R62A (New York City Subway car)
The R62A is an A Division New York City Subway car model built between 1984 and 1987 by Bombardier in La Pocatiere, Quebec, with final assembly done in Auburn, New York and Barre, Vermont under a license from Kawasaki. The cars replaced the remaining R17s, R21s, and R22s, which were all retired by early 1988.
An R62A train on the 1 leaving 125th Street.
Interior of an R62A car.
|Built at||La Pocatière, Quebec; Auburn, New York; Barre, Vermont (final assembly)|
|Entered service||May 29, 1985 (under CAP)|
|Number in service||822 (813 in revenue service during rush hours)|
additional 4 in work service
|Number scrapped||1 (1909)|
|Formation||5-car sets (1651–1905, 1961–2475, select cars from 1906-1960)|
4 or 3-car sets (other cars from 1906-1960)
|Capacity||42 (A Car, full-width cab at one end, half width cab at other end) |
44 (B Car, half-width cabs at both ends)
|Operator(s)||New York City Subway|
|Depot(s)||240th Street Yard (365 cars)|
Livonia Yard (20 cars)
Pelham Yard (425 cars)
|Service(s) assigned|| – 300 cars (30 trains)|
– 360 cars (36 trains)
– 10 cars (3 trains)
|Car body construction||Stainless steel with fiberglass end bonnets|
|Train length||3-car train: 153.12 feet (46.67 m)|
4-car train: 204.16 feet (62.23 m)
10-car train: 510.4 feet (155.6 m)
|Car length||51.04 feet (15.56 m)|
|Width||8.60 feet (2,621 mm)|
|Height||11.89 feet (3,624 mm)|
|Platform height||3.65 ft (1.11 m)|
|Doors||6 sets of 50 inch wide side doors per car|
|Maximum speed||55 mph (89 km/h)|
|Weight||75,550 lb (34,270 kg)|
|Traction system||Adtranz E-Cam Propulsion with 4 Westinghouse 1447J motors per car|
|Power output||115 hp (85.8 kW) per axle|
|Acceleration||2.5 mph/s (4.0 km/(h⋅s))|
|Deceleration||3.0 mph/s (4.8 km/(h⋅s)) (Full Service) |
3.2 mph/s (5.1 km/(h⋅s)) (Emergency)
|Auxiliaries||SAFT NIFE PR80F Battery |
SAFT SMT8 Battery
|Electric system(s)||625 V DC Third rail|
|Current collection method||Contact shoe|
|Braking system(s)||NYAB GSX23 Newtran “COBRA SMEE” Braking System |
NYAB Tread Brake Unit
|Safety system(s)||emergency brakes|
|Coupling system||Westinghouse H2C|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
The R62As are numbered 1651-2475. The cars were originally single cars with functioning half-width cabs at both ends, but all cars running on the 1 (based at 240th Street Yard in the Bronx) and most cars on the 6 (based at the Westchester Yard in the Bronx) are now linked as 5-car sets. These sets have full-width cabs at each end, but retain intermediate half-width cabs in the remaining cab positions. 20 cars in the 1900 series are stored at the Livonia Yard in Brooklyn and usually run on the 42nd Street Shuttle, which uses single cars linked as three and four-car sets.
Most cars on the 6 feature LED lights on the sides of the cars around the rollsign where the service logo is indicated to help riders distinguish between an express train (red diamond) and a local train (green circle). These indicators were first introduced on the 7 when the passengers claimed they could not hear clearly the announcements regarding whether the 7 was express or local, even though the 7 Express sign was used on the front and sides prior to its implementation in 2008. Cars 1736-1740 and 2151 were used as test cars as early as April 12, 2007, and had red LED lettering displaying "LCL" and "EXP" on the front and the side; similar labeling was last seen on the Redbird fleet. When the R188s displaced the R62As from the 7 to the 6, the LED lights remained in use since both the 6 and the 7 local services have express variants that run in the peak direction during rush hours.
Like the R62 order from Kawasaki Heavy Industries, the R62A was made of stainless steel and had air conditioning. A graffiti-resistant glaze was applied to all of the cars because of the extensive graffiti tagging of nearly all of the subway cars in the system since 1971. They continued a controversial interior design by employing bucket seating, which was very narrow with each seat being about 17 inches (430 mm) wide. This reduced the number of seats per car when compared to standard bench seating, but allowed for higher standing capacity.
Following the successful delivery of the 325-car R62 order, the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) put out a bid for an additional 825 cars. Kawasaki did not want to build the additional cars under a separate contract, so the R62A contract was awarded to Bombardier Transportation of Quebec, who won the bid over Budd Company of Pennsylvania. While Bombardier offered a higher price per car than Budd had, the NYCTA awarded the contract to Bombardier because of the Canadian government's financial plan for the cars. In addition, Budd proposed using unapproved and untested motors, and similarly untested technology that frequently broke down on the R44 and R46 contracts.
The 825 cars were built between 1984 and 1987 and entered service between 1985 and 1988, though in August 1985, several cars were frequently taken out of service due to coupler and electrical problems, which almost forced the cancellation of the entire order itself. The first ten R62As, numbered 1651-1660, had their body shells built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries and were shipped to Bombardier for their use as samples during their production. They were placed in service on the 1 train on May 29, 1985, after arrangements were made to expand the Car Appearance Program to the route (following successful implementation of the same on the 4 train with the R62s).
Car 1687 was badly damaged at the Bombardier plant in the summer of 1985, prior to its delivery. However, it was repaired at the end of the order and entered service on December 1, 1987, on the 6.
On November 24, 1996, a ten-car train of R62As on the 6 train derailed south of Hunts Point Avenue. Cars 1716 and 1909 were significantly damaged. While 1716 was rebuilt and returned to service, 1909 was retired due to mid-body and frame damage and scrapped in 2001.
Starting in November 2017, as part of an action plan to fix the subway's state of emergency, several cars assigned to the 42nd Street Shuttle had most of their seats removed in order to increase capacity on that service.
The cars were initially expected to be replaced starting in 2026 and lasting into 2028. The MTA has been maintaining the R62As through the SMS program, which consists of repainting bulkheads, rebuilding trucks, changing out floors, repainting damaged seats, and other minor interior work on a set schedule in order to extend useful service life. In 2010, the MTA proposed mid-life technological upgrades for the R62As, including LED destination signs and automated announcements.
- R62 (New York City Subway car) - a similar model built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries Corp.
- "Subdivision Car Assignments: Cars Required June 24, 2018" (PDF). The Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 61 (7): 16. July 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
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- Barron, James (November 21, 1997). "87 Are Hurt as Subway Train Runs Into Another in Queens". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
- New York Subway Barn Assignments
. December 2014
- Martinez, Jose (October 3, 2017). "Hoping to reduce overcrowding, MTA tries removing seats from trains". NY1. Retrieved December 2, 2017.
- MTA Capital Program Oversight Committee Hearing, June 2010 (page 20) Archived November 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- Request For Information No. 9003 | Integrated Communications System on NYCT R62/R62A and R68/R68A Class Rail Cars
- Grynbaum, Michael M. (June 16, 2011). "Transit Agency Weighs Digital Upgrade for Subway Cars". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
- "Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to R62A (New York City Subway car).|
- nycsubway.org - NYC Subway Cars: R62/R62A
- Korman, Joe (December 4, 2017). "IRT Car Assignments". JoeKorNer.
- Korman, Joe (November 6, 2016). "New York City Subway Car Fleet June 2010 through November 2016". JoeKorNer.