Ráth Chairn

Ráth Chairn (anglicized as Rathcairn) is a small village and Gaeltacht (Irish-speaking area) in County Meath, Ireland. It is about 55 km northwest of Dublin.

Ráth Chairn

Rathcairn
Village
Aire leanai.JPG
Ráth Chairn is located in Ireland
Ráth Chairn
Ráth Chairn
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°36′39″N 6°51′48″W / 53.6108°N 6.8632°W / 53.6108; -6.8632Coordinates: 53°36′39″N 6°51′48″W / 53.6108°N 6.8632°W / 53.6108; -6.8632
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyCounty Meath
Elevation
61 m (200 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total447
Irish Grid ReferenceN800567
Ráth Chairn is the only official name.

Ráth Chairn Gaeltacht was founded in 1935 when 41 families from Conamara were settled on land previously acquired by the Irish Land Commission. Each family was provided with a Land Commission house and a farm of approximately 8.9 hectares (22 acre), a sow, piglets and basic implements. A further 11 families joined the original settlers in 1935. In all, 443 people moved from Connemara to the Ráth Chairn area. In 1967 Ráth Chairn received official recognition as a Gaeltacht, following a local campaign.[1] Today, it and the nearby village of Baile Ghib make up the Meath Gaeltacht. According to the 2016 census 16% of the population of Ráth Chairn and Baile Ghib speak Irish on a daily basis outside the education system.[2]

A cooperative (the "Ráth Chairn Cooperation Society") was formed in 1973. Ráth Chairn has since grown into a village with a Catholic church, community hall for dramas, Comharchumann Ráth Chairn and RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta (also used by Coláiste na bhFiann during the summer months), sports facilities, an all-Irish primary and secondary school, a library and a pub (An Bradán Feasa). Several facilities in Ráth Chairn host children and adults wishing to learn Irish, and residential Irish language courses, Coláiste na bhFiann, are run for teenagers in the summer months.[3]

HistoryEdit

Campaign for Ráth ChairnEdit

 
Map of Gaeltacht na Mí with Ráth Chairn in the south and Baile Ghib to the North

The Ráth Chairn "colony" was a social experiment to redress the 17th-century ethnic cleansing of Ireland, having been moved there under Cromwell’s draconian action ‘To hell or Connaught’. The colonists were poor farmers largely from Connemara and Kerry, who were planted by the government in order to save the Irish language and traditions.[4][5]

The ResettlementEdit

In 1935, the first batch of families from the Connemara Gaeltacht moved east to Ráth Chairn to live on land acquired by the Land Commission. The initiative promised potential migrants a higher quality of life, greater crop yields than Connemara and newly built homes. The proposal also aimed to stop the decline of the Irish language by creating an Irish-speaking community in a new location.[6][7]

For the most part, when the migrants arrived, they were welcomed into a county where the ethos of the romantic Gaelic revival was in full swing. However, resentment manifested itself in local newspapers, that the migrants were given the land in preference to the local farmers. The Meath Chronicle reported on April 27, 1935 that a local Meath resident was arrested for threatening the life of a Land Commission employee but was released without charge and secondhand accounts report that a migrant women was harassed by gangs and told "to quit talking that gibberish here".[8][9]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ RathCairn.com - History Archived 7 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Irish Language and the Gaeltacht - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie. Retrieved 15 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Coláiste na bhFiann". www.colaistenabhfiann.ie. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  4. ^ Coimisiún na Gaeltachta Report. The Stationery Office. 1925.
  5. ^ M. Pegley, Suzanne (2007). The Development and Consolidation of the Gaeltacht Colony Ráth Cairn, Co. Meath (1935-1948) (PDF). Maynooth: NUI Maynooth. p. 18.
  6. ^ Duignan, Seán (17 September 1967). "Féach - Connemara Migrants In Meath". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  7. ^ Ó Ceallaigh, Peadar (1948). "Ráth Chairn Gaeltacht County Meath". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  8. ^ Nolan, Matt (2018). Ráth Chairn: An Talamh Bán. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-953765171.
  9. ^ M Pegley, Suzanne (2007). The Development and Consolidation of the Gaeltacht Colony Ráth Cairn, Co. Meath (1935-1948) (PDF). Maynooth: NUI Maynooth. p. 3.