Urban rail transit in China

Map of cities in mainland China, the SARs, and Taiwan with rapid transit, commuter rail and light rail systems. The two higher-resolution maps to the left show the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) and Pearl River Delta (PRD) regions.
  Operational systems
  Under-construction systems

Urban rail transit in the People's Republic of China encompasses a broad range of urban and suburban electric passenger rail mass transit systems including subway, light rail, tram and maglev.[1] Some classifications also include non-rail bus rapid transport. By the end of 2016, there were 30 metro systems in Mainland China with a total combined length of 3,586 km (2,228 mi).[2][3] Today China boasts the world's longest, second-longest and third-longest metro systems.[4][5][6] Eight of the world's 15 longest metro systems are in China. Although the Shanghai Metro only started operating in 1993, it is now the world's longest subway system.[4][5][7] Half of the top ten busiest metro systems in the world are in China.[8] As of January 2016, 39 cities have metro systems approved according to the National Development and Reform Commission. China plans to spend 4.7 trillion yuan ($706 billion) on transport infrastructure in the three years following 2016.[9] As of early 2017, China has 5,636.5 km (3,502.4 mi) of under-construction rail transit lines.[3] By the end of 2018, Mainland China has opened 35 metro systems with 185 metro lines.[10]

HistoryEdit

Several Chinese cities had urban electric tramways in the early 20th century, which were dismantled in the 1950s-1970s. Nanjing had an urban railway from 1907 to 1958. The first subway in China was built in Beijing in 1969. The Tianjin Metro followed in 1984. Hong Kong, at the time still under British colonial rule, completed its first section of subway in 1979. Today, Hong Kong's MTR Corporation has investment, consulting and management stakes in the rapid transit systems of several mainland Chinese cities.

The rapid growth of the Chinese economy since the 1980s has created a huge surge in demand for urban transport. This prompted cities across China to pursue and draft proposals for subway networks, with Shanghai and Guangzhou opening their first sections of subway in the 90s, inspiring more cities to propose subway networks. In 1995, the Central Government, alarmed by the high cost and financial debt from these ambitious subway plans, put out a "notice on the suspension of approval of urban underground rapid rail transit projects" barring new subway systems outside of Beijing, Tianjin, Guangzhou and Shanghai from being built.[11] At the time Nanjing, Wuhan, Chongqing, Dalian and Shenzhen had advanced proposals waiting to be approved. Wuhan, Chongqing, Dalian managed to circumvent the moratorium on subway construction by constructing and opening lower cost elevated lines, light metros, and monorails in the early 2000s. Rapid urbanization of China lead to severe congestion and pollution in urban areas leading to the suspension being lifted. Initially, light metro lines using small profile and shorter rolling stock were constructed to reduce costs. It was assumed that as ridership grows the line will operate trains at a low headway to increase capacity. This design paradigm was known in China as "small groups, high density" operation.[12][13][14] However, after a few years operating, many of these lines such as Guangzhou Metro Line 3, Line 6, Shanghai Metro Line 6, and Line 8 were severely overcapacity. Guangzhou Metro Line 3 was able to reconfigure from 3-car trains into 6-car trains to slightly relieve overcapacity. This led many cities such as Beijing, Guangzhou, Wuhan and Chengdu to use higher capacity designs on newer lines.

Since the mid-2000s, the growth of rapid transit systems in Chinese cities has rapidly accelerated, with most of the world's new subway mileage in the past decade opening in China.[15][4][16][17] From 2009 to 2015, China built 87 mass transit rail lines, totaling 3,100 km (1,900 mi), in 25 cities at the cost of ¥988.6 billion.[18] In 2016, the Chinese government lowered the minimum population criteria for a city to start planning a metro system from 3 million to 1.5 million residents.[19] As part of its 13th Five Year Plan, the Chinese government published a transport whitepaper titled "Development of China's Transport". The plan envisions a more sustainable transport system with priority focused on high-capacity public transit particularly urban rail transit and bus rapid transit. All cities with over 3 million residents will start or continue to develop urban rail networks. Regional rail networks will be constructed internally connect and integrate urban agglomerations such as the Jingjinji, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta areas.[20][21] In 2017, some 43 smaller third-tier cities in China have received approval to develop subway lines.[22]

Urban rapid transit systemsEdit

StatsEdit

Urban rapid transit systemsEdit

Legend

     - Systems in operation.
     - first line in the system under testing.

urban rapid transit systems
System Locale Lines Stations Length (km) Operation start Annual ridership Busiest station
Beijing Subway   (     ) Beijing & Langfang 22[a] 396[a] 690.5[a] 1969-10-01[b] 3848.4 million (2018)[23] Xizhimen (2018)[23]
Changchun Rail Transit   Changchun 4[c] 59[c] 68.27[c] 2011-06-30[d] 0127.3 million (2018)[23] Changchun Railway Station (2018)[23]
Changsha Metro   Changsha 3 68 83.6 2014-04-29 0250.3 million (2018)[23][e] Wuyi Square (2018)[23]
Changsha Maglev Express   Changsha 1 3 18.7 2016-05-06 Changshanan
Changzhou Metro   Changzhou 1 29 34.24[24] 2019-09-21
Chengdu Metro   Chengdu 7 222 302.66 2010-09-27 1157.6 million (2018)[23] Chunxi Road (2018)[23]
Chongqing Rail Transit   Chongqing 8 187 326.9 2004-11-06 0857.9 million (2018)[23] Lianglukou (2018)[23]
Dalian Metro   ( ) Dalian 4 69 157.88[25] 2002-11-08 0192.3 million (2018)[23] Xi'an Road (2018)[23]
Dongguan Rail Transit   Dongguan 1 15 37.7 2016-05-27 0046.1 million (2018)[23] Hongfu Road (2018)[23]
Foshan Metro   ( ) Foshan & Guangzhou 1 25 39.6 2010-11-03 0110 million (2017)[26] Zumiao (2017)[26]
Fuzhou Metro   Fuzhou 2 43 55.5 2016-05-16 0060.9 million (2018)[23] Dongjiekou (2018)[23]
Guangzhou Metro   ( ) Guangzhou 13[f][g] 246[h][g] 475.2 [i][g] 1997-06-28 3029.5 million (2018)[23][j][g] Tiyu Xilu (2018)[23]
Guiyang Metro   Guiyang 1 25 35.11 2017-12-28 0007.4 million (2018)[23] West Zhongshan Road (2018)[23]
Hangzhou Metro   ( ) Hangzhou 5 133 206 2012-11-24 0529.9 million (2018)[23] East Railway Station (2018)[23]
Harbin Metro   Harbin 2 21 22.9 2013-09-26 0097.4 million (2018)[23] The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (2018)[23]
Hefei Metro Hefei 3 80 89.6 2016-12-26 0153.2 million (2018)[23] Dadongmen (2018)[23]
Hohhot Metro Hohhot 1 20 21.719[27] 2019-12-29
Mass Transit Railway   ( ) Hong Kong 11 113 227.5 1979-10-01[k] 1767 million (2017)[28][R Nb 1] Admiralty
Jinan Metro   Jinan 2 23 47.9 2019-04-01
Kunming Metro   Kunming 4 60 87.2 2012-06-28 0199.6 million (2018)[23] Dongfeng Square (2018)[23]
Lanzhou Metro   Lanzhou 1 20 25.9[29] 2019-06-23
Macau Light Rapid Transit   Macau 1 11 9.3[30] 2019-12-10[30]
Nanchang Metro   Nanchang 2 52 60.2 2015-12-26 0141.8 million (2018)[23][31] Metro Central (2018)[23]
Nanjing Metro   Nanjing 10 174 376.5 2005-09-03 1118.8 million (2018)[23] Xinjiekou (2018)[23]
Nanning Metro   Nanning 3 65 81.0 2016-06-28 0213.6 million (2018)[23] Chaoyang Square (2018)[23]
Ningbo Rail Transit Ningbo 4 69 96.9 2014-05-30 0124.4 million (2018)[23] Gulou (2018)[23]
Qingdao Metro   Qingdao 4 85 173.358 2015-12-16 0153.9 million (2018)[23] May 4th Square (2018)[23]
Shanghai Metro   (   ) Shanghai & Kunshan 16 413 676.0 1993-05-28 3710.2 million (2018)[23] People's Square (2018)[23]
Shanghai Maglev Train   Shanghai 1 2 30.5 2002-12-31 Longyang Road
Shenyang Metro   Shenyang 4 91 115.9 2010-09-27 0329.9 million (2018)[23] Qingniandajie (2018)[23]
Shenzhen Metro   (   ) Shenzhen 8 215 303.4[32] 2004-12-28 1646.1 million (2018)[23] Laojie (2018)[23]
Shijiazhuang Metro   Shijiazhuang 2 36 46.1[33] 2017-06-26 0087.6 million (2018)[23][34] Xinbaiguangchang (2018)[23]
Suzhou Rail Transit   Suzhou 4 134 164.1 2012-04-28 0328.1 million (2018)[23] Dongfangzhimen (2018)[23]
Tianjin Metro   (   ) Tianjin 6 159 233.2 1984-12-28[l] 0408.5 million (2018)[23] Tianjinzhan (2018)[23]
uÜrümqi Metro   Ürümqi 1 21 27.615 2018-10-25 0002.4 million (2018)[23]
Wenzhou Metro   Wenzhou 1 18 53.5 2019-01-23
Wuhan Metro   Wuhan 9 228[35] 339[35] 2004-07-24 1054.0 million (2018)[23] Jianghan Road (2018)[23]
Wuxi Metro   Wuxi 2 48 60.9 2014-07-01 0103.1 million (2018)[23] Sanyang Plaza (2018)[23]
Xi'an Metro   Xi'an & Xianyang 5 100 161.8 2011-09-16 0746.2 million (2018)[23] Xiaozhai (2018)[23]
Xiamen Metro   Xiamen 2 52 71.9 2017-12-31 0041.6 million (2018)[23] Zhenhai Road (2018)[23]
Xuzhou Metro Xuzhou 1 18 21.967[36] 2019-09-28
Zhengzhou Metro   Zhengzhou 5 98 151.8 2013-12-28 0293.4 million (2018)[23] Zhengzhou Railway Station (2018)[23]
  1. ^ a b c Not including Xijiao Line, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  2. ^ Open for public operation on 15 January 1971 (1971-01-15).
  3. ^ a b c Not including Line 3, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  4. ^ Changchun Subway officially opened on 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30) as a light rail transit system.
  5. ^ Changsha Maglev Express is excluded.
  6. ^ 14, if Guangfo line is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  7. ^ a b c d Not including Haizhu Tram (THZ1), which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  8. ^ 271, if Guangfo line is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  9. ^ 514.8 km, if Guangfo line (39.6 km) is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  10. ^ Guangfo line is excluded. Also see Foshan Metro.
  11. ^ The Kowloon–Canton Railway (Current East Rail Line/ERL) begin operation single track on 1 October 1910 (1910-10-01). Begin operation on 1 October 1979 (1979-10-01) as MTR Corporation and 24 December 1982 (1982-12-24) as KCRC. ERL electrification completed by 16 July 1983 (1983-07-16). ERL double-track completed by 27 February 1984 (1984-02-27). KCRC operations taken over by MTR on 2 December 2007 (2007-12-02).
  12. ^ The system was closed on 1 September 2001 (2001-09-01) for renovation and reopened on 12 June 2006 (2006-06-12).
  1. ^ Note that:
    1. Annual ridership is derived from the sum of each month's "Monthly Total" for each year
    2. The ridership includes "MTR Lines", "Airport Express" and "Cross-boundary".
    3. "Intercity, Light Rail & Bus" are excluded from the counts.

Urban rapid transit linesEdit

Legend

     - Lines in operation.
     - Lines under testing.

