Rangeley, Maine

Rangeley is a town in Franklin County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,168 at the 2010 census. Rangeley is the center of the Rangeley Lakes Region, a resort area. The town includes the villages of Oquossoc, Haines Landing and South Rangeley.

Rangeley, Maine
View from Bald Mountain
View from Bald Mountain
Motto(s): 
"Maine's Four Season Playground"
Rangeley is located in Maine
Rangeley
Rangeley
Rangeley is located in the United States
Rangeley
Rangeley
Coordinates: 44°57′34″N 70°42′58″W / 44.95944°N 70.71611°W / 44.95944; -70.71611
CountryUnited States
StateMaine
CountyFranklin
Incorporated1855
VillagesRangeley
Bald Mountain
Mooselookmeguntic
Mountainview
Oquossoc
Area
 • Total55.62 sq mi (144.06 km2)
 • Land41.48 sq mi (107.43 km2)
 • Water14.14 sq mi (36.62 km2)
Elevation
1,614 ft (492 m)
Population
 • Total1,168
 • Estimate 
(2012[3])
1,175
 • Density28.2/sq mi (10.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04970
Area code(s)207
FIPS code23-61840
GNIS feature ID0582690
Websitehttp://www.rangeleymaine.com/

HistoryEdit

It is named after an Englishman, Squire James Rangeley, who inherited a 31,000-acre (130 km2) tract bought from Massachusetts in 1796 by his father. He arrived in 1825 to establish an estate based on the English system of landlord and tenants, also giving extensive land to settlers. He built a sawmill, a gristmill, a two-story mansion, and a ten-mile (16 km) road to connect his property with the rest of the world.[4] Rangeley resided here for 15 years, then sold the property and moved to Portland.[5]

Farms produced hay, wheat, oats, barley and potatoes, with cattle grazing the hills. Logging became a principal industry, with booms of logs towed by steamboat across the Rangeley lakes, then guided down rivers in log drives. On March 29, 1855, the town of Rangeley was set off and incorporated from a portion of Rangeley Plantation. By 1870, the population was 313. In 1886, it had twenty dwellings, two hotels, two stores and a post office. Industries included a carriage shop, two blacksmith shops, a boat builder's shop, a sawmill and a shoe shop.[6]

The Phillips and Rangeley Railroad, a narrow gauge common carrier, opened in 1891, becoming part of the Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes Railroad in 1908. Timber and other goods were shipped to markets, and tourists arrived from Boston; Hartford; New York City; and Philadelphia. Consequently, the region developed in the 1900s into a seasonal resort area with camps, cabins, summer homes, inns and hotels. The cool mountain climate and abundance of sport fishing made this a highly desirable and exclusive resort destination. Some inhabitants became fishing guides, and among the anglers was President Herbert Hoover. The big hotels would decline, however, with the end of the railroad and invention of the automobile and proliferation of roads leading to vacationers building personal camps. In 1958, The Rangeley Lake House was razed. But smaller motels and camp rentals have taken their place, and Rangeley remains a popular resort.[7]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 55.62 square miles (144.06 km2), of which 41.48 square miles (107.43 km2) is land and 14.14 square miles (36.62 km2) is water.[1]

Centrally located between the headwaters of both the Androscoggin River and Kennebec River, the town lies on the eastern shores of Rangeley Lake in the Western Maine Mountains. Smalls Falls, lying just south of the town on Route 4, is a popular tourist destination. A sign in town notes that Rangeley is halfway between the Equator and North Pole.

ClimateEdit

This climatic region has large seasonal temperature differences, with warm (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rangeley has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[8] Similar to the rest of New England, snowfall is high in Rangeley, but due to the cold mean temperatures in winter, it remains on the ground for several months. Summer temperatures are moderated by the elevation and are thus cooler than other nearby towns.

Climate data for Rangeley, Maine
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 55
(13)
58
(14)
74
(23)
83
(28)
90
(32)
90
(32)
90
(32)
89
(32)
91
(33)
77
(25)
66
(19)
59
(15)
91
(33)
Average high °F (°C) 21.7
(−5.7)
24.8
(−4.0)
34.0
(1.1)
47.0
(8.3)
62.3
(16.8)
69.5
(20.8)
74.5
(23.6)
73.2
(22.9)
66.4
(19.1)
51.8
(11.0)
40.0
(4.4)
28.4
(−2.0)
49.4
(9.7)
Average low °F (°C) 2.3
(−16.5)
3.6
(−15.8)
12.3
(−10.9)
25.7
(−3.5)
38.4
(3.6)
47.5
(8.6)
52.5
(11.4)
50.3
(10.2)
43.6
(6.4)
33.0
(0.6)
23.5
(−4.7)
11.7
(−11.3)
27
(−3)
Record low °F (°C) −28
(−33)
−23
(−31)
−21
(−29)
4
(−16)
21
(−6)
27
(−3)
35
(2)
31
(−1)
21
(−6)
13
(−11)
−1
(−18)
−21
(−29)
−28
(−33)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.26
(57)
1.95
(50)
2.72
(69)
2.97
(75)
3.45
(88)
4.76
(121)
4.25
(108)
3.79
(96)
3.88
(99)
4.27
(108)
3.03
(77)
3.24
(82)
40.52
(1,029)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 23.5
(60)
23.7
(60)
21.5
(55)
7.6
(19)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
3.0
(7.6)
8.5
(22)
27.0
(69)
121.6
(309)
Source: [9]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860238
187031331.5%
188056379.9%
18906169.4%
190096156.0%
19101,15420.1%
19201,028−10.9%
19301,47243.2%
19401,464−0.5%
19501,228−16.1%
19601,087−11.5%
1970941−13.4%
19801,0238.7%
19901,0633.9%
20001,052−1.0%
20101,16811.0%
2014 (est.)1,162[10]−0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,168 people, 575 households, and 338 families residing in the town. The population density was 28.2 inhabitants per square mile (10.9/km2). There were 1,829 housing units at an average density of 44.1 per square mile (17.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.4% White, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 575 households, of which 19.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.2% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.03 and the average family size was 2.56.

The median age in the town was 51.4 years. 16.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.1% were from 25 to 44; 35.6% were from 45 to 64; and 25.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 1,052 people, 468 households, and 292 families residing in the town. The population density was 25.3 people per square mile (9.8/km2). There were 1,561 housing units at an average density of 37.5 per square mile (14.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 99.24% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.10% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.19% of the population.

There were 468 households, out of which 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 individuals and the average family size was 2.79 people.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.3% under the age of 18; 4.4% from 18 to 24; 25.3% from 25 to 44; 28.3% from 45 to 64; and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,382, and the median income for a family was $43,250. Males had a median income of $32,426 versus $19,519 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,052. About 9.3% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interestEdit

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  4. ^ Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums (1970). Doris A. Isaacson (ed.). Maine: A Guide 'Down East'. Rockland, Me: Courier-Gazette, Inc. p. 390.
  5. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. p. 280. coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859.
  6. ^ Varney, George J. (1886), Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Rangeley, Boston: Russell
  7. ^ Rangeley Lakes History
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Rangeley, Maine
  9. ^ "RANGELEY 2 NW, MAINE (177039)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ Larry Mahoney. "Kurt Russell enjoys alumni tourney; Actor friend of Walsh makes first appearance at UMaine hockey golf event". The Bangor Daily News. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
  14. ^ Emily Burnham (January 27, 2012). "The famous faces of Maine". The Bangor Daily News. Retrieved June 5, 2015.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 44°57′57″N 70°38′51″W / 44.9658°N 70.6474°W / 44.9658; -70.6474