna's message of life after love didn't register as a commercial comeback on the scale of, say, Cher's 'Believe', it remains a pop-gospel sequel of the highest order". An accompanying music video, directed by the French duo Julien Choquart and Camille Hirigoyen, together known as J.A.C.K., was released in February 2015. Its storyline incorporates mythological elements and shows Madonna as a matador, fighting her dancers dressed like minotaurs on a red circular stage. "Ghosttown" was first sent for radio airplay in Italy on March 13, 2015, and a week later in Australia. The music video was directed by Jonas Åkerlund, and starred actor Terrence Howard. The video's main theme was "an apocalyptic situation mimicking the end of the world", showing the singer and Howard as the sole survivors in a destroyed city.
The third single, "Bitch I'm Madonna", was released as a remix EP, featuring remixes by various collaborators. Åkerlund again helmed the video for the song, which featured Minaj and Diplo with Madonna, and cameo appearances by: Rita Ora, Chris Rock, Jon Kortajarena, Miley Cyrus, Alexander Wang, Beyoncé, Katy Perry, Kanye West, and Madonna's two sons, Rocco and David. The video was shot at the Standard Hotel in New York City and shows Madonna and her entourage having a party throughout the building, ending on the rooftop. The release of the video to the streaming service Tidal was plagued by technical difficulties, and was met with a mixed response. Critics complimented the craziness of the clip but panned the absence of the guest stars from the set. "Hold Tight" was a radio only single in Italy, released for airplay on July 24, 2015, and served as the fourth single from Rebel Heart in that country.
"Bitch I'm Madonna" became the only track from the album to enter the Billboard Hot 100. It debuted and peaked at number 84 on the chart, aided by a total of 2.6 million streams of the song's audio and video. The first three singles reached the top of the Billboard Dance Club Songs, extending Madonna's record as the artist with the most number one songs on the chart, as well as the artist with the most number-one singles ever on a Billboard chart, breaking her tie with country singer George Strait who earned 44 number-ones on the Hot Country Singles chart. "Living for Love" reached number 26 in the United Kingdom, becoming Madonna's 71st top-forty single, extending her record as the female artist with the most top-forty UK singles.
Rebel Heart TourEdit
Numerous news outlets started reporting on the concert tour supporting Rebel Heart. The Italian newspaper Torino Today reported Madonna was planning on returning to Turin with the tour on November 20 and 21, 2015. The tour was called the Rebel Heart Tour with appearances in North America, Europe, Asia and Oceania, beginning on September 9, 2015. Billboard reported that the tour would use arenas only, and would visit cities where Madonna had not performed previously. The initial itinerary had 25–30 shows in North America and 20–25 shows in Europe, with additional dates being revealed later on. This tour was the singer's first visit to Australia in more than 20 years, having last toured there with The Girlie Show World Tour in 1993, and her first time performing in New Zealand and the Philippines. The tour's main stage was elevated and set up at the end of each arena, with a long catwalk extending from its middle to the center of the space. At the middle of the catwalk there was a circular stage, while the far end of the pathway ended in a heart-shaped stage. Designers working on the tour's wardrobe included: Jeremy Scott for Moschino, Alessandro Michele for Gucci and Alexander Wang, along with Fausto Puglisi, Prada, Miu Miu, Swarovski, Lebanese designer Nicolas Jebran, as well as Madonna's longtime collaborator Arianne Phillips. The tour generated positive critical reviews, many noting that Madonna appeared to be in a happy mood onstage. It grossed a total of $169.8 million from 82 shows, with over 1.045 million ticket sales. In March 2016, Madonna announced that the Sydney, Australia shows of March 19 and 20, 2016 would be filmed for a tour DVD release. Danny B. Tull and Nathan Rissman, who had both worked on Madonna's previous feature and tour films, will be directing it. In September 2016, Madonna revealed that she had finished watching a "rough assembly" of the tour's film, and it would be out in the next two months.
|The A.V. Club||B–|
|Los Angeles Times|||
On its release, Rebel Heart received positive critical reviews. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted mean rating out of 100 to reviews by music critics, the album received an average score of 68, based on 29 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews". The Daily Telegraph writer Neil McCormick, Andy Gill of The Independent, AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine, and Lauren Murphy of The Irish Times each gave the album 4 out of 5 stars. McCormick felt that "(f)or the first time in years, [Madonna] doesn't sound desperate", praising it in comparison to Hard Candy and MDNA. Saeed called it: "a fine collection of sturdy pop tunes in which Madonna finally allows herself to look back and sometimes pilfer from her peak periods of the late 80s and early 2000s". Murphy wrote "the indisputable pop icon is back with a tentative bang" after MDNA had "few memorable pop hits". For Gill, the most impressive aspect of Rebel Heart was Madonna's vocals, while Erlewine found the album to be a revival of Madonna's defiant side and her confessional mood.
Writing for The Quietus, Amy Pettifer praised the album, describing it as: "a darker return to the club culture roots [for Madonna], and it seems – on some level – to face up to the missteps of her more recent releases". Giving it 3.5 out of 4 stars, USA Today writer Elysa Gardner described the album's sound and lyrics as "piercingly direct". Chicago Tribune writer Greg Kot and Randall Roberts of the Los Angeles Times awarded it 3 out of 4 stars. Kot believed that the album would have been better without the songs referencing sexuality, but still considered it to be "fascinating" while Roberts believed that Rebel Heart stood out "sturdily" because of its production. Writing for The Boston Globe, James Reed opined that the album was a: "welcome detour in the artist's recent discography... her most satisfying effort in a decade and nimbly connects the dots between Madonna's various eras and guises". Critic Joey Guerra of the Houston Chronicle called Rebel Heart: "a complex, consistently strong album".
Slant Magazine editor Sal Cinquemani, Joe Levy of Billboard, and Caryn Ganz of Rolling Stone each awarded the album 3.5 out of 5 stars. Cinquemani wrote that the album was "all over the map", yet felt it was "a surprisingly coherent one". Levy wrote that the album was "subtle" compared to "current standards", adding that: "These songs unfold slowly, building through foreplay-like intros before hooks are displayed over a shifting series of textures". Ganz felt that Rebel Heart "is at its strongest when Madonna shoves everyone to the side and just tells it to us straight", and added: "Deep down, Madonna does have a rebel heart – and you can't fault her for reminding us that pop music is all the better for it". Jamieson Cox of Time commended the album for its consistent production and sound, and for Madonna's vocals and songwriting. Giving it a rating of "B", Kyle Anderson and Adam Markovitz of Entertainment Weekly called the album "Madonna's best outing since 2000's Music". Alexis Petridis of the The Guardian and Time Out writer Nick Levine gave the album 3 out of 5 stars. Petridis felt that the two contrasting sides of the album did not "quite gel", reasoning that: "the former might represent the music Madonna wants to make, while the latter is the music she feels obliged to make". Levine wrote: "'Rebel Heart' may lack cohesion, but she's definitely not down for the count: this contains some of the best music Madonna's made in a decade".
