Open main menu

Reading East (UK Parliament constituency)

Reading East is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Matt Rodda, of the Labour Party.[n 2] The seat is one of two won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in 2017 from a total of eight covering its county. Rodda's 2017 win was one of 30 net gains of the Labour Party.

Reading East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Reading East in Berkshire
Outline map
Location of Berkshire within England
CountyBerkshire
Electorate72,647 (2018)[1]
Major settlementsReading
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of ParliamentMatt Rodda (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromReading North, Reading South and Henley[2]
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencySouth East England

The seat has been relative to others a semi-marginal seat and major-swing (volatile) seat since 2010 as well as a swing seat as its winner's majority has not exceeded 12.9% of the vote since the 15.2% majority won in that year. The seat has changed hands once since that year.

HistoryEdit

The Reading East parliamentary constituency was first contested in 1983, when it was won by a partial incumbent, Gerry Vaughan, a Conservative who was before that election sitting MP for abolished Reading South. He held the seat through two general elections until he retired before the 1997 election. The constituency was in 1997 won by the Labour Party's Jane Griffiths, thus a backbencher under the Blair Ministry. She retained the seat in the 2001 election but was deselected by her Constituency Labour Party before the 2005 election, when the seat was won by the Tory candidate, Rob Wilson, who held the seat through two elections. The seat was regained by the Labour Party's candidate in 2017, Matt Rodda, achieving the party's best showing since the seat's creation. The 2017 result came when there was a hung parliament nationally. Until 2005 the seat had been a national bellwether.[citation needed]

Reading East is one of five constituencies, the others being Croydon Central, Enfield Southgate, Leeds North West and Peterborough, which elected Labour MPs in 2017 having not done so since 2001. As of the 2017 general election, the seat is one of two Labour seats from a total of eight seats in Berkshire.

Demographic and economic profileEdit

The seat contains the University of Reading and the residential areas surrounding it. The Thames Valley Business Park is in another part of the seat, hosting multinational and cutting-edge technology companies in the software and advanced computer science areas. Adjoining the redeveloped heart of town are a handful mid-rise blocks of ex-council flats and serried ranks of former relatively philanthropic biscuit, brick and seeds manufacturing/processing workers' neat terraces towards the south-centre and east of the town, including firmly Labour-held wards. The suburban north bank of the Thames section takes in Caversham, forming four wards, whilst Earley and Woodley, adding a further three wards, make up strongly-leaning Conservative wards. Intermediate wards such as Redlands and Park have three or four-party politics and have been served by multiple Green Party and Liberal Democrat councillors. Most of the University's students live in Reading East, which is severed from the most part of Reading West by a high speed link road and the River Kennet.

Boundaries and boundary changesEdit

1983–1997: Formed as a county constituency, largely from parts of the abolished constituency of Reading South.  it also incorporated parts of the abolished borough constituency of Reading North, including Caversham. It comprised the Borough of Reading wards of Abbey, Caversham, Church, Park, Peppard, Redlands, Thames, and Whitley, and the District of Wokingham wards of Arborfield, Barkham, Finchampstead, Shinfield, and Swallowfield.[3]

1997–2010: For the 1997 general election, the constituency lost its southern areas comprising the parts of the District of Wokingham to the County Constituencies of Wokingham (including Shinfield) and Bracknell (Finchampstead), but gained other parts of Wokingham to the east of the Reading.  The boundary with Reading West was realigned, gaining Katesgrove ward and losing Whitley ward. It was redesignated as a Borough Constituency.

The revised constituency comprised the Borough of Reading wards of Abbey, Caversham, Church, Katesgrove, Park, Peppard, Redlands, and Thames, and the District of Wokingham wards of Bulmershe, Loddon, South Lake, and Whitegates.[4]

2010–present: The Borough of Reading wards of Abbey, Caversham, Church, Katesgrove, Mapledurham, Park, Peppard, Redlands, and Thames, and the District of Wokingham wards of Bulmershe and Whitegates, Loddon, and South Lake.[5]

Marginal changes due to revision of local authority wards.

Reading East is bordered by Reading West, Henley, Maidenhead, and Wokingham.[6]

Changes proposed for 2022Edit

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.

The Commission proposed that the Borough of Reading ward of Battle be transferred from Reading West.[7]

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

 
Results of UK House of Commons seat Reading East.

