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Sosnovo, Priozersky District, Leningrad Oblast

  (Redirected from Rautu)

Coordinates: 60°33′N 30°13′E / 60.550°N 30.217°E / 60.550; 30.217

Sosnovo railway station building (2010).
The old Lutheran church of Rautu destroyed in the Finnish Civil War in 1918. Photo taken in 1913.

Sosnovo (Russian: Сосно́во; Finnish: Rautu) is a rural locality (a logging depot settlement) in Priozersky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Karelian Isthmus, and an important railway station of the Saint Petersburg-Kuznechnoye railroad. Population: 7,209 (2010 Census);[1] 5,953 (2002 Census).[2]

HistoryEdit

It was established in 1500 by name of Rautu in Finland. The Battle of Rautu was one of the major battles of the 1918 Finnish Civil War. Population of Rautu was Finnish and mostly Lutheran until the Winter War 1939-1940. The Finnish population was evacuated, and the settlement finally ceded to the Soviet Union after Continuation War in 1944. The historical name Rautu was changed to the Russian Sosnovo in 1948, as with most historical names of the ceded Finnish Karelian isthmus.

Before the Winter War (1939–1940) and the Continuation War (1941–1944), it was the administrative center of the Rautu municipality of Viipuri Province of Finland. Finnish Rautu had population 5909 in 1939.

Prize-winning Russian folklore ensemble Leznaya Skazka is located in Sosnovo.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.