Rail transport in Austria
Rail transport in Austria is mainly owned by the national rail company ÖBB. The railway network consists of 6,123 km, its gauge is 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge and 3,523 km are electrified.
View of Wien Hauptbahnhof
|National railway||Österreichische Bundesbahnen|
|Total||6,123 kilometres (3,805 mi)|
|Electrified||3,523 kilometres (2,189 mi)|
|Main||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|15 kV 16,7 Hz||Main network|
The history of Austrian rail transport starts with the Reisszug, a private, horse-drawn funicular serving Hohensalzburg Fortress. Built at the end of the 15th century and first documented in 1515, it is the oldest known funicular in the world, and possibly the oldest existing railway line.
In the 19th century, after a building of several horse tramways, it opened in 1837 the Nordbahn line Vienna-Břeclav. The Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways, a company serving Austrian side of Austria-Hungary, was created in 1884 and in 1923, some years after the dissolution of the empire, it was founded the national company "ÖBB".
In 1998 the market was liberalised and had one of the highest degrees of market openness in the EU according to the 2011 Rail Liberalisation Index, although the market share of ÖBB remains above 90% for passenger rail.
Austrian network, out of the principal rail system, also counts some funiculars, rack railways and lot of heritage railways mainly derived from part of disused lines. Some secondary lines have a narrow gauge.
- Vienna counts a system of S-Bahn, U-Bahn, and a large tramway network.
- Graz counts a regional S-Bahn, an extended tramway network and a funicular.
- Linz counts a regional S-Bahn and a tramway network including the Pöstlingbergbahn.
- Salzburg counts a regional S-Bahn and a funicular.
- Innsbruck counts a regional S-Bahn, a tramway network and a funicular.
- The little town of Gmunden counts a tramway line.
- The village of Serfaus, with the Dorfbahn, is sometimes considered as the smallest town with a subway in the world.
Narrow gauge railwaysEdit
Notes and referencesEdit
- A village part of Strengen
- The "Reisszug" on Funimag
- The "Reisszug" on Funiculars.net
- History of Austrian Railway until 1918 (on the ÖBB website) Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
- "OECD Economic Surveys: Austria 2013 page 135".
- Not to be confused with the historic and private Reisszug
- an underground air cushion funicular
- Article on Funimag
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