Annie Zalesky of The A.V. Club said the record had its "fair share of those head scratching moments", but found it to be a move in the right direction musically. Spin writer Andrew Unterberger gave Rebel Heart a 6 out of 10 rating. While calling it "clunky", Unterberger also wrote that the release "contains a number of Madonna's best songs in years". Writing for The New Zealand Herald, Lydia Jenkin gave it a mixed review, deeming the album a "bit of a mess" and "confused". Lindsay Zoladz of New York magazine was disappointed, feeling that Madonna sounded "safe" in the songs, and added that: "Madonna of Rebel Heart [has] succeeded once again in the increasingly empty goal of sounding current". Gavin Haynes of NME panned the album, saying that it "feels like a wasted opportunity. Trite self-empowerment anthem 'Iconic' informs us that there's only two letters difference between Icon and I Can't. Sadly, there are also two letters between class and ass".
According to Andrew Hampp of Billboard, the pre-order for Rebel Heart received a strong commercial response after its release to iTunes Stores around the world. Pre-orders were estimated at around 50,000 to 60,000 copies, according to industry prognosticators. Rebel Heart debuted at number two on the Billboard 200 chart with 121,000 album equivalent units, behind the soundtrack of the TV series Empire. While it was the best-selling album of the week—ranking number one on Billboard's Top Album Sales chart with pure album sales of 116,000 copies (96% of overall units)—it fell behind the soundtrack when it came to streaming and track equivalent album units, with just over 1,000 and 4,000 units respectively. It became Madonna's 21st top-ten album, but was her first studio release not to debut atop the chart since 1998's Ray of Light. Rebel Heart's concert tour bundle amounted to less than 10,000 copies compared to the 180,000 copies sold for her previous album, MDNA. The release also prompted Madonna to debut at number seven on the Billboard Artist 100 chart, moving up by 2,919% in overall Artist 100 points and gaining 31% in social media activity. In Canada, Rebel Heart debuted at number one on the Canadian Albums Chart with 18,000 copies sold in the first week, making it her seventh number-one there during the SoundScan era. The next week, the album dropped 19 places on the Billboard 200, while in Canada it dropped only one position. Billboard reported that the sales dropped by 78% to 26,000 units, a reflection of the high pre-orders during first week. The album gradually dropped down the next two weeks. On the fifth week it received a boost in sales as a result of Madonna's appearance on The Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon, jumping from number 57 to 41 on the Billboard 200. The album was present for a total of 11 weeks on the chart, and ranked at number 151 on the Billboard 200 year end chart for 2015. As of December 2016, the album has sold 238,000 copies in the US according to Nielsen SoundScan.
In the United Kingdom, the Official Charts Company reported that Rebel Heart outsold its nearest competitors by a ratio of nearly 3:1, after just 24 hours on sale. However, Sam Smith's In the Lonely Hour pushed ahead at the last minute, and Rebel Heart debuted at number two with a difference of 12,000 copies. It became Madonna's first studio album to miss the top spot since Bedtime Stories, which also debuted at number two in 1994. The album sold 37,245 copies including 416 from streaming, the lowest first week sales for a studio album by Madonna. However, she extended her lead as the biggest selling female artist of the 21st century in UK, with cumulative sales of 7.65 million copies. The following week, the album dropped to number 7, with sales declining by 67.46% to 11,983 copies. The album was certified silver by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) for selling over 60,000 copies and has sold 76,490 copies as of June 2015.
Rebel Heart debuted at the top of the German Albums Chart, becoming her twelfth chart-topping record there. Madonna surpassed The Beatles and Robbie Williams as the foreign act with the most number-one albums in German chart history, and equaled Herbert Grönemeyer for third place overall, behind only Peter Maffay and James Last with 16 and 13 chart-toppers respectively. In France, the album debuted at number three on the SNEP Albums chart, with three-day sales of 17,000 copies. Rebel Heart also debuted at number one on record charts in: Austria, Belgium (Flanders), Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland, as well as in the top ten in the rest of Europe.
In Australia, Rebel Heart debuted at the top of the ARIA Albums Chart with sales of 6,962 copies, becoming Madonna's eleventh number-one album in the country and tying her with U2 as the act with the most number-one albums since the establishment of ARIA in 1983. It became Madonna's 19th week atop the chart, ranking her at number 24 on the list of artists with most accumulated weeks at the top. The album had a sharp drop the next week, selling 1,312 copies and dropping to number 18 on the album chart. In New Zealand, it debuted at number seven on the Official New Zealand Music Chart. In Japan, Rebel Heart debuted at number eight on the Oricon Albums Chart with first-week sales of 7,548 physical units, becoming her 23rd top-ten album there. It also entered the Oricon International Albums Chart at number one, staying there for a second week. In South Korea, the album gave Madonna two top-ten entries simultaneously on the Gaon International Albums Chart, with the deluxe edition at number one and the standard edition at number seven. Rebel Heart ended 2015 as the 39th best selling album of the year with sales of 900,000 copies, and by March 2016 it sold an estimated one million copies worldwide.
In its year end review of albums released in 2015, Rolling Stone ranked Rebel Heart at number 45 noting: "How did it take this long for Madonna to write herself a theme song titled 'Unapologetic Bitch'? No apologies offered or needed—Rebel Heart was the queen's finest album in a decade, picking up the disco-stick baton of her 2005 Confessions on a Dance Floor as Madonna voyages back into the groove and reflects on where she's been lately". It was also listed at number six on its ranking of the 20 Best Pop Albums of 2015. Similarly, in its year end review, Spin magazine listed the album at number 21 as Andrew Unterberger noted that: "For most artists who spent whole decades defining the mainstream, titling an album Rebel Heart would seem misguided at best, but for Madonna, it's truer now than ever: A fifty-something refusing to bend to public demands about how she should age gracefully... is as big an act of defiance as you can stage in contemporary pop music". AllMusic called Rebel Heart as one of their Favorite Pop Albums of 2015, describing it as: "Bold, messy, and life-affirming record that finds Madonna simultaneously looking forward and back".
