Open main menu

Rastriya Janamorcha (Nepali: राष्ट्रिय जनमोर्चा; translation: National People's Front) is a communist political party in Nepal. It was originally founded in 1995 as the legal front of Communist Party of Nepal (Masal). It was refounded again in 2006 after breaking away from Janamorcha Nepal and has acted as the legal front for the Mohan Bikram Singh led Communist Party of Nepal (Masal).[2]

Rastriya Janamorcha

राष्ट्रिय जनमोर्चा
ChairmanChitra Bahadur K.C.[1]
General SecretaryJanak Raj Sharma
SecretaryHim Lal Puri
SpokespersonDurga Paudel
Founded1999 original
2006 reestablished
Split fromJanamorcha Nepal
HeadquartersBudhanilkantha-12, Jyotinagar, Kapan, Kathmandu
Student wingAll Nepal National Independent Students Union (Sixth)
Youth wingAll Nepal Democratic Youth Association
Women's wingAll Nepal Women's Association
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism-Leninism
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
Seats in Pratinidhi Sabha
1 / 275
Election symbol
RaJaMo.png
Website
www.rajamo.org

The party advocates decentralization within the former unitary system.[3]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Before formation (1991-1994)Edit

The party contested the 1991 local elections as All Nepal Peasants Organization and contested in the 1994 legislative elections as All Nepal Rastriya Janamorcha.[4]

Merger and break away (2002-2008)Edit

In 2002, the party merged with Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, the legal front of Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre), to form Janamorcha Nepal. Janamorcha Nepal acted as the legal front of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre-Masal). After Janamorcha Nepal joined the governing Seven Party Alliance in 2006, Chitra Bahadur KC broke away from the party to reclaim the name of Rastriya Janamorcha. The party held three seats in the Interim Legislature-Parliament of Nepal.[2]

Constituent Assembly (2008-2015)Edit

The party registered with the Election Commission of Nepal ahead of the 2008 Constituent Assembly elections.[5] The party won four seats in the election.[2]

In July 2010, the party expelled its general secretary Dilaram Acharya for breaking party discipline. He formed another party, Rastriya Janamorcha (Nepal), after his expulsion. The party won three seats in the 2013 Constituent Assembly election.[2]

Federal Nepal (2015-present)Edit

After the promulgation of the Constitution of Nepal, Rastriya Janamorcha joined the coalition government of Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) and Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). This was the first time that the party had not been in opposition.[6] Following this, party chairman Chitra Bahadur KC was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation.[7]

The party contested the 2017 local elections and won 186 seats in local government. The party won mayoral posts in Bareng rural municipality in Baglung and, Jhimruk and Mallarani rural municipalities in Pyuthan.[8][9][10] Ahead of the 2017 legislative and provincial elections, the party joined the alliance of Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre).[11] The party won one seat to the Federal Parliament of Nepal but did not cross the three percent threshold to become a national party. The party also won three seats in the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 4 and one seat in the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 5.[12]

Electoral performanceEdit

Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting government
# % # +/-
2008 Chitra Bahadur KC 106,224 0.99
4 / 575
12th CPN (Maoist)–CPN (UML)–MJFN
2013 Chitra Bahadur KC 92,387 0.98
3 / 575
  1   12th Congress–CPN (UML)–RPP
2017 Chitra Bahadur KC 62,133 0.65
1 / 275
  2   10th CPN(UML)-CPN(Maoist Centre)

Presence in various provincesEdit

Province Seats Year of election
Province No. 4
3 / 60
2017
Province No. 5
1 / 87

LeadershipEdit

Chairmen of Rastriya Janamorcha (1999-present)Edit

  • Chitra Bahadur KC, 1999-2002, 2006–present

General Secretaries of Rastriya Janamorcha (1999-present)Edit

  • Nawaraj Subedi, 1999-2002
  • Dilaram Acharya, 2006-2010
  • Santa Bahadur Nepali, 2011-2016
  • Janak Raj Sharma, 2016–present

Linked organisationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) : Activities » Activities Update » Activity Details Archived 2008-05-06 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d Political handbook of the world 2015. Lansford, Tom. Los Angeles, California. ISBN 9781483371573. OCLC 912321323.CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. ^ eKantipur.com - Nepal's No.1 News Portal Archived 2008-02-10 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "राष्ट्रिय जनमोर्चा, Rastriya Janamorcha - RAJAMO, National Peoples' Front". rajamo.org. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  5. ^ पार्टीको सूची — Election Commission of Nepal Archived 2013-11-02 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Janamorcha to join govt for first time in history - The Himalayan Times". The Himalayan Times. 2015-10-28. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  7. ^ "3 more DPMs, 4 ministers sworn-in; total Cabinet strength is 26 - The Himalayan Times". The Himalayan Times. 2015-11-05. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  8. ^ "4,888 representatives elected in 115 local units; with the list of winning chairpersons/mayors | NepaleKhabar.com". nepaleKhabar. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  9. ^ Nepal, Review. "Rastriya Janamorcha wins elections in Malla Rani Rural Municipality of Pyuthan district - Review Nepal News". Review Nepal News. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  10. ^ "Fringe parties limited to handful wins". Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  11. ^ "Rastriya Janamorcha to support left alliance". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  12. ^ "Provincial PR seat allocation to parties complete". The Himalayan Times. 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  13. ^ Weekly Nepal - Weekly News from Nepal - हाँकका मुख्य समाचारहरु

External linksEdit