Quotations from the Hebrew Bible in the New Testament

There are in all two hundred and eighty-three direct quotations from the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) in the New Testament.[1]

Chester Beatty XII, Greek manuscript of the Book of Enoch, with the text quoted by Epistle of Jude (4th century)

In about ninety instances, the Septuagint is literally quoted. In around eighty further instances, the quote is altered in some way. For example, at Matthew 21:42 Jesus says "Did ye never read in the scriptures that the stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner?" - a reference to Psalm 118:22. Likewise, Mark 12:10. The Epistle of Jude quotes the pseudepigraphal Book of Enoch (1 Enoch 1:9) and the Assumption of Moses.

Other quotations are sometimes made directly from the Hebrew text (e.g. Matthew 4:15–16, John 19:37, 1 Corinthians 15:54).


When the New Testament was written, the Old Testament was not divided into chapters and verses, and there is therefore no uniform standard for these quotes and the authors had to provide contextual references:


  1. ^ Easton's Bible Dictionary, "Quotations" (New and revised ed., T. Nelson and Sons, 1897) You need to substantiate this. I know 373 quotations of the OT in the NT and NONE of them are from ANY Hebrew manuscript. They are either quotations of the LXX, another Greek translation, or an Aramaic targum. You are one of the reason why everyone has to take Wikipedia with a huge bag of salt. If you are going to compose an entry, do it right and do it factually. Thank you.


  • Gregory Beale and D. A. Carson. Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich [u.a.]: Baker Academic [u.a.], 2008. ISBN 0-8010-2693-8
  • Archer, Gleason Leonard, Gregory Chirichigno, and Evangelical Theological Society. Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament. Chicago: Moody Press, 1983. ISBN 0-8024-0236-4
  • Brooke Foss Westcott, Fenton John Anthony Hort. The New Testament in the Original Greek, 1925, pp. 601–618

External linksEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "article name needed". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.