Urban rail transit lines
Livery Line System Length Stations Car configuration Stock size Commencement
01Line 1 Beijing 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[37] 23 6 B1 1971-01-15
02Line 2 Beijing 23.0 km (14.3 mi)[37] 18 6 B1 1987-12-28
04Line 4 Beijing 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[37] 24 6 B1 2009-09-28
05Line 5 Beijing 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[37] 23 6 B1 2007-10-07
06Line 6 Beijing 53.4 km (33.2 mi)[38] 32 8 B2 2012-12-30
07Line 7 Beijing 40.3 km (25.0 mi) 29 8 B1 2014-12-28
08Line 8 (North section)[a] Beijing 28.5 km (17.7 mi) 19 6 B1 2008-07-19
08Line 8 (South section)[a] Beijing 16.4 km (10.2 mi) 12 6 B1 2018-12-30
09Line 9 Beijing 17.0 km (10.6 mi)[37] 12 6 B1 2011-12-31
10Line 10 Beijing 57.0 km (35.4 mi)[37] 45 6 B1 2008-07-19
13Line 13 Beijing 40.85 km (25.38 mi) 17 6 B1 2002-09-22
14Line 14 (West section)[a] Beijing 12.4 km (7.7 mi)[39] 7 6 A 2013-05-05
14Line 14 (East section)[a] Beijing 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[39] 21 6 A 2014-12-28
15Line 15 Beijing 41.0 km (25.5 mi)[37] 20 6 B1 2010-12-30
16Line 16 Beijing 19.6 km (12.2 mi)[37] 9 8 A 2016-12-31
99s1S1 line Beijing 9.1 km (5.7 mi)[40] 7 6 z-maglevML 2017-12-30
Batong line Beijing 23.4 km (14.5 mi)[41] 14 6 B1 2003-12-27
Capital Airport Express Beijing 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[37] 4 4 LB 2008-07-19
Changping line Beijing 31.9 km (19.8 mi)[42] 12 6 B1 2010-12-30
Daxing Airport Express Beijing 41.36 km (25.70 mi) 3 8 D 2019-09-26[43]
Daxing line Beijing 21.8 km (13.5 mi)[37] 12 6 B1 2010-12-30
Fangshan line Beijing 27 km (17 mi)[44][45] 12 6 B1 2010-12-30
Yanfang line Beijing 14.4 km (8.9 mi)[46] 9 4 B1 2017-12-30
Yizhuang line Beijing 23.2 km (14.4 mi) 14 6 B1 2010-12-30
01Line 1 Changchun 18.14 km (11.27 mi)[47][37] 15 6 B2 2017-06-30
02Line 2 Changchun 20.5 km (12.7 mi)[48] 18 6 B2 2018-08-30
04Line 4 Changchun 16.33 km (10.15 mi)[49] 16 3/5/6 C 2011-06-30
08Line 8 Changchun 13.3 km (8.3 mi)[50] 12 6 C 2018-10-30
01Line 1 Changsha 23.6 km (14.7 mi)[37] 20 6 B2 2016-06-28
02Line 2 Changsha 26.6 km (16.5 mi)[37] 23 6 B2 2014-04-29
03Line 3 Changsha 36.5 km (22.7 mi)[51] 25 6 B 2020-07-??[51]
04Line 4 Changsha 33.5 km (20.8 mi) 25 6 B2 2019-05-26
05Line 5 Changsha 22.5 km (14.0 mi)[51] 18 6 B 2020-07-??[51]
Maglev Express Changsha ML 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[37] 3 3 z-maglevML 2016-05-06
01Line 1 Changzhou 34.24 km (21.28 mi)[24] 29 6 B? 2019-09-21
01Line 1 Chengdu 40.99 km (25.47 mi)[37] 35 6 B2 2010-09-27
02Line 2 Chengdu 41.8 km (26.0 mi)[37] 32 6 B2 2012-09-16
03Line 3 Chengdu 48.6 km (30.2 mi) 37 6 B2 2016-07-31
04Line 4 Chengdu 42.3 km (26.3 mi)[37][46] 30 6 B2 2015-12-26
05Line 5 Chengdu 49.018 km (30.5 mi) 41 8 A 2019-12-27
07Line 7 Chengdu 38.6 km (24.0 mi)[46] 31 6 A 2017-12-06
10Line 10 Chengdu 37.972 km (23.6 mi)[52][53] 16 6 A 2017-09-06
01Line 1 Chongqing 44.5 km (27.7 mi) 24 6 B2 2011-07-28
02Line 2 Chongqing 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[37] 25 4/6 z-monorailHL 2005-06-18
03Line 3 Chongqing 67.1 km (41.7 mi)[37] 45 6/8 z-monorailHL 2011-09-29
04Line 4 Chongqing 15.6 km (9.7 mi)[54] 8 6 AS 2018-12-28
05Line 5 Chongqing 16.8 km (10.4 mi)[46] 10 6 AS 2017-12-28
06Line 6 Chongqing 75.9 km (47.2 mi)[37] 18 6 B2 2012-09-28
10Line 10 Chongqing 33.7 km (20.9 mi) 19 6 AS 2017-12-28
Loop line Chongqing 43.2 km (26.8 mi) 26 6 A 2018-12-28
01Line 1 Dalian 28.34 km (17.61 mi)[25] 22 6 B2 2015-10-30
02Line 2 Dalian 25.74 km (15.99 mi)[25] 21 6 B2 2015-05-22
03Line 3 Dalian 63.45 km (39.43 mi)[25] 18 2/4 B2 2002-11-08
12Line 12 Dalian 40.35 km (25.07 mi)[25] 8 4 B2 2013-12-30
02Line 2 Dongguan 37.8 km (23.5 mi)[37] 15 6 B2 2016-05-27
01Line 1 Fuzhou 24.6 km (15.3 mi)[37][46] 21 6 B2 2016-05-18
02Line 2 Fuzhou 30.6 km (19.0 mi) 22 6 B2 2019-04-26
01Line 1 Guangzhou 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[37] 16 6 A 1997-06-28
02Line 2 Guangzhou 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[37] 24 6 A 2002-12-29
03Line 3 Guangzhou 68.5 km (42.6 mi)[37] 30 6 B2 2005-12-26
04Line 4 Guangzhou 60.04 km (37.31 mi)[37][46] 23 4 LB 2005-12-26
05Line 5 Guangzhou 31.5 km (19.6 mi)[37] 24 6 LB 2009-12-28
06Line 6 Guangzhou 41.4 km (25.7 mi)[37] 31 4 LB 2013-12-28
07Line 7 Guangzhou 18.6 km (11.6 mi)[37] 9 6 B2 2016-12-28
08Line 8 Guangzhou 17.6 km (10.9 mi)[55] 15 6 A 2010-09-25
09Line 9 Guangzhou 20.1 km (12.5 mi)[46] 11 6 B2 2017-12-28
13Line 13 Guangzhou 27.0 km (16.8 mi)[46] 11 8 A 2017-12-28
14Line 14 Guangzhou 21.2 km (13.2 mi)[46] 10 6 B1 2017-12-28
21Line 21 Guangzhou 61.5 km (38.2 mi)[56] 21 6 B1 2018-12-28
Zhujiang New Town APM line Guangzhou 03.9 km (2.4 mi)[37] 9 2 z-people_moverP 2010-11-08
Guangfo line Foshan (Guangfo) 33.5 km (20.8 mi)[37] 22 4 B2 2010-09-25
01Line 1 Guiyang 35.11 km (21.8 mi) 25 6 B2 2017-12-28
01Line 1 Hangzhou 53.6 km (33.3 mi)[37] 34 6 B2 2012-11-24
02Line 2 Hangzhou 43.3 km (26.9 mi)[57] 32 6 B2 2014-11-24
04Line 4 Hangzhou 20.8 km (12.9 mi)[37] 18 6 B2 2015-02-02
05Line 5 Hangzhou 56.21 km (34.93 mi)[58] 37 6 AH 2019-06-24
16Line 16 Hangzhou 35.12 km (21.82 mi)[59] 12 6 B2 2020-04-23
01Line 1 Harbin 26.05 km (16.19 mi) 23 6 B2 2013-09-26
03Line 3 Harbin 04.5 km (2.8 mi)[46] 3 6 B2 2017-01-26
01Line 1 Hefei 24.6 km (15.3 mi)[37] 23 6 B2 2016-12-26
02Line 2 Hefei 27.8 km (17.3 mi)[46] 24 6 B2 2017-12-26
03Line 3 Hefei 37.2 km (23.1 mi)[60] 33 6 B 2019-12-26[60]
01Line 1 Hohhot 21.719 km (13.5 mi)[27] 20 6 B 2019-12-29
Airport Express Hong Kong 35.2 km (21.9 mi) 5 8 AzA* 1998-07-06
Disneyland Resort line Hong Kong 03.3 km (2.1 mi) 2 4 AzA* 2005-08-01
East Rail line Hong Kong 41.1 km (25.5 mi) 14 12 AzA* 1984-02-27[H 1]
Island line Hong Kong 16.3 km (10.1 mi) 16 8 AzA* 1985-05-31
Kwun Tong line Hong Kong 13.8 km (8.6 mi) 17 8 AzA* 1979-10-01
South Island line Hong Kong 07.4 km (4.6 mi) 5 3 AzA* 2016-12-28
Tseung Kwan O line Hong Kong 11.9 km (7.4 mi) 8 8 AzA* 2002-08-04
Tsuen Wan line Hong Kong 16.0 km (9.9 mi) 16 8 AzA* 1979-12-31
Tuen Ma line Hong Kong 17 km (11 mi)[61] 12 4/8 AzA* 2004-12-21
Tung Chung line Hong Kong 31.1 km (19.3 mi) 8 8 AzA* 1998-06-21
West Rail line Hong Kong 35.4 km (22.0 mi) 12 8 AzA* 2003-12-20
01Line 1 Jinan 26.1 km (16.2 mi) 11 4 B1 2019-04-01
03Line 3 Jinan 21.592 km (13.417 mi) 13 6 B 2019-12-28[62]
01Line 1 Kunming 34.9 km (21.7 mi)[37] 22 6 B1 2013-05-20
02Line 2 Kunming 11.4 km (7.1 mi)[37] 13 6 B1 2014-04-30
03Line 3 Kunming 22.7 km (14.1 mi)[46] 20 6 B1 2017-08-29
06Line 6 Kunming 17.1 km (10.6 mi)[37] 4 6 B1 2012-06-28
01Line 1 Lanzhou 25.9 km (16.1 mi)[29] 20 6 A 2019-06-23
Taipa line Macau 09.3 km (5.8 mi)[30] 11 2/4 P 2019-12-10[30]
01Line 1 Nanchang 28.8 km (17.9 mi)[37] 24 6 B2 2015-12-26
01Line 2 Nanchang 31.51 km (19.58 mi)[63] 28 6 B2 2017-08-18
01Line 1 Nanjing 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[37] 27 6 A 2005-09-03
02Line 2 Nanjing 38.0 km (23.6 mi)[37] 26 6 A 2010-05-28
03Line 3 Nanjing 44.9 km (27.9 mi)[37] 29 6 A 2015-04-01
04Line 4 Nanjing 33.7 km (20.9 mi)[46] 18 6 B2 2017-01-18
10Line 10 Nanjing 21.6 km (13.4 mi)[37] 14 6 A 2014-07-01
99s1Line S1 Nanjing 36.3 km (22.6 mi)[37] 9 6 B2 2014-07-01
99s3Line S3 Nanjing 37.2 km (23.1 mi)[46] 19 6 B2 2017-12-06
99s7Line S7 Nanjing 30.4 km (18.9 mi) 9 4 B2 2018-05-26
99s8Line S8 Nanjing 45.2 km (28.1 mi)[37] 26 4 B2 2014-08-01
99s9Line S9 Nanjing 52.4 km (32.6 mi)[46] 6 3 B2 2017-12-30
01Line 1 Nanning 32.1 km (19.9 mi)[37] 25 6 B2 2016-06-28
02Line 2 Nanning 21.2 km (13.2 mi)[46] 18 6 B2 2017-12-28
03Line 3 Nanning 27.9 km (17.3 mi)[64] 23 6 B2 2019-06-06
01Line 1 Ningbo 46.2 km (28.7 mi)[37] 29 6 B2 2014-05-30
02Line 2 Ningbo 28.3 km (17.6 mi)[37] 22 6 B2 2015-09-26
03Line 3 Ningbo 16.73 km (10.40 mi)[65] 15 6 B2 2019-06-30
Yinfeng line Ningbo 5.61 km (3.49 mi)[66] 3 6 B2 2019-09-28
02Line 2 Qingdao 24.387 km (15.153 mi) 21 6 B1 2017-12-10
03Line 3 Qingdao 24.472 km (15.206 mi)[37] 22 6 B1 2015-12-16
11Line 11 Qingdao 57.686 km (35.844 mi) 21 4 B1 2018-04-23
13Line 13 Qingdao 66.813 km (41.516 mi) 21 4 B1 2018-12-26
01Line 1 Shanghai 36.9 km (22.9 mi)[37] 28 8 A 1993-05-28
02Line 2 Shanghai 60.3 km (37.5 mi)[37] 30 4/8 A 2000-06-11
03Line 3 Shanghai 40.2 km (25.0 mi)[37] 29 6 A 2000-12-26
04Line 4 Shanghai 33.8 km (21.0 mi)[37] 26 8 A 2005-12-31
05Line 5 Shanghai 32.6 km (20.3 mi)[37] 19 4 C 2003-11-25
06Line 6 Shanghai 32.7 km (20.3 mi)[37] 28 4 C 2007-12-29
07Line 7 Shanghai 43.9 km (27.3 mi)[37] 32 6 A 2009-12-05
08Line 8 Shanghai 37.0 km (23.0 mi)[37] 30 6/7 C 2007-12-29
09Line 9 Shanghai 63.9 km (39.7 mi)[37][46] 35 6 A 2007-12-29
10Line 10 Shanghai 35.2 km (21.9 mi)[37] 31 6 A 2010-04-10
11Line 11 Shanghai 81.4 km (50.6 mi)[37] 38 6 A 2009-12-31
12Line 12 Shanghai 39.9 km (24.8 mi)[37] 32 6 A 2013-12-29
13Line 13 Shanghai 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[37] 31 6 A 2012-12-30
16Line 16 Shanghai 58.8 km (36.5 mi)[37] 13 3/6 A 2013-12-29
17Line 17 Shanghai 34.7 km (21.6 mi)[37] 13 6 A 2017-12-30
Pujiang line Shanghai 06.6 km (4.1 mi) 6 4 z-people_moverP 2018-03-31
Maglev line Shanghai ML 30.0 km (18.6 mi)[37] 2 5 z-maglevMH 2004-01-01
01Line 1 Shenyang 27.4 km (17.0 mi)[37] 22 6 B2 2009-09-23
02Line 2 Shenyang 33.06 km (20.54 mi)[37] 26 6 B2 2012-01-08
09Line 9 Shenyang 28.996 km (18.017 mi)[67] 23 6 B2 2019-05-25
10Line 10 Shenyang 27.21 km (16.91 mi) 21 6 B2 2020-04-29[68]
01Line 1 Shenzhen 41.0 km (25.5 mi)[37] 30 6 A 2004-12-28
02Line 2 Shenzhen 35.8 km (22.2 mi)[37] 29 6 A 2010-12-08
03Line 3 Shenzhen 41.6 km (25.8 mi)[37] 30 6 B1 2010-12-28
04Line 4 Shenzhen 20.5 km (12.7 mi)[37] 15 6 A 2004-12-28
05Line 5 Shenzhen 47.393 km (29.449 mi)[69] 34 6 A 2011-06-22
06Line 6 Shenzhen 49.4 km (30.7 mi) 27 6 A 2020-08-??
07Line 7 Shenzhen 30.2 km (18.8 mi)[37] 28 6 A 2016-10-28
09Line 9 Shenzhen 36.18 km (22.48 mi) 32 6 A 2016-10-28
10Line 10 Shenzhen 29.3 km (18.2 mi) 24 8 A 2020-08-??
11Line 11 Shenzhen 51.9 km (32.2 mi)[37] 18 8 A 2016-06-28
01Line 1 Shijiazhuang 34.3 km (21.3 mi) 26 6 A 2017-06-26
02Line 2 Shijiazhuang 15.5 km (9.6 mi)[70] 15 6 A 2020-08-??[70]
03Line 3 Shijiazhuang 11.8 km (7.3 mi) 10 6 A 2017-06-26
01Line 1 Suzhou 25.7 km (16.0 mi)[37] 24 4 B1 2012-04-28
02Line 2 Suzhou 42.2 km (26.2 mi)[37] 35 5 B1 2013-12-28
03Line 3 Suzhou 45.272 km (28.1 mi)[71] 37 6 B1 2019-12-25[72]
04Line 4 Suzhou 52.8 km (32.8 mi)[46] 37 6 B1 2017-04-15
01Line 1 Tianjin 42.227 km (26.2 mi) 27 6 B1 1984-12-28
02Line 2 Tianjin 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[37] 19 6 B1 2012-07-01
03Line 3 Tianjin 33.6 km (20.9 mi)[37] 26 6 B1 2012-10-01
05Line 5 Tianjin 34.8 km (21.6 mi)[73][74] 27 6 B2 2018-10-22
06Line 6 Tianjin 45 km (28 mi)[37] 39 6 B2 2016-08-06
09Line 9 Tianjin 52.2 km (32.4 mi)[37] 21 4 B2 2004-03-28
01Line 1 Ürümqi 27.615 km (17.159 mi) 21 6 A 2018-10-25
99s1Line S1 Wenzhou 53.5 km (33.2 mi) 18 4 D 2019-01-23
01Line 1 Wuhan 37.0 km (23.0 mi)[37][46] 30 4 B1 2004-07-28
02Line 2 Wuhan 60.3 km (37.5 mi) 38 6 B1 2012-12-28
03Line 3 Wuhan 30.1 km (18.7 mi)[37] 24 6 B1 2015-12-28
04Line 4 Wuhan 49.7 km (30.9 mi) 37 6 B1 2013-12-28
06Line 6 Wuhan 36.1 km (22.4 mi)[37] 27 6 A 2016-12-28
07Line 7 Wuhan 47.0 km (29.2 mi) 26 6 A 2018-10-01
08Line 8 (North section)[a] Wuhan 16.7 km (10.4 mi)[46] 12 6 A 2017-12-26
08Line 8 (South section)[a] Wuhan 4.84 km (3.01 mi)[35] 3 6 A 2019-11-06[35]
11Line 11 Wuhan 18.7 km (11.6 mi) 13 6 A 2018-10-01
Yangluo line Wuhan 35.0 km (21.7 mi)[46] 15 4 A 2017-12-26
01Line 1 Wuxi 34.6 km (21.5 mi) 27 6 B1 2014-07-01
02Line 2 Wuxi 26.3 km (16.3 mi)[75][37] 21 6 B1 2014-12-28
01Line 1 Xi'an 31.45 km (19.54 mi)[76] 23 6 B2 2013-09-15
02Line 2 Xi'an 26.715 km (16.600 mi)[77] 21 6 B2 2011-09-16
03Line 3 Xi'an 38.0 km (23.6 mi)[37] 26 6 B2 2016-11-08
04Line 4 Xi'an 35.2 km (21.9 mi) 29 6 B2 2018-12-26
14Airport intercity railway Xi'an 29.31 km (18.21 mi) 9 6 B2 2019-09-29
01Line 1 Xiamen 30.3 km (18.8 mi)[46] 24 6 B2 2017-12-31
02Line 2 Xiamen 41.64 km (25.87 mi) 32 6 B2 2019-12-25[78]
01Line 1 Xuzhou 21.967 km (13.650 mi)[36] 18 6 B? 2019-09-28
01Line 1 Zhengzhou 41.2 km (25.6 mi)[79] 30 6 B2 2013-12-28[80]
02Line 2 Zhengzhou 30.9 km (19.2 mi)[81][82] 22 6 B2 2016-08-19
05Line 5 Zhengzhou 40.4 km (25.1 mi)[83] 32 6 A 2019-05-20
14Line 14 Zhengzhou 7.455 km (4.632 mi)[84] 6 6 B 2019-09-19
Chengjiao line Zhengzhou 31.7 km (19.7 mi)[85] 15 6 B2 2017-01-12

