Rafael Mariano Grossi (born 1961) is an Argentine diplomat who is the appointed Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency. He also serves as the Argentine Ambassador to Austria, Slovenia, Slovakia and International Organisations based in Vienna. He was formerly the Argentine Ambassador to Belgium.
Grossi in 2019
|6th Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency|
|Assumed office |
3 December 2019
|Preceded by||Yukiya Amano|
|Argentine Ambassador to Austria|
|Assumed office |
|President||Cristina Fernández de Kirchner|
|Preceded by||Eugenio María Curia|
|Deputy Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency|
January 2010 – June 2013
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Alma mater||Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina|
Early life and studiesEdit
In 1983 he graduated from the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina with a BA in Political Sciences, and in 1985 Grossi joined the Argentine foreign service. In 1997, he graduated from the University of Geneva with a MA and PhD on International Relations, History and International Politics.
Grossi started his experience on the nuclear field during a collaboration between the Argentine foreign service and INVAP. Between 1997 and 2000 he was the President of the United Nations Group of Government Experts on the International Weapons Registry, and later became adviser to the Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations on disarmament.
From 2002 to 2007 he was Chief of Staff of the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. While working for the United Nations, Grossi visited North Korea's nuclear facilities and participated in several meetings with representatives of Iran to reach an agreement to freeze its nuclear program.
During his work for the Argentine foreign service, he was the General Director of Political Coordination of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship, Ambassador to Belgium and the Argentine Representative to the United Nations Office at Geneva. Between 2010 and 2013 he served as Deputy Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, and that last year, President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner assigned him as Ambassador to Austria and International Organisations based in Vienna, concurrent also in Slovakia and Slovenia.
In September 2015, the Argentine Government announced the nomination of Grossi as a candidate for Director General of the IAEA, with support from the other countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. But in 2016, the Government of Mauricio Macri withdrew its support to promote Susana Malcorra's candidacy as UN Secretary General. In 2016, he was the President of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
In 2017, President Macri announced that he would nominate Grossi for the presidency of the Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to be held in 2020.
Contribution to the search of ARA San JuanEdit
In November 2017, after the Disappearance of ARA San Juan, Grossi had the idea of reviewing the records of the hydro-acoustic stations of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) as an alternative to obtain clues about what happened with the submarine. He contacted Lassina Zerbo, the Executive Secretary of the CTBTO, and convinced him of doing such reviews. His efforts paid off: the agency subsequently reported on "an underwater impulse event" occurred near the last known position of the submarine by the listening posts on Ascension Island and Crozet Islands at . The remains of the ill-fated ship were found a year later, about twenty kilometers from the estimated position based on the cited records.
Director General of IAEAEdit
On August 2, 2019, Grossi was presented as the Argentine candidate to become the Director General of IAEA. On 28 October, 2019, the IAEA Board of Governors held its first vote to elect the new Director General, but none of the candidates secure the two-thirds majority in the 35-member IAEA Board of Governors needed to be elected. The next day, 29 October, the second voting round was held, and Grossi won 24 of the 23 needed votes required for Director General Appointment, and became the first Latin American to held the organisation.
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- "¿Quién es Rafael Grossi, diplomático argentino nombrado director general del OIEA?" (in Spanish). Sputnik (news agency). 29 October 2019. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
- "Austria otorgó aval a embajador argentino" (in Spanish). Ámbito Financiero. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
- Zegarra, Gonzalo (29 October 2019). "Rafael Grossi, el argentino que fue clave para hallar al ARA San Juan y ahora dirigirá las riendas nucleares de la ONU en un período de alta tensión" (in Spanish). Infobae. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "Rafael Grossi, embajador en Austria: el primer argentino que supo de la explosión". BigBangNews. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "La agenda nuclear internacional: oportunidades y desafíos para el nuevo gobierno" (in Spanish). CARI. 22 December 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "Quién es el "embajador nuclear" argentino que colaboró en la investigación" (in Spanish). Perfil. 23 November 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "La Argentina está a la cabeza del desarrollo nuclear latinoamericano". ENULa. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- Niebieskikwiat, Natasha (26 January 2017). "Macri candidatea al embajador en Austria a un puesto nuclear clave" (in Spanish). Clarín (Argentine newspaper). Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "Exclusivo: detalles del informe que recibió el Gobierno sobre la explosión en el submarino ARA San Juan". InfoBAE. InfoBAE. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- "Media Advisory - CTBTO Hydroacoustic Data to Aid in Search for Missing Sub San Juan". CTBTO. 23 November 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "Faurie presentará al candidato argentino para liderar el mayor organismo mundial en materia nuclear". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship. 2 August 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "Argentina's Rafael Grossi elected head of UN's nuclear watchdog". The Times of Israel. 29 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "El argentino Rafael Grossi, nuevo director general del OIEA" (in Spanish). Sputnik (news agency). 29 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "El argentino Rafael Grossi dirigirá el órgano de control de energía nuclear de la ONU" (in Spanish). Perfil. 29 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.