Rail transport in Guernsey

There have been two railways within the state territories of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, a British Crown Dependency comprising six inhabited islands.

  • The Guernsey Railway operated from 1879 to 1934 on the principal island, Guernsey.
  • The Alderney Railway opened in 1847 and continues to operate on the second largest island of the bailiwick, Alderney.
  • During World War II, German engineers built, modified and extended rail lines on both Alderney and Guernsey

GuernseyEdit

There are currently no railway services on the island of Guernsey.

Early tramwaysEdit

The earlier transport system was worked by steam, and was named the Guernsey Steam Tramway. It began service on 6 June 1879 with six locomotives.[1] The Guernsey Railway, which was virtually an electric tramway, and which began working on 20 February 1892, was abandoned on 9 June 1934.

Second World WarEdit

During the German occupation of the Channel Islands in the Second World War, 90 cm (35 in)[2] light railways were built by German engineers and the Organisation Todt in Guernsey in 1941 and 1942 to help build and supply coastal fortifications, such as Fort Hommet. The line ran from Saint Peter Port to L'Eree via St Sampson and L'Ancresse. This included railway sidings at L'Islet.[3]

There were spurs of 60 cm (24 in). No attempt was made to take the lines to the higher parishes in the south of the island.[4]:200 All the surface laid tracks were dismantled after the occupation.

AlderneyEdit

The Alderney Railway provides a rail link of approximately 2 miles (3.2 km), with a regular timetabled service during the summer months and at seasonal festivals including Easter and Christmas. It is now the only working railway on the Channel Islands to provide a public transport link. It is also one of the oldest railways in the British Isles, dating from 1847, and carried Queen Victoria and Prince Albert as the first 'official' passengers in 1857.[5]

During World War II, the Germans lifted part of the standard gauge line and replaced it with a metre gauge line, worked by two Feldbahn 0-4-0 diesel locomotives.

There is also a 7 14 in (184 mm) gauge miniature railway on Alderney, which operates during the summer months.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Notes on the Railway taken from The Railway Magazine, September 1934 edition
  2. ^ Railway Magazine October 1963 p. 746
  3. ^ http://www.occupied.guernsey.net/rambles.html
  4. ^ Cruickshank, Charles. The German Occupation of the Channel Islands. The History Press; New edition (30 Jun. 2004). ISBN 978-0750937498.
  5. ^ See references at the Island tourist website.
  6. ^ See miniature railway webpage here.