Rómulo Díaz de la Vega

José María Rómulo Díaz de la Vega Fuentes (23 May 1800 — 3 October 1877) as commander of the garrison in Mexico City was the de facto president of Mexico in 1855 after the resignation of President Martin Carrera during the revolutionary Plan of Ayutla left a power vacuum.[1]

Rómulo Díaz de la Vega
Rómulo Díaz de la Vega.PNG
A painting of Rómulo Díaz de la Vega.
23rd President of Mexico
In office
12 September 1855 – 3 October 1855
Preceded byMartín Carrera
Succeeded byJuan Álvarez
Personal details
Born(1800-05-23)23 May 1800
Mexico City
Died3 October 1877(1877-10-03) (aged 77)
Puebla, Puebla
Political partyConservative


He studied military science and rose to the rank of general.

In 1821, he joined the Plan of Iguala. He fought in the Texas War of Independence and for that he was appointed lieutenant. He fought in 1838 against the French invasion during the Pastry War. He also fought in the Mexican-American war and he was captured at the Battle of Resaca de la Palma on May 9, 1846.[1][2]

Díaz de la Vega was military commander of Puebla in 1849 and Tamaulipas in 1850 and then Governor of Yucatán in 1853.

When Martín Carrera left the presidency of the Republic in 1855, Díaz de la Vega, supported by the leaders of the military garrison, assumed the duties of President until the revolutionary leader Juan Alvarez arrived at Mexico City to assume the presidency.[3] His government lasted 22 days, from 12 September to 3 October 1855.

After his presidency, Díaz de la Vega was a member of the Assembly of Notables who invited Maximilian of Habsburg to be emperor in 1863. After the triumph of the Republic, he was sentenced to two years imprisonment, but the penalty was switched by confinement in Puebla, where he died in October 1877, exactly twenty-two years to the day his tenure as president ended.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Rómulo Díaz de la Vega". PRESIDENCIA DE LA REPÚBLICA, MÉXICO. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
  2. ^ Guns Along the Rio Grande: Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, CMH Pub 73-2, Center of Military History
  3. ^ "El general Rómulo Díaz de la Vega asume de facto la presidencia de la República". Memoria Política de México. Retrieved July 26, 2012.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by President of Mexico
12 September - 3 October 1855
Succeeded by