A RPG-27 rocket launcher on display at the Tula State Museum of Weapons
|Type||Disposable rocket launcher|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union/Russia|
|Used by||Russia, Jordan|
|Designer||State Research and Production Enterprise, Bazalt|
|Manufacturer||State Research and Production Enterprise, Bazalt|
|Weight||~ 8.0 kg|
|Length||~ 1150 mm|
|Action||600 - ~ 750 mm: RHA after ERA
1500 mm: Brick
3700 mm: Earth
|Muzzle velocity||120 m/s|
|Effective firing range||200 m|
The RPG-27 Tavolga ('meadow grass') was developed by the State Research and Production Enterprise, Bazalt, as a modern anti-tank grenade launcher designed to defeat modern and future tanks with advanced reactive and composite armor as well as fortified infantry. The RPG-27 was developed by the Soviet Union from the RPG-26.
The RPG-27 shares a close resemblance with the previous RPG-26 in that it is a man-portable, disposable anti-tank rocket launcher with a single shot capacity. The RPG-27 has a larger diameter round than the RPG-26 which enables the RPG-27 to achieve higher armour penetration performance. The RPG-27 fin stabilised round is a 105 mm tandem-charge HEAT warhead with a range of 200 meters. The round has a stated penetration capability in excess of 600 mm of RHA (after ERA) and 1500 mm of brick or concrete and 3700 mm of earth. The RShG-1 is very similar in operation to the RPG-27 but carries a thermobaric warhead with a lethal radius of 10 meters and a larger range of 600 meters. Officially adopted by the Russian Government in December 2011.
The RMG is a smaller, multipurpose variant of the RPG-27 that is optimized for defeating light vehicles and infantry in cover. As a result, its penetration performance against tank armor is reduced.
The launcher carries a tandem warhead. The precursor high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead penetrates armour or other obstacles (reinforced concrete, masonry, etc.). The main warhead creates a fine explosive cloud and takes into the interior through the hole, pierced by the precursor charge. Detonation of the main warhead explosive boasts a multiple effects (high-explosive and incendiary).
The RMG rocket launcher ('RMG' stands for “Reaktivnaya Mnogotselevaya Granata” or rocket-propelled multi-purpose grenade) was developed by Bazalt in the early 2000s. As is the case with disposable anti-tank rocket launchers and multi-purpose assault weapons, the designation of the new rocket launcher is the designation of its round. The design project was supervised by leading designer S. Kh. Irtuganov. Officially adopted by the Russian Government in December 2011.
- "Jane's international defence review: IDR.". 37 (1-6). Jane's Information Group. 2004: 226, 228. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- "RPG-27 Tavolga anti-tank rocket launcher (Russian Federation), ANTI-TANK WEAPONS". Jane's Infantry Weapons. 2008-01-18. Archived from the original on February 28, 2009. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
- "RPG-27 Anti-Tank Rocket". Land Forces Weapons Export Catalogue. Rosaboronexport. 2003. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
- "RMG multi-purpose rocket weapon". Retrieved 23 November 2014.