Queen Soheon

Queen Soheon (소헌왕후 심씨, 12 October 1395 – 19 April 1446), of the Cheongseong Sim clan, was a posthumous name bestowed to the wife and queen consort of Yi Do, King Sejong and the mother of Yi Hyang, King Munjong and Yi Yu, King Sejo. She was Queen consort of Joseon from 1418 until her death in 1446 and honoured as Queen Gong (공비).

Queen Soheon
소헌왕후
Queen consort of Joseon
Tenure1418 – 19 April 1446
Crown Princess consort of Joseon
Tenure1418
Born12 October 1395
Yangju, Kingdom of Joseon
Died19 April 1446 (aged 50)
Kingdom of Joseon
Burial
Yeongneung tomb, Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty, west of the city of Yeoju
37°18′29″N 127°36′11″E / 37.30806°N 127.60306°E / 37.30806; 127.60306
Spouse
(m. 1408⁠–⁠1446)
IssuePrincess Jeongso
Yi Hyang, King Munjong
Princess Jeongui
Yi Yu, King Sejo
Yi Yong, Grand Prince Anpyeong
Yi Gu, Grand Prince Imyeong
Yi Yeo, Grand Prince Gwangpyeong
Yi Yu, Grand Prince Geumseong
Yi Im, Grand Prince Pyeongwon
Yi Yeom, Grand Prince Yeongeung
Posthumous name
선인제성소헌왕후 宣仁齊聖昭憲王后
HouseCheongseong Sim
FatherSim On
MotherLady Samhanguk of the Sunheung Ahn clan

Early life and marriageEdit

Queen Soheon (소헌왕후) was the first daughter born to Lord Sim On (심온, 1375 – December 25, 1418) and Lady Sunheung of the Ahn clan (순흥부부인 안씨). Her paternal uncle, Sim Jong, was King Taejo's son-in-law (created Prince Consort Cheongwon) through his marriage to the king's daughter, Princess Gyeongseon. In 1408, she was arranged to marry King Taejong's son, Prince Chungyeong, to which her title became "Princess Gyeongsuk" (경숙옹주, 敬淑翁主). It's said that she was chosen for the marriage due to the fact King Taejong's older sister, Princess Gyeongseon, was her paternal aunt (thus having royal family connections). During the 18th year of Taejong's reign, Lady Sim became "Crown Princess Gyeongbin" (경빈, 敬嬪) when Grand Prince Chungyeong (later King Sejong) became the successor to the throne, and when her husband became king, her title changed to "Queen Gong" (공비, 恭妃). Her parents were given royal titles: her mother was given "Princess Consort Samhanguk of the Sunheung Ahn clan" (삼한국대부인 순흥 안씨), and her father was given "Prince Consort Cheongcheon" (청천부원군).

Death and legacyEdit

Queen Soheon was buried with her husband, King Sejong in a burial mound, surrounded by statues of scholars, military officials, and horses. The site has a memorial shrine and pond. Their tomb, Yeongneung, is within the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty, west of the city of Yeoju.

Prince Suyang commissioned the creation of the Seokbosangjeol after the death of his mother, Queen Soheon, intending it to ease her passage to the next life. It was, however, also made available to the general population of Korea, to encourage the propagation of the Buddhist faith. It was translated from Chinese to Korea's native hangul characters, and as such represents the oldest form of indigenous Korean written text.[1][2] The book was written at his father's request, and included more than 580 Buddhist lyrics by Sejong in ‘’Wolincheongangligok".[3] It was first published in 24 volumes in 1447 C.E.[4] An original edition is held at the National Library of Korea in Seoul, where it is designated a Tangible Cultural Treasure.[5]

TitlesEdit

  • 12 October 1395 - 1408: Lady Sim, daughter of Sim On
  • 1408 - 1418: Princess Gyeongsuk (경숙옹주, Gyeongsuk-Ongju)
  • 1418: Crown Princess Consort Gyeong (경빈)
  • 1418 - 19 April 1446: Queen Consort Gong (공비, Gong-Bi)
  • Posthumous Title: Queen Soheon (소헌왕후, Soheon-Wanghu)
 
Illustration of the grounds of the Yongmunsa Temple of the Jogye Order in Yangpyeong, South Korea

FamilyEdit

Parent

  • Father − Sim On (1375 – 18 January 1419) (심온)[6]
    • a) Grandfather − Sim Deok-Bu (1328 – 1401) (심덕부)
      • b) Great-Grandfather − Sim Ryong (심룡, 沈龍)
        • c) Great-Great-Grandfather − Sim Yeon (심연, 沈淵)
      • b) Great-Grandmother − Lady Kim (김씨, 金氏)
    • b) Grandmother − Lady Song of the Cheongju Song clan (청주 송씨)
  • Mother − Lady Samhanguk of the Sunheung Ahn clan (? – 1444) (삼한국대부인 순흥 안씨, 三韓國大夫人 順興 安氏)
    • a) Grandfather − Ahn Cheon-Bo (1339 – 1425) (안천보)
    • b) Grandmother − Lady Kim of the Yeongju Kim clan (영주 김씨)

