Quinta del Sordo
The Quinta del Sordo (English: Villa of the Deaf), or Quinta de Goya, was the name of an extensive estate and country house situated on a hill in the old municipality of Carabanchel on the outskirts of Madrid. The house is best known as the home of Francisco de Goya in the years leading up to his exile, and where he painted the Black Paintings comprising fourteen murals. Contrary to popular belief, the estate was given its name due to the deafness of a prior owner, having nothing to do with Goya himself, who was deafened by illness in 1792. The house was demolished in 1909.
Francisco de Goya purchased the home on February 27, 1819 from a prior owner who was deaf. The house was initially composed of just two main rooms, each measuring 9 by 4.5 meters, and was decorated with rural motifs before Goya purchased it. Goya added a new wing for the kitchen. Goya lived in the home until his exile to Bordeaux in 1824, whereupon he left his 17-year-old grandson Mariano in charge of the estate. During the brief periods when he would return to Madrid, Goya would stay at the home. Several reasons have been suggested for Goya's purchase of the estate. Given Goya's liberalism, it would have been somewhat important to him to distance himself from the totalitarian court of Fernando VII. After the fall of Rafael del Riego in 1823, Goya felt it necessary to leave the country and move to Bordeaux.
Mansion of the heirs of Goya, in the Quinta del Sordo, c. 1900. Magazine La Ilustración Española y Americana on July 15, 1909
- "La Quinta de Goya", magazine Descubrir el Arte, nº 201, November 2015, pp. 18-24. ISSN 1578-9047
- Carlos Teixidor, "Fotografías de Laurent en la Quinta de Goya", Descubrir el Arte, nº 154, December de 2011, pp. 48-54.
- Fraguas, Rafael (2015-12-01). "Visita a la Quinta del Sordo". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
- Lubow, Arthur (2003-07-27). "The Secret of the Black Paintings". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
- SÁNCHEZ y DURÁN. Op. cit. p. 207.
- "Goya - The Black Paintings in the Quinta del Sordo". www.theartwolf.com. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
- ""Black Paintings" in the Quinta del Sordo (1820-1823)". www.wga.hu. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
- BOZAL. Op. cit.
Media related to Quinta del Sordo at Wikimedia Commons
- El libro de Yriarte, original, de 1867, sobre Goya. El libro clásico de Yriarte (en francés).
- Blanca Flaquer (dir.), Valeriano Bozal (asesor), «Las pinturas negras, de Francisco de Goya» [vídeo en línea], La mitad invisible, www.rtve.es, 3 de enero de 2011, y 17 de marzo de 2012. Consulta: 13-08-2012.
- Digital tour of the Quinta del Sordo