Raisani or Rais is a Brahui tribe residing in the Sarawan, Bolan and Duki (Ziarat) regions of Balochistan province of Pakistan. They speak Brahui in the former and Pashto in the latter areas.

LocationSarawan, Balochistan/Brahvistan
LanguageBrahui & Pashto

The Raisani tribe is known for its historical significance, cultural heritage, and socio-political influence in the region. The tribe's history dates back centuries, and they have played a crucial role in the political and social landscape of Balochistan. They are part of the Royal House of Sarawan.



The origins of the Raisani tribe are rooted in the larger Baloch tribal system, with a distinct Brahui identity. They trace their lineage to Arab roots, claiming descent from Qutubuddin Rais, the forefather of the Raisani tribe. The title "Rais" means "ruler" in Arabic, reflecting their historical role and status within the region. The tribal leadership has traditionally carried the titles of "Mir" and "Sardar," indicating their noble and ruling heritage.

Leadership and Political Influence


The Raisani tribe has produced several notable leaders who have significantly contributed to the politics of Balochistan and Pakistan. The tribal leadership is traditionally hereditary, with the title of Sardar (tribal chief) being passed down through generations.

Prominent Figures

  • Sir Nawab Asadullah Khan Raisani(Late 19th century - early 20th century): Sir Nawab Asadullah Khan Raisani was a prominent figure in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was known for his leadership and efforts in maintaining tribal unity and advocating for the rights of the Baloch people. He was knighted by the British for his services and played a crucial role in the administration of the region.
  • Nawab Ghaus Bakhsh Raisani(Mid-20th century - 1987): Nawab Ghaus Bakhsh Raisani served as the Chief Minister of Balochistan. His tenure was marked by efforts to promote development and address the socio-economic challenges faced by the province. He was a key figure in Balochistan's political landscape and worked towards the integration of the Baloch people into the national framework. Nawab Ghaus Bakhsh Raisani was assassinated in 1987, a tragic event that underscored the volatile political climate of the region. His death was a significant blow to the tribe and highlighted the ongoing struggles and tensions within Balochistan.
  • Nawab Aslam Raisani: Nawab Aslam Raisani served as the Chief Minister of Balochistan from 2008 to 2013. His leadership was characterized by his attempts to improve the infrastructure and economic conditions in Balochistan. Despite facing significant political challenges, he remained a central figure in provincial politics.
  • Nawabzada Siraj Khan Raisani (Late 20th Century - 2018): Nawabzada Siraj Khan Raisani was a prominent political figure and the younger brother of Nawab Aslam Raisani. He was an active member of the Balochistan Awami Party and was known for his strong stance against terrorism and his efforts to bring peace and development to the region. Tragically, he was assassinated in a suicide bombing in 2018, highlighting the ongoing security challenges in Balochistan.
  • Other Notables: The Raisani tribe has also produced other notable figures who have contributed to various fields such as education, business, and social services. Their collective efforts have significantly impacted the socio-political landscape of Balochistan.

Social Structure


The social structure of the Raisani tribe is patriarchal, with a strong emphasis on tribal loyalty and kinship. The tribe is organized into several sub-clans, each with its own leadership and hierarchy. The Raisanis are known for their strong sense of community and solidarity, which is reflected in their collective decision-making processes and conflict resolution mechanisms.

Challenges and Contemporary Issues


The Raisani tribe, like many other Baloch tribes, faces several challenges in the modern era. Issues such as political marginalization, economic underdevelopment, and security concerns have impacted their way of life. Despite these challenges, the Raisanis continue to strive for the preservation of their cultural identity and socio-economic development.




  • Scholz, Fred (2002) [1974]. Nomadism & colonialism : a hundred years of Baluchistan, 1872-1972. Karachi; Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-579638-4.