RaiSat was a subsidiary of RAI created in 1997 to produce thematic TV channels for satellite television that are now available in IPTV and digital terrestrial television with various providers.
|Founded||1 September 1997|
|Defunct||18 May 2010|
|Fate||Folded into RAI|
|Parent||RAI (95%) |
RCS MediaGroup (5%)
Rai Sat was created as external company in 1997 to create the first satellite channels of public service.
In July 1999, with the transfer from Rai's staff that was employed towards thematic channels, the company began to produce the first pay satellite platform networks for Tele+, then reorganized under Sky.
In 2009, following the non-renewal of the contract with Sky (Platform for which RaiSat produced exclusively its channels) it was announced that the parent company was preparing to fold RaiSat.
Until 18 March 2010, the shareholders of RaiSat were Rai (with 95% shares) and RCS MediaGroup (with 5% shares), On that date, the proportion of shares owned by RCS (equivalent to three million €) was liquidated.
On 18 May 2010, RaiSat was folded into Rai.
The first free channelsEdit
Activities started under Rai's ownership with 4 channels in September–October 1997, followed by a fifth in 1999:
- Rai Sat 1 - Cultura e spettacolo
- Rai Sat 2 - Ragazzi
- Rai Sat 3 - Enciclopedia
- Rai Sat Nettuno (now Uninettuno Università TV)
- Rai Sport Satellite (1 February 1999)
On 29 July 1998, the channels were outsourced to RaiSat S.p.A.
Transformation into pay-TVEdit
In 1999, Rai's satellite channels were encrypted and RaiSat 3 was changed to RaiSat Educational.
The other 2 channels became 7 and were available on D+ (later TELE+ DIGITALE):
- RaiSat Ragazzi dedicated to children and teens
- RaiSat Gambero Rosso dedicated to cooking
- RaiSat Cinema dedicated to cinema
- RaiSat Album dedicated to history and the memory of the past
- RaiSat Show dedicated to the shows
- RaiSat Art dedicated to artistic and cultural heritage
- RaiSat Fiction dedicated to TV series
In 2003, when Sky launched, Rai Sat reorganized its channels. Raisat Art, Raisat Fiction, Raisat Album and Raisat Show were sacrificed.
5 channels were included in the Mondo Sky package:
- Raisat Ragazzi
- Raisat Gambero Rosso
- Raisat Cinema World (former Raisat Cinema)
- Raisat Prem1um (merger of Raisat Album and Raisat Fiction)
- Raisat Extra (former Raisat Show)
On 1 November 2006, RaiSat Cinema World reverted to the old name RaiSat Cinema, and RaiSat Ragazzi and was divided into:
On 1 January 2009, RaiSat Smash rebranded to RaiSat Smash Girls.
Return to free to airEdit
On 31 July 2009, at the end of lengthy negotiations, Rai wasn't able to renew the contract with Sky for the transmission of RaiSat channels. The bouquet was thus forced to abandon the satellite platform for a fee and was brought resized on DTT and on the nascent Tivùsat satellite platform.
As a result, RaiSat Gambero Rosso was sold, while RaiSat Smash Girls was closed down.
The available channels spared down to 4 and they were no longer visible in the Sky bouquet, but on terrestrial television and the Tivùsat satellite platform as well as streaming on Rai.tv:
- RaiSat Extra
- RaiSat Prem1um
- RaiSat Cinema
- RaiSat YOYO
On 18 May 2010, Rai absorbed the company, and reorganized all channels by changing their name (with the removal of the word Sat) and directly overseeing the program schedules, as a result:
- RaiSat Extra was changed to Rai Extra.
- RaiSat Prem1um was changed to Rai Premium.
- RaiSat Cinema was changed to Rai Movie.
- RaiSat YOYO was changed to Rai Yoyo.
On 26 November 2010, Rai Extra was closed and replaced by Rai 5.