The Raid on Salmon Falls (March 27, 1690) involved Joseph-François Hertel de la Fresnière (and his son Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville[1]), along with Norridgewock Abnaki chief Wahowa, and possibly Maliseet Abnaki war chief Assacumbuit, leading his troops as well as the Wabanaki Confederacy (Mi'kmaq and Maliseet from Fort Meductic) in New Brunswick to capture and destroy an English settlement of Salmon Falls (present-day Berwick, Maine) during King William's War.

Raid on Salmon Falls
Part of King William's War

Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville
DateMarch 27, 1690
Salmon Falls (present-day Berwick, Maine)
Result Acadian and Wabanaki Confederacy victory
New France Acadia
"The Pine Tree flag of New England" New England
Commanders and leaders
Joseph-François Hertel de la Fresnière
Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville
Chief Wahowa
Chief Assacumbuit
unknown unknown
Casualties and losses
unknown 34 killed, 54 captured

Raid edit

The village was destroyed, and most of its residents were killed or taken prisoner for transport back to Canada. They killed thirty-four men and carried away captive fifty-four persons, mostly women and children, and plundered and burnt the houses and mills. Militia mustered from Portsmouth and gave chase, but were driven off in a skirmish later that day. Hertel then continued to raid present-day Portland, Maine.

The attackers' original intent was to target the home of Edward Tyng, father of Edward Tyng, at Fort Loyal, but changed plans and attacked Salmon Falls.[2]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Douville, Raymond (1979) [1969]. "Hertel de Rouville, Jean-Baptiste". In Hayne, David (ed.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. II (1701–1740) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
  2. ^ Coleman, Emma Lewis (2008) [1926]. New England Captives Carried to Canada Between 1677 and 1760 During the French and Indian Wars. Heritage Books. ISBN 978-0-7884-4589-7.