Tan Sri Dato' Seri Utama Dr. Rais bin Yatim (Jawi: رئيس بن يتيم; born 15 April 1942) is a Malaysian politician who has served as the 18th President of the Dewan Negara since September 2020. He was a Cabinet Minister in multiple federal governments from 1974 to 2013 and the 8th Menteri Besar of Negeri Sembilan from 1978 to 1982. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Jelebu from November 1999 to May 2013.

Rais Yatim
رئيس يتيم
Rais Yatim cropped (cropped) 1.jpg
8th Menteri Besar of Negeri Sembilan
In office
12 July 1978 – 29 April 1982
MonarchJa'afar
Preceded byMansor Othman
Succeeded byMohd Isa Abdul Samad
18th President of the Dewan Negara
Assumed office
2 September 2020
MonarchAbdullah
Prime MinisterMuhyiddin Yassin (2020-2021)
Ismail Sabri Yaakob (since 2021)
DeputyAbdul Halim Abdul Samad
(2020)
Mohamad Ali Mohamad
(since 2020)
Preceded byVigneswaran Sanasee
6th President of the
International Islamic University Malaysia
In office
2 June 2013 – 1 June 2018
ChancellorAhmad Shah
Preceded byMohd Sidek Hassan
Succeeded byMaszlee Malik
Ministerial roles
1974–1976Parliamentary Secretary of Culture, Youth and Sports
1976–1978Deputy Minister of Law
1978Deputy Minister of Home Affairs
1982–1984Minister of Lands and Regional Development
1984–1986Minister for Information
1986–1987Minister of Foreign Affairs
1999–2004Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
2004–2008Minister of Culture, Arts and Heritage
2008–2009Minister of Foreign Affairs
2009–2013Minister for Information, Communication and Culture
Personal details
Born
Rais bin Yatim

(1942-04-15) 15 April 1942 (age 79)
Kampung Gagu, Jelebu, Negeri Sembilan, Japanese occupation of Malaya (now Malaysia)
CitizenshipMalaysian
Political partyMalaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU) (2018–present)
United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) (1967-1988; 1996–2018)
Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46) (1989-1996)
Other political
affiliations
Muafakat Nasional (MN) (2020-present)
Perikatan Nasional (PN) (2020-present)
Pakatan Harapan (PH) (2018-2020)
Barisan Nasional (BN) (1967-1988; 1996-2018)
Gagasan Rakyat (GR) (1989-1996)
Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (APU) (1990-1996)
Spouse(s)Masnah Rais
Children4
ResidenceTaman Dataran Ukay, Hulu Kelang, Ampang Jaya, Selangor
Alma materUniversity of Singapore (LLB)
King's College London (PhD)
OccupationPolitician
ProfessionLawyer
Rais Yatim
Faction represented in Dewan Rakyat
1974–1978Barisan Nasional
1982–1989Barisan Nasional
1989–1990Parti Melayu Semangat 46
1999–2013Barisan Nasional
Faction represented in Dewan Negara
2020Malaysian United Indigenous Party
2020–Perikatan Nasional
Faction represented in Negeri Sembilan State Legislative Assembly
1978–1982Barisan Nasional

He was a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the leading party in previous ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, except for a period in the 1990s when he became a member of the opposition Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46). Presently he is a member of Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU) and its Chairman of the state of Negeri Sembilan, a component party of the ruling Perikatan Nasional (PN) since he left UMNO to join BERSATU on 4 June 2018.[1][2]

During his short break from active politics before joining BERSATU, he became the President of the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) from 2013 to 2018.[3]

Early life and educationEdit

Rais was born to a Minangkabau immigrant family of Muhammad Yatim and Siandam in Kampung Gagu, Jelebu, Negeri Sembilan.[4][5] Rais has four siblings, namely Naam, Suri and Atan.

He graduated from Language Institute (also known as Language Teaching College), Kuala Lumpur in 1964. Rais through early education Standard I and II at Sekolah Melayu Triang (now Sekolah Kebangsaan Teriang), then move on to the School of Malay Gagu and Government English School, Taipei, Kuala Klawang. While at GES, Rais's writing skills using elements of art and beautiful languages as well as his interest in reading began to take shape, which became the identity to his current writing and speaking style. He was exposed to Shakespeare’s dialogues especially King Henry V, Hamlet, Midsummer Night Dream, Romeo and Juliet and others.

After graduating from the Cambridge Senior School Certificate (CSC), Rais worked as a temporary teacher at Sekolah Kebangsaan Astana Raja, in Rembau. In 1963, Rais was accepted into the Language Teaching College (LI) as a trainee teacher for 2 years. While at LI, in addition to his duties as a trainee teacher, Rais produced many articles published by Utusan Zaman, Dewan Masharakat, Mastika and Dewan Bahasa. Rais enrolled at Stamford Collage and later went on to study Law at the University of Singapore.