Commencement dates of lines and extensionsEdit

Legend

     - Lines / extensions in operation.
     - Lines / extensions under testing.

lines and extensions by commencement date
Line Section Commencement Length
     Line 1 (Beijing Subway) Pingguoyuan Gucheng 1973-04-23 03.7 km (2.30 mi)
Gucheng Yuquanlu 1971-11-07 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Yuquanlu Gongzhufen 1971-08-05 04.9 km (3.04 mi)
Gongzhufen Nanlishilu 1969-10-01 03.7 km (2.30 mi)
Nanlishilu Fuxingmen 1987-12-28 00.4 km (0.25 mi)
Fuxingmen Xidan 1992-09-12 01.6 km (0.99 mi)
Xidan Tian'anmen West 2000-06-28 01.3 km (0.81 mi)
Tian'anmen West Sihui East 1999-09-28 10.1 km (6.28 mi)
     Line 2 (Beijing Subway) Changchunjie Beijing Railway Station 1987-12-28[H 2] 06.1 km (3.79 mi)
Beijing Railway Station Jianguomen 1987-12-28 01.0 km (0.62 mi)
Jianguomen Fuxingmen 1984-09-20 15.2 km (9.44 mi)
Fuxingmen Changchunjie 1987-12-28 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
     Line 4 (Beijing Subway) Anheqiao North Gongyixiqiao 2009-09-28 28.2 km (17.52 mi)
     Line 5 (Beijing Subway) Tiantongyuan North Songjiazhuang 2007-10-07 27.6 km (17.15 mi)
     Line 6 (Beijing Subway) Jin'anqiao Haidian Wuluju 2018-12-30 10.556 km (6.56 mi)[86]
Haidian Wuluju Caofang 2012-12-30 29.882 km (18.57 mi)
Caofang Lucheng 2014-12-28 12.751 km (7.92 mi)
     Line 7 (Beijing Subway) Beijing West Railway Station Jiaohuachang 2014-12-28 23.7 km (14.73 mi)[87]
Jiaohuachang Hua Zhuang[b] 2019-12-28[89] 16.6 km (10.31 mi)[90]
     Line 8 (Beijing Subway) Zhuxinzhuang Huilongguan Dongdajie 2013-12-28 06.359 km (3.95 mi)
Huilongguan Dongdajie South Gate of Forest Park 2011-12-31 10.700 km (6.65 mi)
South Gate of Forest Park Beitucheng 2008-07-19 03.583 km (2.23 mi)
Beitucheng Guloudajie 2012-12-30 03.375 km (2.10 mi)
Guloudajie Nanluoguxiang 2013-12-28 02.090 km (1.30 mi)
Nanluoguxiang National Art Museum 2018-12-30 01.88 km (1.17 mi)[86]
Zhushikou Yinghai 2018-12-30 16.4 km (10.19 mi)
     Line 9 (Beijing Subway) National Library Beijing West Railway Station 2012-12-30 10.282 km (6.39 mi)
Beijing West Railway Station Guogongzhuang 2011-12-31 05.349 km (3.32 mi)
     Line 10 (Beijing Subway) Xiju Bagou 2012-12-30 13.843 km (8.60 mi)
Bagou Jinsong 2008-07-19 24.680 km (15.34 mi)
Jinsong Shoujingmao 2012-12-30 15.932 km (9.90 mi)
Shoujingmao Xiju 2013-05-05 03.420 km (2.13 mi)
     Line 13 (Beijing Subway) Xizhimen Huoying 2002-09-28 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
Huoying Dongzhimen 2003-01-28 20.0 km (12.43 mi)
     Line 14 (Beijing Subway) Zhangguozhuang Xiju 2013-05-05 12.4 km (7.71 mi)[39]
Beijing South Railway Station Jintailu 2015-12-26 16.6 km (10.31 mi)[39]
Jintailu Shangezhuang 2014-12-28 14.8 km (9.20 mi)[39]
     Line 15 (Beijing Subway) Qinghuadongluxikou Wangjing West 2014-12-28 09.944 km (6.18 mi)
Wangjing West Houshayu 2010-12-30 17.725 km (11.01 mi)
Houshayu Fengbo 2011-12-31 11.060 km (6.87 mi)
     Line 16 (Beijing Subway) Bei'anhe Xiyuan 2016-12-31 19.6 km (12.18 mi)
     S1 line (Beijing Subway) Shichang Jin'anqiao 2017-12-30 9.1 km (5.65 mi)
     Batong line Sihui Tuqiao 2003-12-27 18.9 km (11.74 mi)
Tuqiao Hua Zhuang[b] 2019-12-28[89] 4.5 km (2.80 mi)[90]
     Capital Airport Express Dongzhimen Terminal 3/Terminal 2 2008-07-19 28.5 km (17.71 mi)
     Changping line Changping Xishankou Nanshao 2015-12-26 21.3 km (13.24 mi)[91]
Nanshao Xi'erqi 2010-12-30 10.6 km (6.59 mi)[92]
     Daxing Airport Express Caoqiao Daxing Airport 2019-09-26[43] 41.36 km (25.70 mi)
     Daxing line Gongyixiqiao Tiangongyuan 2010-12-30 21.7 km (13.48 mi)
     Fangshan line Guogongzhuang Dabaotai 2011-12-31 24.79 km (15.4 mi)[44]
Dabaotai Suzhuang 2010-12-30
Suzhuang Yancun East 2017-12-30 02.2 km (1.4 mi)[45]
     Yanfang line Yancun East Yanshan 2017-12-30 13.37 km (8.31 mi)
     Yizhuang line Songjiazhuang Ciqu 2010-12-30 21.4 km (13.30 mi)
Ciqu Yizhuang Railway Station 2018-12-30 ? km
     Line 1 (Changchun Subway) North Ring Road Hongzuizi 2017-06-30 18.14 km (11.27 mi)[47]
     Line 2 (Changchun Subway) Shuangfeng Dongfang Square 2018-08-30 20.5 km (12.74 mi)[48]
     Line 4 (Changchun Subway) Changchun Railway Station (North) Dongdaqiao Bridge 2012-05-07 03.3 km (2.05 mi)
Dongdaqiao Bridge Tiangong Road 2011-06-30 13.0 km (8.08 mi)
     Line 8 (Changchun Subway) North Ring Road Guangtong Road 2018-10-30 13.3 km (8.26 mi)[50]
     Line 1 (Changsha Metro) Kaifu District Government Shangshuangtang 2016-06-28 23.55 km (14.63 mi)
     Line 2 (Changsha Metro) West Meixi Lake Wangchengpo 2015-12-28 04.279 km (2.66 mi)
Wangchengpo Guangda 2014-04-29 22.3 km (13.86 mi)
     Line 3 (Changsha Metro) Shantang Guangsheng 2020-07-??[51] 36.5 km (22.68 mi)[51]
     Line 4 (Changsha Metro) Guanziling Dujiaping 2019-05-26 33.5 km (20.82 mi)
     Line 5 (Changsha Metro) Maozhutang Shuiduhe 2020-07-??[51] 22.5 km (13.98 mi)[51]
     Changsha Maglev Express Changshanan Huanghua Airport 2016-05-06 18.55 km (11.53 mi)
     Line 1 (Changzhou Metro) Forest Park Nanxiashu 2019-09-21 34.24 km (21.28 mi)[24]
     Line 1 (Chengdu Metro) Weijianian Shengxian Lake 2018-03-18 1.46 km (0.91 mi)
Shengxian Lake Century City 2010-09-27 18.5 km (11.50 mi)
Century City Guangdu 2015-07-25 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Guangdu Wugensong 2018-03-18 1.21 km (0.75 mi)
Sihe Science City 2018-03-18 14.33 km (8.90 mi)
     Line 2 (Chengdu Metro) Xipu Chadianzi Bus Terminal 2013-06-08 08.8 km (5.47 mi)
Chadianzi Bus Terminal Chengdu Institute of Public Administration 2012-09-16 22.4 km (13.92 mi)
Chengdu Institute of Public Administration Longquanyi 2014-10-26 11.1 km (6.90 mi)
     Line 3 (Chengdu Metro) Chengdu Medical College Chengdu Junqu General Hospital 2018-12-26 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
Chengdu Junqu General Hospital Taipingyuan 2016-07-31 20.33 km (12.63 mi)
Taipingyuan Shuangliu West Station 2018-12-26 12.3 km (7.64 mi)
     Line 4 (Chengdu Metro) Wansheng Intangible Cultural Heritage Park 2017-06-02 10.8 km (6.71 mi)
Intangible Cultural Heritage Park Wannianchang 2015-12-26 22.4 km (13.92 mi)
Wannianchang Xihe 2017-06-02 10.3 km (6.40 mi)
     Line 5 (Chengdu Metro) Huagui Road Huilong 2019-12-27 49.018 km (30.46 mi)
     Line 7 (Chengdu Metro) North Railway Station North Railway Station 2017-12-06 38.61 km (23.99 mi)
     Line 10 (Chengdu Metro) Taipingyuan Terminal 2 of Shuangliu International Airport 2017-09-06 10.937 km (6.8 mi)[52]
Terminal 2 of Shuangliu International Airport Xinping 2019-12-27 27.035 km (16.8 mi)[53]
     Line 1 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Xiaoshizi Jiaochangkou 2011-09-27 01.4 km (0.87 mi)
Jiaochangkou Shapingba 2011-07-28 14.2 km (8.82 mi)
Shapingba Daxuecheng 2012-12-21 19.7 km (12.24 mi)
Daxuecheng Jiandingpo 2014-12-30 01.9 km (1.18 mi)
Jiandingpo Bishan 2019-12-30[93] 5.6 km (3.48 mi)[94]
     Line 2 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Jiaochangkou Daping 2004-12-11 07.66 km (4.76 mi)
Daping Zoo 2004-11-06 04.95 km (3.08 mi)
Zoo Xinshancun 2006-07-01 05.54 km (3.44 mi)
Xinshancun Yudong 2014-12-31 13.15 km (8.17 mi)
     Line 3 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Yudong Chongqing Jiaotong University 2012-12-28 16.197 km (10.06 mi)
Chongqing Jiaotong University Lianglukou 2011-12-30 08.66 km (5.38 mi)
Lianglukou Yuanyang 2011-09-29 17.323 km (10.76 mi)
Yuanyang Changfulu 2011-10-08 04.9 km (3.04 mi)
Changfulu Terminal 2 of Jiangbei Airport 2011-12-30 06.9 km (4.29 mi)
Bijin Jurenba 2016-12-28 11.0 km (6.84 mi)
     Line 4 (Chongqing Rail Transit) North Square of Chongqing North Railway Station Tangjiatuo 2018-12-28 13.1 km
Min'an Ave. North Square of Chongqing North Railway Station 2019-01-11 2.3 km
     Line 5 (Chongqing Rail Transit) The EXPO Garden Center Dalongshan 2017-12-28 13.59 km (8.44 mi)
Dalongshan Dashiba 2018-12-24 2.51 km (1.56 mi)
     Line 6 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Chayuan Wulidian 2014-12-31 19.2 km (11.93 mi)
Wulidian Kangzhuang 2012-09-28 13.91 km (8.64 mi)
Kangzhuang Lijia 2012-12-26 03.9 km (2.42 mi)
Lijia Yuelai 2013-05-15 12.1 km (7.52 mi)
Lijia Beibei 2013-12-31 23.4 km (14.54 mi)
     Line 10 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Wangjiazhuang Liyuchi 2017-12-28 33.7 km (20.94 mi)
     Loop line (Chongqing Rail Transit) Chongqing Library Haixialu 2018-12-28 33.7 km (20.94 mi)[54]
Haixialu Erlang 2019-12-30[93] 9.5 km (5.90 mi)
     Line 1 (Dalian Metro) Yaojia Fuguo Street 2015-10-30 16.50 km (10.25 mi)
Fuguo Street Convention & Exhibition Center 2016-01-29 01.21 km (0.75 mi)
Convention & Exhibition Center Hekou 2017-06-07 05.63 km (3.50 mi)
     Line 2 (Dalian Metro) Xinzhaizi Airport 2018-06-28 3.12 km (1.94 mi)
Airport Conference Center 2015-05-22 20.7 km (12.86 mi)
Conference Center Haizhiyun 2017-06-07 03.78 km (2.35 mi)
     Line 3 (Dalian Metro) Dalian Railway Station Golden Pebble Beach 2003-05-01 49.15 km (30.54 mi)
Dalian Development Area Jiuli 2008-12-28 14.3 km (8.89 mi)
     Line 12 (Dalian Metro) Hekou Caidaling 2017-06-07 01.27 km (0.79 mi)
Caidaling Lüshun New Port 2013-12-30 37.52 km (23.31 mi)
     Line 2 (Dongguan Rail Transit) Humen Railway Station Dongguan Railway Station 2016-05-27 37.7 km (23.43 mi)
     Line 1 (Fuzhou Metro) Xiangfeng Sanchajie 2017-01-06 15.13 km (9.40 mi)
Sanchajie Fuzhou South Railway Station 2016-05-18 09.76 km (6.06 mi)
     Line 2 (Fuzhou Metro) Suyang Yangli 2019-04-26 30.62 km (19.03 mi)
     Line 1 (Guangzhou Metro) Xilang Huangsha 1997-06-28 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Huangsha Guangzhou East Railway Station 1999-06-28 13.1 km (8.14 mi)
     Line 2 (Guangzhou Metro) Guangzhou South Railway Station Jiangnanxi 2010-09-25 12.7 km (7.89 mi)
Jiangnanxi Sanyuanli 2002-12-29 07.4 km (4.60 mi)
Sanyuanli Jiahewanggang 2010-09-25 10.3 km (6.40 mi)
     Line 3 (Guangzhou Metro) Panyu Square Kecun 2006-12-30 19.6 km (12.18 mi)
Kecun Guangzhou East Railway Station 2005-12-26 07.8 km (4.85 mi)
Guangzhou East Railway Station Airport South (Terminal 1) 2010-10-30 29.3 km (18.21 mi)
Airport South (Terminal 1) Airport North (Terminal 2) 2018-04-26 1.23 km (0.76 mi)
Tiyu Xilu Tianhe Coach Terminal 2006-12-30 07.5 km (4.66 mi)
     Line 4 (Guangzhou Metro) Nansha Passenger Port Jinzhou 2017-12-28 13.6 km (8.45 mi)
Jinzhou Huangge 2007-06-28 05.1 km (3.17 mi)