For its year end tabulation, Digital Spy listed Rebel Heart at number 10 on the list of Top 25 Albums of 2015 with Lewis Corner noting that the tracks ranged from: "brilliant, dancehall groove to more reflective and somber pop ballads". He added that: "At this stage in her career, if Madonna doesn't have 'pop chameleon' on her LinkedIn profile... then Rebel Heart alone is enough to endorse that title". He listed "Devil Pray" as a standout track. About.com ranked the record as the fifth best Pop Album of 2015, with reviewer Bill Lamb calling it a "return to form", and her strongest endeavor since Music. Associated Press music editor Mesfin Fekadu ranked the album at number 5, describing the album as a "contemporary classic that puts albums from other female artists half [Madonna]'s age to shame". Fekadu criticized radio for not playing the songs from the album, listing "Bitch I'm Madonna" and "Joan of Arc" as highlights. Billboard listed the Deluxe edition album cover at number 15 in their ranking of the Best Album Covers of 2015.
Credits adapted from Madonna's official website.
|Rebel Heart – Standard edition|
|1.||"Living for Love"||
|6.||"Bitch I'm Madonna" (featuring Nicki Minaj)||
|8.||"Joan of Arc"||
|9.||"Iconic" (featuring Chance the Rapper and Mike Tyson)||
|14.||"Wash All Over Me"||
|Rebel Heart – Media Markt standard edition (bonus track)|
|Rebel Heart – Deluxe edition|
|16.||"Veni Vidi Vici" (featuring Nas)||
|Rebel Heart – Japanese deluxe edition (bonus track)|
|20.||"Living for Love" (Dirty Pop Remix)||
|Rebel Heart – Media Markt deluxe edition (bonus track)|
|Rebel Heart – Fnac deluxe edition (Disc 2)|
|1.||"Living for Love" (Thrill Remix)||
|2.||"Living for Love" (Offer Nissim Dub Mix)||
|Rebel Heart – Super deluxe edition (Disc 2) / Digital EP|
|5.||"Living for Love" (Paulo & Jackinsky Full Vocal Mix)||
|6.||"Living for Love" (Funk Generation & H3drush Dub)||
|Rebel Heart – Japan tour edition (DVD)|
|1.||"Living for Love"||J.A.C.K.||4:08|
|3.||"Bitch I'm Madonna" (featuring Nicki Minaj)||Åkerlund||4:05|
|4.||"Bitch I'm Madonna" (featuring Nicki Minaj) (Sander Kleinenberg Remix)||Åkerlund||3:25|
Credits and personnel adapted from Madonna's official website.
- Madonna – vocals
- Nicki Minaj – vocals
- Chance the Rapper – vocals
- Mike Tyson – vocals
- Nas – vocals
- DJ Dahi – additional vocals (outro)
- MNEK – background vocals
- Santell – background vocals
- London Community Gospel Choir – background vocals
- Jason Evigan – background vocals
- Salem Al Fakir – background vocals
- Vincent Pontare – background vocals, additional background vocals
- Toby Gad – additional background vocals
- MoZella – additional background vocals
- Alicia Keys – piano
- Toby Gad – musician, guitars, programming, instruments, additional programming
- Carl Falk – guitars, keyboards, programming
- Avicii – keyboards, programming
- Shelco Garcia & Teenwolf – musician
- Diplo – musician
- Salem Al Fakir – marching drums, keys, guitars
- Mike Dean – guitar, keyboards and drum programming, key bass, additional programming
- Abel Korzeniowski – electric cello
- L.A. Orchestra – musician
- Joacim Ottebjork – bass
- AFSHeeN – musician, programming, instruments
- Josh Cumbee – musician, programming, instruments
- Stephen Kozmeniuk – musician, programming, instruments
- Dan Warner – programming, instruments (guitar)
- Lee Levin – programming, instruments
- DJ Dahi – programming
- Michael Diamonds – programming
- Magnus Lidehäll – programming
- Demacio "Demo" Castellon – additional programming
- Madonna – production
- Diplo – production
- Ariel Rechtshaid – production
- Avicii – production
- DJ Dahi – production, additional production
- Blood Diamonds – production, additional production
- Billboard – production
- Jason Evigan – production
- Shelco Garcia & Teenwolf – production
- Kanye West – production
- Mike Dean – production, mixing, engineering
- Charlie Heat – production, co-production
- Toby Gad – production, mixing
- AFSHeeN – production
- Josh Cumbee – production
- Salem Al Fakir – production, orchestra editing
- Magnus Lidehäll – production
- Vincent Pontare – production, vocal editing
- Astma & Rocwell – production
- Carl Falk – production
- Travis Scott – additional production
- Demacio "Demo" Castellon – engineering, mixing
- Nick Rowe – engineering
- Angie Teo – mixing, additional recording, additional mixing
- Ann Mincieli – additional recording
- Ron Taylor – additional Pro Tools editing
- Noah Goldstein – engineering, mixing
- Aubry "Big Juice" Delaine – engineering
- Zeke Mishanec – additional recording
- Rob Suchecki – additional recording
Certifications and salesEdit
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||Gold||7,500*|
|Brazil (Pro-Música Brasil)||Gold||20,000*|
|South Korea (GAON)||N/A||3,375|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Silver||76,490|
|United States (RIAA)||N/A||238,000|
*sales figures based on certification alone
|Australia||March 6, 2015||CD||Deluxe||Universal Music|||
|France||March 9, 2015||
|Canada||March 10, 2015||
|Japan||March 11, 2015||CD||Deluxe||Universal Music|||
|March 18, 2015||Super deluxe|||
|Germany||March 27, 2015||LP||Deluxe|||
|France||March 30, 2015||Polydor|||
- List of number-one albums of 2015 (Australia)
- List of number-one hits of 2015 (Austria)
- List of number-one albums of 2015 (Belgium)
- List of number-one albums of 2015 (Canada)
- List of number-one hits of 2015 (Germany)
- List of number-one hits of 2015 (Italy)
- List of number-one albums of 2015 (Netherlands)
- List of number-one albums of 2015 (Portugal)
- List of number-one albums of 2015 (South Korea)
- List of number-one albums of 2015 (Spain)
- List of number-one hits of 2015 (Switzerland)
- List of Downloads Chart number-one albums of the 2010s (UK)
- List of top 10 albums of 2015 (U.S.)
