Raymond, Mississippi

Raymond is a city in Hinds County, Mississippi, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,933; in 2020, its population was 1,960. Raymond is one of two county seats of Hinds County (along with Jackson) and is the home of the main campus of Hinds Community College. Raymond is part of the Jackson metropolitan statistical area.

Raymond, Mississippi
Little Big Store in Raymond
Little Big Store in Raymond
Location of Raymond, Mississippi
Location of Raymond, Mississippi
Raymond, Mississippi is located in the United States
Raymond, Mississippi
Raymond, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°15′30″N 90°24′56″W / 32.25833°N 90.41556°W / 32.25833; -90.41556Coordinates: 32°15′30″N 90°24′56″W / 32.25833°N 90.41556°W / 32.25833; -90.41556
CountryUnited States
StateMississippi
CountyHinds
Area
 • Total2.88 sq mi (7.46 km2)
 • Land2.88 sq mi (7.46 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
322 ft (98 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,960
 • Density680.32/sq mi (262.69/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39154
Area code601/769
FIPS code28-61160
GNIS feature ID0676505
WebsiteCity of Raymond

HistoryEdit

In 1829, three commissioners, including John B. Peyton, were appointed by U.S. President Andrew Jackson to find a place near the center of Hinds County for the county seat. The current location of Raymond is a ridge about a mile from the center of the county, and was selected because the actual center was low and subject to flooding. The town of Raymond received its charter from the Mississippi legislature on December 15, 1830. Because of its status as a seat of justice and its proximity to the Natchez Trace, Raymond developed quickly into a prosperous small town whose prosperity and small size have continued to this day.

In the late 1840s, Cooper's Well, a property near Raymond with a well that provided sulphured water, was developed into a resort for those seeking the perceived health benefits from its ingestion.

Construction of a new county courthouse was begun at the center of the town square in 1857 and completed in 1859; the work was largely done by enslaved African Americans. The courthouse is still in use as a secondary location of county legal matters (the city of Jackson having become the primary county seat). The Raymond courthouse is considered by many[who?] to be a prime example of southern Greek Revival architecture.

The Battle of Raymond was fought by Confederate and Union soldiers near Raymond on May 12, 1863 as part of General Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign during the Civil War. Four days later, the pivotal Battle of Champion Hill was won by Grant's troops and sealed the fate of Vicksburg. Grant stayed at Waverly, the plantation of John B. Peyton, and Union soldiers used St. Mark's Episcopal Church as a hospital. Blood stains can still be seen on the church's floor from that period.

Construction of a water tower was begun in 1903 in the center of the town square. It and the courthouse are landmarks for the town. A small agricultural high school was opened in 1917; it developed as Hinds Community College, which has several sites and the largest student body of any college in the state.

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all land.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880488
1900483
191057919.9%
1920500−13.6%
19305479.4%
194064117.2%
19501,25996.4%
19601,3819.7%
19701,62017.3%
19801,96721.4%
19902,27515.7%
20001,664−26.9%
20101,93316.2%
20201,9601.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[2]
2013 Estimate[3]
Raymond racial composition as of 2020[4]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 764 38.98%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,124 57.35%
Native American 2 0.1%
Asian 4 0.2%
Pacific Islander 2 0.1%
Other/Mixed 35 1.79%
Hispanic or Latino 29 1.48%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,960 people, 361 households, and 202 families residing in the city.

Government and infrastructureEdit

The United States Postal Service operates the Raymond Post Office.[5]

The Mississippi Department of Human Services operates the Oakley Training School in unincorporated Hinds County, near Raymond.[6]

EducationEdit

Hinds Community College has a Raymond campus.

Residents are within the Hinds County School District, and are zoned to Raymond Elementary School, Carver Middle School, and Raymond High School.[7]

Jackson Hinds Library System operates the Raymond Public Library at the Hinds Courthouse annex.[8]

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-10-21.
  4. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-16.
  5. ^ "Post Office™ Location - RAYMOND." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on February 1, 2011.
  6. ^ "Division of Youth Services Archived 2010-01-13 at the Wayback Machine." Mississippi Department of Human Services. Retrieved on July 1, 2010. "2375 Oakley Road | Raymond, MS 39154."
  7. ^ "attendance_zone.jpg." Hinds County School District. July 21, 2011. Retrieved on December 29, 2018.
  8. ^ "Raymond Public Library." Jackson Hinds Library System. Retrieved on December 29, 2018.
  9. ^ Carpenter, Bil (2005). "Uncloudy Days: The Gospel Music Encyclopedia": 34–5. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ "2014 Football Roster". TSUsports.com. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Stephen Head Stats". MiLB.com. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  12. ^ Living Blues. Living Blues Publications. 2004. p. 89.
  13. ^ Colin Larkin, ed. (1995). The Guinness Who's Who of Blues (Second ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 260. ISBN 0-85112-673-1.
  14. ^ "Weekly Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi on June 29, 1899 · Page 8". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  15. ^ Larson, Jennifer L. "Summary of Memorials of a Southern Planter". docsouth.unc.edu. Retrieved 2021-01-19.

External linksEdit