Open main menu

Real-life superhero

A real-life superhero (RLSH[1]) is a person who dresses up in a superhero costume or mask in order to perform community service such as neighborhood watch, or in some cases vigilantism.[2][3][4]

Early examples of this type of behaviour are reported from the 1990s, for example, Mexico City's Superbarrio Gómez, who, in 1997, donned red tights and a red and yellow wrestler's mask in order to organize labour rallies, protest, and file petitions to prevent families from being evicted.[5] A "real-life superhero community" in the sense of an online subculture began to develop in the mid-2000s.[6]

List of notable real-life superheroesEdit

Real-life superheroes wear masks or otherwise disguise themselves in order to perform deeds ranging from community services to deterring crime.[7][8] Some examples documented in the news media include:


Menganno works on the east side of Lanús.[clarification needed] He wears blue clothing, a helmet, and a shield similar to that of fictional superhero Captain America, but with the colors of the Flag of Argentina.[9]


Wearing specially made black knife resistant clothing and wearing a black mask, Black Rat of Sydney carries a utility belt and backpack containing a fire blanket, fire extinguisher, first aid kit and drinking water. He has campaigned for better lighting in the streets and more community involvement in neighbourhoods.[10][11][12][13]
Captain Australia, featured in the mX and then The Courier-Mail[8][14] and on television's A Current Affair,[15] is based in the Brisbane, Queensland. He wears a green and gold suit and mask similar to Captain America with an @ symbol on his chest and a Batman-style utility belt. Police have expressed their preference that Captain Australia not intervene in incidents.[clarification needed][8]
Active since 2012, masked activists The Fauna Fighters are a Melbourne-based duo who use a Golden Age of Comic Books superhero motif as a method of publicizing animal-rights issues and supporting various animal-rights groups and charities. The Flying Fox and the extinct Thylacine have been featured in various publications.[16][17]


Polarman of Iqaluit, Nunavut, shovels snow off sidewalks and keeps playgrounds safe for children during the day and patrols the streets for criminals at night, wearing a black balaclava, white pants and snow boots.[18]
Ark of Toronto was featured in an article for Postmedia News by Douglas Quan in November 2011, who commented on his reasons and methods[clarification needed] on being a real-life superhero.[19]
The Crimson Canuck of Windsor, Ontario, was also featured in the article by Quan,[19] as well as being interviewed on the radio station AM800 by Arms Bumanlag, and was featured in an article in the Toronto Sun.[20][21]
Thanatos of Vancouver, British Columbia, dresses in a trench-coat, skull-and-crossbones tie, and wide-brimmed hat while wearing a bulletproof vest as he distributes goods and goodwill to the homeless.[22][23]
The Katalysts Ontario, also known as the Justice Crew of Oshawa, in Oshawa, Ontario, are a collection of individuals who patrol the streets at night, clean up local litter, and perform homeless outreach. Members include its founder Aftershock, Regulus, and the Nameless Crusader.[24]
Lightstep is a masked patroller currently located in Montreal. He is equipped with a bulletproof vest and a bag with first aid kit, needle collection containers, latex gloves, condoms, socks, gloves and hats.[clarification needed][25][26]


Redbud Woman assists the poor in Beijing, China. She has been seen several times wearing black tights and a blue mask, handing out food and warm clothing to the homeless.[27]


Wearing a mask, Super Pan fights against hunger by handing out bread three days a week in poverty stricken areas of Bucaramanga.[28]

Czech RepublicEdit

Pérák is a masked vigilante based on the World War II era urban legend of the same name. Wearing black and a mask, he uses street art to educate the public on the Romani Holocaust, and campaigns to shut down pig farms on the Lety concentration camp site.[29][30]


Dex Laserskater has been patrolling the streets of Helsinki since 1997. He has modeled his alter ego after the short lived comicbook hero Skateman. He specializes in guiding tourists, tipping waiters, doormen and street musicians and helping the police.[31]


Captain Ozone has featured in the French Max magazine,[32] the Koikispass magazine,[33] and the German edition of the FHM magazine.[34][clarification needed]
The Defenders of France have been the subject of numerous press articles. L'Arpenteur (English: The Surveyor) is one of their leaders.[35][clarification needed]


Park Wayne is a superhero active in Jerusalem. His outfit and identity are mostly inspired by Batman and Spiderman. He has roamed the streets of the city protecting drunks, people at risk, and the creative communities in Jerusalem since 2010. He was featured in an episode of The State of Jerusalem[36] that followed him for a night in order to shed light on him.