- "Madonna's MDNA Tour Now Opens in Tel Aviv on May 31st at Ramat Gan Stadium" (Press release). PR Newswire. April 26, 2012. Archived from the original on May 14, 2012. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Todd, Neil (August 28, 2012). "Madonna: Fake Guns, Violence on MDNA Tour Are Symbols". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- Cinquemani, Sal (September 24, 2013). "Radical Chic: Madonna Unveils Short Film secretprojectrevolution". Slant Magazine. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
- Gardner, Eriq (September 17, 2013). "Madonna's Secret Project Revealed: Pop Superstar to Release Short Film Via BitTorrent to Aid Global 'Artistic Expression'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
- Spampinato, Francesco (May 16, 2014). "L'Uomo Vogue Cover Story: Madonna". Vogue Italia. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Caulfield, Keith (April 10, 2014). "Madonna Hits The Studio With Natalia Kills, Martin Kierszenbaum". Billboard. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Pareles, Jon (March 6, 2015). "Madonna Talks About 'Rebel Heart,' Her Fall and More". The New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- Hampson, Sarah (February 14, 2014). "My seven-minute, speed-date interview with Madonna". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
- Caulfield, Keith (December 21, 2014). "Madonna on New 'Rebellious and Romantic' Music, Demo Leaks, 'Possibly' Crashing the Grammys and the 'Crazy' Sony Hack". Billboard. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Letkemann, Jessica (March 8, 2014). "Madonna Announces Avicii Collaboration, Pair Hit The Studio Together". Billboard. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Cederskog, George (April 2, 2014). "Vikingen" Carl Falk skriver låtar åt nöjd Madonna". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Williot, Carl (March 24, 2014). "Is Madonna Teasing New Song 'Rebel Heart'?". Idolator. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Levine, Nick (April 18, 2014). "Madonna working with Miley Cyrus 'Wrecking Ball' writer MoZella". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- Wass, Mike (April 17, 2014). "Madonna List of New Album Collaborators Grows To Include MoZella, S1 And Toby Gad". Idolator. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Levine, Nick (May 11, 2014). "Madonna teams up with Haim/Sky Ferreira producer". Attitude. Attitude Media Ltd. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Kierszenbaum, Martin (May 24, 2014). "Martin Kierszenbaum Talks to Sirius XM" (Interview). New York: Sirius XM Radio.
- Payne, Chris (May 8, 2014). "Madonna Hits Studio With 'Slave Driver' Diplo". Billboard. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Lipshutz, Jason (August 21, 2014). "Billboard Cover Story Sneak Peek: Diplo Got Drunk With Madonna and 4 Other Details on Their Upcoming Collaboration". Billboard. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Blistein, John (July 3, 2014). "Diplo: Madonna Asked for 'Craziest Record I Had' for New Album". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Ringen, Jonathan (August 22, 2014). "Billboard Cover: Diplo on His Katy Perry Connection, Madonna Collaboration and 8-Figure Lifestyle". Billboard. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Schnabl, Alexandre (June 29, 2014). "Exclusivo! Diplo incendeia a casa fenomenal da nike e conta para a gente sobre seus maiores sucessos" [Exclusive! Diplo ignites the phenomenal house of nike and tells us about his greatest hits]. Heloisa Tolipan (in Portuguese). Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Stern, Bradley (October 10, 2014). "Alicia Keys Talks About Working on the New Madonna Album". Idolator. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Stern, Bradley (December 8, 2014). "Madonna Is Working With Ryan Tedder Now, Too". Idolator. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
- Blaine, David (December 2014). "Music: Madonna". Interview. Dan Ragone. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
- Lipshutz, Jason (July 2, 2014). "Madonna Posts 'Messiah' Lyrics on Instagram". Billboard. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Ganz, Caryn (December 21, 2014). "'Rebel Heart': Madonna Reveals the Story Behind Six Surprise Songs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- "Madonna Interview Again for NRJ". NRJ. January 30, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Farber, Jim (March 8, 2015). "EXCLUSIVE: Madonna talks new album 'Rebel Heart,' Kanye West, nostalgia — and continuing to push the envelope". Daily News. New York. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- Mac, Sam C. (February 9, 2015). "Madonna Releases Three More Songs from Rebel Heart: 'Joan of Arc', 'Iconic', & 'Hold Tight'". Slant Magazine. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- Petridis, Alexis (December 21, 2014). "Madonna: I did not say, 'Hey, here's my music, and it's finished.' It was theft". The Guardian. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Anderson, Kyle; Markovitz, Adam (March 5, 2015). "Madonna's Rebel Heart: A Point/Counterpoint Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Stern, Bradley (December 20, 2014). "Madonna, 'Rebel Heart': Track-By-Track (Part One)". MuuMuse. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
- Sunderland, Mitchell (December 28, 2014). "Madonna Sings About Sniffing Glue on Her Great New Album 'Rebel Heart'". Vice. Vice Media, Inc. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- Gottlieb, Jed (December 20, 2014). "Madonna displays innovative style on 6 released songs". Boston Herald. Patrick J. Purcell. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
- Pareles, Jon (December 22, 2014). "After Leak, Madonna Offers Show of Force". The New York Times. Retrieved December 25, 2014.
