RAF Catfoss was a Royal Air Force station during the Second World War. It was located 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Hornsea, Yorkshire, England and 8 miles (13 km) north-east of Leconfield, Yorkshire, with the nearest village being Brandesburton.
|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
|Operator||Royal Air Force|
|Elevation AMSL||36 ft / 11 m|
The airfield was opened in 1932 for an Armament Training Camp. A small number of fighters were posted there at the start of the Second World War, before the airfield was rebuilt as a bomber station. It closed in November 1945. The site was re-opened in 1959 as the site for the PGM-17 Thor ballistic missile. It closed again in 1963.
Catfoss was originally used as a grass airfield in the 1930s. On 1 January 1932, No. 1 Armament Training Camp was formed there, with a wide variety of aircraft that used the nearby gunnery ranges to teach air-to-air and air-to-ground gunnery, and bombing. In 1935 a number of Handley Page Heyford heavy bombers were based at Catfoss with 97 Squadron. The armament camp continued to be busy into the late 1930s, being renamed No. 1 Armament Training Station. With the approach of war, it was decided that the east coast was too vulnerable to attack for training and the unit moved out during 1939.
A detachment of Supermarine Spitfires of No. 616 Squadron RAF from RAF Leconfield arrived for air defence in 1940. The airfield was expanded and re-opened in August that year. From July to October, No. 16 Operational Training Unit RAF (OTU) used the station and nearby ranges for night-bomber training. The airfield was then transferred to Coastal Command and No. 2 (Coastal) Operational Training Unit RAF was formed on 1 October 1940 to train crews on the command's twin-engined fighter and strike aircraft. The airfield became very busy with different aircraft types and training courses and three concrete runways were built at the end of 1942.
The Central Gunnery School transferred in from RAF Sutton Bridge in March 1944, continuing its role of training experienced aircrew to become Gunnery Instructors for both Fighter and Bomber Commands. (For further detail of training undertaken see RAF Sutton Bridge). The principal aircraft used were Spitfires and Vickers Wellingtons, together with support aircraft for roles such as target towing. With the end of the Second World War the number of students reduced and the school moved to RAF Leconfield in October 1945. The station was closed down on 12 November 1945.
A proposal was announced in 1947 to turn Catfoss into a civil airport, but this never eventuated. In 1958 the need to base the new Thor intermediate-range ballistic missile led to a massive concrete launch site being built in the centre of the airfield, under the control of No. 226 Squadron RAF. The site began operating on 1 August 1959. The missiles were withdrawn from service on 9 March 1963 and the airfield was again closed.
RAF units and aircraftEdit
|No. 97 Squadron RAF||1935||Handley Page Heyford||IA||Twin-engined heavy biplane bomber only posted here for a few weeks in September.|
|No. 226 Squadron RAF||1959–1963||Douglas Thor||Intermediate-range ballistic missile.|
|No. 616 Squadron RAF||1939–1940||Supermarine Spitfire||I||Air defence detachment from RAF Leconfield|
|No. 2 (Coastal) Operational Training Unit RAF||1940–1944||Bristol Blenheim
|Coastal Command training unit|
The site is now used by various businesses and is called the Catfoss Industrial Estate.
- Lake 1999, p. 33.
- "RAF Catfoss". Control Towers. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
- Jefford 1988, p. 53.
- Jefford 1988, p. 100.
- Lake 1999, p. 144.
- Historic England. "RAF Catfoss (912166)". PastScape. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- Jefford 1988, p. 73.
- Sturtivant 2007, p. 124.
- "Catfoss". Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
- Jefford, C.G. RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
- Lake, A Flying Units of the RAF. Shrewsbury, Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1999. ISBN 1-84037-086-6.
- Sturtivant, R. RAF Flying Training and Support Units since 1912. Air Britain, 2007. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.
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