Rampur-Sahaswan gharana

Rampur-Sahaswan gharana is a gharana (musical heritage) of Hindustani classical music centred in the North-Uttar Pradesh towns of Rampur and Sahaswan. Ustad Inayat Hussain Khan (1849–1919) was the founder of this gharana.


The gharana find its origins in Mehboob Khan, the chief khayal singer in the royal court of Rampur State (in present Uttar Pradesh), his tradition was followed by his son Inayat Hussain Khan (1849–1919) and in turn by Inyat's brothers-in-law, Haider Khan (1857–1927),Ustad Fida Hussain Khan and Padma Bhushan Ustad Mushtaq Hussain Khan (1878–1964) (The First recipient of the Padma Bhushan Award) ( , thus all the singers were connected with each other, and gharana was named after their ancestral place, Sahaswan, in present Badaun district.[1] Amongst most famous and relevant vocalists of the Gharana are Mushtaq Hussain Khan, Nissar Hussain Khan, Afzal Hussain Khan Nizami, Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Ghulam Sadiq Khan and Rashid Khan

Inayat Khan was a child prodigy, and his first married the daughter of Haddu Khan of the Gwalior gharana.

Singing styleEdit

The Rampur-Sahaswan gayaki (style of singing) is closely related to the Gwalior Gharana, which features medium-slow tempos, a full-throated voice and intricate rhythmic play. The gharana style is also known for the diversity and intricacy of the taans (rapidfire elaborations), as well as tarana singing.

Renowned singers of this gharana include the first and, perhaps the foremost disciple of Inayat Hussain Khan, Hyder Khan. Hyder Khan and his family plays a vital role in upbringing the legacy of this illustrious family. His son Fida Hussain Khan and his grandson Nissar Hussain Khan continued the tradition.

Nissar Hussain Khan was a great teacher whose disciples include vocalists Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Rashid Khan, Hafeez Ahmed Khan and Sarfaraz Hussain Khan. Mushtaq Hussain Khan was a disciple of Hyder Khan and was later groomed by Inayat Hussain Khan. He was the recipient of the first Padma Bhushan award in singing.

The gharana is represented by two interrelated families - the direct descendants of Inayat Hussain Khan and his other relatives and disciples.

In 2006, Dr Sakuntala Narasimhan, herself a disciple of Hafeez Ahmed Khan, published a book on the Rampur-Sahaswan gharana titled The Splendour of Rampur-Sahaswan Gharana.[2][3]


19th CenturyEdit

  • Haider Khan (1857-1927), son and disciple of Ali Bux Khan.
  • Inayat Hussain Khan (1849–1919), son and disciple of Mehboob Khan Bakhsh. Also learned from Bahadur Hussain Khan (Senia Gharana of Rampur) and Haddu Khan of Gwalior.
  • Mushtaq Hussain Khan (1878–1964), son and disciple of Kallan Khan. Also learned from older brother, Ashiq Hussain Khan, father-in-law Inayat Hussain Khan, and Wazir Khan.

20th CenturyEdit

21st CenturyEdit


  1. ^ Wade. p. 136
  2. ^ "Notes from another time: Sakuntala Narasimhan's book on the Rampur-Sahaswan gharana captures the cultural history of a period". The Hindu. 16 September 2006. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
  3. ^ S. Kashif Ali (29 May 2009). "Quietly fading into oblivion". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 29 August 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2013.


External linksEdit