Family background edit
The Volusii, according to Tacitus, were an ancient and distinguished Senatorial family who never rose above the praetorship until Saturninus' grandfather, Lucius Volusius Saturninus, achieved that distinction. Saturninus' father, also named Lucius Volusius Saturninus, not only acceded to that office, but received a state funeral under the Emperor Nero and Cornelia Lentula. Saturninus is known to have an elder brother, Lucius Volusius Saturninus, and a sister, Volusia Cornelia.
Political career edit
The political career of Saturninus is only known from the point he achieved the consulate. In 61–63, he carried out a census in Gaul, together with Titus Sextius Africanus and Marcus Trebellius Maximus. Saturninus and Africanus were rivals; however, they both hated Maximus, who took advantage of their rivalry to get the better of them. Based on inscriptions, the Horrea Volusiana was either built by his paternal grandfather Lucius Volusius Saturninus, suffect consul of 12 BC, or Saturninus himself.
An inscription attests that Saturninus was also a member of several Roman priesthoods. These were the sodales Augustales, the sodales Titii, and the enigmatic Arval Brethren. Another inscription attests to Saturninus' presence at their ceremonies in the year 63.
Family and issue edit
- As inferred from the fact his father was born in 38/37 BC, and sired Saturninus at the age of 63. (Pliny the Elder, Natural History, VII.62)
- Tacitus, Annales xiii.25
- Tacitus, Annales, iii.30
- Joyce Reynolds, "Roman Inscriptions 1966-1970", Journal of Roman Studies, 61 (1971), pp. 142-144
- Barbara Levick, Tiberius the Politician (London: Routledge, 1999), p. 53
- Boenzi, Giuliana et al. (1997). Terra di Fiano : ricerche di storia, arte, archeologia. Quasar p. 59
- Susan Treggiari, "Family Life Among the Staff of the Volusii", Transactions of the American Philological Association, 105 (1975), pp. 393-401
- Tacitus, Annales xiii. 19, xiv. 46
- Rickman, Roman Granaries and Store Buildings, p.169
- AE 1975, 175
- CIL VI, 2043
- CIL VI, 7297
- Rudolf Hanslik, "Saturninus (20)", Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, Supplement 9A, col. 1863
- CIL VI, 31726