Razor 1911 (RZR) is a warez and demogroup founded in Norway, 1986. It was the first ever such group to be initially founded exclusively as a demogroup, before moving into warez in 1987.[1] According to the US Justice Department, Razor 1911 is the oldest software cracking group that is still active on the internet.[2][3] Razor 1911 ran the diskmag 'Propaganda' until 1995.[1]

Razor 1911
FormationOctober 1985
PurposeWarez / Demo
Location
Origin
Norway
Founders
Doctor No
Insane TTM
Sector9
Websiterazor1911.com Currently down, latest archived snapshot available here

HistoryEdit

The group was founded as Razor 2992 by Doctor No, Insane TTM and Sector9 in Norway in October 1985 as a Commodore 64 software cracking group. Shortly after, they changed from 2992 to 1911 which translates to 777 in hexadecimal.

Between 1987 and 1988 the group began to move away from the Commodore 64 and migrated to a new hardware platform, coding demos and cracking games for the Amiga. In the very early 1990s Razor 1911 made another transition, this time to the IBM PC, foremost as a cracking group, but still continuing to release cracktro loaders, demos and music.

Razor was a supply group on diskette from 1992 until diskettes were abandoned for CD-ROMs. Throughout the 1990s Razor faced competition from many different groups, ranging from groups such as Tristar & Red Sector inc. (TRSi), International Network of Crackers (INC) and Fairlight (FLT) in 1994 to Prestige, Hybrid (HBD), and others in 1995. Razor was revitalised by new members gained from another group, Nexus, who brought with them some UK suppliers and the leaders The Speed Racer (TSR), Hot Tuna and The Gecko. Razor had a handful of others throughout the 1990s, such as Zodact, ROMKernel, The Renegade Chemist (TRC), The WiTcH KiNG, Butcher, SwiTch, Marauder, and Randall Flagg.

Razor 1911 took a break from the demoscene in 1992. In 1993 a new demogroup calling itself Razor 1911 formed, in which Colorbird was the only original member of Razor 1911. Razor 1911 was still active as a software cracking group.[1]

In 1995 diskette releases were rapidly being supplanted by CD-ROMs, and Razor 1911 moved into the CD-ripping scene. The crew that led Razor into this new chapter included members such as TSR, Pharaoh, Fatal Error, GRIZZLY, Suspicious Image, Third Son, Hot Tuna, Beowulf, Pitbull, Bunter, Manhunter, Niteman, Vitas, Mausioso and The Punisher.

Razor once again took on a new challenge when the ISO scene was formed. Razor 1911 began to release ISOs when they became the standard of the day, led most significantly by The Punisher. He was instrumental in Razor's recovery and its solid performance in the ISO scene. Following The Punisher's retirement, Razor was led by various different people and underwent some internal problems in the form of leadership challenges. This was solved when Pitbull, an old Razor member from the 1990s, took over the leadership role. The FBI claimed him to still be the leader of Razor at the time when "Operation Buccaneer", an international anti-piracy operation which led to raids at the homes of over 60 piracy suspects worldwide in 2001, was carried out even though NFOs and scene activity at the time points out The Renegade Chemist as actual leader of the group.

ReturnEdit

On June 22, 2006, Razor 1911 started releasing games again. They have been releasing games fairly consistently ever since, and as of 2010 are among the most prolific groups at cracking new releases.[4]

On April 1, 2011, Razor 1911 "cracked" the TV show 101% on the French TV channel Nolife, inducing many unwanted "bugs" and behaviors in the show. While this was a joke, the intro contained a real code giving unlimited access to the paid replay service for one day.[5]

On April 22, 2011, Razor 1911's demo division won the public choice award[6] during the Scene.org Awards ceremony at The Gathering for their 64k intro "Insert No Coins" coded by Rez with music from Dubmood.[7]

MembersEdit

Dycus, a member of Razor 1911, died of cancer in 2012.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Polgár, Tamás 'Tomcat' (2000). Freax Volume 1. CSW-Verlag. pp. 100, 148, 171. ISBN 3981049403.
  2. ^ "Former Leader of Razor 1911, the Oldest Game Software Piracy Ring on the Internet, Sentenced (June 6, 2003)". Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  3. ^ Fisk, Nathan (2009). Warez Groups. Encyclopedia of Cybercrime. pp. 193–194. ISBN 978-0-313-33974-5. Razor 1911 is widely considered to be the oldest surviving warez group, having been established in 1985.
  4. ^ "The Game Scene Charts Issue 38 December 2009 Edition". SceneNotice.org. 2010-01-20. Razor 1911 is on position 10 for the year 2009.
  5. ^ "Nolife - 101% cracked by RAZOR 1911" on YouTube
  6. ^ "Scene.org Awards". 2011-04-22.
  7. ^ "pouet.net".
  8. ^ "Rez, sorry to hear about Dycus". pouët.net. Retrieved 2021-03-01.

External linksEdit