At the University of Singapore, among the figures who became his lecturers were Ramachandran Naidu (former court interpreter in Kuala Lumpur), Sulaiman Abdullah (well - known lawyer) and Dr. Chandra Muzaffar (former Vice President of PKR). Rais was very active in participating in debate and speech competitions at the University of Singapore and often met Chandra in the competition. He won the Beasley Shield Award for the general speech category, while Chandra won the debate competition.

A lawyer by profession later, he received his Bachelor of Laws LL.B (Hons.) In 1973 and obtained an A mark in the paper “Comparative Law” which refined on the comparison of Adat Perpatih with Common Law. Rais then continued his studies at the LL.M Master of Laws level at the same university.

Early careerEdit

In 1973 he became a lawyer and solicitor in the Kuala Lumpur High Court and then in 1998 became a lawyer in Singapore. In the same year, Rais set up the law firm of Ram Rais & Yap.

In 1965 to 1968, he taught Bahasa Malaysia to the American Peace Corps in the United States. Upon his return from the US, Rais taught English, History, Science and Drawing at Jelebu Law Secondary School and then in 1967, he was assigned to Bandar Tinggi Secondary School.

Rais also worked as a translator at Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (DBP) in 1971 besides being a part-time lecturer in Commercial Law at Institut Teknologi Mara (now UiTM).

He subsequently obtained a doctorate (Ph.D) in law from King’s College University of London in 1994 and his thesis was Rule Of Law and Executive Supremacy in Malaysia. His doctoral dissertation was eventually published in 1995 as Freedom Under Executive Power in Malaysia: A Study of Executive Supremacy.[6]

Political careerEdit

Rais has held various positions in the national cabinet and other state government positions. He had been appointed a Minister in the Prime Minister's Department, Menteri Besar of Negeri Sembilan (1978–1982), Minister of Land and Regional Development (1982–1984), Minister of Information (1984–1986) and Foreign Minister (1986–1987).

When he fell out of favour of the UMNO leadership in April 1987, he became the deputy leader of the opposition Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46 or Semangat 46), a breakaway party formed by Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah and UMNO members dissatisfied with Mahathir Mohamad's leadership.[7] During that times he also he resumed his law career and worked with a firm, Ram, Rais & Partner, from 1987 to 1999. Like most Semangat 46 leaders, after the party was dissolved in 1996, he rejoined UMNO by the end of the decade.[8] Upon his return to the ministry in 1999, as Minister in the Prime Minister's Department, he was effusive in his praise for Mahathir, who had outlasted the Semangat 46 movement with successive election victories.[9] He held the ministry until the 2004 election, after which Abdullah Badawi, who had replaced Mahathir on his retirement, appointed him as Minister of Culture, Arts and Heritage.[10]

In June 2007, Rais was nominated as a candidate for the post of the next Commonwealth Secretary-General after Don McKinnon's term in office ended in March 2008. However, he pulled out on 26 July, citing the lateness of campaigning, and his duties and commitments as the Main Committee of the upcoming 50th Merdeka celebrations, which limited him from travelling out of the country to lobby for his candidacy.[11]

Rais served another term as Foreign Minister from 18 March 2008 until 9 April 2009, when the incoming Prime Minister Najib Razak appointed him as the Minister for Information, Communications and Culture. He remained in that ministry until the 2013 election, when he was dropped as a parliamentary candidate.[12] Speaking generally about Barisan Nasional's decision to drop a number of senior figures from its parliamentary lineup, Najib stated that it was to "satisfy the demands of voters who want to see Barisan Nasional and UMNO change and reform".[13] Rais accepted the decision and called on fellow UMNO members to remain loyal to the party.[14] Within a few months he was appointed as the President of the International Islamic University of Malaysia.[15]

On 16 June 2020, he was appointed as a senator in the Dewan Negara by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong after he join BERSATU in June 2018 and return to active politics.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

He is married to Masnah Rais[16] and the couple has four children, namely Malini Rais, Dino Rais, Danni Rais and Ronni Rais. During his childhood and adolescence, Rais interacted a lot with the Chinese community so that enable him to speak Cantonese well. His hobbies are photography and travelling and arts-culture. Apart from being highly skilled in photography, Rais is also talented in drawing. He obtained an A mark in the Higher School Certificate (HSC) examination. Rais even produced a large mural for Dunearn Road Hostel at the University of Singapore and the mural is still on display at Shears Hall Great Hall in Kent Ridge.

