Ramnagar, Nainital

Ramnagar(Kumaoni: Rāmnagar) is a town and municipal board in the Nainital district of Kumaon, India. It is located approximately 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Nainital, the headquarters of the district.

Ramnagar
Town
Kosi River flowing through Jim Corbett National Park in Ramnagar, Kumaon, India
Kosi River flowing through Jim Corbett National Park in Ramnagar, Kumaon, India
Nickname(s): 
Corbett City
Ramnagar is located in Uttarakhand
Ramnagar
Ramnagar
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Ramnagar is located in India
Ramnagar
Ramnagar
Ramnagar (India)
Coordinates: 29°24′N 79°07′E / 29.40°N 79.12°E / 29.40; 79.12Coordinates: 29°24′N 79°07′E / 29.40°N 79.12°E / 29.40; 79.12
Country India
StateUttarakhand
Division Kumaon
DistrictNainital
Named forSir Henry Ramsay
Elevation
345 m (1,132 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total97,916
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Kumaoni
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
244715
Telephone code915947
Vehicle registrationUK-19

Ramnagar is a gateway to the Corbett National Park,[1][2] the oldest national park and a famous tourist destination. The Garjiya Devi Temple[3][4] and Sitabani temple, Sitabani Wildlife Reserve[5] located nearby also attract many visitors.

Uttarakhand Board of School Education is headquartered in Ramnagar. The board was set up in 2001, and is responsible for administering courses of instructions, textbooks, and to conduct examinations for secondary school students of the state.

GeographyEdit

Ramnagar is located at 29.40°N 79.12°E.

It has an average elevation of roughly 345 metres (1,132 feet). Ramnagar is located at the foothills of the Himalayas on the bank of river Kosi. The town is visited by many tourists due to its geographical location near Corbett National Park.[6] Its proximity to Nainital which is a famous hill station of Northern India makes it even more popular. There is a Barrage on Kosi River in Ramnagar where many migratory birds such as Ruddy Shelduck arrive in winter.

HistoryEdit

The town is named after British commissioner Sir Henry Ramsay who established it in 1850 during the British rule in India[7] During the British rule tea gardens were developed in Ramnagar and nearby villages in Uttarakhand. But these tea gardens have been closed for a long time. Ramnagar is most visited for Corbett National Park named after the hunter turned conservationist Jim Corbett[8] who played a key role in its establishment. It is the oldest national park in India which was established in 1936. And ancient temples like Garjia Devi Temple and Sita Bani Temple both carry a lot of myths and legends behind them, which attracts a huge number of visitors every year.

Visitor attractionsEdit

Corbett National ParkEdit

Corbett National Park is 10 km from Ramnagar. It is spread across 86 km north of Ramnagar. Established in 1936 as the Hailey National Park, Corbett National Park is the oldest and one of the most sought after national parks in India. It is India's first sanctuary to come under Project Tiger.[9] The park was named after the hunter-naturalist turned author and photographer, Jim Corbett[10] who lived in the region and contributed in setting up this park. Visitors can move about in vehicles (only local gypsies with the permit) inside the park area after making entries at the respective gates. Tourists now cannot drive their own cars inside Corbett. They have to hire gypsies with permits from Ramnagar. Permits are necessary for entering Corbett Tiger Reserve. Permits are issued at the CTR Reception Office in Ramnagar. Other places worth visiting in the region are the Crocodile Pool, Dhikala Machaan, Getheryo Library (Dhikala), Corbett Museum (Dhangadi gate), Corbett falls.

Garjiya Devi TempleEdit

Garjiya Devi Temple is located in the Garjiya village near Ramnagar, Uttarakhand, India. It is a sacred Shakti shrine where Garjiya Devi is the presiding deity. The temple is situated over a large rock in the Kosi River and is one of the most famous temples of the Nainital district visited by thousands of devotees during Kartik Poornima, a Hindu holy day celebrated on the fifteenth lunar day of Kartik (November – December). It is also known as the festival of lights of the gods.[1] The Kartik Purnima festival also coincides with the Sikh festival of Guru Nanak Jayanti.

Sita Bani TempleEdit

Seeta Bani Temple is dedicated to Devi Sita, consort of Lord Rama. It is believed that she entered into the lap of Mother Earth here. Every year, a fair is held here during Ramanavami. It is located at a distance of 20 km from Ramnagar.

Tumaria DamEdit

The Tumaria Dam is located about 17 km from Ramnagar in Maldhan village on Kosi river bank and is a major tourist attraction.