Entomo, the Insect-Man, is a masked patroller and activist[clarification needed] who has been inspired by earlier real-life superheroes.[37][38] In February 2009, Rai 4 filmed a night-time patrol and interview with Entomo at an abandoned factory in Naples, aired on the TV program Sugo.[39] Following an interview on Il Riformista,[40] Entomo was depicted in Panorama.[41]


Lion Heart educates Liberians about the dangers of human trafficking and the importance of clean drinking water. He is part of a grassroots movement in Africa.[42][43]


Superbarrio Gómez of Mexico City
CNN covered Mexico City's Superbarrio Gómez, who is a high school dropout who wears red tights and a red and yellow wrestler's mask. He uses his unique image to organize labor rallies, protest, and file petitions to prevent families from being evicted.[5]

South AfricaEdit

Spinnekop (English: Spider), whose real name is Eric Nefdt, a father of three, runs the through Pretoria in a Spiderman costume. He does this to raise awareness for children born with congenital heart defects. In 2017, he completed the Comrades Marathon in a time of 11:30:06.[44]


Väktaren (English: The Watchman) patrols[clarification needed] the streets of Malmö, wearing a dark suit with a white mask and white "V" symbol on his chest. When interviewed, the police stated that as long as he was not impersonating a police officer, he was not breaking any laws.[45]

United KingdomEdit

The BBC reported on Angle-Grinder Man, a British self-described "wheel-clamp superhero" who claims to use an angle grinder to illegally cut wheel clamps off vehicles which have been clamped in by police and parking officials in Kent and London. Police indicate that they have received no word or complaint of his actions.[46]
The newspaper This Is Local London featured an article on SOS (whose real name is Steve Sale), a UK superhero who gatecrashed the premiere of the film Kick-Ass in April 2010.[47]
Knight Warrior (whose real is name Roger Hayhurst) wears a costume and attempts to break up fights in the Salford area. His mother has expressed concern for his safety.[48]
The Statesman is a super hero who patrols the streets of Birmingham wearing a mask[49], Union Jack shirt and dark trousers. Reports of his effectiveness[clarification needed] are mixed.[50][51]
In August 2011, the BBC reported on Shadow (whose real name is Ken Andre) who patrols[clarification needed] in Yeovil.[52]
A vigilante known as the Bromley Batman has been seen in by several witnesses to have saved people from knife-wielding gangs and muggers in South London.[53] His activities have been reported as far as Cornwall.[54]

