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The Rathore is a clan of Rajputs found in Northern India. Some of the other groups who claim to be of Rathore origin are Marathas, and Kolis. Alternative spellings include Rathaur or Rathor or Rathur or Rathod or Rathour or Rahtore.
The various cadet branches of the Rathore clan gradually spread to encompass all of Marwar and later founded states in Central India and Gujarat. At the time of India's independence in 1947, the princely states ruled by various branches of the Rathore clan included:
- Jodhpur (Marwar) in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1226 by Rao Sheoji.
- Bikaner in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1465 by Rao Bika.
- Kishangarh in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1611 by Raja Kishan Singh.
- Idar in present-day Gujarat, founded in 1729 by Rao Anand Singh.
- Ratlam in present-day Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1651 by Maharaja Ratan Singh.
- Jhabua in present-day Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1584 by Raja Keshav Das.
- Sitamau in present-day Madhya Pradesh, founded 1701 by Raja Kesho Das.
- Sailana in present-day Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1730 by Raja Jai Singh.
- Alirajpur in present-day Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1437 by Raja Anand Deo.
- A. M. Shah (1998). The Family in India: Critical Essays. Orient Blackswan. pp. 112–. ISBN 978-81-250-1306-8.
- Anthony T. Carter (1975). "Caste 'boundaries' and the principle of kinship amity: a Maratha caste Purana". Contributions to Indian Sociology. Mouton. 9: 130.
The Somavansha, for example, consists of nine gotras: Chavan, More, Pawar, Ganganaik, Rathod, Dhampal, Jagtap, Chaluke, and Kachre.
- Raymond Brady Williams; Yogi Trivedi (12 May 2016). Swaminarayan Hinduism: Tradition, Adaptation, and Identity. OUP India. p. 354. ISBN 978-0-19-908959-8.
- Indian India. Director of Public Relations, Chamber of Princes. 1 January 1945.
- Indian Princely Medals: A Record of the Orders, Decorations, and Medals by Tony McClenaghan, pg 179
- Dhananajaya Singh (1994). The House of Marwar. Lotus Collection, Roli Books. p. 13.
He was the head of the Rathore clan of Rajputs, a clan which besides Jodhpur had ruled over Bikaner, Kishengarh, Idar, Jhabhua, Sitamau, Sailana, Alirajpur and Ratlam, all States important enough to merit gun salutes in the British system of protocol. These nine Rathore States collectively brought to India territory not less than 60,000 square miles in area.