|President of the Bundestag |
29 March 1983 – 25 October 1984
|Preceded by||Richard Stücklen|
|Succeeded by||Philipp Jenninger|
|Federal Minister of Intra-German Relations|
4 October 1982 – 29 March 1983
|Preceded by||Egon Franke|
|Succeeded by||Heinrich Windelen|
14 December 1962 – 11 October 1963
|Preceded by||Ernst Lemmer|
|Succeeded by||Erich Mende|
|Leader of the Christian Democratic Union|
5 October 1971 – 12 June 1973
|General Secretary||Kurt Biedenkopf|
|Preceded by||Kurt Georg Kiesinger|
|Succeeded by||Helmut Kohl|
|Leader of the CDU/CSU Group in the Bundestag|
1 December 1964 – 9 May 1973
|First Deputy||Franz Josef Strauß|
|Preceded by||Heinrich von Brentano|
|Succeeded by||Karl Carstens|
|Member of the Bundestag |
for North Rhine-Westphalia
4 November 1980 – 18 February 1987
|Constituency||Party-list proportional representation|
|Member of the Bundestag |
for Paderborn – Wiedenbrück
15 October 1957 – 4 November 1980
|Preceded by||Maria Niggemeyer|
|Succeeded by||Heinrich Pohlmeier|
Rainer Candidus Barzel
20 June 1924
Braunsberg, East Prussia, Weimar Republic
|Died||26 August 2006 (aged 82)|
Munich, Bavaria, Germany
|Political party||Christian Democratic Union|
(m. 1948; died 1980)
(m. 1983; died 1995)
|Alma mater||University of Cologne|
Barzel had been the leader of his parliamentary group and a short time federal minister, before his party went into opposition in 1969. Subsequently, Barzel became chairman of the party. He tried to become federal chanceller via a constructive vote of no confidence 1972, being the first one in the Federal Republic to have tried so. He unexpectatedly came two votes short. In the subsequent general elections of November 1972, he was the unsuccessful main candidate of the CSU/CSU. He lost his chairmanship the year after and remained an influential member of the parliament.
Born in Braunsberg, East Prussia (present-day Braniewo, Poland), Barzel served as Chairman of the CDU from 1971 to 1973 and ran as the CDU's candidate for Chancellor of Germany in the 1972 federal elections, losing to Willy Brandt's SPD.
Barzel served as Minister of All-German Affairs (1962–63) under Konrad Adenauer, as Parliamentary group leader of the CDU/CSU (1964–1973), as Minister of Intra-German Relations (1982–1983) in Helmut Kohl's cabinet, and as President of the Bundestag (1983–1984).
The 1972 election is commonly regarded as an indirect referendum on Chancellor Brandt's Ostpolitik (Eastern Policy), which called for normalized relations with East Germany and the Soviet Union, which Barzel vehemently opposed. On 27 April 1972 Barzel and the CDU/CSU called a constructive vote of no confidence against Brandt's government. Had the motion carried, Barzel would have succeeded Brandt as Chancellor of Germany. The implications of this vote were far-reaching. Brandt's initial reaction was that he, along with his policy of Ostpolitik, was finished. Several German trade unions went on strike in anticipation of his loss in the no confidence motion. However, the final tally received 247 votes; 249 were needed to expel Brandt from office. Persuasive evidence subsequently emerged that two members of Parliament, Julius Steiner (CDU) and Leo Wagner (CSU) had been bribed by the East German Ministry for State Security.[a] Details of the alleged East German involvement remain hazy, however: not all commentators are persuaded that East German bribes were the most decisive factor in the tantalisingly narrow failure of the no-confidence vote which, had matters turned out differently, could have triggered a successful bid for Barzel to become West Germany's next chancellor in 1972.
The government, in consideration of the fact that it had lost its effective parliamentary majority and that parliamentary work was stalled, reacted by deliberately losing a vote of confidence, which then allowed the President of Germany, Gustav Heinemann to dissolve the Bundestag and call early elections, which Brandt and the SPD handily won. 1972 was the only time between the war and German reunification that saw the SPD place first in a federal German election, and it still represents the SPD's high-water mark as a vote share. That year's elections had the highest turnout of any German federal election at 91.1%, one of the highest turnouts ever recorded in national elections without mandatory voting.
Within the CDU group of the German parliament, Barzel's credibility suffered when it became apparent that he had lied about substantial outside income from work as a lawyer outside parliament.
It was neither the lost no-confidence motion nor the lost parliamentary elections that, on 8 May 1973, eventually prompted Barzel to resign from both the CDU party chair and the leadership of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group. It was the refusal by the parliamentary group to support a government bill for the accession of both German states to the United Nations.
He resigned from politics in 1984 after he was accused of being entangled in the Flick affair, a charge rejected by the Flick inquiry committee and the prosecuting authorities two years later.
- Gesichtspunkte eines Deutschen. Düsseldorf, Econ 1968
- Unterwegs – Woher und wohin? München, Droemer Knaur 1982
- Im Streit und umstritten. Anmerkungen zu Konrad Adenauer, Ludwig Erhard und den Ostverträgen. Berlin, Ullstein 1986
- Geschichten aus der Politik. Persönliches aus meinem Archiv. Berlin, Ullstein 1987
- Die Tür blieb offen – Ostverträge-Misstrauensvotum-Kanzlersturz. Bonn, Bouvier 1998, ISBN 3-416-02836-8
- Ein gewagtes Leben. Stuttgart, Hohenheim 2001, ISBN 3-89850-041-1
- "I recalled the CDU politician Julius Steiner from Baden-Württemberg, who had developed into a moderately useful information source, and received regular monetary amounts for that. I booked 50,000 marks from our accounts in order to prompt Steimer to opppose the no confidence vote."
"Ich erinnerte mich an den CDU-Parlamentarier Julius Steiner aus Baden-Württemberg, der sich zu einer mittelmäßigen Informationsquelle entwickelt hatte und dafür regelmäßige Geldzuwendungen bekam,110 ich stellte aus unserer Kasse 50 000 DM zur Verfügung, um Steiner zur Stimmabgabe gegen das Misstrauensvotum zu bewegen."
- Smyser, W. R. (1999). From Yalta to Berlin. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 266. ISBN 0-312-06605-8.
- Daniela Münkel (2013). Kampagnen, Spione, geheime Kanäle: Die Stasi und Willy Brandt. Der Bundesbeauftragtefür die Unterlagen des Staatssicherheitsdienstes der ehemaligen Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, Berlin. p. 54. ISBN 978-3-942130-75-2. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Daniela Forkmann (11 March 2007). "Barzel Absturz eines Blitz-Karrieristen". Ex-Kanzlerkandidat .... Er war ein großer Taktiker, aber ihm fehlte der Zauber von Brandt. Er mied große Auftritte - und hatte ein ausgeprägtes Schlaf- und Ruhebedürfnis. Am Ende hatte Rainer Barzel, CDU-Spitzenkandidat 1972, nach seiner Blitzkarriere ein paar böse Lektionen zu lernen. Der Spiegel (online). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- "Helga Henselder-Barzel". Der Spiegel (in German). 18 December 1995. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
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