- Lustig, Jay (December 26, 2014). "Madonna's six new songs worth listening to". The Record. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- Lipschutz, Jason (December 20, 2014). "Madonna Survives in Style on 'Living For Love': Single Review". Billboard. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- Guerra, Joey (December 20, 2014). "Madonna releases six new songs". Houston Chronicle. Jack Sweeney. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
- Piper, Dean (December 20, 2014). "New Madonna tracks sound like a 'test of loyalty'". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Ltd. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
- Ellwood, Gregory (December 20, 2014). "Queen of Pop Says 'Bitch I'm Madonna' Dropping Six New Tracks From 'Rebel Heart'". HitFix. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
- "Madonna Just Surprise Released Six New Songs on iTunes". Spin. December 20, 2014. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- Phull, Hardeep (December 20, 2014). "Madonna surprises with six new song release". New York Post. New York Media. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
- Farber, Jim (December 20, 2014). "Madonna songs leaked: 'Rebel Heart' tracks are best when pop star favors classic over trendy". Daily News. New York. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
- Lipschutz, Jason (January 13, 2015). "Sean Douglas, Michael Keaton's Son, on Writing for Madonna & Downplaying His Family Ties". Billboard. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- Sheffield, Rob (January 14, 2015). "Unapologetic Bitch". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Kahn, Maria (December 18, 2014). "Madonna sings about Barack Obama, Queen Elizabeth, Oprah in leaked track 'Illuminati'". International Business Times. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- Lynch, Joe (February 9, 2015). "Madonna Drops 3 New Songs, Including Chance the Rapper/Mike Tyson Track". Billboard. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- Newman, Jason (January 23, 2015). "Mike Tyson Talks 'Intense, Crazy' Cameo on Madonna's 'Rebel Heart' LP". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Pettifer, Amy (February 25, 2015). "Madonna's Rebel Heart: A Track By Track Review". The Quietus. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Saeed, Saeed (March 2, 2015). "Track-by-track review: Rebel Heart Madonna". The National. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Vulpo, Mike (February 4, 2015). "Madonna and Nas Just About Conquered All in New Track 'Veni Vidi Vici'". E!. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Wood, Mikael (March 10, 2015). "Madonna: 'Caring about what people think is the death of all artists'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Levy, Joe (March 5, 2015). "Album Review: Madonna's 'Rebel Heart' Blends Inventive Beats and Maximalist Pop". Billboard. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Cinquemani, Sal (February 26, 2015). "Madonna: Rebel Heart | Album Review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Tabaski, Peter (March 8, 2015). "Review: Madonna, Rebel Heart". Pretty Much Amazing. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- Roberts, Randall (December 15, 2014). "Madonna says music that leaked online is not a finished new album". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- Kennedy, Christian (March 9, 2015). "Madonna embraces her 'Rebel Heart' on new album". The Michigan Daily. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- Lipshutz, Jason (April 21, 2014). "Madonna Photographer Claims To Be 'Listening to the New Album'". Billboard. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Carley, Brennan (June 14, 2014). "Does Madonna Have a Secret New Album? A Vulture Investigation". New York. New York Media. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- Medved, Matt (May 16, 2014). "Guess Who's Behind This Disco-Fueled Track". Billboard. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- Caulfield, Keith (September 12, 2014). "Madonna Aiming for 2015 Album Release, 'Having a Lot of Fun' With Diplo". Billboard. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Wickman, Kase (November 28, 2014). "Madonna's Manager Wants You To Find The Person Who Leaked Her New Song". MTV News. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Caulfield, Keith (November 29, 2014). "Two New Madonna Songs Have Leaked". Billboard. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Lynch, Joe (December 17, 2014). "Madonna Dismisses New Album Leak As 'Unfinished Demos Stolen Long Ago'". Billboard. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- "Madonna new music leak is 'form of terrorism' says singer". The Guardian. December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
- Gibson, Megan (December 18, 2014). "Madonna Calls New Album Leak 'A Form of Terrorism'". Time. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- Dearden, Lizzie (December 20, 2014). "Madonna releases six songs from new album after 'Rebel Heart' leak". The Independent. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- "Madonna Responds to 'Rebel Heart' Leak by Releasing Six Songs". Rolling Stone. December 20, 2014. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- Hampp, Andrew (December 29, 2014). "Madonna's 'Devastating' Album Leak: Guy Oseary on the 'Circus Show' of Getting 'Rebel Heart' to Fans". Billboard. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
- Hampp, Andrew (January 9, 2015). "The Inside Story of How Madonna Turned Her 'Rebel Heart' Leak into a Global Hit". Billboard. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
- Pengelly, Martin & Johnston, Chris (December 20, 2014). "Madonna achieves 'partial Beyoncé' by releasing tracks after leak that was 'artistic rape'". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
- Lynch, Joe (December 24, 2014). "14 More Madonna Songs Leak From 'Rebel Heart,' Including Pharrell Collabo". Billboard. Retrieved December 25, 2014.
- O'Sullivan, Erin (February 8, 2015). "Madonna Releases 3 New Songs, Including Mike Tyson Track". Access Hollywood. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- Minsker, Evan (January 20, 2015). "Chance the Rapper and Mike Tyson Are Featured on the Same Madonna Track". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- Feeney, Nolan (January 21, 2015). "Israeli Man Arrested for Hacking Madonna's Computer and Leaking Music". Time. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Zetter, Kim (January 23, 2015). "Aspiring Singer Arrested in Israel on Suspicion of Hacking Madonna". Wired. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
- Gomar, Ignacio (February 3, 2015). "Filtrado al completo el nuevo disco de Madonna". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- Caspi, David (February 27, 2015). "Madonna Hacker Indicted in Israel". Billboard. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- Hampp, Andrew (July 9, 2015). "Madonna's 'Rebel Heart' Hacker Sentenced to 14 Months In Prison". Billboard. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- Daw, Robbie (December 25, 2014). "Madonna's 'Rebel Heart' Cover Art Meme: 19 Photos, Featuring Everyone From Britney To The Grinch To Marlon Brando". Idolator. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- "Funny Responses To Madonna's 2015 'Rebel Heart' Pre-Release". The Inquisitr. December 25, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- Ed, Payne (January 4, 2015). "Madonna creates social media firestorm with altered Mandela, MLK images". CNN. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- Alexander, Bryan (January 4, 2015). "Madonna apologizes, defends 'Rebel Heart' pics". USA Today. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- Caulfield, Keith (January 13, 2015). "Madonna Will Perform at 2015 Grammy Awards". Billboard. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "Where's Beyoncé: Top Five 2015 Grammy Moments From TiVo". Forbes. February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- Webber, Stephanie (February 14, 2015). "Madonna's Isolated Vocals From Grammys 2015 Performance Are Impressive: Listen!". US Weekly. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- Jacobs, Matthew (February 13, 2015). "Hear Madonna's Impressive Isolated Vocals From Her Grammy Performance". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- Harrison, Lily (February 13, 2015). "Whoa! Listen to Madonna's Isolated Vocals From Her Grammys Performance—You Won't Be Disappointed". E!. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- Stern, Bradley (January 20, 2015). "Madonna Is Rumored To Be Performing at the 2015 Brit Awards". Idolator. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- "Brit Awards 2015: Madonna falls off stage". BBC News. February 25, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "Madonna Takes a Major Onstage Tumble at the BRIT Awards". Yahoo!. February 25, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- Blistein, Jon (February 12, 2015). "Madonna Turns to Grindr for 'Rebel Heart' Contest". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Stone, Joe (February 12, 2015). "Why Madonna's Grindr contest is a savvy appeal to the 'pink pound'". The Guardian. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- "Madonna to appear on 'The Jonathan Ross Show'". Business Standard. February 18, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
