Radheshyam Sharma (5 January 1936 – 9 September 2021) was a Gujarati language poet, novelist, short story writer, critic and compiler from the state of Gujarat, India. He is known in Gujarati literature for his experimental novels Fero (1968) and Swapnatirtha (1979). His other significant works include Aansu Ane Chandaranu (1963), and Gujarati Navalkatha (with Raghuvir Chaudhari; 1974), a work of literary criticism on Gujarati novels. Sharma was awarded the Gujarati literary honours Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak, in 2004, and Dhanji Kanji Gandhi Suvarna Chandrak, in 1995.
|Born||Radheshyam Sitaram Sharma|
5 January 1936
Vavol, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
|Died||9 September 2021 (aged 85)|
Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
|Occupation||Poet, Novelist, Short story writer, Critic|
|Education||Bachelor of Arts|
|Alma mater||Gujarat College|
|Spouse||Sharda Vyas (1952 - present)|
Radheshyam Sharma was born on 5 January 1936 to Sitaram and Chanchal Bahen, also known as Padmavati, in Vavol, a village in Gandhinagar district, Gujarat. His family came from Rupal village in north Gujarat. Sharma inherited his religious leanings from his father Sitaram, a priest. He completed a Bachelor of Arts degree in Gujarati and Psychology at Gujarat College in 1957, and studied towards a Master of Arts at the Gujarat University School of Languages but did not sit for examination due to writer's cramp. Like his father, a religious storyteller, he also delivered sermons from 1965 to 1983.
Radheshyam Sharma was editor of the religious periodical Dharmalok from 1965 to 1983. He was editor of Akram Vigyan, a religious monthly founded by Dada Bhagwan. He is also associated with the publishing house Akar Prakashan.
Sharma died on 9 September 2021.
Radheshyam Sharma's works reflect the new sensitivity and characteristics of contemporary writers.
His first publication was a short story called "Badsoorat". Sharma's short stories are characterized by brevity and unfamiliar subjects. Bichara, his first short story collection, was published in 1969, followed by Pavanpavdi (1977), Radheshyam Sharma Ni Shrestha Vartao (1984), Vartavaran (1986), Pehla Patthar Kaun Marega (1981), and Ghatanalok (2006).
His first anthology of poetry was Aansu Ane Chandarnu (1969). It was followed by Negatives of Eternity (in English) (1974), Sanchetna (1983), Nishkaran (1991), Sanpreshan (2002) and Akashni Uddayan Lipi (2006).
Sharma's critical works are Vaachana (1972), Gujarati Navalkatha (with Raghuveer Chaudhari) (1974), Samprat (1978), Kavitani Kala (1983), Aalokna (1989), Shabda Samaksha (1991), Karta Kruti Vimarsha (1992), Vivechan No Vidhi (1993), Ullekh (1993), Akshar (1995), Navalkatha Nirdesh, Vartavichar (2000), and Sahitya Sanket (2006).
The compilations he has published are Dalal Ni Pratinidhi Vartao (1971), Dhumketu Ni Bhavsrushti (with Mafat Ojha) (1973), Natak Vishe Dalal (1974), Navi Varta (1975), Samkaleen Gujarati Vartao (1986), Indradhanu 101 (1995), Paramparaparak Vartao (2006), Bhupat Vadodaria ni 27 Vartao, Shaksharo Shakshatkar Vol. I-XIII (1999-2008), Shrimad Bhagvat Mahima, Vedtirth (2005). His translated works include Apano Manviy Varaso (1978) and Ramayan.
Radheshyam Sharma was awarded the literary honours Kumar Suvarna Chandrak (Kumar Gold Medal) in 2012, Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak (Ranjitram Gold Medal) in 2004, and Dhanji Kanji Gandhi Suvarna Chandrak (Dhanji Kanji Gandhi Gold Medal) in 1995, for his contributions to Gujarati literature. In 1987, he won the Critics Award for his short story collection Vartavaran. Sharma is also the recipient of the Anantrai Raval Award (1998), the Ashok Harsh Award (1999), and the Chandulal Selarka Award (2000). He has won prizes from the Gujarati Sahitya Parishad (Gujarati Literary Council) and the Gujarat Sahitya Akademi.
- Mohan Lal (1992). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: Sasay to Zorgot. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 3983. ISBN 978-81-260-1221-3. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- Brahmabhatt, Prasad (2010). અર્વાચીન ગુજરાતી સાહિત્યનો ઈતિહાસ - આધુનિક અને અનુઆધુનિક યુગ (History of Modern Gujarati Literature – Modern and Postmodern Era) (in Gujarati). Ahmedabad: Parshwa Publication. pp. 182–189. ISBN 978-93-5108-247-7.
- "Sharma Radheshyam Sitaram". Gujarati Sahityakosh (Encyclopedia of Gujarati literature). Ahmedabad: Gujarati Sahitya Parishad. 1990. p. 566.
- Sharma, Radheshyam (1999). Saksharno Sakshatkar: 3 (Question-based interview with biographical literary sketches). Ahmedabad: Rannade Prakashan. pp. 175–181.
- Rajendra Awasthy (2004). Selected Gujarati Short Stories. New Delhi: Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd. p. 142. ISBN 978-81-89182-01-4. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- Desai, Kumarpal, ed. (November 2021). "Cover page". Buddhiprakash (in Gujarati). Ahmedabad: Gujarat Vidhya Sabha. p. cover page. ISSN 2347-2448.
- Nalini Natarajan; Emmanuel Sampath Nelson (1996). Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 122–. ISBN 978-0-313-28778-7.
- K. M. George (writer) (1992). Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology: Surveys and poems. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 141. ISBN 978-81-7201-324-0. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- Thaker, Dhirubhai (2006). Arvachin Gujarati Sahityani Vikasrekha – 5 (An Outline of the Development Modern Gujarati Literature). Ahmedabad: Gurjar Granth Ratna Karyalaya. ISBN 978-81-8480-613-7.
- Raval, Praful (June 2016). Parekh, Madhusudan; Shah, Ramesh (eds.). "Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak Vijeta 77: Radheshyam Sharma". Buddhiprakash (in Gujarati). Ahmedabad: Gujarat Vidhya Sabha. ISSN 2347-2448.