Race Relations Act 1968
The Race Relations Act 1968 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom making it illegal to refuse housing, employment, or public services to a person on the grounds of colour, race, ethnic or national origins in Great Britain (although not in Northern Ireland, which had its own parliament at the time). It also created the Community Relations Commission to promote 'harmonious community relations'.
|Long title||An Act to make fresh provision with respect to discrimination on racial grounds, and to make provision with respect to relations between people of different racial origins.|
|Citation||1968 c. 71|
|Royal assent||25 October 1968|
|Repealed by||Race Relations Act 1976|
|Text of statute as originally enacted|
The Act was criticised for poorly translating "new standards of behaviour" into an effective legal document. The bill which introduced the Act was the focus of one of Enoch Powell's infamous Rivers of Blood speech, delivered to the West Midlands Conservative Association on 20 April 1968. Powell was sacked from Ted Heath's shadow cabinet the following day.
- Short title as conferred by s. 29 of the Act
- "Research Paper: The Race Relations Amendment Bill" (PDF). The Parliament of the United Kingdom. 8 March 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 June 2009.
- Hepple, B.A. (1969). "Statutes: Race Relations Act 1968". The Modern Law Review. 32 (2): 181–186. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2230.1969.tb02294.x.
- telegraph.co.uk: "Enoch Powell's 'Rivers of Blood' speech", 12 Dec 2007