Rafi ud-Darajat

Rafi ud-Darajat (Persian: رفیع الدرجات‎) (1 December 1699 – 6 June 1719), the youngest son of Rafi-ush-Shan and the nephew of Azim ush Shan, was the 10th Mughal Emperor. He succeeded Furrukhsiyar on 28 February 1719, being proclaimed Badshah by the Syed Brothers. He died from tuberculosis.

Rafi ud-Darajat
Padishah of the Mughal Empire
Rafi ud-Darajat
Emperor Rafi Uddar Jat.jpg
10th Mughal Emperor
Reign28 February – 6 June 1719
SuccessorShah Jahan II
RegentSyed Brothers (1719)
Born(1699-12-01)1 December 1699
Died6 June 1719(1719-06-06) (aged 19)
Mausoleum of Khwaja Qutbuddin Kaki, Delhi
SpouseInayat Banu Begum
Full name
Abu'l Barakat Shams-ud-Din Muhammad Rafi ud-Darajat Padshah Ghazi Shahanshah-i-Bahr-u-Bar
MotherRazyiat-un-Nissa Begum
ReligionSunni Islam


Role of the Syed BrothersEdit

As Rafi ud-Darajat owed his throne to the Syed Brothers they took full advantage of this. They wanted him to be a puppet ruler and so took steps to curtail his power. The previous emperor Furrukhsiyar was deposed by the Syed Brothers as he had tried to maintain his independence.

Rival claim to throneEdit

The reign of Rafi ud-Darajat was one of turbulence. On 18 May 1719, less than three months after his own accession, Rafi ud-Darajat's uncle, Nekusiyar, assumed the throne at the Agra Fort as he thought he was more eligible for the post.

The Syed Brothers were extremely determined to defend the emperor they had raised to the throne and punish the offender. They swiftly succeeded. Only three months after Nekusiyar's enthronement, the fort surrendered and Nekusiyar was captured. He was respectfully received by the Amir ul-Umara and confined at Salimgarh where he died in 1723.


Before dying, Rafi ud-Darajat requested that his elder brother be enthroned. Accordingly, on 6 June 1719, after a reign of 3 months and six days, he was dethroned. Two days later his brother, Rafi ud-Daulah, was enthroned. Rafi ud-Darajat died of Tuberculosis or was murdered at Agra, 6 June 1719. His remains were interred near the shrine of Sufi saint Khawaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki at Mehrauli in Delhi.


External linksEdit

Rafi ud-Darajat
Preceded by
Mughal Emperor
Succeeded by
Shah Jahan II