- "Madonna 'suffered whiplash' after Brits fall". BBC News. February 27, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- Peters, Michell (March 16, 2015). "Watch Madonna Perform 'Living For Love' and 'Ghosttown' on 'The Jonathan Ross Show'". Billboard. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- Scanzi, Andrea (March 9, 2015). "Madonna a 'Che tempo che fa' – Ciccone contro Fazio: che 8 marzo!". Il Fatto Quotidiano (in Italian). Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- Fazio, Fabio (March 8, 2015). "Madonna – Che tempo che fa del 08/03/2015". Che tempo che fa (in Italian). RAI. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- "Watch Madonna Debut 'Ghost Town' on French TV Without Falling". Spin. March 3, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
- "Madonna's 35 City 'Rebel Heart' Tour Announced For North America and Europe" (Press release). PR Newswire. March 2, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
- "Madonna Talks 'Rebel Heart' Album Leak & Her Kids On 'Today Show': Watch". Idolator. March 10, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Stern, Howard (March 10, 2015). "Madonna on Howard! Wednesday at a Special Time". The Howard Stern Show. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Rugieri, Melissa (March 11, 2015). "Madonna opens her heart to Howard Stern". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- Strecker, Erin (March 2, 2015). "Madonna to Play 'Ellen' for a Full Week". Billboard. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
- "Madonna Brings 'Living for Love' to 'Ellen'". Billboard. March 18, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- Corner, Lewis (March 19, 2015). "Madonna performs emotional 'Joan of Arc' live for the first time". Digital Spy. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- Bacardi, Francesca (March 20, 2015). "Madonna and Ellen DeGeneres Sing 'Dress You Up' in Matching Bathrobes—Watch Now!". E!. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
- Kreps, Daniel (March 10, 2015). "Madonna, Rihanna, Sam Smith to Perform at iHeartRadio Awards". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Lee, Ashley (March 29, 2015). "iHeartRadio Awards 2015: Madonna Sings "Ghosttown" With Taylor Swift". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- Martin, Roy (March 27, 2015). "Jo Whiley talks to Madonna". BBC News. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- Blumm, Kevin C (April 10, 2015). "Madonna and Jimmy Fallon Sing 'Holiday' Using Classroom Instruments". People. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- "Watch Madonna & Diplo's Pelvis-Pumping Performance of 'Bitch I'm Madonna'". Billboard. April 9, 2015. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
- "Going for Adds: February 2015 Mainstream". FMQB. Archived from the original on February 7, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- "The 25 Best Singles of 2015". Slant Magazine. December 9, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
- Buerger, Megan (February 5, 2015). "Exclusive: Madonna to Premiere Music Video from 'Rebel Heart' on Snapchat Discover Today". Billboard. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- Kalkhoff, Matt (March 16, 2015). "Bitch! I Interviewed Madonna (Part Two)". EdgeBoston.com. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
- Mompellio, Gabriel (March 13, 2015). "Madonna – Ghosttown (Interscope Records)" (in Italian). Radio Airplay Italy. Archived from the original on March 9, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- "Most Added Singles to Radio This Week". The Music Network. March 20, 2015. Archived from the original on March 20, 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Cashmere, Paul (March 18, 2015). "Terrence Howard Stars In New Madonna Video Ghosttown". Noise11.com. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- Peiffer, Kim (2015-04-09). "Madonna's Sexy 'Ghosttown' Outfits Are 'Rock 'n' Roll Meets End of World, with a Touch of Shipwreck". InStyle. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- "Bitch I'm Madonna (feat. Nicki Minaj) The Remixes by Madonna". AU: iTunes Store. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- Johnson, Zach (June 16, 2015). "Madonna Recruits Beyoncé, Miley Cyrus, Nicki Minaj, Rita Ora and Katy Perry for 'Bitch I'm Madonna' Music Video". E!. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- O'Donnell, Kevin (June 17, 2015). "Director Jonas Akerlund shares behind-the-scenes details from Madonna's bonkers new video". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- Zuel, Bernard (June 17, 2015). "Madonna's star-studded video, Bitch I'm Madonna, slammed after troubled Tidal launch". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- Lipshutz, Jason (June 18, 2015). "Why Madonna's 'Bitch I'm Madonna' Video Is the Video She Needed to Make". Billboard. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Aldi, Giorgia. "Madonna — Hold Tight (Radio Date: July 24, 2015)". Earone (in Italian). Retrieved August 9, 2015.
- Trust, Gary (June 25, 2015). "Madonna Returns to Hot 100 With 'B**** I'm Madonna'". Billboard. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Caulfield, Keith (July 31, 2015). "Madonna Scores 46th No. 1 on Dance Club Songs Chart". Billboard. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
- Trust, Gary (May 15, 2015). "Madonna Makes History With 45th No. 1 on Billboard's Dance Club Songs Chart". Billboard. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
- Myers, Justin (March 1, 2015). "Ellie Goulding spends fourth week at Number 1 on Official Singles Chart". Official Charts Company. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
- Caulfield, Keith (March 1, 2015). "Madonna Scores Historic 71st Top 40 U.K. Single". Billboard. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
- Venna, Alexia (January 25, 2015). "Madonna a Torino per le uniche due date italiane 2015". Torino Today (in Italian). Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Spanos, Brittany (March 2, 2015). "Madonna Plots Rebel Heart Tour for North America, Europe". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
- "Madonna to tour Australia in March 2016". News.com.au. June 22, 2015. Archived from the original on June 22, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Waddell, Ray (March 2, 2015). "Madonna To Launch 'Rebel Heart' World Tour in August". Billboard. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
- "Madonna to tour Australia for the first time in 23 years". The Sydney Morning Herald. March 1, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
- Yates, Sienna (June 22, 2015). "Madonna is coming to New Zealand next year". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- "It's definite: Madonna coming for concert at MOA Feb. 24, 2016". The Philippine Star. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
- "Stufish Entertainment Archives: Rebel Heart Tour". Stufish.com. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
- Maza, Erik (August 12, 2015). "Madonna Taps Gucci, Moschino for Rebel Heart Tour Costumes". Women's Wear Daily. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Farber, Jim (September 10, 2015). "Madonna seemed to be happy at last during upbeat 'Rebel Heart' tour opener: review". Daily News. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- Zivitz, Jordan (September 10, 2015). "Concert review: Madonna's Rebel Heart Tour starts beating at the Bell Centre". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- Allen, Bob (March 24, 2016). "Madonna Extends Record as Highest-Grossing Solo Touring Artist: $1.31 Billion Earned". Billboard. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- "News > Final Tour shows In Sydney To Be Filmed". Madonna.com. March 15, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- "Madonna Says Her Rebel Heart Tour Film Will Be Done in Two Months". WJBD-FM 100.1. September 9, 2016. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
- "Rebel Heart by Madonna reviews". AnyDecentMusic?. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- "Reviews for Rebel Heart". Metacritic. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (March 10, 2015). "Rebel Heart Madonna". AllMusic. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Zaleski, Annie (March 10, 2015). "With Rebel Heart, Madonna bridges her bulletproof past and reflective present". The A.V. Club. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Petridis, Alexis (March 5, 2015). "Madonna: Rebel Heart review – braggadocio v self-examination on an album of two halves". The Guardian. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Roberts, Randall (March 10, 2015). "Madonna channels defiance and devotion on confident 'Rebel Heart'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Haynes, Gavin (March 4, 2015). "Reviews – Madonna – 'Rebel Heart'". NME. Archived from the original on March 14, 2015.
