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Robert Deodaat Emile Oxenaar
7 October 1929
The Hague, Netherlands
|Died||13 June 2017 (aged 87)|
Manomet, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Education||Royal Academy of Art (The Hague)|
|Known for||Visual Artist, Graphic Designer, Banknote Designer, Art and Design Commissioner, Professor|
Oxenaar was a student at the Royal Academy of Art, The Hague and graduated in 1953 with honors. He later was a lecturer at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in The Hague between 1958–1970 and taught as Professor of Visual Communication at the Delft University of Technology between 1978-1992.
As Head of the Art and Design advisory bureau (DEV/K+V) at the Dutch Postal and Telecommunications (PTT / KPN) from 1976–94, he was responsible for the commissioning of art and design for the largest Dutch public concern, and served as aesthetic advisor to the Dutch National Bank, the Ministry of Justice in the Netherlands and the Danish Ministry of Transport. His influence on the next generation of designers was extensive as a commissioner, teacher, and international lecturer, in the Netherlands, Europe, and the US.
From 1964-87, Oxenaar was commissioned two series of banknotes by The Nederlandsche Bank (DNB) and was responsible for the revolutionary design of the 'Snip' (100), the Sunflower (50) and Lighthouse (250) banknotes which were internationally celebrated as the most beautiful and least countrified money in the world. His banknotes stayed in circulation from 1964 until being replaced by the Euro in 2002.
R.D.E. Oxenaar was also a prolific designer of acclaimed posters, books, and postage stamps. His graphic design work is represented in various collections, including Centre Georges-Pompidou in Paris, Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) and Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam. Oxenaar's work is preserved in the Nederlands Archief Grafisch Ontwerpers, Utrecht (NAGO).
Oxenaar was member of the Alliance Graphique International (AGI) and an honorary member of the Association of Dutch Designers (BNO).
Oxenaar was knighted in the Order of Orange Nassau, and the recipient of the Medal of Honor for Art and Science in the House Order of Orange bestowed by Queen Beatrix in 2004.
Oxenaar was married to Dawn Barrett, designer and former Dean of Architecture and Design at Rhode Island School of Design, and President of Massachusetts College of Art and Design. Together they had two children.
List of banknotes by Ootje OxenaarEdit
|Value||Dimensions||Main Colour||Main motif||Watermark||Date of issue||Date of circulation||Date of withdrawal|
|90||ƒ5||76 × 136 mm||Green||Joost van den Vondel||26 April 1966||19 December 1966||1 May 1995|
|91||ƒ10||76 × 142 mm||Blue||Frans Hals||Cornucopia||25 April 1968||4 January 1971||28 January 2002|
|92||ƒ25||76 × 148 mm||Red||Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck||Waves||10 February 1971||15 December 1972||1 May 1995|
|93||ƒ100||76 × 154 mm||Brown||Michiel de Ruyter||14 May 1970||15 December 1972||23 July 1986|
|94||ƒ1 000||76 × 160 mm||Dark Green||Baruch Spinoza||Pyramid on bowl and slab||30 March 1972||15 January 1973||28 January 2002|
|95||ƒ5||76 × 136 mm||Green||Joost van den Vondel||Inwell, quill pen and scroll||28 March 1973||14 June 1976||1 May 1995|
|96||ƒ50||76 × 148 mm||Orange||Sunflower||Bee||4 January 1982||7 September 1982||28 January 2002|
|97||ƒ100||76 × 154 mm||Brown||Common snipe and Great snipe||Great snipe||28 July 1977||16 March 1981||28 January 2002|
|98||ƒ250||76 × 160 mm||Purple||Lighthouse||Rabbit||25 July 1985||7 January 1986||28 January 2002|
- "Ontwerper beroemde en revolutionaire guldenbiljetten overleden". Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) (in Dutch). 15 June 2017.
- Daily, Dutch Design. "Ootje Oxenaar - Dutch Design Daily". dutchdesigndaily.com. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- "Ootje Oxenaar". The Netherlands Institute for Design and Fashion. Retrieved 2015-12-22.
- "Dawn Barrett Selected as President of Massachusetts College of Art and Design". MassArt (Massachusetts College of Art and Design). 2011-03-02. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-22.
- "Rhode Island School of Design Publishes First Historical Anthology". Art Daily. Retrieved 2015-12-21.
- Cuhaj, George S. (2009). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: Modern Issues - 1961-Present (15 ed.). Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. pp. 679–681. ISBN 978 0 89689 837 0.
- "Overzicht in te wisselen biljetten". De Nederlandsche Bank. Archived from the original on 6 December 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2015.