Rangpur (fruit)

Rangpur, Citrus × limonia or Citrus reticulata × medica, sometimes called the rangpur lime, mandarin lime or lemandarin, is a hybrid between the mandarin orange and the citron. It is a citrus fruit with a very acidic taste and an orange peel and flesh.

Rangpur
Citrus × limonia
Citrus x limonia (2).jpg
Rangpur fruit
Scientific classification
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C. × limonia
Binomial name
Citrus × limonia

Common namesEdit

Common names for this fruit include rangpur, the name of a city now in Bangladesh. Rangpur is also known in the Indian subcontinent as Sylhet lime (after another region also now in Bangladesh), surkh nimboo, and sharbati.[1] It is known as a canton-lemon in South China, a hime-lemon in Japan, as limão-capeta, limão-cravo, limão-rosa or limão-galego in Brazil and Portugal (namely in the Azores), and mandarin-lime in the United States, and similarly limón-mandarina (lemon tangerine) in Costa Rica because of its shape and the way its skin is peeled.[2]

HistoryEdit

Citrus × limonia was introduced into Florida in the late nineteenth century by Reasoner Brothers of Oneco, which obtained seed from northwestern India.[1] Though often described as a lemon hybrid, genomic analysis has shown it to be an F1 hybrid of a female citron (Citrus medica) and a male mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata).[3][4]

UseEdit

Rangpurs are highly acidic and can be used as a substitute for limes. However the name lime in connection with this fruit is misleading, because there are very few similarities between the rangpur and other fruits called limes.

In 2006, Diageo introduced a rangpur-flavored version of Tanqueray gin, known simply as Tanqueray Rangpur.

CultivationEdit

Citrus × limonia is cultivated as an ornamental tree for planting in gardens and a container plant on patios and terraces in the United States. Outside the U.S. it is used principally as a citrus rootstock, except Costa Rica where it is also grown commercially and is preferred over lime and lemon, used on any preparation that requests for a lemon, and grows wild on cow pastures and near human settlements.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c U.C. Riverside Citrus Profile: Rangpur - Citrus × limonia
  2. ^ "Mandarin Lime". hort.purdue.edu. Retrieved 2020-07-10.
  3. ^ Curk, Franck; Ollitrault, Frédérique; Garcia-Lor, Andres; Luro, François; Navarro, Luis; Ollitrault, Patrick (2016). "Phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons revealed by cytoplasmic and nuclear markers". Annals of Botany. 11 (4): 565–583. doi:10.1093/aob/mcw005. PMC 4817432. PMID 26944784.
  4. ^ Wu, Guohong Albert; Terol, Javier; Ibanez, Victoria; López-García, Antonio; Pérez-Román, Estela; Borredá, Carles; Domingo, Concha; Tadeo, Francisco R; Carbonell-Caballero, Jose; Alonso, Roberto; Curk, Franck; Du, Dongliang; Ollitrault, Patrick; Roose, Mikeal L. Roose; Dopazo, Joaquin; Gmitter Jr, Frederick G.; Rokhsar, Daniel; Talon, Manuel (2018). "Genomics of the origin and evolution of Citrus". Nature. 554 (7692): 311–316. Bibcode:2018Natur.554..311W. doi:10.1038/nature25447. PMID 29414943. and Supplement

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