- Ganz, Caryn (February 25, 2015). "Rebel Heart". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Unterberger, Andrew (March 10, 2015). "Review: Madonna Becomes the Heel of Pop on the Admirably Shameless 'Rebel Heart'". Spin. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Gardner, Elysa (February 28, 2015). "Madonna's new album is full of 'Heart'". USA Today. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Corner, Lewis (March 9, 2015). "Madonna's new album Rebel Heart: What do the critics say?". Digital Spy. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- McCormick, Neil (February 24, 2015). "Madonna, Rebel Heart, review: 'she's in the game again'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Murphy, Lauren (March 5, 2015). "Madonna: Rebel Heart". The Irish Times. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Gill, Andy (March 6, 2015). "Madonna, Rebel Heart – album review: A confirmation of Madonna's sustained musical relevance". The Independent. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Kot, Greg (March 6, 2015). "Madonna shows vulnerability behind 'Rebel Heart'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- Reed, James (March 10, 2015). "Album Review: Madonna, 'Rebel Heart'". Boston Globe. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Guerra, Joey (March 9, 2015). "Madonna's 'Rebel Heart' pulses with pop urgency". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Cox, Jamieson (March 10, 2015). "Review: Rebel Heart Is Madonna's Most Consistent Album in a Decade". Time. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Levine, Nick (February 26, 2015). "Madonna – 'Rebel Heart'". Time Out. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Jenkin, Lydia (March 5, 2015). "Album review: Madonna, Rebel Heart". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Zoladz, Lindsay (March 10, 2015). "Madonna Sounds Current – and Empty – on 'Rebel Heart'". New York. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Caulfield, Keith (March 17, 2015). "'Empire' Soundtrack Debuts at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart, Madonna Arrives at No. 2". Billboard. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- Trust, Gary (March 20, 2015). "Madonna Vaults Onto Billboard Artist 100 at No. 7, Taylor Swift Still No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Tuch, Paul (March 18, 2015). "Madonna Scores Number One Top Album Debut" (PDF). Nielsen SoundScan. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 19, 2015. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- Cross, Alan (March 21, 2015). "Weekly Music Sales Report and Analysis: 18 March 2015". A Journal of Musical Things. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- "Billboard 200: Week of April 4, 2015". Billboard. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
- "Canadian Albums: Week of April 4, 2015". Billboard. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
- Caulfield, Keith (March 28, 2015). "Billboard 200 Chart Moves: 'Fifty Shades' Album Whips Past Half-Million in Sales". Billboard. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- Daw, Robbie (April 17, 2015). "Madonna's 'Rebel Heart' Album Jumps Up Chart Following 'Tonight Show' Appearance & Coachella Kiss". Idolator. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
- "Madonna – Chart history" Billboard 200 for Madonna. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- "2015 Billboard 200 Top Albums". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2015.
- Trust, Gary (December 12, 2016). "Ask Billboard: Madonna's Career Album Sales". Billboard. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
- Moss, Liv (March 10, 2015). "Madonna's Rebel Heart takes early lead in albums chart race". Official Charts Company. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- "Sam Smith denies Madonna her 12th number one album". BBC. March 15, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- Moss, Liv (March 16, 2015). "Sam Smith scores Official Charts Number 1 double". Official Charts Company. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- Jones, Alan (March 16, 2015). "Official Charts Analysis: Sam Smith returns to top Singles and Albums Charts". Music Week. Retrieved March 16, 2015. (Subscription required (. ))
- Jones, Alan (March 23, 2015). "Official Charts Analysis: Kendrick Lamar first rapper since 2013 to top Albums Chart with sales of 29,695". Music Week. Retrieved March 23, 2015. (Subscription required (. ))
- "British album certifications – Madonna – Rebel Heart". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved April 17, 2015. Enter Rebel Heart in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Silver in the field By Award. Click Search
- Jones, Alan (June 22, 2015). "Official Charts Analysis: Muse's Drones hover at No.1 for second week". Music Week. Retrieved June 22, 2015. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Offiziellecharts.de – Madonna – Rebel Heart" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- "Madonna überholt Beatles und Robbie Williams mit "Rebel Heart"" (in German). T-Online.de (Deutsche Telekom). March 17, 2015. Archived from the original on March 18, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Le Top de la semaine : Top Albums" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- Goncalves, Julien (March 11, 2015). "Rebel Heart: Madonna déçoit et entre troisième du Top Albums. Les chiffres!" (in French). Pure Charts in France. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
- "Czech Albums – Top 100". ČNS IFPI. Note: On the chart page, select 201511 on the field besides the word "Zobrazit", and then click over the word to retrieve the correct chart data. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Madonna – Rebel Heart" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- "Official IFPI Charts – Top-75 Albums Sales Chart Εβδομάδα: 10/2015" (in Greek). IFPI Greece. Archived from the original on March 17, 2015. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- "30 Years of the ARIA Charts – U2, Madonna and Kylie Have Most #1s". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on July 12, 2013. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- Ryan, Gavin (March 15, 2015). "ARIA Albums: Madonna Rebel Heart Is No 1 In Australia". Noise11.com. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- Cashmere, Paul (March 24, 2015). "Madonna Stiffs in Australia And Heads The Same Way in USA". Noise11.com. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
- "Charts.org.nz – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Hung Medien. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- "Oricon Top 50 Albums: 2015-03-23" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "週間 洋楽アルバムランキング" (in Japanese). Oricon. March 23, 2015. Archived from the original on April 30, 2015. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- "South Korea Gaon International Album Chart". On the page, select "2015.03.08~2015.03.14", then "국외", to obtain the corresponding chart. Gaon Chart Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- "Top selling albums worldwide of 2015" (PDF) (in Spanish). Sociedad General de Autores y Editores. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 11, 2017. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
- Ochoa de Olano, Iciar (March 30, 2016). "La caída en barrena de Madonna". El Norte de Castilla (in Spanish). Retrieved March 30, 2016.
