|Type||Disposable rocket launcher|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union/Russia|
|Used by||See Operators|
|Designer||State Research and Production Enterprise, Bazalt|
|Manufacturer||State Research and Production Enterprise, Bazalt|
|Action||750 mm: RHA |
650 mm: RHA after ERA
1500 mm: Reinforced concrete
3700 mm: Earth
|Muzzle velocity||120 m/s|
|Effective firing range||200 m|
The RPG-27 Tavolga ('meadow grass') was developed by the State Research and Production Enterprise, Bazalt, as a modern anti-tank grenade launcher designed to defeat modern and future tanks with advanced reactive and composite armor as well as fortified infantry. The RPG-27 was developed by the Soviet Union from the RPG-26.
The RPG-27 shares a close resemblance with the previous RPG-26 in that it is a man-portable, disposable anti-tank grenade launcher with a single shot capacity. The RPG-27 has a larger diameter round than the RPG-26 which enables the RPG-27 to achieve higher armour penetration performance. The RPG-27 fin stabilised round is a 105 mm tandem-charge HEAT warhead with a range of 200 meters. The round has a stated penetration capability in excess of 650 mm of RHA (after ERA) and 1500 mm of brick or concrete and 3700 mm of earth.
The RShG-1 (Реактивная Штурмовая Граната, Reaktivnaya Shturmovaya Granata, Rocket-propelled Assault Grenade) Tavolga-1 (Таволга-1) is a variant of RPG-27 with thermobaric warhead. It is intended to be used against soft skinned and lightly armored vehicles, buildings, military installations and infantry. The RShG-1 is very similar in operation to the RPG-27. It has a lethal radius of 10 meters and a larger sighting range of 600 meters. The warhead contains 1.9 kilograms (4.19 pounds) of thermobaric mixture, with an explosive yield roughly equal to that of 8 kilograms (17.6 pounds) of TNT. Officially adopted by the Russian Government in December 2011.
RMG is a smaller, multipurpose variant of the RShG-1 that is optimized for the bunker buster role and defeating light vehicles and infantry in cover. As a result, its penetration performance against tank armor is reduced.
The launcher carries a tandem warhead. The precursor high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead penetrates armour or other obstacles (reinforced concrete, masonry, etc.). The main warhead creates a fine explosive cloud and takes into the interior through the hole, pierced by the precursor charge. Detonation of the main warhead explosive boasts a multiple effects (high-explosive and incendiary).
The RMG rocket launcher ('RMG' stands for “Reaktivnaya Mnogotselevaya Granata” or rocket-propelled multi-purpose grenade) was developed by Bazalt in the early 2000s. As is the case with disposable anti-tank rocket launchers and multi-purpose assault weapons, the designation of the new rocket launcher is the designation of its round. The design project was supervised by leading designer S. Kh. Irtuganov. Officially adopted by the Russian Government in December 2011.
- "Jane's international defence review: IDR". 37 (1–6). Jane's Information Group. 2004: 226, 228. Retrieved 23 January 2011. Cite journal requires
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- "RPG-27 Tavolga anti-tank rocket launcher (Russian Federation), ANTI-TANK WEAPONS". Jane's Infantry Weapons. 2008-01-18. Archived from the original on February 28, 2009. Retrieved 2008-12-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "RMG multi-purpose rocket weapon". Retrieved 23 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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