Reasi district

Reasi district is a district of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The Reasi district is bordered by Udhampur district and Ramban district in the east, Jammu district in the south, Rajouri district in the west and by Kulgam district on the north. The Reasi and Rajouri tehsiles formed a joint district called the "Reasi district" at the time of princely state's accession to India in 1947. As part of the reorganisation, the two tehsils were separated and Reasi was merged with the Udhampur district. It again became a separate district in 2006.[1]

Reasi district
Location of Reasi district in Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Reasi district in Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates (Reasi): 33°05′N 74°50′E / 33.09°N 74.84°E / 33.09; 74.84Coordinates: 33°05′N 74°50′E / 33.09°N 74.84°E / 33.09; 74.84
CountryIndia
Union territoryJammu and Kashmir
DivisionJammu Division
HeadquartersReasi
Tehsils1. Gool-Gulabgarh, 2. Reasi, 3. Pouni
Area
 • Total1,719 km2 (664 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total314,667
 • Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
 • Urban
8.6%
Demographics
 • Literacy58.15%
 • Sex ratio890
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK-20
Websitehttp://reasi.nic.in

Reasi is one of the oldest towns of the Jammu and Kashmir State. It was the seat of the erstwhile Bhimgarh State, said to have been established by Raja Bhim Dev sometime in the 8th century. It remained an independent principality till 1822, when Raja Gulab Singh the then Raja of Jammu hill region, under the Sikh empire, consolidated the small states.

GeographyEdit

Reasi is located at a distance of 64 km from Jammu and is bounded by Tehsil Gool-Gulabgarh in the north, Tehsil Sunderbani and Kalakote of District Rajouri in the west, Tehsil Udhampur in the east, Tehsils Jammu and Akhnoor of District Jammu on the south. Climatically a major part of this Sub-Division falls in sub-tropical zone and the rest in temperate zone. Summers are generally warm and winters cold with snowfall on the high ridges. One of the most beautiful thing about Reasi is that in summers, the temperature of Reasi will be less than most of the districts in Jammu and in winters, its temperature will be higher than other districts in Jammu. So this makes Reasi favourable for all kinds of people visiting there.

Hindu sitesEdit

Major Hindu pilgrimage sites like Vaishno Devi, Shiv Khori, Baba Dhansar and Siyad Baba Waterfall are located in this district. Due to this Reasi district sees a great in-rush of people from all over across the country, especially in summer.

AccessEdit

Being far away from Jammu–Udhampur–Srinagar Highway 1-A and somewhat inaccessible due to the hilly area, economic progress in the mostly hilly region of Reasi has been rather slow. With the commissioning of Salal Hydroelectric Project at Dhyangarh near Reasi, the economic activity of the area has picked up considerably. Construction work of this project was started in 1970 by the National Hydro-Electric Power Corporation (NHPC) and the project was commissioned in 1987 when the first stage of 345 Megawatt power station was completed and balance/the second stage of the project with 345 MW was commissioned in 1995 making the total generation to 690 MW. Power from this project flows to the Northern Grid from where it is distributed to the states of J&K, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Chandigarh.

The Jammu–Srinagar–Baramulla Railway line which is under construction passes through the Reasi district. The Railway line up to Katra was inaugurated on 4 July 2014, by the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra railway station. From Katra the Railway line traverses to Reasi-Banihal area with stations at Reasi, Salal A–Salal B, Surukot, Barala, Sangaldan, Kohli and Laole. The 1315 meters long railway bridge under construction over river Chenab near Salal with a height of 383.10 meters from the river surface and shall be the highest bridge in the world. This railway line will bring Reasi on the rail map of the country and accelerate development and prosperity in the area.

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Reasi district (2011)[2]

  Islam (49.66%)
  Hinduism (48.91%)
  Sikhism (0.99%)
  Christianity (0.38%)
  Other (0.00%)
  Not stated (0.05%)

According to the 2011 census Reasi district has a population of 314,667,[3][4] roughly equal to the nation of The Bahamas.[5] This gives it a ranking of 570th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 184 inhabitants per square kilometre (480/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.06%.[4] Reasi has a sex ratio of 890 females for every 1000 males[4] (which varies with religion), and a literacy rate of 59.42%.[4]

Reasi has a population which is a blend of almost equal percentage of Muslims and Hindus and has set an example for tolerant and peaceful religious co-existence. Reasi's population stands at 314,667 (2011) constituting 49.67% of Muslims and 48.90% of Hindus.