Huangge Xinzao 2006-12-30 22.3 km (13.86 mi)
Xinzao Wanshengwei 2005-12-26 16.2 km (10.07 mi)
Wanshengwei Chebeinan 2009-12-28 03.8 km (2.36 mi)
Chebeinan Huangcun 2010-09-25 02.0 km (1.24 mi)
     Line 5 (Guangzhou Metro) Jiaokou Wenchong 2009-12-28 31.9 km (19.82 mi)
     Line 6 (Guangzhou Metro) Xunfenggang Changban 2013-12-28 24.5 km (15.22 mi)
Changban Xiangxue 2016-12-28 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
     Line 7 (Guangzhou Metro) Guangzhou South Railway Station Higher Education Mega Center South 2016-12-28 18.6 km (11.56 mi)
     Line 8 (Guangzhou Metro) Cultural Park Fenghuang Xincun 2019-12-28[95] 1.8 km (1.12 mi)[95]
Fenghuang Xincun Changgang 2010-11-03 04.4 km (2.73 mi)
Changgang Xiaogang 2010-09-25 00.6 km (0.37 mi)
Xiaogang Pazhou 2010-09-25[H 3] 09.0 km (5.59 mi)
Pazhou Wanshengwei 2010-09-25[H 4] 01.8 km (1.12 mi)
     Line 9 (Guangzhou Metro) Fei'eling Gaozeng 2017-12-28 20.1 km (12.49 mi)
     Line 13 (Guangzhou Metro) Yuzhu Xinsha 2017-12-28 28.3 km (17.58 mi)
     Line 14 (Guangzhou Metro) Jiahewanggang Dongfeng 2018-12-28 54.3 km (33.74 mi)
Xinhe Zhenlong 2017-12-28 21.4 km (13.30 mi)
     Line 21 (Guangzhou Metro) Zhenlongxi Zengcheng Square 2018-12-28 26.2 km (16.28 mi)[96]
Yuancun Zhenlongxi 2019-12-20[97] 35.3 km (21.93 mi)[96]
     Zhujiang New Town APM line Linhexi Canton Tower 2010-11-08 04.0 km (2.49 mi)
     Guangfo line Xincheng Dong Kuiqi Lu 2016-12-28 06.7 km (4.16 mi)
Kuiqi Lu Xilang 2010-09-25 20.4 km (12.68 mi)
Xilang Yangang 2015-12-28 07.3 km (4.54 mi)
Yangang Lijiao 2018-12-28 05.5 km (3.42 mi)
     Line 1 (Guiyang Metro) Douguan Xiamaixi 2019-12-28 ? km
Xiamaixi Guiyangbei Railway Station 2017-12-28 12.9 km (8.02 mi)[98]
Guiyangbei Railway Station Xiaomeng Industrial Park 2018-12-01 ? km
     Line 1 (Hangzhou Metro) Xianghu Wenze Road 2012-11-24 34.77 km (21.61 mi)
Wenze Road Xiasha Jiangbin 2015-11-24 05.7 km (3.54 mi)
Coach Center Linping 2012-11-24 11.70 km (7.27 mi)
     Line 2 (Hangzhou Metro) Chaoyang Qianjiang Road 2014-11-24 18.3 km (11.37 mi)
Qianjiang Road Gucui Road 2017-07-03 11.3 km (7.02 mi)
Gucui Road Liangzhu 2017-12-27 13.3 km (8.26 mi)
     Line 4 (Hangzhou Metro) Pengbu Jinjiang 2015-02-02 09.6 km (5.97 mi)
Jinjiang Puyan 2018-01-09 11.2 km (6.96 mi)
     Line 5 (Hangzhou Metro) Jinxing Liangmu Road 2020-04-23 6.52 km (4.05 mi)
Liangmu Road Shanxian 2019-06-24 17.76 km (11.04 mi)[99]
Shanxian Guniangqiao 2020-04-23 30.86 km (19.18 mi)
     Line 16 (Hangzhou Metro) Jiuzhou Street Lvting Road 2020-04-23 35.12 km (21.82 mi)[59]
     Line 1 (Harbin Metro) Harbin East Railway Station Harbin South Railway Station 2013-09-26 17.47 km (10.86 mi)
Harbin South Railway Station Xinjiang Street 2019-04-10 8.58 km (5.33 mi)
     Line 3 (Harbin Metro) Harbinxizhan Yidaeryuan 2017-01-26 03.67 km (2.28 mi)
     Line 1 (Hefei Metro) Hefei Railway Station Jiulianwei 2016-12-26 24.6 km (15.29 mi)
     Line 2 (Hefei Metro) Nangang Sanshibu 2017-12-26 27.8 km (17.27 mi)
     Line 3 (Hefei Metro) Xiangchenglu Xingfuba 2019-12-26[60] 37.2 km (23.12 mi)[60]
     Line 1 (Hohhot Metro) Yili Health Valley Bayan (Airport) 2019-12-29 21.719 km (13.5 mi)[27]
     Airport Express (MTR) Hong Kong Airport 1998-07-06 34.27 km (21.29 mi)
Airport AsiaWorld–Expo 2005-12-20 01.03 km (0.64 mi)
     Disneyland Resort line Sunny Bay Disneyland Resort 2005-08-01 03.8 km (2.36 mi)
     East Rail line Hung Hom Mong Kok East 1984-02-27[H 5] 02.36 km (1.47 mi)
Mong Kok East Fanling 1984-02-27[H 6] 25.73 km (15.99 mi)
Fanling Sheung Shui 1984-02-27[H 7] 01.49 km (0.93 mi)
Sheung Shui Lo Wu 1984-02-27[H 8] 03.48 km (2.16 mi)
Sheung Shui Lok Ma Chau 2007-08-15 07.35 km (4.57 mi)
     Island line Kennedy Town Sheung Wan 2014-12-28 02.78 km (1.73 mi)
Sheung Wan Admiralty 1986-05-23 01.54 km (0.96 mi)
Admiralty Chai Wan 1985-05-31 10.75 km (6.68 mi)
     Kwun Tong line Whampoa Yau Ma Tei 2016-10-23 02.70 km (1.68 mi)
Yau Ma Tei Mong Kok 1979-12-31 00.73 km (0.45 mi)
Mong Kok Shek Kip Mei 1982-05-10 01.40 km (0.87 mi)
Shek Kip Mei Kwun Tong 1979-10-01 08.41 km (5.23 mi)
Kwun Tong Lam Tin 1989-10-01 00.89 km (0.55 mi)
Lam Tin Yau Tong 2002-08-04 01.13 km (0.70 mi)
Yau Tong Tiu Keng Leng 2002-08-18 02.15 km (1.34 mi)
     South Island line Admiralty South Horizons 2016-12-28 07.4 km (4.60 mi)
     Tseung Kwan O line North Point Yau Tong 2002-08-04 04.35 km (2.70 mi)
Yau Tong Po Lam 2002-08-18 05.26 km (3.27 mi)
Tseung Kwan O LOHAS Park 2009-07-26 03.06 km (1.90 mi)
     Tsuen Wan line Central Tsim Sha Tsui 1980-02-12 03.27 km (2.03 mi)
Tsim Sha Tsui Jordan 1979-12-31 00.86 km (0.53 mi)
Jordan Tsuen Wan 1982-05-10 11.71 km (7.28 mi)
     Tuen Ma line Wu Kai Sha Tai Wai 2004-10-24 11.4 km (7.08 mi)
Tai Wai Kai Tak 2020-02-14[100] 5.6 km (3.5 mi)
     Tung Chung line Tung Chung Hong Kong 1998-06-21 31.1 km (19.32 mi)
     West Rail line Hung Hom East Tsim Sha Tsui 2004-10-24 01.24 km (0.77 mi)
East Tsim Sha Tsui Nam Cheong 2009-08-16 04.42 km (2.75 mi)
Nam Cheong Tuen Mun 2003-12-20 29.48 km (18.32 mi)
     Line 1 (Jinan Metro) Fangte Gongyanyuan 2019-04-01 26.1 km (16.22 mi)
     Line 3 (Jinan Metro) Longdong Tantou 2019-12-28[62] 21.592 km (13.42 mi)
     Line 1 (Kunming Metro) South Ring Road Xiaodongcun 2014-04-30 06.9 km (4.29 mi)
Xiaodongcun University Town South 2013-05-20 22.1 km (13.73 mi)
Chunrong Street Kunming South Railway Station 2016-12-26 04.7 km (2.92 mi)
     Line 2 (Kunming Metro) North Coach Station South Ring Road 2014-04-30 11.4 km (7.08 mi)
     Line 3 (Kunming Metro) Western Hills Park East Coach Station 2017-08-29 23.36 km (14.52 mi)
     Line 6 (Kunming Metro) East Coach Station Kunming Airport 2012-06-28 18.18 km (11.30 mi)
Line 1 (Lanzhou Metro) Chenguanying Donggang 2019-06-23 25.9 km (16.09 mi)[29]
Taipa line Oceano Terminal Marítimo da Taipa 2019-12-10[30] 09.3 km (5.78 mi)[30]
     Line 1 (Nanchang Metro) Shuanggang Yaohu Lake West 2015-12-26 28.737 km (17.86 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanchang Metro) Xinjia'an Metro Central 2019-06-30 11.88 km (7.38 mi)[101]
Metro Central Nanlu 2017-08-18 19.63 km (12.20 mi)[102]
     Line 1 (Nanjing Metro) Maigaoqiao Andemen 2005-09-03 21.72 km (13.50 mi)
Andemen CPU 2010-05-28 25.08 km (15.58 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanjing Metro) Youfangqiao Jingtianlu 2010-05-28 37.95 km (23.58 mi)
     Line 3 (Nanjing Metro) Linchang Mozhou­donglu 2015-04-01 44.9 km (27.90 mi)
     Line 4 (Nanjing Metro) Longjiang Xianlinhu 2017-01-18 33.5 km (20.82 mi)
     Line 10 (Nanjing Metro) Andemen Xiaohang 2005-08-27 02.1 km (1.30 mi)
Xiaohang Olympic Stadium 2014-07-01 04.6 km (2.86 mi)
Olympic Stadium Yushanlu 2014-07-01 14.9 km (9.26 mi)
     Line S1 (Nanjing Metro) Nanjing South Railway Station Lukou International Airport 2014-07-01 35.8 km (22.25 mi)
Lukou International Airport Konggangxinchengjiangning 2018-05-26 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
     Line S3 (Nanjing Metro) Nanjing South Railway Station Gaojiachong 2017-12-06 37.6 km (23.36 mi)
     Line S7 (Nanjing Metro) Konggangxinchengjiangning Wuxiangshan 2018-05-26 30.4 km (18.89 mi)
     Line S8 (Nanjing Metro) Taishan­xincun Jinniuhu 2014-08-01 45.2 km (28.09 mi)
     Line S9 (Nanjing Metro) Xiangyulunan Gaochun 2017-12-30 52.4 km (32.56 mi)
     Line 1 (Nanning Metro) Shibu Nanhu 2016-12-28 20.9 km (12.99 mi)
Nanhu Nanning East Railway Station 2016-06-28 11.2 km (6.96 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanning Metro) Xijin Yudong 2017-12-28 21.2 km (13.17 mi)
     Line 3 (Nanning Metro) Keyuan Dadao Pingliang Overpass 2019-06-06 27.9 km (17.34 mi)[103]
     Line 1 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Gaoqiao West Donghuan South Road 2014-05-30 20.8 km (12.92 mi)
Donghuan South Road Xiapu 2016-03-19 25.3 km (15.72 mi)
     Line 2 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Lishe International Airport Qingshuipu 2015-09-26 28.4 km (17.65 mi)
Qingshuipu Congyuan Road 2020-05-30[104] 5.6 km (3.48 mi)[105]
     Line 3 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Datong Bridge Gaotang Bridge 2019-06-30 16.73 km (10.40 mi)[106]
     Yinfeng line Gaotang Bridge Minghui Road 2019-09-28 5.61 km (3.49 mi)[66]
     Line 2 (Qingdao Metro) Taishan Road Zhiquan Road 2019-12-16 4.2 km (2.61 mi)[107]
Zhiquan Road Licun Park 2017-12-10 20.422 km (12.69 mi)
     Line 3 (Qingdao Metro) Qingdao North Railway Station Shuangshan 2015-12-16 12.0 km (7.46 mi)
Shuangshan Qingdao Railway Station 2016-12-18 12.8 km (7.95 mi)
     Line 11 (Qingdao Metro) Miaoling Road Qiangu Mountain 2017-04-23 54.4 km (33.80 mi)
     Line 13 (Qingdao Metro) Jinggangshan Road Dongjiakou Railway Station 2018-12-26 66.813 km
     Line 1 (Shanghai Metro) Xinzhuang Shanghai South Railway Station 1996-12-28 05.3 km (3.29 mi)
Shanghai South Railway Station Xujiahui 1993-05-28 04.4 km (2.73 mi)
Xujiahui Shanghai Railway Station 1995-04-10 16.1 km (10.00 mi)
Shanghai Railway Station Gongfu Xincun 2004-12-28 12.4 km (7.71 mi)
Gongfu Xincun Fujin Road 2007-12-29 04.3 km (2.67 mi)
     Line 2 (Shanghai Metro) East Xujing Songhong Road 2010-03-16 08.6 km (5.34 mi)
Songhong Road Zhongshan Park 2006-12-30 06.8 km (4.23 mi)
Zhongshan Park Longyang Road 2000-06-11 16.4 km (10.19 mi)
Longyang Road Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park 2000-12-26 02.8 km (1.74 mi)
Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Guanglan Road 2010-02-24 03.4 km (2.11 mi)
Guanglan Road Pudong International Airport 2010-04-08 26.8 km (16.65 mi)
     Line 3 (Shanghai Metro) Shanghai South Railway Station Jiangwan Town 2000-12-26 24.6 km (15.29 mi)
Jiangwan Town North Jiangyang Road 2006-12-18 15.7 km (9.76 mi)
     Line 4 (Shanghai Metro) Damuqiao Road Lancun Road 2005-12-31 25.0 km (15.53 mi)
Lancun Road Damuqiao Road 2007-12-29 08.7 km (5.41 mi)
     Line 5 (Shanghai Metro) Xinzhuang Minhang Development Zone 2003-11-25 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
Dongchuan Road Fengxian Xincheng 2018-12-30 19.5 km (12.12 mi)
     Line 6 (Shanghai Metro) Gangcheng Road South Lingyan Road 2007-12-29 31.1 km (19.32 mi)
South Lingyan Road Oriental Sports Center 2011-04-12 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
     Line 7 (Shanghai Metro) Meilan Lake Shanghai University 2010-12-28 09.8 km (6.09 mi)