United StatesEdit

Real-life superheroes are notably prevalent in the USA compared to other countries, which may be attributed to the greater popularity of superhero comic books.[55][56][57][58]
One of the earliest examples of a RLSH was California's Richard Allen Pesta, alias Captain Sticky. Starting around 1974, clad in a blue jumpsuit with gold lame cape and boots and driving the "Stickymobile" he campaigned against abuses in nursing homes, supplied information on health insurance frauds to authorities, and advocated for consumer rights.[59] He testified before the Federal Trade Commission hearings in 1978 and Congress in 1979 wearing his uniform.[60] He was arrested in 1986 when he rented his house to a film crew shooting pornography.[61][62]
Phoenix Jones is a mixed martial artist who patrols[clarification needed] Seattle in a bulletproof vest and stab plating. Initially wearing a ski mask to intervene in a public assault, Jones later developed a full costume and adopted the pseudonym.[63][64]
Master Legend assists the homeless of Orlando and is a member of the Justice Crusaders.[65][66][67] Amazon based the 2017 black comedy series Legend of Master Legend on his super hero persona.[68]
Shadow Hare wears a mask and cape and patrols[clarification needed] Milford, Ohio, armed with tasers, pepper spray and handcuffs.[69][70]
Captain Ozone has starred in PSAs, made appearances at grade schools and hemp festivals, created a video documentary on environmentalism, and organized a public demonstration for renewable energy.[71]
Mr. Xtreme, a security guard, spends his free time as a costumed crime fighter handing out food and juice in San Diego, California.[72][73]
Captain Oyster, whose real name is Liam Davenport,[74] patrols his Queens neighborhood looking for late-night crimes to solve through "intimidation and intellectual discourse".[citation needed]
Crimson Fist patrols Atlanta twice a month with his wife, Metadata, to help the homeless in their area.[75][76][77][78]
Wall Creeper and Zen Blade patrol in Denver.[79][clarification needed]
NightBug and Rock N Roll, a husband-and-wife team from the San Francisco Bay Area, co-founded the California Initiative as a branch of the Initiative Collective in 2011.[80][further explanation needed]
The Watchman and Moon Dragon were reported patrolling Milwaukee[clarification needed] in 2009.[81][82]
Terrifica is a New York City-based woman who patrols bars and parties in an effort to prevent inebriated women from being taken advantage of by men. Since the mid-1990s, she has donned a mask, blonde wig, red boots and cape, because, in her words, women "need to be protected from themselves".[83]
In 2010, The Viper was stopped by police in Columbia, Tennessee, for patrolling the streets after midnight in a black and green mask and costume. He claimed that he was "just a guy trying to do what was right in tights".[84]
Dragonheart is a bilingual real-life superhero who operates in Miami.[85][clarification needed]
In Portland, Oregon, Zetaman patrols the streets in a minivan, giving help to the homeless.[86]
Dark Guardian of New York, whose real name is Chris Pollack, has patrolled the streets of New Jersey since the age of 19.[87] He has also patrolled Greenwich Village after attacks on the gay community[88] and planned to launch a school for younger children to teach them super hero values.[89][90][91] In 2017, he became the head of the Guardian Angels, a volunteer crime prevention organisation.[92][93]
The Eye of Mountain View in California is a licensed investigator. His speciality is patrolling using homemade gadgets to record criminal activity so that it can be reported to police. He often works with his wife, Lady Mystery.[38]
Squeegeeman "fights grime and crime"[attribution needed] in Manhattan wearing a red mask and cape.[94][95] He was reported as making a mock run for President in 2008.[96]

Real-life superhero groupsEdit

SkyMan, Red Ranger, El Caballero, and Dragon (members of Emerald City Heroes Org, or ECHO) monitoring the 2017 May Day protests in Seattle.

There are several organized groups of real-life superheroes in the United States.

  • A group of real-life superheroes from all over the United States, called Superheroes Anonymous, held their first meeting near Times Square in New York City on October 28, 2007. Along with filming a documentary and giving interviews to news media, their activities included cleaning up litter, helping the homeless, and handing out crime prevention materials.[97]
  • Multiple media outlets have run reports on the Rain City Superhero Movement, a former group of real life super heroes in Seattle. The group includes Buster Doe, No Name, Troop, Penelope, and Phoenix Jones.[98][99]
  • Real-life superheroes Captain Prospect, Justice, and Sparks[100] are members of the Capital City Super Squad in Washington D.C.[101][clarification needed]
  • Central Florida News 13 did a story on Team Justice, a group of costumed superheroes giving Christmas gifts to the homeless.[102][103]
  • Salt Lake City Weekly reported on the patrols of The Black Monday Society and the superhero identities of its team members Insignis,[104] Ghost, Ha!, and Silver Dragon.[105][106][107] Fox News Salt Lake City ran a story on the team as well.
  • The Jibsheet ran an article about a group of ten real-life superheroes in Seattle trying to help the homeless prevent their belongings from being stolen by gangs.[108]
  • KSTP-TV reported on Razorhawk, Geist,[104] and the Great Lakes Hero Guild while they patrolled Minneapolis. The segment was re-broadcast nationally on ABC Overnight News.[109]
  • The Extreme Justice League, founded in 2006[110] by Mr. Extreme, regularly patrols San Diego. Their duties include homeless outreach, safety patrols and attempting to de escalate fights. A registered non profit, they work with the local community and the police,[111] and have featured in several news stories.[112][113][72]
  • A Thrillist article on the world's first superhero training center called The Superhero Foundry in Las Vegas was published in August 2018.[114] The group, called the Guardians of Tomorrow, is a citywide neighborhood watch group created to address the concerns of mass shootings and felony crimes after the 2017 Las Vegas shooting that happened across from the Mandalay Bay during a country music concert.[citation needed]
  • The Trillium Guards of Ontario are a group of real-life superheroes started in 2011 by Ark Guard of Toronto, Blackhat of Ottawa, and the Crimson Canuck from Windsor. The group focuses on homeless outreach missions, and other charitable work. Some members also perform patrols around Ontario, comparable to a neighbourhood watch. The team has expanded over the years to include Canadian Justice, Urban Knight, T.O. Ronin (formerly Hidden Sparrow), Ninja Knight, and Nameless Crusader. Crimson Canuck retired around the end of 2013, but was instrumental in helping build the real-life superheroes movement in Canada.[115][better source needed]


