Ranunculus arvensis

Ranunculus arvensis, the corn buttercup[1] or field buttercup,[2] is a plant species in the family Ranunculaceae. Native to Europe, it can be found on other continents as an introduced species and sometimes a weed, including in North America and Australia. It was formerly a common annual arable weed in Britain, but is now rare there. It is most often found in moist places, such as spring puddles in meadows.

Ranunculus arvensis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Ranunculus
R. arvensis
Binomial name
Ranunculus arvensis

Many local common names refer to the spines on the seed heads or the achenes on the mature fruit:[3]

  • devil's claws
  • hellweed
  • devil-on-both-sides
  • devil's coach wheel
  • devil's currycombs
  • crowclaws (Yorkshire)
  • horse-gold (Yorkshire)
  • eggs-and-bacon (Cheshire)
  • jackweed (Oxfordshire)


  1. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Ranunculus arvensis". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Ranunculus arvensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
  3. ^ "Corn buttercup (Ranunculus arvensis)". Plantlife. Retrieved 9 September 2021.

External linksEdit