Shanghai University Huamu Road 2009-12-05 34.4 km (21.38 mi)
     Line 8 (Shanghai Metro) Shiguang Road Yaohua Road 2007-12-29 23.3 km (14.48 mi)
Yaohua Road Shendu Highway 2009-07-05 14.1 km (8.76 mi)
     Line 9 (Shanghai Metro) Songjiang South Railway Station Songjiang Xincheng 2012-12-30 06.474 km (4.02 mi)
Songjiang Xincheng Guilin Road 2007-12-29 29.013 km (18.03 mi)
Guilin Road Yishan Road 2008-12-28 01.687 km (1.05 mi)
Yishan Road Century Avenue 2009-12-31 11.491 km (7.14 mi)
Century Avenue Middle Yanggao Road 2010-04-07 02.435 km (1.51 mi)
Middle Yanggao Road Caolu 2017-12-30 14.099 km (8.76 mi)
     Line 10 (Shanghai Metro) Hangzhong Road Xinjiangwancheng 2010-04-10 29.6 km (18.39 mi)
Hongqiao Railway Station Longxi Road 2010-11-30 05.8 km (3.60 mi)
     Line 11 (Shanghai Metro) Disney Resort Kangxin Highway 2016-04-26 01.8 km (1.12 mi)
Kangxin Highway Luoshan Road 2015-12-19 10.4 km (6.46 mi)
Luoshan Road Jiangsu Road 2013-08-31 19.2 km (11.93 mi)
Jiangsu Road North Jiading 2009-12-31 33.0 km (20.51 mi)
Jiading Xincheng Anting 2010-03-29 12.8 km (7.95 mi)
Anting Huaqiao 2013-10-16 07.0 km (4.35 mi)
     Line 12 (Shanghai Metro) Qixin Road Qufu Road 2015-12-19 21.8 km (13.55 mi)
Qufu Road Tiantong Road 2014-05-10 01.1 km (0.68 mi)
Tiantong Road Jinhai Road 2013-12-29 17.5 km (10.87 mi)
     Line 13 (Shanghai Metro) Jinyun Road Jinshajiang Road 2012-12-30 09.9 km (6.15 mi)
Jinshajiang Road Changshou Road 2014-12-28 02.9 km (1.80 mi)
Changshou Road Madang Road 2015-12-19 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Madang Road Shibo Avenue 2010-04-20 04.0 km (2.49 mi)
Shibo Avenue Zhangjiang Road 2018-12-30 16.1 km (10.00 mi)
     Line 16 (Shanghai Metro) Longyang Road Luoshan Road 2014-12-28 06.112 km (3.80 mi)
Luoshan Road Dishui Lake 2013-12-29 52.850 km (32.84 mi)
     Line 17 (Shanghai Metro) Hongqiao Railway Station Oriental Land 2017-12-30 35.3 km (21.93 mi)
Pujiang line Shendu Highway Huizhen Road 2018-03-31 06.6 km (4.10 mi)
     Maglev line Longyang Road Pudong International Airport 2004-01-01 30.5 km (18.95 mi)
     Line 1 (Shenyang Metro) Shisanhaojie Limingguangchang 2010-09-27 27.8 km (17.27 mi)
     Line 2 (Shenyang Metro) Putianlu Hangkonghangtiandaxue 2018-04-08 05.7 km (3.54 mi)
Hangkonghangtiandaxue Santaizi 2013-12-30 05.6 km (3.48 mi)
Santaizi Quanyunlu 2012-01-09 21.76 km (13.52 mi)
     Line 9 (Shenyang Metro) Nujianggongyuan Jianzhudaxue 2019-05-25 28.996 km (18.02 mi)[108]
     Line 10 (Shenyang Metro) Dingxianghu Zhangshabu 2020-04-29[68] 27.21 km (16.91 mi)
     Line 1 (Shenzhen Metro) Luohu Window of the World 2004-12-28 17.387 km (10.80 mi)
Window of the World Shenzhen University 2009-09-28 03.400 km (2.11 mi)
Shenzhen University Airport East 2011-06-15 20.222 km (12.57 mi)
     Line 2 (Shenzhen Metro) Chiwan Window of the World 2010-12-28 15.514 km (9.64 mi)
Window of the World Xinxiu 2011-06-28 20.266 km (12.59 mi)
     Line 3 (Shenzhen Metro) Yitian Caopu 2011-06-28 16.522 km (10.27 mi)
Caopu Shuanglong 2010-12-28 25.138 km (15.62 mi)
     Line 4 (Shenzhen Metro) Futian Checkpoint Fumin 2007-06-28 01.100 km (0.68 mi)
Fumin Children's Palace 2004-12-28 03.379 km (2.10 mi)
Children's Palace Qinghu 2011-06-16 15.481 km (9.62 mi)
     Line 5 (Shenzhen Metro) Chiwan Qianhaiwan 2019-09-28 7.65 km (4.75 mi)
Qianhaiwan Huangbeiling 2011-06-22 40.00 km (24.85 mi)
     Line 6 (Shenzhen Metro) Science Museum Songgang 2020-08-?? 49.4 km (30.7 mi)
     Line 7 (Shenzhen Metro) Xili Lake Tai'an 2016-10-28 30.173 km (18.75 mi)[109]
     Line 9 (Shenzhen Metro) Qianwan Hongshuwan South 2019-12-08 10.79 km (6.70 mi)
Hongshuwan South Wenjin 2016-10-28 25.39 km (15.78 mi)[109]
     Line 10 (Shenzhen Metro) Shuangyong Street Futian Checkpoint 2020-08-?? 29.3 km (18.2 mi)
     Line 11 (Shenzhen Metro) Bitou Futian 2016-06-28 51.94 km (32.27 mi)
     Line 1 (Shijiazhuang Metro) Xiwang Xiaohedadao 2017-06-26 23.9 km (14.9 mi)[110]
Xiaohedadao Fuze 2019-06-26 10.4 km (6.5 mi)[111]
     Line 2 (Shijiazhuang Metro) Xigucheng Jiahua 2020-08-??[70] 15.5 km (9.6 mi)[70]
     Line 3 (Shijiazhuang Metro) Xisanzhuang Shierzhong 2020-01-20[112] 05.4 km (3.4 mi)[112]
Shierzhong Shijiazhuangzhan 2017-06-26 06.4 km (4.0 mi)[113]
     Line 1 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Mudu Zhongnan Jie 2012-04-28 25.739 km (15.99 mi)
     Line 2 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Qihe Suzhou North Railway Station 2016-09-24 02.2 km (1.37 mi)
Suzhou North Railway Station Baodaiqiao South 2013-12-28 26.557 km (16.50 mi)
Baodaiqiao South Sangtian Dao 2016-09-24 11.643 km (7.23 mi)
     Line 3 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Suzhou Xinqu Railway Station Weiting 2019-12-25 45.272 km (28.1 mi)[71]
     Line 4 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Longdaobang Tongli 2017-04-15 41.5 km (25.79 mi)
Hongzhuang Muli 2017-04-15 11.3 km (7.02 mi)
     Line 1 (Tianjin Metro) Donggulu[114] Lilou 2019-12-28 ? km
Lilou Shuanglin 2018-12-03 ? km
Shuanglin Xiaobailou 2006-06-12 10.6 km (6.59 mi)
Xiaobailou Xi'nanjiao 1980-08-10 05.2 km (3.23 mi)
Xi'nanjiao Xizhan 1984-12-28 02.2 km (1.37 mi)
Xizhan Liuyuan 2006-06-12 08.2 km (5.10 mi)
     Line 2 (Tianjin Metro) Caozhuang Dongnanjiao 2012-07-01 09.1 km (5.65 mi)
Dongnanjiao Tianjinzhan 2013-08-28 01.95 km (1.21 mi)
Tianjinzhan Konggang­jingjiqu 2012-07-01 11.6 km (7.21 mi)
Konggang­jingjiqu Binhaiguojijichang 2014-08-28 04.5 km (2.80 mi)
     Line 3 (Tianjin Metro) Nanzhan Gaoxinqu 2013-12-28 01.1 km (0.68 mi)
Gaoxinqu Xiaodian 2012-10-01 29.655 km (18.43 mi)
     Line 5 (Tianjin Metro) Beichenkejiyuanbei Danhebeidao 2019-01-31 ? km
Danhebeidao Zhongyiyifuyuan 2018-10-22 ? km
     Line 6 (Tianjin Metro) Nansunzhuang Changhong­gongyuan 2016-12-31 14.5 km (9.01 mi)
Changhong­gongyuan Nancuiping 2016-08-06 09.5 km (5.90 mi)
Nancuiping Meilinlu 2018-04-26 13.0 km (8.08 mi)
     Line 9 (Tianjin Metro) Tianjinzhan Shiyijinglu 2012-10-15 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
Shiyijinglu Zhongshanmen 2011-05-01 06.151 km (3.82 mi)
Zhongshanmen Donghailu 2004-03-28 45.409 km (28.22 mi)
Line 1 (Ürümqi Metro) International Airport Balou 2018-10-25 16.5 km (10.25 mi)[115]
Balou Santunbei 2019-06-28 11.1 km (6.90 mi)[115]
Line S1 (Wenzhou Metro) Tongling Olympic Center 2019-01-23 34.38 km (21.36 mi)[116]
Olympic Center Shuang'ou Avenue 2019-09-28 19.127 km (11.9 mi)[117]
     Line 1 (Wuhan Metro) Hankou North Dijiao 2014-05-28 05.555 km (3.45 mi)
Dijiao Huangpu Road 2010-07-29 07.040 km (4.37 mi)
Huangpu Road Zongguan 2004-07-28 09.769 km (6.07 mi)
Zongguan Dongwu Boulevard 2010-07-29 11.454 km (7.12 mi)
Dongwu Boulevard Jinghe 2017-12-26 03.970 km (2.47 mi)
     Line 2 (Wuhan Metro) Tianhe International Airport Jinyintan 2016-12-28 19.957 km (12.40 mi)
Jinyintan Optics Valley Square 2012-12-28 27.152 km (16.87 mi)
Optics Valley Square Fozuling 2019-02-19 13.350 km (8.30 mi)
     Line 3 (Wuhan Metro) Hongtu Boulevard Zhuanyang Boulevard 2015-12-28 29.660 km (18.43 mi)
     Line 4 (Wuhan Metro) Wuhan Railway Station Wuchang Railway Station 2013-12-28 17.974 km (11.17 mi)
Wuchang Railway Station Huangjinkou 2014-12-28 15.429 km (9.59 mi)
Huangjinkou Bailin[118] 2019-09-25 16.068 km (9.98 mi)[119]
     Line 6 (Wuhan Metro) Jinyinhu Park Dongfeng Motor Corporation 2016-12-28 36.1 km (22.43 mi)
     Line 7 (Wuhan Metro) Garden Expo North Yezhihu 2018-10-01 30.413 km (18.90 mi)
Yezhihu Qinglongshan Ditiexiaozhen 2018-12-28 16.97 km (10.54 mi)
     Line 8 (Wuhan Metro) Jintan Road Liyuan 2017-12-26 16.7 km (10.38 mi)
Yezhihu Military Athletes' Village 2019-11-06[35] 4.84 km (3.01 mi)[35]
     Line 11 (Wuhan Metro) Optics Valley Railway Station Zuoling 2018-10-01 18.744 km (11.65 mi)
     Yangluo line Houhu Boulevard Jintai 2017-12-27 34.5 km (21.44 mi)
     Line 1 (Wuxi Metro) Yanqiao Changguangxi 2014-07-01 29.42 km (18.28 mi)
Changguangxi Nanfangquan 2019-09-28 5.187 km (3.22 mi)[120]
     Line 2 (Wuxi Metro) Meiyuan Kaiyuan Temple Wuxi East Railway Station 2014-12-28 26.3 km (16.34 mi)[75]
     Line 1 (Xi'an Metro) Fenghesenlingongyuan Houweizhai 2019-09-26 6.093 km (3.79 mi)[76]
Houweizhai Fangzhicheng 2013-09-15 25.36 km (15.76 mi)[76]
     Line 2 (Xi'an Metro) Beikezhan Huizhan Zhongxin 2011-09-16 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
Huizhan Zhongxin Weiqunan 2014-06-16 06.0 km (3.73 mi)
     Line 3 (Xi'an Metro) Yuhuazhai Baoshuiqu 2016-11-08 39.1 km (24.30 mi)
     Line 4 (Xi'an Metro) Beikezhan (Beiguangchang) Hangtian Xincheng 2018-12-26 35.2 km (21.87 mi)
     Airport intercity railway (Xi'an) Airport West (T1, T2, T3) Beikezhan (Beiguangchang) 2019-09-29 29.31 km (18.21 mi)
     Line 1 (Xiamen Metro) Yannei Zhenhai Road 2017-12-31 30.3 km (18.83 mi)
     Line 2 (Xiamen Metro) Wuyuanwan Tianzhushan 2019-12-25[78] 41.64 km (25.87 mi)
     Line 1 (Xuzhou Metro) Luwo Xuzhoudong Railway Station 2019-09-28 21.967 km (13.65 mi)[36]
     Line 1 (Zhengzhou Metro) Henan University of Technology Xiliuhu 2017-01-12 09.65 km (6.00 mi)[121]
Xiliuhu Zhengzhou Sports Center 2013-12-28[80] 26.2 km (16.28 mi)[122]
Zhengzhou Sports Center Wenyuanbeilu 2017-01-12 05.36 km (3.33 mi)[121]
Wenyuanbeilu New Campus of Henan University 2019-11-21
     Line 2 (Zhengzhou Metro) Jiahe Liuzhuang 2019-12-28[82] 10.25 km (6.37 mi)[82]
Liuzhuang Nansihuan 2016-08-19 20.649 km (12.83 mi)[81]
     Line 5 (Zhengzhou Metro) Yuejigongyuan (loop) Yuejigongyuan (loop) 2019-05-20 40.4 km (25.10 mi)[123]
     Line 14 (Zhengzhou Metro) Tielu Olympic Sports Center 2019-09-19 ? km
     Chengjiao line Nansihuan Xinzheng International Airport 2017-01-12 31.7 km (19.70 mi)[85]
  1. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track line since 1 October 1910 (1910-10-01).
  2. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 1 since 1 October 1969 (1969-10-01).
  3. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 2 since 28 June 2003 (2003-06-28).
  4. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 2 since 26 December 2005 (2005-12-26).
  5. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 27 February 1974 (1974-11-30).
  6. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 27 October 1910 (1910-10-01).
  7. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 16 May 1930 (1930-05-16).
  8. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 14 October 1949 (1949-10-14).

Currently operationalEdit

AnhuiEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.

Hefei Metro
合肥地铁
Locale Hefei

 1   2   3 

 1  Phase 3
 4 
 5 

 
Began operation 26 December 2016
Lines in operation 3
No. of stations 80
Network length 89.6 km (56 mi)
Ridership

Beijing-Tianjin-HebeiEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Beijing Subway (BGD)
北京地铁
Locale Beijing & Langfang

 1   2   4   5   6   7   8   9 
 10   13   14   15   16   S1 
 Ba Tong   Capital Airport   Changping   Daxing Airport   Daxing   Fangshan   Yanfang   Yizhuang 


 3  Phase 1
 8  Middle section
 12 
 14  Lize section
 16  Southern section
 17 
 19  Phase 1
 Changping  Southern extension
 Fangshan  Northern extension
 Capital Airport  Western extension

  [Note 1]
[124]
[125]
[126]
Began operation 1 October 1969
Lines in operation 23
No. of stations 394 (List)
Network length 690.5 km (429.1 mi)[c]
Ridership 10.544 million (2018 daily avg.)[127]
13.7538 million (12 July 2019 record)[128]
 
Shijiazhuang Metro
石家庄地铁
Locale Shijiazhuang

 1   3 

 1  Dongshangze & Dongyang
 2 
 3  Phase 1 east section & Phase 2
 
Began operation 26 June 2017
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 36 (List)
Network length 46.1 km (28.6 mi)[33]
Ridership
 
Tianjin Metro
天津地铁
Locale Tianjin

 1   2   3   5   6   9 

 4  Phase 1
 6  Phase 2
 7  Phase 1
 8   10  Phase 1
 11  Phase 1
 Z4  Phase 1
 B1 

  [Note 2]
Began operation 30 September 2003
(28 December 1984 old system)
Lines in operation 6
No. of stations 159 (List)
Network length 233.2 km (144.9 mi)
Ridership 64.3 million (2010 annual)

Chongqing-SichuanEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Chengdu Metro
成都地铁
Locale Chengdu

1 2 3 4 5 7 10

6 Phase 1 & 2 & 3
8
9
17
18 Phase 1 & 2
19

 
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 7
No. of stations 222
Network length 302.66 km (188.1 mi)
Ridership 3.8106 million (daily record)
782 million (2017 annual)
 
Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT)
Chongqing Metro
重庆轨道交通
Locale Chongqing

 1   2   3   4   5   6   10   Loop 

 Loop  Remaining section
 1  Chaotianmen extension
 4  Phase 2
 5  Phase 1 South & Phase 2
 6  Int'l Expo Branch Phase 2
 9  Phase 1 & 2
 10  Phase 2  18  Phase 1

  [129]
[130]
[131]
Began operation 6 November 2004
Lines in operation 8
No. of stations 187
Network length 326.9 km (203 mi)
Ridership 1,310,000 (peak day)
1,100,000 (daily avg.)
244 million (2012)

FujianEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Fuzhou Metro
福州地铁
Locale Fuzhou  1   2 

 1  Phase 2 northern section
 4  Phase 1
 5  Phase 1
 6 

 
Began operation 18 May 2016
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 43
Network length 55.5 km (34 mi)
Ridership
 
Xiamen Metro (AMTR)
厦门地铁
Locale Xiamen

 1   2 

 3 
 4  Phase 1
 6  Phase 1

 
Began operation 31 December 2017
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 52
Network length 71.9 km (44.7 mi)
Ridership 0.5521 million (1 May 2020 Record)
58.03 million (2019 annual)

GansuEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Lanzhou Metro
兰州轨道交通
Locale Lanzhou  1   2   
Began operation 23 June 2019
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 20
Network length 25.9 km (16.1 mi)[29]
Ridership

Guangdong-Hong Kong-MacauEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Dongguan Rail Transit
Dongguan Metro
东莞轨道交通
Locale Dongguan  2   2  Phase 3  
Began operation 27 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 15
Network length 37.743 km (23 mi)
Ridership
 
Foshan Metro (FMetro)
佛山地铁
Locale Foshan (Guangzhou)

 Guangfo 

 2  Phase 1
 3 

  [Note 3]
[Note 4]
Began operation 3 November 2010
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 22 (List)
Network length 34.4 km (21 mi)
Ridership see ref.
 
Guangzhou Metro
广州地铁
Locale Guangzhou

 1   2   3   4 
 5   6   7   8 
 9   13   14   21 
 APM   Guangfo 

 7  Phase 2 & Western extension
 8  Phase 2 & Northern extension
 9  Phase 2
 11 
 13  Phase 2
 14  Mainline Phase 2
 18 
 22 

  [Note 3]
[132]
[133]
[134]
Began operation 28 June 1997
Lines in operation 14
No. of stations 271(List)
Network length 514.8 km (319.9 mi)
Ridership 7.844 million (5 Nov 2010 record)
1.990 billion (2013 annual)
 
Macau Light Rapid Transit
(Metro Ligeiro de Macau, MLM)
澳門輕軌
Locale Macau  Taipa   Taipa  Barra extension
 Seac Pai Van 
 Leste 
 Ponte HMZ Shuttle 
 
Began operation 10 December 2019[30]
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 11
Network length 9.3 km (6 mi)[30]
Ridership
 
Mass Transit Railway (MTR)
港鐵
including Kowloon–Canton Railway
Locale Hong Kong

Kwun Tong Tuen Ma South Island Tung Chung East Rail West Rail Island Tseung Kwan O Tsuen Wan Disneyland Resort Airport Express

East Rail Extension

  [Note 5]
Began operation 2 December 2007
(1 October 1979 old MTR)
(1 October 1910 KCR)
Lines in operation 11
No. of stations 93 (List)
Network length 175 km (109 mi)
Ridership 4.064 million (daily record)
1.482 billion (2011 annual)
 
Shenzhen Metro
深圳地铁
Locale Shenzhen

1 2 3 4
5 7 9 11

2 Phase 3
3 South Ext
4 Phase 3
5 West Ext
6
8
10
12
13
14
16
20

  [135]
[136]
[137]
Began operation 28 December 2004
Lines in operation 8
No. of stations 215 (List)
Network length 303.4 km (189 mi)[32]
Ridership 914 million (2013 annual)

2.89 million (April 30 - May 1, 2012 record)

GuangxiEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Nanning Metro
南宁地铁
Locale Nanning

 1   2   3 

 2  Phase 2 eastern section
 4 
 5  Phase 1

 
Began operation 28 June 2016
Lines in operation 3
No. of stations 65
Network length 81.0 km (50 mi)
Ridership

GuizhouEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Guiyang Metro (GYURT)
贵阳地铁(贵阳轨道交通)
Locale Guiyang

 1 

 2  Phase 1 & 2
 3  Phase 1
 S1  Phase 1

 
Began operation 28 December 2017
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 25
Network length 35.11 km (21.8 mi)
Ridership

HeilongjiangEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Harbin Metro
哈尔滨地铁
Locale Harbin

 1   3 

 2  Phase 1
 3  Phase 2

 
Began operation 26 September 2013
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 26
Network length 31.5 km (20 mi)
Ridership 309,700 (11 November 2016)[138]

HenanEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Zhengzhou Metro
郑州地铁
Locale Zhengzhou

 1   2   5   14   Chengjiao 

 3  Phase 1
 4 
 6  Phase 1
 10  Phase 1
 17 
 Chengjiao  Phase 2

 
Began operation 28 December 2013
Lines in operation 5
No. of stations 98
Network length 151.8 km (94 mi)
Ridership

HubeiEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Wuhan Metro
武汉地铁
Locale Wuhan

 1   2   3   4 
 6   7   8   11 
 Yangluo 

 5 
 6  Phase 2
 7  Qianchuan extension
 8  Phase 2
 11  Eastern section & Gedian section
 12  Phase 1 & 2
 16  Phase 1

  [139]
[140]
Began operation 28 July 2004
Lines in operation 9
No. of stations 228[35]
Network length 339 km (211 mi)[35]
Ridership 1054.01 million (2018 annual)[23]
4,465,200 (April 4, 2019 Peak)[141]

HunanEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Changsha Maglev Express
长沙磁浮快线
Locale Changsha

 Maglev 

 
Began operation 6 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 3
Network length 18.7 km (12 mi)
Ridership
 
Changsha Metro
长沙地铁
Locale Changsha

 1   2   4 

 1  Northern extension
 3  Phase 1
 5  Phase 1
 6  Middle section

 
Began operation 29 April 2014
Lines in operation 3
No. of stations 68
Network length 83.6 km (52 mi)
Ridership

Inner MongoliaEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Hohhot Metro
呼和浩特地铁
Locale Hohhot  1   2   
Began operation 29 December 2019
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 20
Network length 21.719 km (13.5 mi)
Ridership

JiangxiEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Nanchang Metro
南昌地铁
Locale Nanchang  1   2 

 3 
 4 

 
Began operation 26 December 2015
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 52
Network length 60.2 km (37 mi)
Ridership 80 million (2016 annual)

JilinEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Changchun Rail Transit
长春轨道交通(长春地铁)
Locale Changchun

 1   2   4   8 

 2  Western extension
 9  (Airport line)

 
Began operation 30 June 2011
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 59
Network length 68.27 km (42 mi)
Ridership 127.3 million (2018 annual)[23]

LiaoningEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Dalian Metro
大连地铁
Locale Dalian