Police response to the actions of real life superheroes is typically negative.[116] An article from The Globe and Mail claims that the police "fear for the safety of these 'superheroes' and argue that sometimes they can get in the way of police work and become a liability".[117] Police have expressed concern that RLSH insert themselves into situations without knowing all the facts and indicate that this is "not a smart thing to do".[4] Police have indicated that super heroes who physically involve themselves in preventing crimes are practicing vigilantism.[73]

Different organisations have used the concept of the real-life superhero for other purposes. In Austria, the artist collective qujOchÖ created Miss Magnetiq as a parody of the real-life superhero phenomenon. Together with her companions Nickel, Cobalt and Mangan, Miss Magnetiq tries to protect the city of Linz from catastrophe but always fails.[118][119][120]

Real-life superheroes have also been used for publicity and marketing campaigns. Super Vaclav was a 2011 promotional figure for a Czech webhosting company.[121] Purporting to combat the antisocial behavior of Prague citizens, the company released YouTube videos featuring him pouring buckets of water on individuals smoking near public transport stops and assaulting dog owners with their own animal's excrement left behind in parks.[122][123] While garnering many views, the campaign did not appear to translate into takeup of the webhost being advertised.[124] Metro Woman was a short-lived publicity stunt in 2005 intended to gather support for the Washington purple line metro project.[125]

Fictional depictionsEdit

While superheroes in the strict sense are characters with superhuman powers, superhero fiction depicting vigilantes with no such powers have long been part of the genre, notably with Batman and Iron Man. Such characters are also known as "costumed crime fighters" or "masked vigilantes". With the development of the real-life superhero community, there have also been more realistic depictions of masked vigilantes in fiction performing the actions of real-life superheroes, such as in the comedy films Hero at Large and Blankman, and the comic book Kick-Ass and its film adaptations. The concept has also been depicted in television series, including the Bones episode "The Superhero in the Alley" and the CSI: Crime Scene Investigation episode "Hero to Zero".

