Ramón Avanceña

Ramón Avanceña y Quiosay (April 13, 1872 – June 12, 1957) was a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He served from 1925 to 1941, when he resigned at the beginning of the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II. He was from Villa de Arevalo, Iloilo City.

Ramón Avanceña
Ramon Avancena.jpg
Official portrait
4th Chief Justice of the Philippines
In office
April 1, 1925 – December 24, 1941
Appointed byCalvin Coolidge
Preceded byManuel Araullo
Succeeded byJosé Abad Santos
Attorney General of the Philippines
In office
July 1, 1914 – March 1, 1917
Preceded byIgnacio Villamor
Succeeded byQuintín Paredes
18th Associate Justice
of the Philippine Supreme Court
In office
October 31, 1917 – March 31, 1925
Vice President of the Philippines
In office
October 14, 1943 – January 15, 1944
PresidentJose P. Laurel
In office
November 30, 1948 – December 30, 1949
PresidentElpidio Quirino
Personal details
Ramón Avanceña y Quiosay

(1872-04-13)April 13, 1872
Iloilo, Captaincy General of the Philippines, Spanish East Indies
DiedJune 12, 1957(1957-06-12) (aged 85)
Pasay, Rizal, Philippines
SpouseMaria Floserfina Abad
EducationColegio de San Juan de Letran (BA)
University of Santo Tomas (BL)

Early life and careerEdit

He earned his Bachelor of Arts at Colegio de San Juan de Letran and Bachelor of Laws at University of Santo Tomas.

Ramón Avanceña served as a legal adviser to the Federal State of the Visayas, the revolutionary government of provinces of Iloilo, Capiz and Antique, and was chosen to negotiate with the American forces on Panay during the Philippine–American War.

During the American Colonial Era, he was appointed as assistant attorney in the Bureau of Justice. In 1905 he was appointed auxiliary judge. He was Attorney General of the Philippines from 1914 until 1917, when he was appointed to the Supreme Court as an Associate Justice. Upon the death of Manuel Araullo in 1924, he succeeded as Chief Justice, but he had to wait until 1925 to be formally appointed.

He was supposed to join Philippine Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon in exile during the onset of the Japanese Occupation, but worried that he would not be together with his family, he decided to stay put.

His sons, José, Alberto, and Jesús, became practicing attorneys.

The Ramon Avanceña National High School in Villa de Arevalo, Iloilo City and Ramon Avanceña High School in Quiapo, Manila are named after him.


  • Cruz, Isagani A. (2000). Res Gestae: A Brief History of the Supreme Court. Rex Book Store, Manila
Legal offices
Preceded by Attorney General of the Philippines
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Succeeded by