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Rastatt (German: [ˈʁaʃtat]) is a town with a baroque core, District of Rastatt, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located in the Upper Rhine Plain on the Murg river, 6 km (3.7 mi) above its junction with the Rhine and has a population of around 50,000 (2011). Rastatt was an important place of the War of the Spanish Succession (Treaty of Rastatt) and the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states.

Rastatt
Skyline of Rastatt
Coat of arms of Rastatt
Coat of arms
Location of Rastatt within Rastatt district
RhineFranceRhineland-PalatinateEnzkreisSinzheimSinzheimSinzheimBaden-BadenBaden-BadenBaden-BadenBaden-BadenBaden-BadenKarlsruheCalw (district)Freudenstadt (district)Karlsruhe (district)Karlsruhe (district)OrtenaukreisOrtenaukreisOrtenaukreisAu am RheinBietigheimBischweierBühlertalBühlertalBühlertalBühlDurmersheimElchesheim-IllingenForbachGaggenauGernsbachHügelsheimIffezheimKuppenheimLichtenauLoffenauMuggensturmMuggensturmÖtigheimOttersweierOttersweierRastattRheinmünsterRheinmünsterRheinmünsterRheinmünsterSinzheimSteinmauernWeisenbachRhineRastatt in RA.svg
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Rastatt is located in Germany
Rastatt
Rastatt
Rastatt is located in Baden-Württemberg
Rastatt
Rastatt
Coordinates: 48°51′N 8°12′E / 48.850°N 8.200°E / 48.850; 8.200Coordinates: 48°51′N 8°12′E / 48.850°N 8.200°E / 48.850; 8.200
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictRastatt
Government
 • MayorHans Jürgen Pütsch
Area
 • Total59.02 km2 (22.79 sq mi)
Elevation
115 m (377 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total49,100
 • Density830/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
76401-76437
Dialling codes07222, 07229
Vehicle registrationRA
Websiterastatt.de

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The fortress of Rastatt in 1849
 
Mercedes-Benz factory in Rastatt

Until the end of the 17th century, Rastatt held little influence, but after its destruction by the French in 1689, it was rebuilt on a larger scale by Louis William, margrave of Baden, the imperial general in the Habsburg-Ottoman War known popularly as Türkenlouis.

It then remained the residence of the margraves of Baden-Baden until 1771. It was the location of the First and Second Congress of Rastatt, the former giving rise to the Treaty of Rastatt while the second ended in failure in 1799. In the 1840s, Rastatt was surrounded by fortifications to form the fortress of Rastatt. For about 20 years previous to 1866, it was occupied by the troops of the German Confederation.[2]

The Baden revolution of 1849 began with a mutiny of soldiers at Rastatt in May 1849 under Ludwik Mieroslawski and Gustav Struve, and ended there a few weeks later with the capture of the town by the Prussians. (See The Revolutions of 1848 in the German states and History of Baden.) For some years, Rastatt was one of the strongest fortresses of the German empire, but its fortifications were dismantled in 1890.

In 1997, a new Mercedes-Benz car factory started production in Rastatt.

Local attractionsEdit

Rastatt and the surrounding area is home to a variety of historical buildings, includes palaces and castles such as Schloss Rastatt and Schloss Favorite. It lies in the vicinity of the Black Forest and the French border.

International relationsEdit

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

 
Luise Adolpha Le Beau in 1872

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^   Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Rastatt" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
  3. ^ Woking twinning info

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit