The Queensland Open [1] originally called the Queensland Championships [2] and also known as the Queensland Lawn Tennis Championships [3] and the Queensland State Championships was a tennis tournament played in Brisbane, Australia from 1888-1994. The event was part of the Grand Prix tennis circuit and WTA Tour and was played originally on outdoor grass courts then outdoor and indoor hard courts.

Queensland Open
Defunct tennis tournament
Event nameQueensland Open
TourPre open era (1888–1967)
Grand Prix circuit (1970–92)
WTA Tour (1973–94)
Founded1888
Abolished1994
Editions91
LocationBrisbane, Australia
SurfaceGrass / outdoor
Hard / indoor

HistoryEdit

The Queensland State Championships were first played on grass until 1969. The Queensland Open continued on grass courts until 1982 between 1987–1988 it switched to indoor hard courts from 1989 to 1991 it was then played on outdoor hard courts before returning to indoor hard courts until the tournament ceased. The tournament was hosted at various venues over the course of its history first at the Toowong Sports Ground (1888, 1891–1893), the Breakfast Creek Sports Ground (1889–1890), the Brisbane Exhibition Grounds (1894-1896), the Woolloongabba Cricket Ground Cricket (1897,99 1900–04, 1907–08), the Auchenflower Ground (1904–1915) before settling in a permanent base at the Milton Courts tennis centre from (1919–1994). The tournament featured men's and women's singles and doubles competition as well as mixed doubles events the tournament survived for a period of 106 years, the tennis center was closed in 1997 due to heavy financial losses by Tennis Queensland.

ChampionsEdit

Men's singlesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1888[4]   Arthur. R. Taylor   H. De Winton 12–4
1889   E. P. Hudson   A. R. Taylor 3–6, 8–6, 6–4, 3–6, 6–2
1890   A. R. Taylor   E. P. Hudson 6–3, 6–4, 6–0
1891   A. R. Taylor   Peter B. Mc Gregor 6–3, 6–4, 4–6, 5–6, 6–2
1892[5]   Peter B. Mc Gregor   John E. Gilligan 8–10, 6–4, 6–3, 6–4
1893   E. Hutton   John E. Gilligan 6–1, 6–4, 6–3
1894   John E. Gilligan   Russell R. Love 6–1, 6–3, 5–7, 6–2
1895   Samuel H. Hughes   John E. Gilligan 6–2, 6–2, 8–6
1896[6]   Albert Curtis   Samuel H. Hughes 4–6, 6–2, 6–8, 6–2, 6–3
1897   F. A. Waller   Ernest L. Newman 6–1, 4–6, 6–1, 4–6, 6–3
1898   Eric Pockley   F. A. Waller 7–5, 6–4, 6–3
1899   Les Poidevin   Ernest L. Newman 6–3, 6–0, 6–2
1900[7]   Les Poidevin   H.B. Rowlands 6–2, 3–6, 6–2, 6–2
1901   Horace Rice   Edward R. Crouch 6–1, 6–1, 6–0
1902   H.B. Rowlands   Edwin W. Fowles 6–4, 4–6, 7–5, 6–2
1903   John N. Griffiths   George S. Crouch 8–6, 6–1, 6–2
1904[8]   Stanley Doust   Gordon W. Wright walkover
1905   Stanley Doust   Henry M.Marsh 3–6, 8–6, 6–4, 3–6, 6–2
1906   Harry Parker   Stanley Doust 6–3, 6–2, 6–1
1907[9]   Horace Rice   Harry Parker ?
1909   Harry Parker   Stanley Doust 6–2, 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1909   Macauley Turner   Bert St. John 6–4, 7–5, 6–3
1910   Harry Parker   Macauley Turner 6–2, 6–1, 6–1
1911   Horace Rice   Harry Parker 4–6, 9–7, 6–2, 6–1
1912[10]   Horace Rice   Alfred Jones 6–1, 6–1, 6–3
1913[11]   Lindsay D. Todd   Clarence Todd walkover
1914   Clarence Todd   T. W. Clark 7–5, 4–6, 6–1, 6–4
1915   Gordon Lowe   Horace Rice 4–6, 6–1, 6–1, 6–4
1916–18 Not held (due to world war one)
1919   Bert St. John   Horace Rice 5–7, 7–5, 7–5, 7–5
1920   Bert St. John   Edward Jordan 2–6, 6–1, 6–3, 9–7
1921   Jack N. Radcliffe   Edward Jordan 10–8, 6–4, 6–1
1922   Horace Rice   R. G. Spencer 6–8 6–4, 6–4, 6–1
1923[12]   Pat O'Hara Wood   Bert St. John 6–1, 6–1, 6–3 *
1924   Jack Cummings   Edgar Moon 6–4, 2–6, 6–2, 6–4
1925   Pat O'Hara Wood   Jack Cummings 6–3, 2–6, 5–7, 6–4, 6–2
1926   Jack Cummings   Edgar Moon 3–6, 6–3, 6–0, 6–0
1927   Jack Crawford   Frederick Kalms 9–7, 3–6, 6–3, 6–4
1928   James Willard   Richard Schlesinger 6–1, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1929   Jack Crawford   Edgar Moon 6–1, 8–6, 6–1
1930   Jack Cummings   Roy Dunlop 6–0, 6–2, 6–2
1931   Jack Crawford   Harry Hopman 6–4, 6–4,7–5
1932   Edgar Moon   Vivian McGrath 7–5, 6–3, 6–2
1933   Adrian Quist   Jack Crawford 6–2, 2–6, 4–6, 12–10, 6–3
1934[13]   Jack Crawford   Adrian Quist 6–2, 6–4, 4–6, 4–6, 9–7
1935[14]   John Bromwich   George Tait 6–1, 6–3, 6–0
1936   Vivian McGrath   John Bromwich 6–2, 7–5, 6–2
1937[15]   John Bromwich   Vivian McGrath 6–2, 6–2, 6–2
1938[16]   John Bromwich   James Gilchrist 4–6, 6–1, 6–1, 4–6, 6–3
1939   John Bromwich   James Gilchrist 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
1940   Adrian Quist   Jack Crawford 6–4, 8–6, 7–5
1941   John Bromwich   Jack Crawford 6–4, 6–8, 4–6, 6–4, 6–3
1942–45 Not held (due to world war two)
1946   Bill Sidwell   Lionel Brodie 7–9, 4–6, 6–2, 6–3, 6–0
1947   Adrian Quist   James Gilchrist 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1948   Adrian Quist   George Worthington 6–3, 6–0, 6–4
1949   Geoff Brown   Bill Sidwell 8–6, 6–1, 6–2
1950   Frank Sedgman   Art Larsen 6–2, 6–4, 6–2
1951   Frank Sedgman   Ian Ayre 6–2, 6–1, 6–2
1952   Frank Sedgman   Mervyn Rose 11–9, 6–2, 0–6, 2–6, 6–1
1953   Lew Hoad   Rex Hartwig 6–4, 6–1, 6–2
1954   Lew Hoad   Rex Hartwig 6–4, 6–4, 0–6, 0–6, 6–1
1955   Ken Rosewall   Ashley Cooper 6–8, 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1956   Ashley Cooper   Lew Hoad 5–7, 7–5, 6–2, 4–6, 6–4
1957   Roy Emerson   Neale Fraser 6–3, 6–2, 6–2
1958   Ashley Cooper   Mal Anderson 6–3, 1–6, 6–1, 6–4
1959   Roy Emerson   Neale Fraser 6–1, 6–2, 1–6, 6–3
1960   Roy Emerson   Bob Hewitt 14–12, 6–0, 6–3
1961[17]   Rod Laver   Roy Emerson 4–6, 4–6, 6–0, 8–6, 6–3
1962   Bob Hewitt   Rod Laver 1–6, 6–3, 6–4, 1–6, 7–5
1963   Roy Emerson   Fred Stolle 6–3, 5–7, 6–4, 4–6, 6–1
1964   Fred Stolle   Roy Emerson 6–3, 8–6, 3–6, 4–6, 7–5
1965   Arthur Ashe   Roy Emerson 3–6, 6–2, 6–3, 3–6, 6–1
1966   Roy Emerson   Fred Stolle 4–6, 6–3, 6–4, 3–6, 6–2
1967   Roy Emerson   John Newcombe 9–7, 3–6, 6–4, 4–6, 7–5
1968   Arthur Ashe   Stan Smith 6–4, 1–6, 9–7, 4–6, 7–5
1969   Ray Ruffels   Allan Stone 8–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–3
↓  Open era  ↓
1970   Bob Giltinan   Ross Case 6–3, 6–0, 2–6, 6–2
1971   Mal Anderson   John Cooper 6–4, 6–4, 6–7, 7–6
1972   Ken Rosewall   Geoff Masters 6–2, 5–7, 6–4, 3–6, 7–5
1973   Syd Ball   Ross Case 4–6, 6–4, 6–1, 2–6, 6–1
1974   Bob Giltinan   Ulrich Marten 6–3, 7–6
1975   Mal Anderson   Mark Edmondson 3–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–4
1976   Mal Anderson   Tim Wilkison 6–4, 6–2, 3–6, 6–4
1977   Keith Hancock   Jeff Twist 7–6, 7–6, 7–6
1978   Dale Collings   Victor Eke 7–6, 6–4, 6–4
1979   Dale Collings   Chris Kachel 7–6, 6–7, 6–3, 3–6, 10–8
1980   Mike Estep   John Fitzgerald 6–3, 3–6, 6–4
1981   Chris Johnstone   Phil Dent 6–4, 6–4
1982   Charlie Fancutt   Pat Cash 7–6, 6–3
1984–86 Not held
1987   Kelly Evernden   Eric Jelen 3–6, 6–1, 6–1
1988   Tim Mayotte   Marty Davis 6–4, 6–4
1989   Niclas Kroon   Mark Woodforde 4–6, 6–2, 6–4
1990   Brad Gilbert   Aaron Krickstein 6–3, 6–1
1991   Gianluca Pozzi   Aaron Krickstein 6–3, 7–6
1992   Guillaume Raoux   Kenneth Carlsen 6–4, 7–6

Men's doublesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1987   Matt Anger
  Kelly Evernden
  Broderick Dyke
  Wally Masur
7–6, 6–2
1988   Eric Jelen
  Carl-Uwe Steeb
  Grant Connell
  Glenn Michibata
6–4, 6–1
1989   Darren Cahill
  Mark Kratzmann
  Broderick Dyke
  Simon Youl
6–4, 5–7, 6–0
1990   Jason Stoltenberg
  Todd Woodbridge
  Brian Garrow
  Mark Woodforde
2–6, 6–4, 6–4
1991   Todd Woodbridge
  Mark Woodforde
  John Fitzgerald
  Glenn Michibata
7–6, 6–3
1992   Steve DeVries
  David Macpherson
  Patrick McEnroe
  Jonathan Stark
6–4, 6–4

Women's singlesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1889   May Davis Quinnel   Miss Earle 6–1, 6–0
1890   May Davis Quinnel   Miss Earle 6–2, 6–4
1891   Miss Lee   May Davis Quinnel 7–5, 6–2
1892   Miss McGregor   Mabel Taylor 6–3, 6–2
1893   Mabel Taylor   Miss Wallace 6–3, 6–2
1894   Mary Pugh   Mabel Taylor 6–2, 6–3
1895   Amy Pratten   Mary Pugh 6–4, 5–7, 7–5
1896[18]   Ethel Mant   Amy Pratten 6–2, 6–1
1897   Ethel Mant   Eileen Persse 6–3, 5–7, 6–?
1898   Ethel Mant   Amy Pratten 6–1, 7–9, 6–1
1899   Ethel Mant   Mabel Mant 6–3, 6–3
1900   Ethel Mant   M.Dransfield 6–8, 6–1, 6–1
1901   Mabel Mant   Amy Pratten 6–1, 6–2
1902   Mabel Mant   Ethel Mant 6–3, 6–1
1903   Ethel Mant   Mabel Mant 7–5, 2–6, 6–2
1904   Rose Payten   Ethel Mant 6–0, 6–0
1905   Rose Payten   Ethel Mant 7–5, 6–3
1906   Ethel Mant   Mabel Mant 6–4, 6–3
1907[19]   Rose Payten   Ethel Mant 6–1, 6–1
1908   Annie Baker   Miss Thomas 6–2, 6–2
1909   Annie Baker   Dute MacKintosh 6–0, 6–0
1910   Dute MacKintosh   May Thurlow 6–1, 6–4
1911   Annie Baker Ford   Dute MacKintosh 6–3, 6–1
1912   Annie Baker Ford   Orea Moustaka Beatty (final postponed and played in Sydney)
1913   Beryl Spowers   Dorothy Dight 6–0, 6–8, 6–0
1914   Beryl Spowers   Floris St George 6–2, 6–4
1915   Beryl Spowers   Mall Mutch 2–6, 6–1, 6–2
1916 No competition (due to World War I)
1917
1918   Beryl Spowers Turner   Miss Campbell 7–5 6–3
1919   Annie Baker Ford   Nellie Halley 6–1, 6–4
1920   Annie Baker Ford   Beryl Spowers Turner 6–0, 6–2
1921   Annie Gray   Nell Lloyd 2–6, 6–2, 9–7
1922   Margaret Molesworth   Beryl Spowers Turner 6–3, 6–2
1923[20]   Margaret Molesworth   Esna Boyd 6–1, 7–5 *
1924   Margaret Molesworth   Beryl Spowers Turner 6–4, 8–6
1925   Meryl O'Hara Wood   Beryl Spowers Turner 3–6, 6–2, 6–2
1926   Beryl Spowers Turner   Meryl O'Hara Wood 6–3, 6–1
1927   Margaret Molesworth   Marjorie Cox 6–4, 9–7
1928   Marjorie Cox   Margaret Molesworth 6–3, 6–3
1929   Margaret Molesworth   Emily Hood 6–3, 6–1
1930   Margaret Molesworth   Emily Hood 7–5, 6–4
1931   Margaret Molesworth   Emily Hood Westacott 6–1, 6–3
1932   Emily Hood Westacott   Margaret Molesworth 4–6, 6–4, 6–1
1933   Margaret Molesworth   Marjorie Cox Crawford 6–2, 6–2
1934   Emily Hood Westacott   Joan Hartigan 9–7, 6–0
1935   May Hardcastle   Flo Francisco 6–2, 6–2
1936   Nancye Wynne   Joan Hartigan 7–5, 6–1
1937   May Hardcastle   Emily Hood Westacott 6–0, 2–6, 6–0
1938[21]   Emily Hood Westacott   May Hardcastle 6–2, 6–4
1939   May Hardcastle   Thelma Coyne 6–3, 6–0
1940   May Hardcastle   Emily Hood Westacott 4–6, 6–2, 6–2
1941–45 Not held (due to world war two)
1946   Pat Jones   May Hardcastle 6–3, 6–2
1947   Thelma Coyne Long   Pat Jones 6–2, 6–2
1948   Lavina Singleton Mills   Heather Hargraves 6–2, 9–7
1949   Lavina Singleton Mills   Edie Niemeyer Finney 6–2, 6–1
1950   Lavina Singleton Mills   Jill Ritchie 6–0, 6–3
1951   Lavina Singleton Mills   Edie Niemeyer Finney 1–6, 6–3, 6–2
1952   Lavina Singleton Mills   Mary Schultz 6–0, 4–6, 6–2
1953   Fay Muller   Daphne Seeney 3–6, 6–4, 6–2
1954   Thelma Long   Mary Carter 6–2, 6–2
1955   Mary Carter   Daphne Seeney 6–2, 3–6, 6–1
1956   Mary Carter   Margaret Hellyer 4–6, 6–2, 7–5
1957   Angela Mortimer   Lorraine Coghlan 7–5, 6–3
1958   Daphne Seeney Fancutt   Sandra Reynolds 7–5, 6–1
1959   Jan Lehane   Christine Truman 6–2, 6–1
1960   Margaret Smith   Lesley Turner 10–8, 6–1
1961 Abandoned (due to wash out in semi finals)
1962   Margaret Smith   Jan Lehane 6–3, 6–4
1963   Margaret Smith   Lesley Turner 6–3, 6–2
1964   Margaret Smith   Lesley Turner 11–9, 6–1
1965   Margaret Smith   Lesley Turner 6–2, 6–3
1966   Lesley Turner   Kerry Melville 6–0, 8–6
1967   Kerry Melville   Lesley Turner 6–2, 6–4
↓  Open era  ↓
1968   Karen Krantzcke   Kerry Melville 6–3, 6–4
1969   Winnie Shaw   Karen Krantzcke 11–9, 6–4
1970   Evonne Goolagong   Kris Kemmer 6–3, 6–2
1971   Evonne Goolagong   Helen Gourlay 6–2, 7–6
1972   Evonne Goolagong   Glynis Coles 6–0, 7–5
1973   Janet Young   Kazuko Sawamatsu 6–1, 6–4
1974   Evonne Goolagong   Cynthia Doerner 6–1, 6–2
1975   Nina Bohm   Nerida Gregory 6–1, 6–1
1976   Susan Leo   Donna Kelly 7–5, 7–6
1977   Regina Maršíková   Helena Anliot 6–1, 3–6, 6–4
1978   Sue Barker   Chris O'Neil 6–1, 6–3
1979   Linda Cassell   M. Earle 6–1, 4–6, 6–1
1980   Elizabeth Sayers   Sue Barker 6–2, 6–1
1981   Chris O'Neil   Keryn Pratt 6–3. 7–5
1982   Wendy Turnbull   Pam Shriver 6–3, 6–1
1983   Pam Shriver   Wendy Turnbull 6–4, 7–5
1984   Helena Suková   Elizabeth Sayers Smylie 6–4, 6–4
1985   Martina Navratilova   Pam Shriver 6–3, 7–5
1986 Not held (due to the change in tournament dates for the Australian season)
1987   Hana Mandlíková   Pam Shriver 6–2, 6–4
1988   Pam Shriver   Jana Novotná 7–6, 7–6
1989   Helena Suková   Brenda Schultz 7–6, 7–6
1990   Natasha Zvereva   Rachel McQuillan 6–4, 6–0
1991   Helena Suková   Akiko Kijimuta 6–4, 6–3
1992   Nicole Provis   Rachel McQuillan 6–3, 6–2
1993   Conchita Martínez   Magdalena Maleeva 6–3, 6–4
1994   Lindsay Davenport   Florencia Labat 6–1, 2–6, 6–3

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tennis Body Wants Top Women Stars". news.google.com. The Sydney Morning Herald - Nov 16, 1971. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  2. ^ "Queensland Championships". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. WAIRARAPA DAILY TIMES, VOLUME LXV, ISSUE 11760, 25 AUGUST 1913. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Tennis in Queensland". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. NEW ZEALAND HERALD, VOLUME LXX, ISSUE 21676, 16 DECEMBER 1933. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  4. ^ "Queensland Championships 1888". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Queensland Championships 1892". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Lawn Tennis, Brisbane, Sunday". news.google.com. The Sydney Morning Herald - Aug 31, 1896. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Queensland Championships 1900". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Interstate Tennis". news.google.com. The Age - Nov 18, 1904. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Queensland Championships 1907". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Tennis Queensland Championships". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. West Coast Times, 19 August 1912. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  11. ^ "Tennis Queensland Championships". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Evening Post, Volume CIX, Issue 28, 3 February 1930. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Australian Tennis". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Auckland Star, Volume LIV, Issue 198, 20 August 1923. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  13. ^ "Win for Crawford". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Evening Post, Volume CXVIII, ISSUE 121, 19 November 1934. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  14. ^ "Australian Tennis Queensland Tourney". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. New Zealand Herald, Volume LXXII, Issue 22276, 26 November 1935. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  15. ^ "Queensland Final". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Auckland Star, Volume LXVIII, Issue 260, 2 November 1937. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  16. ^ "Queensland Tennis". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. New Zealand Herald, Volume LXXV, Issue 23200, 21 November 1938. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  17. ^ "Laver Clips Emerson for AM Tennis Title". news.google.com. Ocala Star-Banner - Jan 16, 1962. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  18. ^ "Lawn Tennis, Brisbane, Sunday". news.google.com. The Sydney Morning Herald - Aug 31, 1896. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  19. ^ "Lawn Tennis". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Press, Volume LXIII, Issue 12892, 26 August 1907. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  20. ^ "Australian Tennis". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. AUCKLAND STAR, VOLUME LIV, ISSUE 198, 20 AUGUST 1923. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  21. ^ "Queensland Tennis". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. NEW ZEALAND HERALD, VOLUME LXXV, ISSUE 23200, 21 NOVEMBER 1938. Retrieved 13 October 2016.

NotesEdit

  • Ayre's Lawn Tennis Almanack and Tournament Guide, 1908 to 1938, A. Wallis Myers.
  • British Lawn Tennis and Squash Magazine, 1948 to 1967, British Lawn Tennis Ltd, UK.
  • Dunlop Lawn Tennis Almanack And Tournament Guide, G.P. Hughes, 1939 to 1958, Dunlop Sports Co. Ltd, UK
  • Lawn tennis and Badminton Magazine, 1906 to 1973, UK.
  • Lowe's Lawn Tennis Annuals and Compendia, Lowe, Sir F. Gordon, Eyre & Spottiswoode
  • Spalding's Lawn Tennis Annuals from 1885 to 1922, American Sports Pub. Co, USA.
  • The World of Tennis Annuals, Barrett John, 1970 to 2001.

External linksEdit