The Ravula (Adyar in Malayalam, Yerava in Kannada) are a tribal community in Kerala and Karnataka. Their common language is known as the Ravula language.[2] They live in the districts of Kannur and Wayanad in Kerala and the Kodagu district of Karnataka. Most of them are agricultural workers and are in the process of detribalization. It is believed that they were agricultural serfs in the past. During the annual festival at the Valliyurkkavu temple in Mananthavady, Wayand, the Adyar people gather to trade services with landlords.[3]

Kambala Dance (കംബള നൃത്തം) 01.jpg
Kambala Dance performed by Ravula Tribals
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Ravula • Malayalam
Animism • Hinduism

Their settlements are called 'Kunju.' They are monogamous, and mostly practice negotiated marriage, although there are several elopement marriages among them.

Currently, Ravula is very backward. They are mostly agricultural laborers in coffee plantations and tea estates, although some are employed by the Forest Department or in other occupations. Yerevan tribals believe in magic, and are animists, although they still perform worship to Hindu deities like Chamundeswariamma and Kaveriamma. They have their own system of medicines.[4]


  1. ^ "A-11 Individual Scheduled Tribe Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Ravula". Ethnologue.
  3. ^ "An overview of tribal economy" (PDF). Shodhaganga. January 2013.
  4. ^ Sinha, Anil Kishore (2008). Bio-social Issues in Health. Northern Book Centre. p. 506. ISBN 9788172112257.