A speeder (also known as railway motor car, putt-putt, track-maintenance car, crew car, jigger, trike, quad, trolley, inspection car, or a draisine) is a maintenance of way motorized vehicle formerly used on railroads around the world by track inspectors and work crews to move quickly to and from work sites. Although it is slow compared to a train or car, it is called speeder because it is faster than a human-powered vehicle such as a handcar (draisine). Motorised inspection cars date back to at least 1896, when it was reported that the U.S. Daimler Motor Company created a gasoline-powered rail inspection car capable of 15 mph (24 km/h).
In the 1990s, many speeders were replaced with trucks (usually pickup trucks or sport utility vehicles) using flanged wheels that could be lowered for on-rail (called road-rail vehicles or hi-rails for highway-railroad). Speeders are collected by hobbyists, who refurbish them for excursions organized by the North American Railcar Operators Association in the U.S. and Canada and the Australian Society of Section Car Operators, Inc. in Australia.
Motorcar manufacturers and modelsEdit
- Beavercar —
- Buda Manufacturing
- Casey Jones —
- Fairmont Railway Motors Inc
- A2-A8 Series
Fairmont used three letters to designate car types. "S" was a Standard Series" section car; "A" was an "Advanced Series" section car and "M" was the "Master Series" section car. They also used a "category" name for motorcars. "Light Inspection" or 1-2 men, were car models: M9 nicknamed "Safe Easy", MM9, MR9, 59, M17, and MM17. "Inspection" or 1-4 men, were models "Roadmaster", M12, M16, M19 nicknamed the Safety Quick", MT19, and the 150. "Light Section" or 1-6 men, the M1, and M14 also called the "Light Section Car". "Section" or 1-8 men, were models "Dreadnaught", M2, 75, and S2. "Heavy Duty Section" or 1-8 men, the A2. "Gang" or 1-12 men, MT2, ST2, A2, AT2 and A3. "Extra Gang" or "B & B" 1-12 men, MX3, MX30G, MT2, A4, AF4, and A6. Final group, "Large Extra Gang" or "Hump" 1-12 men, models A6, A7, A8.
- 23 Series B
- 23 Series T
- Sylvester Steel Products
- "21" section car with "120" engine (steel frame)
- "21E" section car with "KP" engine (aluminum frame)
- "K54" inspection car with "KP" engine (aluminum frame)
- D Wickham & Co Ltd
- Railway Workshops
Various railways and their workshops also manufactured speeders. Often these were a copy of commercially available cars, such as Wickham and Fairmont.
Approximate dimensions of a common speeder car are given below. Due to the variety of base models and customization these are not fixed numbers. These values are from a Fairmont A4-D.
- Rail Gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge (56.5 inches)
- Weight: 3,500 pounds (1,588 kg)
- Width: 64 inches (1,626 mm)
- Height: 60 inches (1,524 mm)
- Length: 9 feet 2 inches (2,794 mm) (~110 inches)
- Wheel Diameter: 16 inches (406 mm)
- Floor Height: 80%-120% of the wheel diameter; 11 inches (279 mm)-17 inches (432 mm)
Former Queensland Rail (Australia) speeders
Fairmont A3D Motorcar - Kentucky and Tennessee Railway #9. It was purchased new by the K&T Rwy in November 1946 and came with an optional Fairmont body and four optional Fairmont seats. It has a four-speed transmission, a forward-reverse transmission and is powered by a Waukesha ICK 17hp 4cyl. gasoline engine.