Quttinirpaaq National Park

Quttinirpaaq National Park is located on the northeastern corner of Ellesmere Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. It is the second most northerly park on Earth after Northeast Greenland National Park.[2] In Inuktitut, Quttinirpaaq means "top of the world".[3][4] It was established as Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve in 1988, and the name was changed to Quttinirpaaq in 1999,[5] when Nunavut was created, and became a national park in 2000.[6] The reserve covers 37,775 km2 (14,585 sq mi),[7] making it the second largest park in Canada, after Wood Buffalo National Park.

Quttinirpaaq National Park
Quttinirtaaq 6 1997-08-05.jpg
Aerial view of Quttinirpaaq National Park, 1997
Map showing the location of Quttinirpaaq National Park
Map showing the location of Quttinirpaaq National Park
Location of Quttinirpaaq National Park in Canada
LocationNunavut, Canada
Nearest townResolute
Coordinates82°13′N 072°13′W / 82.217°N 72.217°W / 82.217; -72.217 (Quttinirpaaq National Park)Coordinates: 82°13′N 072°13′W / 82.217°N 72.217°W / 82.217; -72.217 (Quttinirpaaq National Park)
Area37,775 km2 (14,585 sq mi)
Established1988
Governing bodyParks Canada
WebsiteQuttinirpaaq National Park

The park is remarkable for its extensive glaciers and ice caps, desert-like conditions, and life forms that are uniquely adapted to the extreme polar environment.[8] Only about 50 people visit the park each year.[9]

LandscapeEdit

The land is dominated by rock and ice. It is a polar desert with very little annual precipitation.

Much of the highlands of the park are covered in ice caps. These ice caps, and the glaciers that descend from them, date back at least to the last episode of glaciation.

The park includes Barbeau Peak, which at 2,616 m (8,583 ft) is the highest mountain in Nunavut.

WildlifeEdit

Some wildlife, notably Arctic hares, lemmings, muskoxen and Arctic wolves reside in this national park, but sparse vegetation and low temperatures support only small populations. There is a very small Peary caribou population as well. Other animal inhabitants include ringed seals, bearded seals, walruses, polar bears, and narwhals. During summer months, birds nest in the park including semipalmated plovers, red knots, gyrfalcons and long-tailed jaegers. Common plants include dwarf willow, arctic willow, and Arctic cotton, in addition to grasses and lichens. Plant and animal life is more concentrated in the Lake Hazen region, which has a milder climate than the surrounding ice cap-covered mountains and valleys.

Human historyEdit

Due to its high latitude and limited wildlife, there has never been any significant human presence within this part of Ellesmere Island. The pass from Tanquary Fiord through to Lake Hazen shows evidence of being used by Arctic people since about 5000 years ago. Tent rings and food caches show that the area was visited by pre-Dorset, Dorset and Thule people, the ancestors of modern Inuit.

The east and north end of the island was used as a starting point for various polar explorations. Fort Conger was an early Arctic exploration research base, and is now maintained as a Federal Heritage Building.[10]

ParkEdit

Parks Canada maintains warden stations and gravel air strips at Tanquary Fiord Airport, Lake Hazen and Ward Island. Tanquary Fiord and Lake Hazen are the main access points for tourists.[11] Beyond these warden stations, there are no facilities within the park itself. Two backpacking routes are the route between Lake Hazen and Tanquary Fiord, and a loop around the Ad Astra and Viking ice caps, both approximately 100 km (62 mi).

In 2004, the park was one of nine sites added to Canada's tentative list of potential World Heritage Sites.[12]

The park was honoured on a postage stamp issued by Canada Post on January 14, 2019.[13] It was a first-class rate stamp, issued at a value of 90 cents, and part of a nine-stamp definitive (regular) set issued the same day, in a series which debuted in 2018.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Protected Planet | Quttinirpaaq National Park Of Canada". Protected Planet. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  2. ^ "Google Street View and Parks Canada Make It to Quttinirpaaq National Park". 2017-10-16.
  3. ^ Quttinirpaaq National Park at Nunavut Tourism
  4. ^ Quttinirpaaq National Park in Nunavut at CBC Kids
  5. ^ "Quttinirpaaq National Park". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  6. ^ Stewart, Emma J.; Howell, S. E. L.; Draper, D.; Yackel, J.; Tivy, A. (2008). Cruise tourism in a warming Arctic: Implications for northern National Parks (PDF). Contributed paper for the Canadian Parks for Tomorrow: 40th Anniversary Conference, May 8 to 11, 2008. Calgary, Canada: University of Calgary. p. 1. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  7. ^ "Quttinirpaaq National Park of Canada". Parks Canada. 13 April 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  8. ^ Parks Canada Agency, Government of Canada (2019-05-06). "Nature and science - Quttinirpaaq National Park". www.pc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  9. ^ Daley, Jason (October 18, 2017). "Now You Can Virtually Visit Quttinirpaaq National Park, One of the Most Remote Places on Earth". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  10. ^ "Cultural Heritage". Quttinirpaaq National Park of Canada. Parks Canada. 18 September 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2010.
  11. ^ "How to Get There". Quttinirpaaq National Park of Canada. Parks Canada. 20 December 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Quttinirpaaq". UNESCO - Tentative List. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  13. ^ From Far and Wide returns: nine more stamps celebrating coast-to-coast-to-coast splendor, Canada Post news release, January 14, 2019

External linksEdit