 1   2   3   12 

 2  Phase 2
 5 
 13 

  [142]
Began operation 8 November 2002
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 69 (List)
Network length 157.88 km (98 mi)[25]
Ridership 120,000 (Avg. Daily)
200,000 (Peak Record)
 
Shenyang Metro
沈阳地铁
Locale Shenyang

 1   2   9   10 

 2  Southern extension
 3 
 4 

 
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 91
Network length 115.9 km (72 mi)
Ridership

ShaanxiEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Xi'an Metro
西安地铁
Locale Xi'an & Xianyang

 1   2   3   4 
 Airport 

 2  Phase 2
 5  Phase 1 & 2
 6  Phase 1 & 2
 8 
 9  Phase 1
 14 

  [143]
Began operation 16 September 2011
Lines in operation 5
No. of stations 100
Network length 161.8 km (101 mi)
Ridership 3.21 million (daily record)[144]
746.2 million (2018 annual)[23]

ShandongEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Jinan Metro
济南地铁
Locale Jinan

 1   3 

 2 

 
Began operation 1 April 2019
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 23
Network length 47.9 km (30 mi)
Ridership
 
Qingdao Metro
青岛地铁
Locale Qingdao

 2   3   11   13 

 1 
 4 
 6 
 7  Phase 1
 8 

 
Began operation 16 December 2015
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 85
Network length 173.358 km (107.7 mi)
Ridership

Shanghai-Jiangsu-ZhejiangEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Changzhou Metro
常州地铁
Locale Changzhou  1   2   
Began operation 21 September 2019
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 29
Network length 34.24 km (21 mi)
Ridership
 
Hangzhou Metro
杭州地铁
Locale Hangzhou

 1   2   4   5   16 

 1  Phase 3
 3  Mainline & Branch
 5  Ext. to Laoyuhang
 6  Phase 1
 7 
 8  Phase 1
 9  Southern section
 10 
 Fuyang 
 Haining 
 Hangshao 

 
Began operation 24 November 2012
Lines in operation 5
No. of stations 133 (list)
Network length 206 km (128 mi)
Ridership
 
Nanjing Metro
南京地铁
Locale Nanjing

 1   2   3   4   10 
 S1   S3   S7   S8   S9 

 1  Northern extension
 2  Western extension
 5 
 6 
 7 
 10  Phase 2  S4 
 S6 
 S8  Southern extension

  [145]
[146]
[147][148]
Began operation 3 September 2005
Lines in operation 10
No. of stations 159
Network length 378 km (235 mi)
Ridership 831.5 million (2016 annual)

Ningbo Rail Transit
Ningbo Metro
宁波轨道交通
Locale Ningbo

 1   2   3   Yinfeng 

 2  Phase 2
 4 
 5  Phase 1
 Yinfeng  Remaining section

 
Began operation 30 May 2014
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 69
Network length 96.9 km (60 mi)
Ridership
 
Shanghai Maglev Train (SMT)
上海磁浮示范运营线
Locale Shanghai

 Maglev 

 
Began operation 31 December 2002
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 2
Network length 30.5 km (19 mi)
Ridership
 
Shanghai Metro
上海地铁
Locale Shanghai (and Kunshan)

 1   2   3   4 
 5   6   7   8 
 9   10   11   12 
 13   16   17   Pujiang 

 10  Phase 2
 14 
 15 
 18  Phase 1

  [149]
[150]
[151]
[152]
Began operation 28 May 1993
Lines in operation 16
No. of stations 393 (List)
Network length 673 km (418.2 mi)
Ridership 12.23 million (Daily Record)
3.536 billion (2017 annual)
 
Suzhou Rail Transit
Suzhou Metro
苏州轨道交通
Locale Suzhou

 1   2   3   4 

 5   6   7   8   S1 
 
Began operation 28 April 2012
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 134 (List)
Network length 164.1 km (102 mi)
Ridership 638,800 (Daily Record)
1.36 million (2015 annual)
 
Wenzhou Metro
温州轨道交通
Locale Wenzhou

 S1 

 S2 

 
Began operation 23 January 2019
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 18
Network length 53.5 km (33 mi)
Ridership
 
Wuxi Metro
无锡地铁
Locale Wuxi

 1   2 

 3  Phase 1
 4  Phase 1
 S1 

 
Began operation 1 July 2014
Lines in operation 2
No. of stations 48
Network length 60.9 km (38 mi)
Ridership
Xuzhou Metro
徐州地铁
Locale Xuzhou  1   2 
 3 
 
Began operation 28 September 2019
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 18
Network length 21.967 km (14 mi)[153]
Ridership

XinjiangEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Ürümqi Metro
乌鲁木齐地铁
Locale Ürümqi

 1 

 2 
 3 
 4 

 
Began operation 25 October 2018
Lines in operation 1
No. of stations 21
Network length 27.615 km (17 mi)
Ridership

YunnanEdit

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
 
Kunming Metro
昆明地铁
Locale Kunming

 1   2   3   6 

 1  Northwestern extension
 2  Phase 2
 4 
 5 
 6  Phase 2
 9 
 Songming 

 
Began operation 28 June 2012
Lines in operation 4
No. of stations 58
Network length 87.2 km (54 mi)
Ridership 88.21 million (2016)

Under constructionEdit

2020Edit

2021Edit

2022Edit

2023

UndeterminedEdit

Construction suspendedEdit

Under planningEdit

ProposedEdit

Notes

  1. ^ The first of the Beijing Subway was completed in 1969 but did not open for trial operation until 1971 and it was restricted to riders with credential letters. The subway was fully opened to the public without credential letters in 1981.
  2. ^ The Tianjin Metro closed down for upgrades in 2001 and reopened in 2006.
  3. ^ a b The Guangzhou Metro Annual ridership data is combined with Guangfo Metro.
  4. ^ The Guangfo Metro sometimes counts Line 1 of Foshan Metro.
  5. ^ The Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway (MTR) consists of the main MTR subway system, which opened in 1979, and the Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR), which opened in 1910 and was electrified in 1983. The two systems merged in 2007. Data no counts light rail lines. The ridership figures for the MTR does not include cross-border train service riders and includes only ridership on the MTR lines, airport express and light rail and certain MTR bus lines. The MTR compiles light rail and MTR bus line riders in one category so it is not possible to separate MTR bus riders from light rail riders. See [1]

Regional, suburban, & commuter railEdit

Regional, suburban, & commuter rail
Corridor Type System & Operator Service terminals Length Stations Opened
Sub-Central S-train   BCR (  CR Beijing) Beijing WestQiaozhuang East 32.7 km (20.3 mi) 5 2017-12-31
S2 S-train   BCR (  CR Beijing) HuangtudianYanqing / Shacheng 108.3 km (67.3 mi) 6 2008-08-06
Huairou–Miyun S-train   BCR (  CR Beijing) QingheGubeikou 133.4 km (82.9 mi) 6 2017-12-31
 Jinji  S-train   CR Beijing TianjinJizhou North 112.60 km (69.97 mi) 9 2015-07-05
 Yongyu  S-train   NBIR (  CR Shanghai) NingboYuyao 48.70 km (30.26 mi) 2 2017-06-10
 Shaoxing TNT  S-train SXSR (  CR Shanghai) QianqingShangyu 48.17 km (29.93 mi) 3 2018-04-18
 Lianyungang Suburban  S-train Lianyungang Suburban Railway (  CR Shanghai) LianyungangLianyun 35.1 km (21.8 mi)[157] 5 2019-12-30[157]
 Haikou Suburban  S-train Haikou Suburban Railway (  CR Guangzhou) HaikouMeilan 38.054 km (23.646 mi) 6 2019-07-01
 Changji  Jihun  C-train   CR Shenyang Changchun WestHunchun 482 km (300 mi) 13 2015-09-20
 Changbai  Bai'a  C-train   CR Shenyang ChangchunUlanhot 435 km (270 mi) 18 2017-08-08
 Jingjin  C-train   CR Beijing Beijing SouthYujiapu 165 km (103 mi) 6 2008-08-01
 Jingxiong  C-train   CR Beijing Beijing WestDaxing Airport 48.224 km (29.965 mi) 3 2019-09-26[158]
 Zhengkai  C-train   CR Zhengzhou Zhengzhou EastKaifeng 57 km (35 mi) 4 2014-12-28
 Zhengjiao  C-train   CR Zhengzhou ZhengzhouJiaozuo 77 km (48 mi) 6 2015-06-26
 Zhengji  C-train   CR Zhengzhou Zhengzhou EastXinzheng Airport 28 km (17 mi) 2 2015-12-31
 Jinshan  C-train   CR Shanghai Shanghai SouthJinshanwei 56.4 km (35.0 mi) 8 2012-09-28
 Wuxiao  C-train   CR Wuhan HankouXiaogan East 61.8 km (38.4 mi) 11 2016-12-01
 Wuxian  C-train   CR Wuhan WuchangXianning South 91 km (57 mi) 13 2013-12-28
 Wuhuang  C-train   CR Wuhan WuhanDaye North / Huanggang East 131 km (81 mi) 14 2014-06-18
 Chengguan  C-train   CR Chengdu ChengduQingchengshan / Pengzhou / Lidui Park 94.2 km (58.5 mi) 13 2010-05-12
 Chengpu  C-train   CR Chengdu Chengdu WestChaoyanghu 99 km (62 mi) 12 2018-12-28
 Guikai  C-train   CR Chengdu Guiyang NorthKaiyang 62 km (39 mi) 6 2015-05-01
 Yuwan  C-train   CR Chengdu Chongqing NorthWanzhou 247 km (153 mi) 7 2016-11-29
 Qingrong  C-train   CR Jinan Qingdao NorthRongcheng 298 km (185 mi) 14 2014-12-29
 Guangzhu  C-train   Pearl River Delta intercity railway
(  CR Guangzhou)
Guangzhou SouthZhuhai / Xinhui 143 km (89 mi) 22 2011-01-07
 Guangfozhao  C-train   Pearl River Delta intercity railway
(  CR Guangzhou)
GuangzhouZhaoqing 79 km (49 mi) 11 2016-03-30
 Guanhui  C-train   Pearl River Delta intercity railway
(  CR Guangzhou)
Dongguan WestXiaojinkou 103.1 km (64.1 mi)[159] 18 2016-03-30
 Guangshen  C-train   CR Guangzhou GuangzhouShenzhen 147 km (91 mi) 8 2007-04-18
 Suishen  C-train   Pearl River Delta intercity railway
(  CR Guangzhou)
Xintang South[d]Shenzhen Airport 73.996 km (46.0 mi)[160] 15 2019-12-15
 Xiashen  C-train   CR Guangzhou Shenzhen NorthShanwei 156 km (97 mi) 6 2013-12-28
 Changzhutan  C-train   CR Guangzhou Changsha WestZhuzhou South / Xiangtan 97 km (60 mi) 21 2016-12-26
 Lanzhong  C-train   CR Lanzhou Lanzhou WestZhongchuan Airport 61 km (38 mi) 6 2015-09-30