DemographicsEdit

Hinduism is the majority religion in Ramnagar with 55.91% followers [3]. Islam is second most popular religion in city with 42.92% following it. In Ramnagar, Christianity is followed by 0.35% and Sikhism by 0.73%.

Religion in Ramnagar (2011)
Hinduism
55.91%
Islam
42.92%
Sikhism
0.73%
Christianity
0.35%
Others (incl.unclassified and
religion not stated)
0.1%

CuisineEdit

The local Kumaoni food includes Bhatt ki Churkani,[11] Jholi-Bhat, Gaahat ke Dubke, Channe ke Dubke, Ras-Bhat, Manduwe ki Roti,[12] Paalak ka Kaapa,[13] Bhang ki Chutni, singhodi, Aloo Ke Gutke,[14] Thechwani, Bal Mithai, Singal, Bichoo Saag.[15]

AccommodationEdit

Ramnagar is also popular for having so many resorts for the tourists to accommodate. More than 100 resorts are located here.

TransportationEdit

AirEdit

The nearest airport is Pantnagar Airport,[16] 81.6 km away via UT SH 41 and 77.3 km away via NH 87 in the town of Pantnagar in Udham Singh Nagar district. However Indira Gandhi International Airport at Delhi is the nearest international airport which is 255  km away.

Another major airport from Ramnagar is Bareilly Airport which is located around 145km and connected to cities like Mumbai, New Delhi and Bengaluru.

RailEdit

In 1907, during the British Raj the railway line in Uttarakhand was extended from Moradabad to Ramnagar.[17] Ramnagar railway station is under the administrative control of the Izzatnagar division of the North Eastern Railway zone of the Indian Railways. The station is located about 65 km from Nainital. It has direct rail links to Kashipur, Moradabad, Delhi, Bareilly, Lucknow, Haridwar, Chandigarh, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Agra, Jaisalmer and Varanasi.Code of Ramnagar railway station is RMR

RoadEdit

Ramnagar bus station is located near to the Railway station. There are regular buses from Ramnagar to Nainital, Ranikhet, Haldwani, Tanakpur, Haridwar , Dehradun, Kashipur, Moradabad , Meerut and Delhi. Bus services are also available to Jaipur. National Highway 121 which starts from Kashipur and ends at Bubakhal, Uttarakhand passes through Ramnagar.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "eCorbett Ver 2.0...Official Webportal of Corbett Tiger Reserve, Ramnagar". www.corbettonline.uk.gov.in. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Corbett National Park | Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board | Department of Tourism, Government Of Uttarakhand, India". | Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board | Department of Tourism, Government Of Uttarakhand, India. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Incredible India | Garjia Temple". www.incredibleindia.org. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Garjiya Devi Temple". Times of India Travel. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  5. ^ "This Music Composer Bought An Entire Hill And Turned It Into A Wildlife Sanctuary!". IndiaTimes. 10 March 2016. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  6. ^ "eCorbett Ver 2.0...Official Webportal of Corbett Tiger Reserve, Ramnagar". www.corbettonline.uk.gov.in. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Ramnagar - Gateway to Corbett".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Abhyankar, Shoma (23 March 2019). "The legends of Carpet Sahib: A village recalls Jim Corbett's legacy". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  9. ^ "National Tiger Conservation Authority". ntca.gov.in. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  10. ^ Abhyankar, Shoma (23 March 2019). "The legends of Carpet Sahib: A village recalls Jim Corbett's legacy". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Bhatt ki Churkani | Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board | Department of Tourism, Government Of Uttarakhand, India". | Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board | Department of Tourism, Government Of Uttarakhand, India. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  12. ^ "Mandua Ki Roti | Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board | Department of Tourism, Government Of Uttarakhand, India". | Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board | Department of Tourism, Government Of Uttarakhand, India. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  13. ^ "Kaapa | Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board | Department of Tourism, Government Of Uttarakhand, India". | Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board | Department of Tourism, Government Of Uttarakhand, India. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  14. ^ "Aloo Ke Gutke | Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board | Department of Tourism, Government Of Uttarakhand, India". | Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board | Department of Tourism, Government Of Uttarakhand, India. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  15. ^ "Food Secrets: On the Trail of Kumaon's Culinary Wonders". 17 June 2016.
  16. ^ "Pantnagar Airport - Flights Schedule To Delhi, Dehradun & Pithoragarh". www.euttaranchal.com. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  17. ^ Sharad Singh Negi (1995). Uttarakhand: land and people. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 978-81-85880-73-0.

External linksEdit