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "What is a RLSH? ⋆ Real Life Superheroes". Real Life Superheroes.
  2. ^ "Superheroes: Interview with Michael Barnett". Superheroes. HBO Documentaries. 2011. Archived from the original on 26 December 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  3. ^ Sweeney, Phil (2011-10-23). "Head to Head: Is vigilante justice acceptable outside of comic books? - Opinion -". Louisiana State University: The Daily Reveille. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Superhero Phoenix Jones: 'I'll keep Seattle safe'". BBC News. 2011-10-14.
  5. ^ a b "Defender of justice Superbarrio roams Mexico City". CNN. July 19, 1997. Archived from the original on August 1, 2018. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  6. ^ World Superhero Registry (2006), internet archive link; Real Life Superhero Project (2010), internet archive link.
  7. ^ "Defender of justice Superbarrio roams Mexico City". CNN. 1997-07-19. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  8. ^ a b c Templeton, Anthony (March 4, 2011). "Captain Australia is Queensland's first superhero, and has vowed to clean up the streets of Brisbane". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. mX. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  9. ^ Villarreal, Milagros (13 May 2011). "Menganno: el "superhéroe" de Lanús Este". (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 21 August 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  10. ^ Murada, Lauren (20 June 2013). "Black Rat a white knight for Sydney". Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
  11. ^ "Sydney's got a new superhero – The Black Rat". Yahoo! News 7. June 20, 2013.
  12. ^ Alex McKinnon (10 November 2014). "Sydney Has Another Real-Life Vigilante Superhero And He'll Totally Kick Your Ass". Junkee.
  13. ^ ""People need to play an active role in keeping their communities safe": real life superhero, The Black Rat". SBS News. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  14. ^ "Brisbane's Captain Australia now looking for a sidekick to fight crime". Courier Mail. 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  15. ^ "Captain Australia". 2011-03-09. Archived from the original on 2012-03-22. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  16. ^ "Real-Life-Stories Caped-Crusaders". Thats Life. 2012-03-04. Archived from the original on 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  17. ^ "Is It A Bird, Is It A plane..." Melbourne City Journal. 2012-05-22. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
  18. ^ Fallon, Daniel. Net crusaders, The Age. Published July 31, 2004.
  19. ^ a b Quan, Douglas (November 26, 2011). "Crusaders among us". Leader-Post. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  20. ^ Dickinson, Kirk (October 21, 2012). "Hometown Hero: Windsor's masked hero". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 23 May 2013. as well as other local publications, university newspapers, and local Cogeco TV's Comic Book Syndicate and MTV Canada.
  21. ^ Pearson, Craig (16 November 2012). "Crimson Canuck: Windsor's real-life superhero part of a growing trend". Windsor Star. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  22. ^ Dhillon, Sunny (15 July 2011). "Real life superhero takes to Vancouver's streets". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  23. ^ Mick, Hayley (2009-01-03). "Capeless Crusaders". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on 2009-01-30.
  24. ^ Jordan, Matthew (October 13, 2013). "Heroes jump from fiction to reality". The Chronicle. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  25. ^ Jung, Delphine. "Un superhéros veille sur Montréal".
  26. ^ Jones, Julia (14 November 2014). "I Spent a Night Patrolling with LightStep, Montreal's Real-Life Superhero - VICE - United States". vice. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  27. ^ "Chinese Redbud Woman - China's Real-Life Superhero". Oddity Central. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  28. ^ Mateus, Luis Alfonso Cardenas (12 April 2014). "Super Pan". Vanguardia. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  29. ^ "Pérák se vrací". Vimeo. Retrieved 2016-12-15.
  30. ^ "Fiktivní hrdina Pérák se vrací na scénu, pokreslil vepřín v Letech". 2015-01-27. Retrieved 2016-12-15.
  31. ^ Kartastenpää, Tero (8 June 2011). "Laserskater – Yön ritari" [Laserskater - Knight of the Night]. Image (in Finnish). Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  32. ^ Lacote, Pierre (April 2005). "Fight Zone 07".
  33. ^ "Koikispass Nevers N°74". 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  34. ^ Reporter (January 2008). "Hier Sind Helden".
