Radio Bremen (RB), Germany's smallest public radio and television broadcaster, is the legally mandated broadcaster for the city-state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (which includes Bremerhaven). With its headquarters sited in Bremen, Radio Bremen is a member of the consortium of German public broadcasting organizations, ARD.
Radio Bremen began transmitting a daily programme on AM radio on 23 December 1945 under the post-war occupation of Germany by the Allied powers. Although located in an enclave entirely surrounded by the British Zone of occupation, the city of Bremen belonged, together with Bremerhaven, to the American Zone, and radio broadcasting was therefore overseen by the American command. In 1949 Radio Bremen was chartered to be the public-law broadcaster serving the city-state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen and became a founding member of ARD in 1950.
Organization and financesEdit
Chairmen of Radio BremenEdit
|1 August 2009||Jan Metzger|
Every household in Germany is lawfully bound to pay a 17,50 Euro poll tax per month as so called "Rundfunkbeitrag" (broadcast contribution) to finance the public broadcast system. . The fee is collected by Beitragsservice von ARD, ZDF und Deutschlandradio.
- Radio Bremen produces and provides programmes for the nationwide television network Das Erste, the main national public TV channel.
- Radio Bremen, together with NDR and was the called SFB, began broadcasting a regional network on 4 January 1965. The name of the network was originally "Nord 3" ("North 3"), later renamed "Norddeutsches Fernsehen N 3" ("North German Television N3"). Since December 2001 the network has been known as "NDR Fernsehen" ("North German Broadcasting: Television"). As of that change, and until 2005, Radio Bremen productions carried their own logo when transmitted on the network.
- On 1 January 2005 Radio Bremen began its own regional station: "Radio Bremen TV" (RB-TV). Besides the regional programming, cooperation with NDR continues.
- Radio Bremen and NDR produce a combined teletext service called NDR-Text. Until December 2001 it was known by the name "Nord-Text" ("North-Text").
- Radio Bremen maintains and transmits on two radio networks. These are known as "Bremen Eins" (Bremen One) and "Bremen Vier" (Bremen Four). Programming on Bremen One consists mostly of oldies, geared to adults, and includes daily news in the local dialect, known as "Bremer Platt". Programming on Bremen Four consists of current hits, geared to the present day youth.
- Radio Bremen also produces two other programmes together with other public broadcasters: Nordwestradio (Northwest radio) is produced in conjunction with NDR, and Funkhaus Europa is produced with WDR.
The only transmission site operated by Radio Bremen today is the mediumwave transmitter at Leher Field. The FM and TV signals (including DVB-T) are broadcast in Bremen from the Bremen-Walle Telecommunication Tower, which is operated by Deutsche Telekom. Another transmitter, also operated by Deutsche Telekom, is used in Bremerhaven.