Sex Ratio in Reasi District in 2011 Census.[2]
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 156,275)
915
Hindu (pop 153,898)
869
Sikh (pop 3,107)
924
Other (pop 1,387)
558
Total (pop 314,667)
890

Reasi district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[6]

  Dogri (43.76%)
  Gojri (24.68%)
  Hindi (1.62%)
  Pahari (6.64%)
  Kashmiri (18.33%)
  Punjabi (1.13%)
  Gujari (0.92%)
  Others (2.92%)
Reasi district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[2]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 153,898 156,275 1,208 3,107 15 7 3 154 314,667
48.91% 49.66% 0.38% 0.99% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.05% 100.00%
Male 82,358 81,598 782 1,615 11 4 3 90 166,461
Female 71,540 74,677 426 1,492 4 3 0 64 148,206
Gender ratio (% female) 46.5% 47.8% 35.3% 48.0% 26.7% 42.9% 0.0% 41.6% 47.1%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
869 915 545 924 890
Urban 23,245 3,076 461 194 3 0 0 17 26,996
Rural 130,653 153,199 747 2,913 12 7 3 137 287,671
% Urban 15.1% 2.0% 38.2% 6.2% 20.0% 0.0% 0.0% 11.0% 8.6%

The main languages spoken in Reasi are Urdu, Kashmiri, Punjabi, Dogri and Gojri.

Reasi district
mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[6]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
001002 Assamese 330 0.10%
002007 Bengali 294 0.09%
003001 Bodo/Boro 61 0.02%
004001 Dogri 137,710 43.76%
005018 Gujarati 87 0.03%
005054 Ponchi 491 0.16%
006086 Bhadrawahi 477 0.15%
006096 Bharmauri/Gaddi 52 0.02%
006102 Bhojpuri 194 0.06%
006125 Bundeli/Bundel khandi 52 0.02%
006133 Chambeali/Chamrali 39 0.01%
006142 Chhattisgarhi 560 0.18%
006207 Gojri/Gujjari/Gujar 77,674 24.68%
006240 Hindi 5,095 1.62%
006340 Kumauni 45 0.01%
006439 Pahari 20,889 6.64%
006489 Rajasthani 54 0.02%
007016 Kannada 205 0.07%
008005 Kashmiri 57,689 18.33%
008018 Siraji 139 0.04%
008019 Dardi 141 0.04%
010008 Maithili 32 0.01%
011016 Malayalam 219 0.07%
012003 Meitei (Manipuri) 40 0.01%
013071 Marathi 271 0.09%
014011 Nepali 265 0.08%
015043 Odia 134 0.04%
016038 Punjabi 3,545 1.13%
020027 Tamil 340 0.11%
021046 Telugu 392 0.12%
022015 Urdu 133 0.04%
040001 English 21 0.01%
053005 Gujari 2,884 0.92%
055007 Khasi 1,070 0.34%
071008 Kuki 72 0.02%
082005 Lushai/Mizo 66 0.02%
Others 2,905 0.92%
Total 314,667 100.00%

HistoryEdit

Bhimgarh FortEdit

An historical fort named as Bhimgarh Fort, but generally also known as ‘Reasi Fort’ is located in the town of Reasi on a hillock approximately 150 meters high. As per local lore initially the fort was made of clay which later on was reconstructed with stone masonry and was generally used by the royal family for taking shelter during emergencies. Presently the fort is in the charge of the Department of Archaeology, J&K Government since 1989. Today the fort stands out as one of the important landmarks in the town. During the time this was damaged several times due to its age and natural violence. From time to the government understanding the importance of this fort has tried its best to reconstruct it. It's due to this fact that this fort is still standing in Reasi and it adds shine to the Reasi city.

Inside IndiaEdit

After the accession of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir to India in 1947, the Rajouri and Reasi tehsils of the former "Reasi district" were separated. Rajouri was merged with the Indian-administered Poonch district, India and Reasi was merged with the Udhampur district.

The people of this hilly area have long agitated for the restoration of the district status for Reasi. The Wazir Commission report, among other recommendations, proposed that it be upgraded to a district. Rishi Kumar Koushal, a prominent leader of the erstwhile Jan Sangh, now Bharatiya Janata Party, led the agitation to restore the district status in the late nineties.

Reasi has been upgraded to District level in the year 2007 due to the constant efforts made by the people.

AdministrationEdit

Reasi is one of the Eight, newly created Districts in the State, which came in to existence from Ist of April 2007 . It is predominantly a hill District, which enjoys variable climatic conditions, ranging from sub-tropical to the semi temperate.Geographical status of the District we can divide the District into 'Hilly' and 'Low Lying Hilly' Region.

The District is divided into ten Tehsils and 22 Niabats.There are 12 Development Blocks with 147 Panchayat Halquas.

TehsilsEdit

  1. Reasi
  2. Gool-Gulabgarh
  3. Pouni
  4. Katra
  5. Bhomag
  6. Arnas
  7. Thuroo
  8. Chassana
  9. Thakrakote
  10. Mahore

BlocksEdit

  1. Reasi
  2. Gulabgarh
  3. Pouni
  4. Katra
  5. Bhomag
  6. Arnas
  7. Thuroo
  8. Chassana
  9. Thakrakote
  10. Mahore
  11. Panthal
  12. Jij

PoliticsEdit

Reasi District has 3 assembly constituencies: Reasi, Gulabgarh and Gool Arnas.[7]

Places of interestEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jammu and Kashmir to have eight new districts, Indo-Asian News Service, 6 July 2006.
  2. ^ a b c C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  3. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/default.aspx
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Bahamas, The 313,312
  6. ^ a b C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  7. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.

http://reasi.gov.in/about.html

External linksEdit