Ratu Hemas

Ratu Hemas of Yogyakarta (born 31 October 1952) is the Queen consort of Yogyakarta, a special region in Indonesia.


Ratu Hemas
ꦓꦸꦱ꧀ꦡꦶꦑꦁꦗꦼꦁꦫꦡꦸꦲꦼꦩꦱ꧀
Gusti Kanjeng Ratu Hemas
G.K.R. Hemas.png
Deputy Speaker of the Regional Representative Council
In office
2 October 2009 – 3 April 2017
Serving with La Ode Ida (2009–14), Farouk Muhammad (2014–17)
PresidentSusilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Joko Widodo
Preceded byIrman Gusman
La Ode Ida
Succeeded byNono Sampono
Darmayanti Lubis
Yogyakarta Sultanate Hamengkubhuwono X Emblem.svg
Queen consort of Yogyakarta
Assumed office
1989
MonarchYogyakarta Sultanate
PresidentSuharto
B. J. Habibie
Abdurrahman Wahid
Megawati Sukarnoputri
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Joko Widodo
Personal details
Born
Tatiek Drajad Supriastuti

(1952-10-31) 31 October 1952 (age 68)
Spouse(s)Sultan Hamengkubuwono X
ChildrenPrincess Mangkubumi
Princess Candrakirana
Princess Maduretno
Princess Hayu
Princess Bendara
ParentsColonel Soepono Digdosastropranoto
Raden Nganten Soesamtilah Soepono
ResidenceThe Royal Palace of Yogyakarta
EducationTrisakti University (unfinished 1968)
HouseHamengkubuwono

Early lifeEdit

 
Sultan Hamengkubuwono X's coronation

Ratu Hemas, born as Tatiek Dradjad Supriastuti is the third child and sole daughter of seven siblings.[1] She grew up in Kebayoran Lama, Jakarta Selatan. Her Father, Colonel Soepono Digdosastropranoto, was an official in the Indonesia Army who was born in Yogyakarta. Her Mother, Raden Nganten Susamtilah Soepono, was a housewife from Wates, Kulonprogo.[1] Hemas went to school in Jakarta until she graduated from High School and continued to pursue her study in the department of Architecture in Trisakti University. She did not finish her study in the university and got married in 1968[1][2] Hemas then followed her husband and live in Yogyakarta[1]

Meeting the Sultan Hamengkubuwono XEdit

Every year Tatiek's family has the family tradition to go to her grandfather's house in Soronatan, Yogyakarta. Her grandfather was a retired palace official.[1] In the late 1960s, Tatiek met the oldest son of the late reigning Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, Herjuno Darpito, who, later on, succeeded his father as Sultan Hamengkubuwono X.[1] At the age of 19 Hemas was married to Herjuno Darpito (6 years older) and left her study in the university.[1] Her name was changed for the first time as Bandara Raden Ayu Mangkubumi, before finally was changed to Gusti Kanjeng Ratu Hemas when Herjuno Darpito ascend the throne and became Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X.[1] Her marriage was blessed with five children; Princess Mangkubumi, Princess Candrakirana, Princess Maduretno, Princess Hayu, and Princess Bendara.[2]

Political and social activitiesEdit

  • In the beginning, Ratu Hemas activitíes in the palace of Yogyakarta were mostly social. She was active in Yayasan Sayap Ibu and the eradication of illiteracy in Yogyakarta.[1] She became a member of People's Consultative Assembly for the period of 1997–1999 from the Faction of Group Representatives (Indonesian: Fraksi Utusan Golongan) and served as the chief editor for Kartini magazine[2]
  • Ratu Hemas has always been very active on promoting women participation on political processes. To further promote women's rights, in 2004 Ratu Hemas ran as a senator for the Regional Representative Council to represent her province, Yogyakarta Special Region , as an independent candidate. She won the majority of the votes from her region.[1]
  • In November 2008 during an interview with VIVAnews, Ratu Hemas explained her political view against the pornography law Undang Undang Pornografi. She mentioned that the bill has been drafted in such a way that would restrict women's rights.[1]
  • In 2009, Ratu Hemas was reelected again as independent candidate for the Regional Representative Council for the period of 2009–2014 winning 80% votes from all eligible voters.[3][4]
  • In November 2012 Ratu Hemas together with Laode Ida, I Wayan Sudirta, and John Pieris representing the Regional Representative Council, appealed the Constitutional Court to run a judicial review on the Law No. 27 Year 2009 and Law No. 12 Year 2011. These laws were considered as violating the clauses of the constitution, especially clause number 22 D concerning equal rights between the Regional Representative Council and the People's Representative Council.[5] In legislation process so far, the Regional Representative Council was granted the authority to provide inputs but not to sanction the law.[6] The Regional Representative Council request the authority to also sanction a law.[6] According to the constitution, the Regional Representative Council has the right to propose a bill and it has exercised this right but has never been deliberated in the house.

TitlesEdit

  • 1952 - 1971 : Miss Tatiek Drajad Supriastuti
  • 1971 - 1989 : Princess Mangkubumi
  • 1989–present : Her Highness Ratu Hemas[7][8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k (in Indonesian) Dari Tembok Kraton ke Senayan Archived 8 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c Yogya Tribun News: Momen Langka, Sultan dan Ratu Mesra di Depan Publik
  3. ^ Situs Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Republik Indonesia
  4. ^ Vivanews Fokus: Ratu Hemas: Saya Masuk DPD Tanpa Parpol
  5. ^ Suara Pembaruan: Ratu Hemas: Gugatan DPD RI Tidak Main-Main
  6. ^ a b DPD seeks more authority in lawmaking
  7. ^ Indonesia Departemen Luar Negeri Direktorat (1968). Documenta diplomatica (in Indonesian). Departemen Luar Negeri. Retrieved 17 September 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ Overseas Trading. Australia: Department of Commerce and Agriculture. 1971. Retrieved 17 September 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)