Election resultsEdit

Parliament of Malaysia: Jelebu, Negeri Sembilan
Year Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1974 Rais Yatim (UMNO) Unknown Unknown Abdul Muluk Daud (DAP) Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Zainal Abidin Bador (IND) Unknown Unknown
1982 Rais Yatim (UMNO) 22,279 75.70% Yap Sen Koong (DAP) 5,477 18.61% 30,285 16,802 78.19%
Raja Aziz Raja Karim (PAS) 1,675 5.69%
1986 Rais Yatim (UMNO) 16,137 77.43% Ishak Md Nazir (PAS) 4,705 22.57% 21,712 11,432 76.02%
1990 Rais Yatim (S46) 12,780 49.24% Ibrahim Sareh (UMNO) 13,175 50.76% 26,637 395 80.03%
1995 Rais Yatim (S46) 11,710 44.42% Yunus Rahmat (UMNO) 14,650 55.58% 27,830 2,940 77.34%
1999 Rais Yatim (UMNO) 17,028 63.21% Jaafar Muhammad (KeADILan) 9,909 36.79% 28,236 7,119 75.65%
2004 Rais Yatim (UMNO) 20,650 77.87% Rosli Yaakop (PAS) 5,870 22.13% 27,470 14,780 72.83%
2008 Rais Yatim (UMNO) 19,737 70.83% Norman Ipin (PAS) 8,127 29.17% 29,029 11,610 75.05%

HonoursEdit

Honours of MalaysiaEdit

BooksEdit

Rais is also an author and has written extensively on the subject of law, politics and the community where a total of 19 books have been produced by him to date.

  • Pola-Pola Antropologi, Dewan Bahasa Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 1973 (Translation).
  • The Hierarchy of Adat Perpatih in Negeri Sembilan (1974).
  • Faces in the Corridors of Power – A Pictorial Depiction of Malaysians in Position of Power Pelanduk Publications, Lumpur (1987)
  • Freedom Under Executive Power in Malaysia, Endowment Publications, Kuala Lumpur (1995)
  • Zaman Beredar Pusaka Bergilir (2000).
  • Jelebak-Jelebu : Corat-Coret Anak Kampung, Dawama Kuala Lumpur 2004.
  • Cabinet Governing in Malaysia, (2006), Dawama, Kuala Lumpur
  • Perjuangan Pri-Bumi (2009).
  • Perjuangan Asas Bangsa (2009).
  • Kabinet 1Malaysia: Mengimbas Kembali Tadbir Urus Kabinet (2011).
  • 1Malaysia Cabinet: Reflecting on Cabinet Governing (2011).
  • King Ghaz: A Man of His Time (Ed.) 2011.
  • Tunku: Still the Greatest Malaysian (Ed.) 2012.
  • Pantun & Bahasa Indah: Jendela Budaya Melayu (2013).
  • Meniti Badai Perjuangan (2013).
  • Adat: The Legacy of Minangkabau (2015).
  • Antara Cakap dan Fikir (2019).
  • Peribahasa Melayu-Cina (2020).
  • Budi Asas Tamadun (2021).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rais Yatim joins Pribumi". The Star. 4 June 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b Minderjeet Kaur (4 June 2018). "Umno veteran Rais Yatim joins PPBM". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  3. ^ "Rais Yatim dilantik Presiden UIAM". Sinar Harian (in Malay). 3 July 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  4. ^ Dr. H. Saifullah SA., MA. (28 January 2009). "Datuk Seri Utama Rais Yatim: Orang Minangkabau yang "Dihibahkan" ke Malaysia". Pusat Kajian Budaya Islam (PKBI) (in Malay). Fakultas Ilmu Budaya-ADAB: Iain Iman Bonjol Padang. Retrieved 9 October 2021 – via Blogger.
  5. ^ Menbudpar Indonesia-Malaysia Bertemu, Antara News.com, 20 May 2013
  6. ^ Yatim, Rais (1995). Freedom Under Executive Power in Malaysia: A Study of Executive Supremacy, p. xii. Endowment Publications. ISBN 983-99984-0-4.
  7. ^ "The Indie Story: 'PARTI MELAYU SEMANGAT 46' (Penghormatan buat UMNO LAMA)" (in Malay). The Indie Story. 1 May 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2021 – via Blogger.
  8. ^ "Rais says goodbye with 40-page booklet". Bernama. 20 October 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  9. ^ M. Bakri Musa (2003). Seeing Malaysia My Way: Collection of Personal Essays. iUniverse.
  10. ^ "Tan Sri Dato' Seri Utama Dr. Rais Yatim". International Islamic University of Malaysia Holdings. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Rais Withdraws From Commonwealth Sec-Gen Race (mirrored)". Bernama/Diplomacy Monitor. 28 July 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2007.
  12. ^ "21 new faces in Negri Sembilan, Rais Yatim dropped". Bernama. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  13. ^ "Malaysia's ruling coalition axes scandal-hit figures". ABC News. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  14. ^ "Rais: Dropped candidates should respect decision". Bernama. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  15. ^ "Rais new IIUM president". Bernama. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  16. ^ "Buletin Kraf: Datin Seri Masnah Rais Versatilekan Kraf Tempatan" (in Malay). Bahagian Komunikasi Korporat Kraftangan Malaysia. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2021 – via Blogger.
  17. ^ a b c d e f "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  18. ^ "Ketua Setiausaha Negara ketuai senarai penerima darjah kebesaran" (in Malay). Astro Awani. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mansor Othman
8th Menteri Besar of Negeri Sembilan
1978 – 1982
Succeeded by

External linksEdit