  35. ^ Lescurieux, Romain (24 April 2013). "La France compte une vingtaine de héros" [France has about twenty heroes]. 20 Minutes (in French). Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  36. ^ "Home". The State of Jerusalem. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  37. ^ "Sul web, in lotta contro il crimine sono i supereroi della vita reale - esteri -" [On the web, in the fight against crime are the superheroes of real life]. Repubblica (in Italian). 31 December 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  38. ^ a b Rodrigues, Alexandre (27 June 2010). "Super-homens" [Supermen]. Superinteressante (in Portuguese). Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  39. ^ Episode 7: "Supereroe a Gomorra" Archived 2010-05-05 at the Wayback Machine, Sugo. (in Italian) Published March 4, 2009.
  40. ^ Ciavatta, Stefano (6 May 2010). "Super Entomo, l'eroe di Napoli e le sue ronde" [Super Entomo, the hero of Naples and his patrols]. Il Reformista (in Italian). Archived from the original on 6 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  41. ^ "Sicurezza in città: a Napoli invece delle ronde c'è Entomo il supereroe" [Security in the city: in Naples instead of patrols there is Entomo the superhero]. Panorama (in Italian). 22 March 2009. Archived from the original on 22 March 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  42. ^ "Water for Africa". The Real Life Super Hero Project. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  43. ^ "Lion Heart". The Real Life Super Hero Project. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  44. ^ Steynberg, Mariette (18 August 2016). "Newsflash! Spiderman spotted running for Elisa". The Home Times. Archived from the original on 12 February 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  45. ^ Lyrenäs, Anna (27 August 2013). "Superhjälte patrullerar Malmös gator - P3 Nyheter". Sveriges Radio (in Swedish). Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  46. ^ "'Superhero' takes on clampers". BBC. 16 September 2003. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  47. ^ Henderson, Jamie (1 April 2010). "Sutton superhero gatecrashes Kick-Ass film premiere". This Is Local London. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  48. ^ Attewill, Fred (28 July 2011). "Caped crusader Roger Hayhurst's antics worry his mum". Archived from the original on 21 August 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  49. ^ Polo, Susanna (23 February 2011). "Real Life British Vigilante Goes Public, His Mom Shares Embarrassing Details With Press". The Mary Sue. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  50. ^ Pollard, Chris (3 March 2011). "16 superheroes on streets of Britain". The Sun. London. Archived from the original on 2 November 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  51. ^ Aspinall, Adam (27 February 2011). "Meet Birmingham's very own crusading superhero The Statesman". Birmingham Mail. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  52. ^ Rogers, Clinton (26 August 2011). "'Ninja' patrols streets of Yeovil". BBC News. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  53. ^ Sims, Alexandra (12 June 2015). "Who Is the 'Bromley Batman'? Rumours of South London's Very Own Superhero Are Sparked by Eyewitness Accounts". The Independent. UK. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  54. ^ Ward, Victoria (August 13, 2015). "'Bromley Batman' Pops Up in Cornwall to Save Man from Attack". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  55. ^ Gold, Jim (14 February 2011). "Costumed crusaders taking it to the streets". MSNBC. Archived from the original on 16 February 2011. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  56. ^ "News - Nationwide Phenomenon: Real-Life Superheroes Fighting Crime". 2011-02-16. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  57. ^ "¡A luchar por la justicia!, Articulo Impreso Archivado". 26 February 2011. Archived from the original on 7 May 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  58. ^ "Group Dresses As Superheroes To Combat Crime". 2010-12-16. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  59. ^ Thompson, Elizabeth (14 October 1978). "Captain Sticky-The Destroyer of Evil is not just another Caped Crusader". St.Petersburg Times. p. 3a. Retrieved 29 May 2019 – via Google news.
  60. ^ Kernan, Michael (27 April 1979). "Caped Crusader on the Loose". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  61. ^ "Anti-Crime Crusader In Trouble Over Sex Movie". AP NEWS. 17 December 1986. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  62. ^ Guatierrez, Hector (17 December 1986). "Rented Home to Adult Movie Crew : Captain Sticky Pasted by Vice Squad". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  63. ^ Hopper, Jessica; Karlinsky, Neal (11 January 2010). "Real-Life Superhero Gets Nose Broken". ABC News. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