- "Madonna, Rebel Heart: 50 Best Albums 2015". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- "20 Best Pop Albums of 2015". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 19, 2015.
- Unterberger, Andrew (December 7, 2015). "The 25 Best Pop Albums of 2015". Spin. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
- "Best of 2015: Favorite Pop Albums". AllMusic. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- Corner, Lewis; Davidson, Amy (December 19, 2015). "The 25 best albums of 2015: Which one is our favourite of the year?". Digital Spy. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- Lamb, Bill (February 5, 2016). "Top 20 Best Albums of 2015". About.com. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- Fekadu, Mesfin (December 19, 2015). "AP's top albums of 2015: Troye Sivan, Kendrick Lamar, Adele". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- "25 Best Album Covers of 2015: Critics' Picks". Billboard. December 19, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- "Rebel Heart – Credits". Madonna.com. Archived from the original on June 21, 2015. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
- "Rebel Heart by Madonna". iTunes Store. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "Madonna – Rebel Heart (Exklusive Standard Edition inkl. Bonus Track)" (in German). Media Markt. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- "Rebel Heart by Madonna". iTunes Store. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "Rebel Heart: Madonna" (in Japanese). CD Japan. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Madonna – Rebel Heart (Exklusive Deluxe Edition inkl. Bonus Track)" (in German). Media Markt. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- "Rebel Heart – Édition Deluxe" (in French). Fnac. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- CD release of Rebel Heart in Germany:
- "Rebel Heart – EP by Madonna". iTunes Store. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- "マドンナ「レベル・ハート・ツアー」の来日記念盤が日本独自リリース決定！" [Madonna Rebel Heart Japanese Tour Edition] (in Japanese). Universal Music Japan. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "BMI Work # 18685357, Illuminati". Broadcast Music Incorporated. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- "Los discos más vendidos". Diario de Cultura. January 23, 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "Australiancharts.com – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Hung Medien. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- "Austriancharts.at – Madonna – Rebel Heart" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Ultratop.be – Madonna – Rebel Heart" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Ultratop.be – Madonna – Rebel Heart" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Top CD: 30/03/2015 a 05/04/2015" (in Portuguese). ABPD. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "Madonna – Chart history" Billboard Canadian Albums Chart for Madonna. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Top Kombiniranih [Top Combined]" (in Croatian). Top Combined Albums. Hrvatska diskografska udruga. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- "Danishcharts.com – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Hung Medien. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- "Madonna: Rebel Heart" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- "Lescharts.com – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Hung Medien. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "Greek Albums: March 28, 2015". IFPI Greece. Billboard. Retrieved January 8, 2016. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Top 40 album DVD és válogatáslemez-lista – 2015. 11. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- "GFK Chart-Track Albums: Week 11, 2015". Chart-Track. IRMA. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "Italiancharts.com – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Hung Medien. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- "Los Más Vendidos 2015 - Mejor posición" (in Spanish). AMPROFON. Archived from the original on January 21, 2016. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Hung Medien. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLIS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS. Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- "Portuguesecharts.com – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Hung Medien. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- "Spanishcharts.com – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Hung Medien. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Hung Medien. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
- "Swisscharts.com – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Hung Medien. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
- "Weekly Top 20 – Five Music Chart 2015/03/13 – 2015/03/19" (in Chinese). Five Music. Archived from the original (Select Week 11, Year 2015 from the bottom of the list) on May 26, 2016. Retrieved February 7, 2016.
- "Madonna | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart Retrieved March 12, 2015.
- "Jaaroverzichten 2015" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
- "Rapports Annuels 2015" (in French). Ultatop. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
- "2015 Billboard Top Canadian Albums". Billboard. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- "Top 50 Strana 2015" (in Croatian). Croatian Music Channel. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Dutch Albums Year End 2015". MegaCharts. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
- "Le Top de l'année : Top Albums Fusionnés – 2015" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
- "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- "Összesített album- és válogatáslemez-lista — eladási darabszám alapján - 2015" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- "Classifiche 'Top of the Music' 2015 FIMI-GfK" (Click on "Scarica allegato" to download the zipped file containing the year-end chart PDF documents) (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- "Oricon Year end albums 2015" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved January 7, 2016. (Subscription required (. ))
- "2015년 Album Chart: International Artists" (in Korean). Gaon Music Chart. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
- "Top 100 Albumes 2015" (in Spanish). PROMUSICAE. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- "Jahreshitparade 2015 Alben". Schweizer Hitparade. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
- "End of Year Album Chart Top 100 2015". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- "2015 Billboard Top Album Sales". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2015.
- "Austrian album certifications – Madonna – Rebel Heart" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved December 14, 2015. Enter Madonna in the field Interpret. Enter Rebel Heart in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
- "Brazilian album certifications – Madonna – Rebel Heart" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
- "French album certifications – Madonna – Rebel Heart" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
- "Italian album certifications – Madonna – Rebel Heart" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved May 29, 2015. Select Album e Compilation in the field Sezione. Enter Madonna in the field Filtra. Select 2015 in the field Anno. The certification will load automatically
- "Certificaciones – Madonna" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
- "Polish album certifications – Madonna – Rebel Heart" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
- "American album certifications – Madonna – Rebel Heart". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved December 12, 2016. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- "Rebel Heart (Bonus Postcards) Madonna, Pop, CD". Sanity. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- CD release of Rebel Heart in France:
- CD release of Rebel Heart in New Zealand:
- CD release of Rebel Heart in Sweden:
- CD release of Rebel Heart in the United Kingdom:
- CD release of Rebel Heart in Canada:
- CD release of Rebel Heart in the United States:
- "Madonna Hits Number One on iTunes in Over 40 Countries" (Press release). PR Newswire. December 20, 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2014.
- "マドンナ : レベル・ハート – 音楽" (in Japanese). Amazon.com. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "マドンナ : レベル・ハート(スーパー・デラックス) – 音楽" (in Japanese). Amazon.com. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Rebel Heart (Limited 2LP Vinyl) Madonna" (in German). Amazon.com. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Rebel Heart (2LP) – Vinyl LP – Madonna" (in Dutch). Cdon.se. January 22, 2015. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Rebel Heart – Madonna". Amazon.com. January 22, 2015. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Rebel Heart (Vinyl) by Madonna". Amazon.com. Retrieved February 15, 2015.