Raymond, Mississippi

Raymond is a city in Hinds County, Mississippi, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,933. Raymond is one of two county seats of Hinds County (along with Jackson) and is the home of the main campus of Hinds Community College.

Raymond, Mississippi
Little Big Store in Raymond
Little Big Store in Raymond
Location of Raymond, Mississippi
Location of Raymond, Mississippi
Raymond, Mississippi is located in the United States
Raymond, Mississippi
Raymond, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°15′30″N 90°24′56″W / 32.25833°N 90.41556°W / 32.25833; -90.41556Coordinates: 32°15′30″N 90°24′56″W / 32.25833°N 90.41556°W / 32.25833; -90.41556
CountryUnited States
 • Total3.00 sq mi (7.77 km2)
 • Land3.00 sq mi (7.77 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
322 ft (98 m)
 • Total1,933
 • Estimate 
 • Density705.24/sq mi (272.28/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)601/769
FIPS code28-61160
GNIS feature ID0676505
WebsiteCity of Raymond

Raymond is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area.


In 1829, three commissioners, including John B. Peyton, were appointed by U.S. President Andrew Jackson to find a place near the center of Hinds County for the county seat. The current location of Raymond is a ridge about a mile from the center of the county, and was selected because the actual center was low and subject to flooding. The town of Raymond received its charter from the Mississippi legislature on December 15, 1830. Because of its status as a seat of justice and its proximity to the Natchez Trace, Raymond developed quickly into a prosperous small town whose prosperity and small size have continued to this day.

In the late 1840s, Cooper's Well, a property near Raymond with a well that provided sulphured water, was developed into a resort for those seeking the perceived health benefits from its ingestion.

Construction of a new county courthouse was begun at the center of the town square in 1857 and completed in 1859; the work was largely done by enslaved African Americans. The courthouse is still in use as a secondary location of county legal matters (the city of Jackson having become the primary county seat). The Raymond courthouse is considered by many[who?] to be a prime example of southern Greek Revival architecture.

The Battle of Raymond was fought by Confederate and Union soldiers near Raymond on May 12, 1863 as part of General Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign during the Civil War. Four days later, the pivotal Battle of Champion Hill was won by Grant's troops and sealed the fate of Vicksburg. Grant stayed at Waverly, the plantation of John B. Peyton, and Union soldiers used St. Mark's Episcopal Church as a hospital. Blood stains can still be seen on the church's floor from that period.

Construction of a water tower was begun in 1903 in the center of the town square. It and the courthouse are landmarks for the town. A small agricultural high school was opened in 1917; it developed as Hinds Community College, which has several sites and the largest student body of any college in the state.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)2,115[3]9.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2013 Estimate[5]

2020 censusEdit

Raymond racial composition[6]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 764 38.98%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,124 57.35%
Native American 2 0.1%
Asian 4 0.2%
Pacific Islander 2 0.1%
Other/Mixed 35 1.79%
Hispanic or Latino 29 1.48%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,960 people, 361 households, and 202 families residing in the city.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,933 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 53.3% Black, 43.9% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander and 0.8% from two or more races. 1.2% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,664 people, 469 households, and 317 families living in the city. The population density was 562.1 people per square mile (217.1/km2). There were 498 housing units at an average density of 168.2 per square mile (65.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 57.93% White, 41.17% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.42% Asian, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.

There were 469 households, out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 20.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 15.4% under the age of 18, 40.3% from 18 to 24, 17.2% from 25 to 44, 15.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 119.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,667, and the median income for a family was $42,639. Males had a median income of $31,106 versus $21,953 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,615. About 17.8% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.4% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructureEdit

The United States Postal Service operates the Raymond Post Office.[8]

The Mississippi Department of Human Services operates the Oakley Training School in unincorporated Hinds County, near Raymond.[9]


Hinds Community College has a Raymond campus.

Residents are within the Hinds County School District, and are zoned to Raymond Elementary School, Carver Middle School, and Raymond High School.[10]

Jackson Hinds Library System operates the Raymond Public Library at the Hinds Courthouse annex.[11]

Notable peopleEdit



  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-10-21.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-10-21.
  6. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-16.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "Post Office™ Location - RAYMOND." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on February 1, 2011.
  9. ^ "Division of Youth Services Archived 2010-01-13 at the Wayback Machine." Mississippi Department of Human Services. Retrieved on July 1, 2010. "2375 Oakley Road | Raymond, MS 39154."
  10. ^ "attendance_zone.jpg." Hinds County School District. July 21, 2011. Retrieved on December 29, 2018.
  11. ^ "Raymond Public Library." Jackson Hinds Library System. Retrieved on December 29, 2018.
  12. ^ Carpenter, Bil (2005). "Uncloudy Days: The Gospel Music Encyclopedia": 34–5. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  13. ^ "2014 Football Roster". TSUsports.com. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Stephen Head Stats". MiLB.com. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  15. ^ Living Blues. Living Blues Publications. 2004. p. 89.
  16. ^ Colin Larkin, ed. (1995). The Guinness Who's Who of Blues (Second ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 260. ISBN 0-85112-673-1.
  17. ^ "Weekly Clarion-Ledger from Jackson, Mississippi on June 29, 1899 · Page 8". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  18. ^ Larson, Jennifer L. "Summary of Memorials of a Southern Planter". docsouth.unc.edu. Retrieved 2021-01-19.

External linksEdit