  64. ^ "Phoenix Jones: Real Life Superhero Stops Wash. Car Theft". CBS 5 January 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  65. ^ Bearman, Joshuah (17 December 2008). "The Legend of Master Legend". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  66. ^ Prieto, Bianca , (16 September 2011). "Master Legend: Orlando's real life super hero". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 24 May 2019.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  67. ^ Hardy, Paul. "Your Friendly Neighborhood Superhero". MSN City guides. Archived from the original on 8 August 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  68. ^ Elderkin, Beth (20 March 2017). "Amazon's Legend Of Master Legend Pilot Brings Real Life Superhero Down To Earth". Gizmodo Australia. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  69. ^ Flack, Eric (27 April 2009). "Cincinnati Superhero Patrols Streets Fighting Crime". WLWT Cincinnati. Archived from the original on 7 January 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  70. ^ "Shadow Hare Wins Over Queen City - Cincinnati News Story -". WLWT Cincinnati. 29 April 2009. Archived from the original on 7 January 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  71. ^ Merchant, Brian. Climate Change? This Looks Like a Job for Captain Ozone, Environmental Hero. TreeHugger. Published September 28, 2008.
  72. ^ a b Davis, Kristina (17 January 2009). "Homemade heroes offer low-level law enforcement". San Diego Tribune. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  73. ^ a b "Cops not fans of real-life superheroes". United Press International. January 18, 2009. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  74. ^ SiriusXM (2011-10-01). "MrOyster Liam Davenport". Archived from the original on 2012-11-12.
  75. ^ Moreau, Kevin Forest (14 November 2010). "Costumed crusaders shine a light on Atlanta's homeless situation". The Sunday Paper. Archived from the original on 19 November 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  76. ^ "Man, Wife Dress as Superheroes to Patrol Atlanta". Chattanooga Times Free Press. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
  77. ^ Pratt, Kaitlyn (October 2013). "Atlanta's Superhero Helps Homeless". Archived from the original on 2015-02-07. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  78. ^ CBS News Atlanta (2009-02-09). "Atlanta's Superhero Helps Homeless". Archived from the original on February 11, 2009.
  79. ^ Warner, Joel (2009-03-11). "The astounding adventures of the Wall Creeper, Colorado's own superhero".
  80. ^ "In The Beginning There was Rock N Roll". 28 February 2017. Archived from the original on 25 September 2017. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  81. ^ Krulo, Tea (September 28, 2009). "Everyday Heroes". Milwaukee Magazine. Archived from the original on January 28, 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  82. ^ "Real-life superheroes on the streets in your neighborhood". 2009-11-18. Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  83. ^ Robinson, Bryan. Meet the Anti-Sex in the City Superhero, ABC News. Published November 5, 2002.
  84. ^ RoboPanda. "Real Life Kick-Ass Prefers To Be Called The Viper". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
  85. ^ "Hêroes de carne y hueso | video player | Al Rojo Vivo | Telemundo". 2008-08-23. Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
  86. ^ James Pitkin (5 March 2008). "The Adventures of Zetaman". Willamette Week. Archived from the original on 6 June 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  87. ^ Pride, David (8 December 2017). "New York's Real Life Super Hero". HuffPost. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  88. ^ "Real-life superhero Dark Guardian tells RT: 'I have had my life threatened numerous times'". RT International. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  89. ^ Pang, Amelia (19 July 2014). "This Is New York: Chris Pollak, a Real Life Superhero". The Epoch Times. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  90. ^ Hooper, Ben (12 May 2016). "New York 'superhero' seeking recruits to clean up the streets". UPI. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  91. ^ Curry, Colleen (31 October 2013). "'Dark Guardian' to Open Superhero School in New York". ABC News. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  92. ^ Rizzi, Nicholas (13 February 2017). "Real Life Superhero Dark Guardian Hangs Up Cape to Join Guardian Angels". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on 12 December 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  93. ^ Smalley, Suzanne (March 31, 2007). "Guardian Angels launch city patrol, expand across US". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
  94. ^ "Humble heroes". Time Out New York. 28 September 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  95. ^ Browne, S. G. (2015). Less Than Hero. Simon and Schuster. p. 176. ISBN 9781476711744.