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General election 2017: Reading East[9][10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Matt Rodda 27,093 49.0 +16.0
Conservative Rob Wilson 23,344 42.3 −3.7
Liberal Democrat Jenny Woods 3,378 6.1 −1.2
Green Kizzi Johannessen 1,093 2.0 −4.4
Independent Michael Turberville 188 0.3 +0.3
Movement for Active Democracy Andy Kirkwood 142 0.0 +0.0
Majority 3,749 6.7 N/A
Turnout 55,370 73.1 +3.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +9.9
General election 2015: Reading East[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rob Wilson 23,217 46.0 +3.4
Labour Matt Rodda 16,697 33.1 +7.6
Liberal Democrat Jenny Woods 3,719 7.4 −19.9
UKIP Christine Forrester[14] 3,647 7.2 +5.0
Green Rob White 3,214 6.4 +4.3
Majority 6,520 12.9 -2.3
Turnout 50,494 69.0 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing −2.1
General election 2010: Reading East[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rob Wilson 21,269 42.6 +6.9
Liberal Democrat Gareth Epps 13,664 27.3 +3.1
Labour Anneliese Dodds 12,729 25.5 −8.5
UKIP Adrian Pitfield 1,086 2.2 +0.2
Green Rob White 1,069 2.1 −1.4
Independent Joan Lloyd 111 0.2 +0.2
Independent Michael Turberville 57 0.1 +0.1
Majority 7,605 15.2 -2.3
Turnout 49,985 66.7 +8.2
Conservative hold Swing +2.0

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Reading East[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rob Wilson 15,557 35.4 +3.4
Labour Tony Page 15,082 34.3 −10.5
Liberal Democrat John Howson 10,619 24.2 +5.7
Green Rob White 1,548 3.5 +1.1
UKIP David Lamb 849 1.9 +0.7
Independent Joan Lloyd 135 0.3 +0.3
Independent Rex Hora 122 0.3 +0.3
Majority 475 1.1 N/A
Turnout 43,912 60.3 +1.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +7.0
Source BBC[17]
General election 2001: Reading East[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jane Griffiths 19,538 44.8 +2.1
Conservative Barry Tanswell 13,943 32.0 −3.2
Liberal Democrat Thomas Dobrashian 8,078 18.5 0.0
Green Miriam Kennet 1,053 2.4 N/A
UKIP Amy Thornton 525 1.2 +0.7
Socialist Alliance Darren Williams 394 0.9 N/A
Independent Peter Hammerson 94 0.2 N/A
Majority 5,595 12.8 +5.3
Turnout 43,625 58.4 −11.7
Labour hold Swing −2.7
Source House of Commons Library[19]

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Reading East[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jane Griffiths 21,461 42.7 +13.8
Conservative John Watts 17,666 35.2 −13.9
Liberal Democrat Sam Samuel 9,307 18.5 -1.9
Referendum David Harmer 1,042 2.1 N/A
Natural Law John Buckley 254 0.5 N/A
UKIP A L Thornton 252 0.5 N/A
BNP Barbara Packer 238 0.5 N/A
Majority 3,795 7.5 N/A
Turnout 50,220 70.2 −4.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +17.2
General election 1992: Reading East[21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerard Vaughan 29,148 53.8 + 0.0
Labour Gillian Parker 14,593 27.0 +5.5
Liberal Democrat Denis Thair 9,528 17.6 −5.6
Green A McCubbin 861 1.6 +0.3
Majority 14,555 26.8 −3.8
Turnout 54,130 75.0 +1.7
Conservative hold Swing −2.8

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Reading East[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerard Vaughan 28,515 53.8 +2.2
Alliance (Social Democratic) Susan Baring 12,298 23.2 −4.2
Labour Martin Salter 11,371 21.5 +2.1
Green Philip Unsworth 667 1.3 +0.2
CSOSMG Arthur Shone 125 0.2 N/A
Majority 16,217 30.6 +6.4
Turnout 52,976 73.3 +2.9
Conservative hold Swing +3.2
General election 1983: Reading East[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerard Vaughan 24,516 51.6 N/A
Alliance (Social Democratic) Chris Huhne 13,008 27.4 N/A
Labour K. Boyle 9,218 19.4 N/A
Ecology Geoffrey Darnton 519 1.1 N/A
BNP P. Baker 147 0.3 N/A
Common Market Party B. Shone 113 0.2 N/A
Majority 11,508 24.2 N/A
Turnout 47,512 70.4 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

References

  1. ^ "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. ^ "'Reading East', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 13 March 2016.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  4. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  5. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  7. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ ‹The template Rayment-hc is being considered for deletion.› Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)
  9. ^ Reading Borough Council – statement of persons nominated 2017
  10. ^ "Reading East parliamentary constituency – Election 2017 – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  11. ^ Reading Borough Council 2017 Parliamentary Election Results
  12. ^ "Notice of Persons Nominated" (PDF). Reading Borough Council.
  13. ^ "Parliamentary results 2015". Reading Borough Council. Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ "UK Polling Report".
  15. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election 2005 – Reading East". BBC. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2005.
  18. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Research Paper 01/54 – General Election Results – 7 June 2001" (PDF). House of Commons Library. 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2005. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  20. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  23. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  24. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

Coordinates: 51°28′N 0°57′W / 51.46°N 0.95°W / 51.46; -0.95