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Operated in two discontinuous sections.
  2. ^ a b Universal Resort station will open in 2021, together with the Universal Beijing Resort.[88] Currently, Hua Zhuang station is the terminal station for Line 7 and Batong line.
  3. ^ Not including Xijiao Line, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  4. ^ Through-service via Guangshen railway to/from Guangzhou East.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 中国城市轨道交通 [China Urban Mass Transit]. Archived from the original on 4 April 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Across China: More metro lines in smaller Chinese cities - Xinhua | English.news.cn". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b 城市轨道交通2016年度统计分析报告完整出炉. www.suilengea.com. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Chinese metro boom shows no sign of abating". International Rail Journal. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNCaK4d0GA0
  6. ^ "Statistics Brief World Metro Figures" (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). October 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Shanghai now the world's longest metro". Railway Gazette. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  8. ^ http://sh.eastday.com/m/20160106/u1ai9170020.html
  9. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-transport-investment-idUSKCN0Y70I1
  10. ^ http://www.camet.org.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=18&id=16219
  11. ^ 深圳地铁"十年怀胎"终圆梦---深圳特区报. sztqb.sznews.com. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  12. ^ Lu Fang (鲁放); Han Baoming (韩宝明); Li Dewei (李得伟); Zhang Qi (张琦). 城市轨道交通小编组高密度运行的合理实施[J]. 城市轨道交通研究 [Urban Rail Transport Research Institute]. 2009 (8): 4–7.
  13. ^ Chen Haoran (陈浩然). 用于城市轨道交通的小编组、高密度列车运行方案[J]. 中国铁路. 2001 (5): 44–46.
  14. ^ Chen Haoran (陈浩然). 采用小编组、高密度列车运行方案——是降低工程造价及运营费用的有效途径[J]. 中国铁路. 2002 (1): 39–45.
  15. ^ "Rapid Transit Trends Show Record Growth in 2016, with Huge Increases in China, Brazil - Institute for Transportation and Development Policy". Institute for Transportation and Development Policy. 17 February 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  16. ^ "In response to growth, Chinese cities choose metros". The Transport Politic. 17 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  17. ^ "China's Metro Boom Continues to Drive Rapid Transit Growth - Institute for Transportation and Development Policy". Institute for Transportation and Development Policy. 30 July 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  18. ^ 谁的地铁,谁做主? (in Chinese). Sohu Business. 23 March 2010.
  19. ^ "China to let more cities build metro systems - Economic Information Daily". Reuters. 16 May 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  20. ^ "China to build more high-speed railways in five years: white paper". www.shanghaidaily.com. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  21. ^ "A transport system to lead the world". www.shanghaidaily.com. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  22. ^ "Over 40 Chinese Third-Tier Cities Plan to Build Subway Systems". Yicai Global. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl "2018年统计报告".
  24. ^ a b c "定了!常州市轨道交通1号线本周六上午9:30开通". 18 September 2019.
  25. ^ a b c d e f "你关心的大连地铁建设情况来了". Dalian Metro. 20 October 2019.
  26. ^ a b Wei, Fuyun. 2017年广佛线年客运量首次突破一亿人次. foshannews.net. Foshan Daily Post. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  27. ^ a b c "内蒙古年底将迈入"地铁时代"". 15 July 2019.
  28. ^ http://www.mtr.com.hk/en/corporate/investor/patronage.php
  29. ^ a b c d "6月23日兰州轨交1号线试运营". 21 June 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h "輕軌下周二開通 年底前免費乘搭". 6 December 2019.
  31. ^ https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/l-sFhcwiDvepFZBpPDXkYA
  32. ^ a b "深圳:地铁9号线二期年底前开通 将有效缓解科技园片区客流". 6 December 2019.
  33. ^ a b "石家庄地铁3号线一期工程北段1月20日将开通运营". 16 January 2020. 石家庄地铁通车里程将刷新为46.1公里
  34. ^ http://www.camet.org.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=42&id=15550
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h "明日9点,武汉轨道交通8号线三期工程开通试运营". Wuhan Metro Operation. 5 November 2019.
  36. ^ a b c "定了,徐州地铁1号线6月7日试运行!". 6 May 2019.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce 2016年统计报告. CAMET. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  38. ^ http://www.xinhuanet.com/local/2018-12/28/c_1123916410.htm
  39. ^ a b c d e http://www.mtr.bj.cn/service/line/line-14.html
  40. ^ http://www.xinhuanet.com/2017-09/16/c_1121673237.htm
  41. ^ "北京地铁7号线东延和八通线南延今年底开通试运营".
  42. ^ "地铁昌平线南延全面进场施工 新建8座车站 其中5座为换乘车站". 6 November 2019.
  43. ^ a b "地铁大兴机场线明起运营,6条机场大巴线路同步开通". 25 September 2019.
  44. ^ a b "房山线北延四站明年开工". 北起丰台区郭公庄站,南至房山区苏庄站。全长24.79公里,设11座车站
  45. ^ a b "全自动、磁浮、有轨电车 北京宣布开通三条轨道交通新线". 29 December 2017. 30日还将开通房山线阎村东至苏庄的一站一区间,长度约2.2公里
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v 快报|2017年中国内地城轨交通线路概况. CAMET. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  47. ^ a b "长春地铁1号线通车试运营". 30 June 2017.
  48. ^ a b "长春地铁进入换乘时代 2号线8月30日通车". 30 August 2018.
  49. ^ "轻轨4号线3日起试运营 全程16.33公里". 5 February 2013.
  50. ^ a b "长春轨道8号线来啦!明日正式开通试运营 共设车站12座". 29 October 2018.
  51. ^ a b c d e f g h "双线齐发车!长沙地铁3、5号线试运行". 31 December 2019.
  52. ^ a b "成都地铁乘客有福了 7号线10号线将打造主题列车". 22 November 2016.
  53. ^ a b "成都地铁5号线、10号线竣工验收!创下国内多个"首次"". 28 November 2019.
  54. ^ a b "重庆轨道交通环线东北半环、4号线一期开通试运营". 29 December 2018.
  55. ^ "八号线凤凰新村至文化公园段明天正式运营". 27 December 2019.
  56. ^ "广州地铁运营里程将突破500公里". 19 December 2019.
  57. ^ "今天17时,地铁2号线全程开通 从头坐到尾只需77分钟". 27 December 2017.
  58. ^ https://hznews.hangzhou.com.cn/chengshi/content/2020-03/27/content_7703202.htm
  59. ^ a b "杭州地铁16号线开通在即 余杭到临安不到38分钟". 9 April 2020.
  60. ^ a b c d "合肥轨道交通3号线12月26日8:56正式开通". 25 December 2019.
  61. ^ "【屯馬線】鐵路迷啟德站外通宵等搭頭班車". 屯馬線一期的走線由烏溪沙至啟德共12個車站...全線長度約17公里
  62. ^ a b "定了!济南地铁3号线12月28日正式通车".
  63. ^ http://jx.sina.cn/news/2019-06-28/detail-ihytcerk9862171.d.html
  64. ^ "南宁地铁3号线6月6日开通试运营!看站点、换乘、票价". 3 June 2019.
  65. ^ http://zjnews.zjol.com.cn/zjnews/nbnews/201906/t20190620_10374840.shtml
  66. ^ a b "官宣 定了!宁奉线首通段9月28日开通,与3号线一期贯通运营". Ningbo Rail Transit. 19 September 2019.
  67. ^ http://ln.ifeng.com/a/20180917/6885790_0.shtml
  68. ^ a b "沈阳地铁十号线一期工程定于4月29日开通运营".
  69. ^ "约起!深圳地铁5号线二期9月28日开通". 5号线运营总里程将延长至47.393公里
  70. ^ a b c d "Vlog 记者带你探访石家庄地铁2号线". 25 April 2020.
  71. ^ a b "苏州轨交3号线"橙姑娘"开始试跑 预计12月首班试运营列车开通". 15 July 2019.
  72. ^ "苏州轨道交通3号线明日(12月25日)11点30分开通". 24 December 2019.
  73. ^ "开始试乘体验 天津地铁5号线开通在即". 18 October 2018.
  74. ^ "天津地铁5号线开通试运营". 22 October 2018.
  75. ^ a b "无锡地铁2号线昨通车 8分钟一班". 29 December 2014.
  76. ^ a b c "西安市地铁一号线三期工程(秦都站~森林公园)环境影响报告书(征求意见稿)". 西安地铁官方网站. 8 October 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  77. ^ "西安市地铁二号线二期工程(常宁~韦曲南、北客站~草滩北)环境影响报告书(征求意见稿)". 西安地铁官方网站. 8 October 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  78. ^ a b "厦门地铁2号线12月25日8点半开通运营!21日市民可免费体验". 20 December 2019.
  79. ^ "郑州市轨道交通1号线35KV及以下供电系统设施2020—2022年委外维修项目比选公告". 24 September 2019. 郑州市轨道交通1号线全长41.2km,设站30座,均为地下车站。其中,1号线一期工程线路长约26.2km,设站20座...1号线二期工程线路全长约15 km,设站10座...
  80. ^ a b "郑州地铁1号线今日正式试运营 开启中原城市新格局". 28 December 2013.
  81. ^ a b "郑州地铁2号线19日开通 1、2号线换乘攻略". 18 August 2016.
  82. ^ a b c "官宣!郑州地铁2号线二期12月28日开通试运营". 26 December 2019.
  83. ^ "地铁5号线预计2019年建成通车". 25 April 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  84. ^ "快讯 郑州地铁14号线(一期)近期开通运营". 17 September 2019.
  85. ^ a b "郑州地铁1号线二期和城郊铁路一期将开通试运营". 11 January 2017.
  86. ^ a b "两条地铁线路年内将"升级"". 18 October 2018.
  87. ^ "北京地铁7号线年底开通试运 双井站拟暂缓换乘". 20 November 2014.
  88. ^ "地铁7号线东延、八通线南延将于年底开通试运营". 24 December 2019. 环球度假区站将随环球度假区开放同步运营
  89. ^ a b "7号线东延八通线南延本周六开通试运营 运营时间保持不变 环球度假区站暂不开通". 25 December 2019.
  90. ^ a b "地铁7号线东延、八通线南延今日试运行 年底开通". 10 September 2019.
  91. ^ "北京地铁昌平线本月底开通 最高时速100公里". 25 December 2010.
  92. ^ "北京地铁14号线中段、昌平线二期12月28日前试运营". 20 November 2015.
  93. ^ a b "重庆又有两段轨道开通:1号线尖璧段、环线西南半环". 30 December 2019.
  94. ^ "重庆轨道交通首次驶出主城 1号线璧山站要来了". 13 November 2019.
  95. ^ a b "这天,八号线长"长"了!". Guangzhou Metro. 27 December 2019.
  96. ^ a b "广州地铁21号线年底开通 设21座车站与7条线路换乘". 31 October 2019.
  97. ^ "定了!广州地铁21号线20日全线开通运营". 19 December 2019.
  98. ^ "贵阳地铁驶来:1号线观山湖段试运行". Xinhua. Guiyang Daily. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  99. ^ http://hangzhou.zjol.com.cn/jrsd/bwzg/201906/t20190624_10400959.shtml
  100. ^ "港鐵屯馬線一期2月14日開通". 17 January 2020.
  101. ^ http://jx.sina.cn/news/2019-06-28/detail-ihytcerk9862171.d.html
  102. ^ http://jx.sina.cn/news/2019-06-28/detail-ihytcerk9862171.d.html
  103. ^ "南宁地铁3号线6月6日开通试运营!看站点、换乘、票价". 3 June 2019.
  104. ^ "官宣 定了!宁波轨道交通2号线二期首通段5月30日开通运营". Ningbo Rail Transit. 13 May 2020.
  105. ^ Cite error: The named reference ningbi202005 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  106. ^ http://zjnews.zjol.com.cn/zjnews/nbnews/201906/t20190620_10374840.shtml
  107. ^ "青岛地铁2号线西段轨通,年底全线通车". 30 April 2019.
  108. ^ http://ln.ifeng.com/a/20180917/6885790_0.shtml
  109. ^ a b "深圳地铁7、9号线试运营 轨道网络规模居国内第三". 28 October 2016.
  110. ^ http://www.cnr.cn/hebei/jrhb/20170627/t20170627_523821373.shtml
  111. ^ http://hebei.hebnews.cn/2019-06/09/content_7415427.htm
  112. ^ a b "石家庄地铁3号线一期工程北段将于1月20日开通运营". 16 January 2020.
  113. ^ http://www.cnr.cn/hebei/jrhb/20170627/t20170627_523821373.shtml
  114. ^ "评审通过!地铁1号线东延线部分站点开通在即!". Tianjin Metro Group. 29 November 2019. 年底前拟开通高庄子站、北洋村站、国展路站、东沽路站 (Stations will open in this year: Gaozhuangzi, Beiyangcun, Guozhanlu, Donggulu.)
  115. ^ a b "28日,京疆合作的乌鲁木齐轨道交通1号线全线开通试运营". 3 September 2019.
  116. ^ "刚刚!温州首条轨道交通S1线正式开通试运营". 23 January 2019.
  117. ^ "S1线东段通过项目工程质量验收,计划月底通车". 1 September 2019.
  118. ^ "被调侃开往德国 武汉地铁柏林站注音改为"bailin"". 4 October 2019.
  119. ^ "蔡甸线三大特色站亮相". 20 September 2019.
  120. ^ "无锡地铁1号线南延线工程顺利通过竣工验收". 9 September 2019.
  121. ^ a b "与城市发展"赛跑" 郑州地铁进入3.0时代". gmw.cn. 12 January 2017.
  122. ^ "中原首条地铁载客运营 古城郑州驶入地铁时代". 29 December 2013.
  123. ^ "地铁5号线预计2019年建成通车". 25 April 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  124. ^ 北京公交出行再增两个百分点. Qianlong. 10 February 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
  125. ^ "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
  126. ^ 杜燕 (2 January 2014). 北京地铁一年运客超32亿人次 同比增长近30%. 中国新闻网. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  127. ^ "2018年统计报告".
  128. ^ "北京轨道交通全路网日客运量再创新高 超1375万人次". 13 July 2019.
  129. ^ 2010重庆市主城区交通发展年度报告解读. Cq.cqnews.net. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  130. ^ 节后3条轨道运力增幅超10% 观音桥站或6月扩建
  131. ^ 重庆市主城区交通发展年度报告2012. Cq.cqnews.net. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  132. ^ 2011广州地铁运客16.4亿人次 行车里程达19308万车公里 [Guangzhou Metro 2011 ridership tops 1.64 billion] (in Chinese). Guangzhou Metro Daily. 18 January 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
  133. ^ 第二届地铁春联今起征集 [Second Metro Spring Duilian Contest starts today] (in Chinese). Guangzhou Metro Daily. 10 January 2011. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
  134. ^ 交通六件事 事事有着落. Guangzhou Daily (in Chinese). 2013. Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  135. ^ (Chinese) "深圳市统计局2011年度12月份 深圳统计月报 Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine 运输邮电,地铁客流量1-12月累计. Retrieved on 2012-03-17.
  136. ^ (Chinese) "深圳地铁客流量 去年猛增近七成. Retrieved on 2013-01-10.
  137. ^ 340.96万!2013跨年日地铁创下客流新高. 深圳都市报. 2 January 2014. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  138. ^ 哈尔滨地铁30万人次刷新单日最高客流量. 哈尔滨日报. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  139. ^ 轻轨高峰发车间隔缩短半分钟. Cjmp.cnhan.com. 26 October 2011. Archived from the original on 30 December 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  140. ^ [2]
  141. ^ "武汉地铁清明小长假送客1615万乘次,客流量42天内三创纪录".
  142. ^ [议案之一]轨道交通不载客试运行三个月. 大连天健网. 8 January 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
  143. ^ 西安地铁日均客流量15万人次的情况也好于预期
  144. ^ 王瑜 (10 March 2019). "3月8日西安地铁客流再创历史新高 单日客流首次突破300万大关" (in Chinese). 西部网. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  145. ^ Ditiezu Archive » 2011年南京地铁客流量34370.10万人次.
  146. ^ 南京地铁一号线3月9日起调整运行图. jspeople. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  147. ^ 2012年清明小长假 南京地铁安全送客531万人次. longhoo. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  148. ^ 南京铁运营十年日均客流占全市公交出行量三分之一. Xici. 31 December 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  149. ^ excluding Maglev and Jinshan railway
  150. ^ 2015年上海市国民经济和社会发展统计公报. Shanghai Bureau of Statistics and Shanghai Survey Corps, National Bureau of Statistics of China. 1 March 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  151. ^ 新年前日上海地铁运送1083万人次创纪录 加班车功劳大 (in Chinese). Eastday. 2 January 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  152. ^ 回顾上海地铁2013 (in Chinese). Eastday. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
  153. ^ "定了,徐州地铁1号线6月7日试运行!". 6 May 2019.
  154. ^ "广安轨道交通九问九答". Guang'an Rail Transit. 27 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  155. ^ "清远磁浮旅游专线预计于2020年10月全线通车". 21 June 2019.
  156. ^ "凤凰磁浮线开工建设". 7 August 2019.
  157. ^ a b "连云港市域列车满图试运营 预计30日开通". 26 December 2019.
  158. ^ "京雄城际铁路北京西至大兴机场段26日开通运营". 25 September 2019.
  159. ^ "莞惠城轨今天全线开通 计划每天开动车31对". 28 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  160. ^ "穗深城际铁路即将开通!从广州市区到深圳宝安机场最快仅需53分钟". 13 December 2019.

External linksEdit