  96. ^ Krulos, Tea (2013). Heroes in the Night: Inside the Real Life Superhero Movement. Chicago Review Press. p. 183. ISBN 9781613747759.
  97. ^ Lee, Trymaine. Dressed for Halloween? No, to Clean Up Times Sq., The New York Times. Published October 29, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
  98. ^ "Real Life Superheroes hit the streets of Seattle to fight crime". Perez Hilton. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  99. ^ Duecy, Luke (25 November 2010). "A night with Seattle's superheroes". KOMO News. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  100. ^ Kowal, Rachel (2009-01-02). "Street Superheroes". Archived from the original on August 30, 2009.
  101. ^ Schrank, Delphine (23 November 2007). "Public Service With a Side of Spandex". Washington Post. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  102. ^ Masked Heroes Give Gifts To Homeless Archived December 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Central Florida News 13. Published December 26, 2007.
  103. ^ Superheroes Bring Christmas Cheer To Kids[dead link], Central Florida News 13. Published December 26, 2008.
  104. ^ a b Zunger, Nurit (4 August 2011). "Seven Real-Life Superheroes: Newsmakers". GQ. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  105. ^ Constant, Paul (May 1, 2008). "SLC Superheroes: The Black Monday Society keeps an eye out for street crime so you don't have to". Salt Lake City Weekly. Archived from the original on May 6, 2008.
  106. ^ Lamar, Cyriaque (5 April 2011). "The real-life superheroes of Salt Lake City are charming and/or terrifying". io9. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  107. ^ Johnson, Kirk (25 December 2011). "Crusaders Take Page, and Outfits, From Comics". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  108. ^ Graber, Jeremy (14 February 2011). "Homeless in Seattle: a struggle on the streets". The Jibsheet. Archived from the original on 16 August 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  109. ^ O'Connell, Chris; Muehlhausen, Nicole (25 March 2009). "Meet real life Twin Cities super heroes". KSTP TV. Archived from the original on 30 March 2009.
  110. ^ Kirkpatrick, Nick (29 October 2014). "In San Diego superheroes patrol the streets". Washington Post. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  111. ^ Deal, Chad (20 July 2016). "Xtreme Justice League – San Diego's vigilantes". San Diego Reader. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  112. ^ "Support Xtreme Justice League's fight for the homeless". KFMB. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  113. ^ Tagharobi, Sherene; Adams, Andie (10 August 2014). "'Xtreme Justice League' Seeks to Save North Park". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  114. ^ Kachelriess, Rob (1 April 2019). "This Superhero School Will Train You to Be a Legit Vigilante". Thrillist. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  115. ^ "Trillium Guards of Ontario".
  116. ^ Flock, Elizabeth (October 19, 2011). "Real-life superhero movement growing, but not getting warm reception from police". Real Life Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  117. ^ Chowdhry, Affan (16 November 2011). "Who are these real life superheroes?". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  118. ^ "Miss Magnetiq. Eine neue Superheldin ist geboren" [Miss Magnetique. A new superheroine is born.]. qujOchÖ (in German). 17 September 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  119. ^ Affenzeller, Jürgen (23 September 2014). "Neue Helden braucht die Stadt" [New heroes need the city]. TIPS (in German). Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  120. ^ "Miss Magnetiq: Die Stahlstadt als elektromagnetisches Feld" [Miss Magnetiq: The steel city as an electromagnetic field]. Crossing Europe. Archived from the original on 13 July 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  121. ^ "SuperVáclav končí, za kampaní stál registrátor webových domén" [SuperVáclav ends, web domain registrar behind the campaign]. (in Czech). 31 October 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  122. ^ "Meet SuperVaclav Czech Masked SuperHero". YouTube. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
  123. ^ Cmíralová, Michaela (5 October 2011). "Prahou obchází nový hrdina - SuperVáclav, a nekompromisně trestá přestupky" [A new hero - SuperVáclav - bypasses Prague and punishes offenses without compromise]. (in Czech). Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  124. ^ Pavlinova, Alsbeta (4 January 2013). "ATL + BTL = integrovaná komunikace". (in Czech). Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  125. ^ Miller, Mitchell. 'Metro Woman' Enlisted to Help Purple Line Archived 2007-10-10 at the Wayback Machine, WTOP-FM. Published April 6, 2005.

External linksEdit