Ram Aur Shyam
Ram Aur Shyam (English: Ram And Shyam) is a 1967 Indian Hindi feature film, directed by Tapi Chanakya. It stars Dilip Kumar in a double role as twins separated at birth, along with Mumtaz, Waheeda Rehman, Pran, and Nirupa Roy. Ram Aur Shyam features music by Naushad, with lyrics by Shakeel Badayuni.
|Ram Aur Shyam|
Ram Aur Syam poster
|Directed by||Tapi Chanakya|
B. Nagi Reddi
|Written by||Kaushal Bharati
|Music by||Naushad (composer)
Shakeel Badayuni (lyrics)
|Edited by||C. P. Jambulingam|
|April 7, 1967|
|Budget||est. ₹10.43 crore ($13.8 million)|
Its producer was B. Nagi Reddy. It was previously produced as Ramudu Bheemudu by D. Ramanaidu under Suresh Productions Banner, a Telugu film starring N.T. Rama Rao, in 1964. The movie was a blockbuster. Ram Aur Shyam was one of 1967's highest-grossing Indian films, domestically in India and overseas in the Soviet Union. Originally, Vyjayanthimala and Mala Sinha were supposed to star in the roles portrayed by Waheeda Rehman and Mumtaz, but were replaced for unknown reasons.
Ram (Dilip Kumar) lives with his sister Sulakshna (Nirupa Roy) and niece Kuku in his family estate. His brother-in-law Gajendra (Pran) looks after his factories and controls his property with an iron hand. Ram is shy and cowardly in nature. He is always abused and brutally beaten by Gajendra. Sulakshna and Kuku try to protect Ram from Gajendra whenever he whips Ram. Everybody decides to get Ram married for his well being. Gajendra finds a rich girl Anjana (Waheeda Rehman) with the aim of getting a huge dowry. Anjana dislikes Ram after he spills tea over her due to nervousness. Gajendra, angry at Ram's behaviour, conspires with the support of his mother and cunning Munimji to kill Ram and take over his property. Ram overhears this and escapes to the city to save his life. Meanwhile, Ram's long lost twin brother Shyam (Dilip Kumar) lives in a village with his adopted mother Ganga, whom he believes to be his birth mother. No one other than Ganga knows the truth about the twin brothers. Shyam is strong, brave and mischievous, unlike his brother. He has a love-hate relationship with Shanta (Mumtaz). Shyam escapes to the city, after a mischievous conflict with Ganga, and meets Anjana, who is impressed by his personality. Anjana and her father confuse Shyam with Ram. Ram meets Shanta, who thinks he is Shyam and takes him forcefully to his mother. Ram and Shanta develop feelings for each other. Meanwhile, Shyam decides to take the place of Ram to face Gajendra. Shyam refuses to sign his property over, after which angry Gajendra attacks him. Shyam retaliates and whips Gajendra hard, shocking everybody. Sulakshna stops her brother to protect her husband. Gajendra is startled after being beaten up by Shyam, whom everybody believes as Ram. Shanta and Anjana meet and both claim the picture of Ram as their fiancé. Gajendra learns that Shyam has taken the place of Ram. He abducts Ram and Shanta, and plans to kill Ram. He frames Shyam for the murder of Ram though Ram is alive. Shyam is arrested by police. Anjana and her father learn from Ganga that Ram and Shyam are twin brothers lost in a village fair. Shyam escapes from police custody and battles Gajendra and his henchmen. Gajendra tries to shoot them, but both the brothers and Shanta manage to defeat him. At the end, the twin brothers are happily married and the family reunited.
Dilip Kumar, who was known as tragedy king surprised the audience with his comedy act. Dilip Kumar won the Filmfare Award for Best Actor for Ram Aur Shyam, while Upkar got most of the other awards, at the 15th Filmfare Awards in 1968.
At the domestic Indian box office, Ram Aur Shyam grossed ₹2.75 crore ($3.7 million). Adjusted for inflation, the film's domestic gross is equivalent to $27 million (₹184 crore) in 2016. It was 1967's second highest-grossing film in India, after Upkar.
Overseas at the Soviet box office, Ram Aur Shyam was released with 1,160 prints and sold 33.4 million tickets in 1972. At the average Soviet ticket price of 25 kopecks at the time, the film grossed 8.35 million rubles ($10.1 million, ₹7.68 crore). Adjusted for inflation, the film's overseas Soviet gross is equivalent to $59 million (₹396 crore) in 2016. It was the second highest-grossing 1967 Indian film in the Soviet Union, after Hamraaz.
Worldwide, the film grossed ₹10.43 crore ($13.8 million) by 1972. Adjusted for inflation, its worldwide gross is equivalent to ₹580 crore ($85 million) in 2016.
Dilip Kumar stated in an interview "The script of Ram Aur Shyam (1967) offered me endless stimulation. Each scene was sharply written to highlight the contrast between the characters and their predicaments." Ram Aur Shyam has inspired remakes among Hindi movies, with Seeta Aur Geeta, (featuring female twins, played by Hema Malini) in 1972; Chaalbaaz, (starring Sridevi) in 1989; Kishen Kanhaiya, (starring Anil Kapoor) in 1990, Gopi Kishan, (featuring male twins, played by Sunil Shetty) in 1994 and Judwaa, (featuring male twins, played by Salman Khan) in 1997.
International DVD releaseEdit
The movie was dubbed in Russian and released as Рам и Шиам.
|Ram Aur Shyam|
|Soundtrack album by Naushad|
|Genre||Feature Film Soundtrack|
- Music - Naushad. Lyrics - Shakeel Badayuni
- "Aaj Ki Raat Mere" - Mohammad Rafi
- "Aaj Sakhi Re Piya More Ghar" - Lata
- "Aayee Hai Bahar Mite Zulmo" - Mohammad Rafi & Chorus
- "Dheere Dheere Bol Koi Sun Lega" - Asha Bhosle, Mahendra Kapoor
- "Main Hoon Saqi Tu Hai Sharabi" - Lata, Mohammad Rafi
- "Maine Kab Tujh Se Kaha Tha" - Lata Mangeshkar
- "O Balam Tere Pyar Ki Thandi Aa" - Mohammad Rafi & Asha
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- Sergey Kudryavtsev (3 August 2008). "Зарубежные популярные фильмы в советском кинопрокате (Индия)".
- "Remembering top 10 timeless classics on his birthday". India Today.
- Aps Maphotra (10 January 2009). "Ram aur Shyam 1967". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 January 2009.
- "Pacific Exchange Rate Service (7.5 INR per USD)" (PDF). UBC Sauder School of Business. University of British Columbia. 1967. p. 3. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- "Exchange Rates (68.3 INR per USD)". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2016.
- Moscow Prime Time: How the Soviet Union Built the Media Empire that Lost the Cultural Cold War, page 48, Cornell University Press, 2011
- The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War, page 357, Routledge, 2014
- "Archive (0.83 rubles per dollar)". Central Bank of Russia. 1972.
- "Pacific Exchange Rate Service (7.6 INR per USD)" (PDF). UBC Sauder School of Business. University of British Columbia. 1972. p. 3. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- "Veteran Dilip Kumar talks about celluloid magic". Hindustan Times.