Raymond C. Fisher

Raymond Corley Fisher (July 12, 1939 – February 29, 2020) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.[1]

Raymond C. Fisher
Raymond C. Fisher.JPG
Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
In office
March 31, 2013 – February 29, 2020
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
In office
October 12, 1999 – March 31, 2013
Appointed byBill Clinton
Preceded byDavid R. Thompson
Succeeded byMichelle Friedland
United States Associate Attorney General
In office
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded byJohn Schmidt
Succeeded byDaniel Marcus
Personal details
Raymond Corley Fisher

(1939-07-12)July 12, 1939
Oakland, California
DiedFebruary 29, 2020(2020-02-29) (aged 80)
Sherman Oaks, California
Political partyDemocratic
EducationUniversity of California, Santa Barbara (BA)
Stanford University (LLB)

Education and legal trainingEdit

Fisher attended University High School, earned his Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of California at Santa Barbara in 1961, and his Bachelor of Laws from Stanford Law School in 1966,[2] where he was president of the Stanford Law Review.[3] One of his professors at Stanford was Joseph Tyree Sneed, who would later be one of Fisher's colleagues on the Ninth Circuit. He clerked for Judge J. Skelly Wright of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit from 1966 to 1967.[2] He then clerked for Justice William J. Brennan Jr. of the United States Supreme Court from 1967 to 1968.[2]

Professional careerEdit

Fisher was in private practice from 1968 to 1997 in Los Angeles, California.[2] He also served as a special assistant to California Governor Jerry Brown in 1975.[2] He was a member of the Los Angeles City Civil Service Commission from 1984 to 1989 and was deputy general counsel to the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department in 1990.[2] Fisher then served as president of the Los Angeles Police Commission from 1995 to 1997 and Associate Attorney General from 1997 to 1999.[2]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Fisher was nominated by President Bill Clinton for the seat vacated by Judge David R. Thompson on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on March 15, 1999.[4] He was confirmed by the United States Senate in a 69–29 vote[5] on October 5, 1999, and received his commission on October 12, 1999.[2]

In 2004, Fisher granted the habeas corpus petition of a death row inmate whose jury had considered invalid sentencing factors, which the Supreme Court of the United States then reversed, by a vote of 5-4.[6] In 2006, Judge Fisher dissented when the circuit upheld a county’s practice of requiring home searches of welfare recipients.[7] He took senior status on April 1, 2013.[8] Fisher died on February 29, 2020.[9]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Finn, M.T.; Irvine, D.R.; Bliss, M.L.; Pratton, G.L.; Morgan, S. (2009). The American Bench. Forster-Long. ISBN 9780931398582. ISSN 0160-2578. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Fisher, Raymond C. - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  3. ^ Attorney Raymond C. Fisher of Los Angeles Appointed to U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, Media Release: United States Courts for the Ninth Circuit (October 18, 1999).
  4. ^ Henry Weinstein, Raymond Fisher Picked for U.S. Appeals Court, Los Angeles Times (March 16, 1999).
  5. ^ David Stout, Senate Rejects Judge Chosen By President For U.S. Court, New York Times (October 6, 1999).
  6. ^ "The Supreme Court, 2005 Term — Leading Cases" (PDF). Harvard Law Review. 120: 137. 2006. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Recent Case: Ninth Circuit Upholds Conditioning Receipt of Welfare Benefits on Consent to Suspicionless Home Visits" (PDF). Harvard Law Review. 120: 1996. 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  8. ^ "Judge Fisher to Step Aside in April, Opens Circuit Vacancy | Trial Insider". trialinsider.com. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
  9. ^ "Judge Raymond Fisher, who led police reforms after L.A. riots, dies at 80". Los Angeles Times. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 3 March 2020.

External linksEdit


Legal offices
Preceded by United States Associate Attorney General
Succeeded by
Preceded by Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Succeeded by