Sibling

  • Younger brother − Sim Jun (심준, 沈濬) (? - 1448). Wife: Lady Min of the Yeoheung Min clan (여흥 민씨); Queen Wongyeong's grandniece
  • Younger brother − Sim Hwi (심회, 沈澮) (1418 - 1493). Wife: Lady Won of the Wonju Kim clan (원주 김씨)
  • Younger brother − Sim Gyeol (심결, 沈決) (1419 - 1470). Wife: Lady Shin of the Geochang Shin clan (거창 신씨)
  • Younger sister − Lady Sim. Husband: Kang Seok-deok (강석덕, 姜碩德) (1395 - 1459) of the Jinju Kang clan (진주 강씨)
  • Younger sister − Lady Sim. Husband: No Mul-jae (노물재, 盧物栽) (1396 - 1446) of the Gyoha No clan (교하 노씨)[7]
  • Younger sister − Lady Sim. Husband: Yu Ja-hae (유자해, 柳子偕) of the Jinju Yu clan (진주 유씨)
  • Younger sister − Lady Sim. Husband: Lee Song-ji (이숭지, 李崇之) (? - 1462) of the Jeonui Lee clan (전의 이씨)
  • Younger sister − Lady Sim. Husband: Park Geo-so (박거소, 朴去疎) of the Suncheon Park clan (순천 박씨)[8][9]

Husband

Issue

  • Daughter - Princess Jeongso (1412 – 25 February 1424) (정소공주)[10]
  • Son - Yi Hyang, King Munjong (15 November 1414 – 1 June 1452) (조선 문종). Wives: a) Crown Princess Consort Hwi of the Andong Kim clan (1410 – 1429) (휘빈 김씨), b) Crown Princess Consort Sun of the Haeum Bong clan (1414 – 1436) (순빈 봉씨), c) Crown Princess Consort Kwon of the Andong Kwon clan (17 April 1418 – 10 August 1441) (현덕왕후 권씨)
  • Daughter - Princess Jeongui (1415 – 11 February 1477) (정의공주). Husband: Ahn Maeng-Dam (1415 – 1462) (안맹담)[11][12][13][14][15]
  • Son - Yi Yu, King Sejo (2 November 1417 – 23 September 1468) (조선 세조). Wife: Queen Jeonghui of the Papyeong Yun clan (8 December 1418 – 6 May 1483) (정희왕후 윤씨)
  • Son - Yi Yong, Grand Prince Anpyeong (18 October 1418 – 18 November 1453) (이용 안평대군).[16] Wife: Princess Consort of the Yeongil Jeong clan (? – 31 May 1453) (부부인 영일 정씨)
  • Son - Yi Gu, Grand Prince Imyeong (7 January 1420 – 21 January 1469) (이구 임영대군). Wife: Princess Consort Jean of the Jeonju Choi clan (제안부부인 최씨)
  • Son - Yi Yeo, Grand Prince Gwangpyeong (2 May 1425 – 7 December 1444) (이여 광평대군). Wife: Princess Consort Yeongga of the Pyeongsan Shin clan (영가부부인 신씨)
  • Son - Yi Yu, Grand Prince Geumseong (28 March 1426 – 21 October 1457) (이유 금성대군). Wife: Princess Consort Wansan of the Jeonju Choi clan (완산부부인 최씨)
  • Son - Yi Im, Grand Prince Pyeongwon (18 November 1427 – 16 January 1445) (이임 평원대군). Wife: Princess Consort Gangnyeong of the Namyang Hong clan (? – 1483) (강녕부부인 홍씨)
  • Son - Yi Yeom, Grand Prince Yeongeung (23 May 1434 – 2 February 1467) (이염 영응대군). Wives: a) Princess Consort Chunseong of the Haeju Jeong clan (춘성부부인 정씨),[17] b) Princess Consort Daebang of the Yeosan Song clan (대방부부인 송씨),[18] c) Princess Consort Yeonseong of the Yeonan Kim clan (연성부부인 김씨)

Popular cultureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sejo, King of Korea (1417-1468). "Life History and Sermon of Buddha Abstracted from Buddhist Scriptures". World Digital Library. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Seokbosangjeol title". Record Depository. Digital Hangeul Museum. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  3. ^ Kim, Doosik. The History of Hnageul Typeface. Spinning Wheel of Time. p. 106. ISBN 978-89-6511-077-4.
  4. ^ Kim, Mu-bong (March 2013). "A Study for 20th Volume of 『Seokbosangjeol(釋譜詳節)』 ―Focusing on Bibliography and Language". Journal of Buddhist Studies (34). Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  5. ^ "The Soul of Korea: National Library of Korea". National Library of Korea. Retrieved 23 May 2013.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Through his older brother, Sim Jing (심징, 沈澄) and his wife, Lady Song of the Yeosan Song clan (정부인 여산 송씨), their grandson, Sim Seon (심선, 沈璿) (? - 20 September 1467), became the father-in-law to Han Hwak’s grandson.
  7. ^ No Mul-jae is the nephew of Queen Wongyeong
  8. ^ They became the grandparents to Park Won-jong and his 7 sisters
  9. ^ They became the great-grandparents to the future Queen Janggyeong and Yun Im
  10. ^ Died at the age of 11-12
  11. ^ Their second daughter, Lady Ahn, married Han Chi-rye (한치례, 韓致禮) (1441 - 1499); the third son of Han Hwak and second younger brother of Queen Insu
  12. ^ Their grandson, Han Ik (한익, 韓翊) (1460 - 1488), became the maternal uncle to Queen Janggyeong upon his marriage to the Queen’s maternal aunt, Lady Park of the Suncheon Park clan
  13. ^ Their great-grandson, Han Suk-chang (한숙창, 韓叔昌) (1478 - 1537), became the maternal cousin of Queen Janggyeong and the maternal step-grandfather of Heo Nanseolheon
  14. ^ They had 6 children (4 sons and 2 daughters)
  15. ^ Their eldest daughter married Jeong Gwang-jo (정광조, 鄭光祖), a son of Jeong In-ji and his first wife, Lady Jo of the Hanyang Jo clan (한양 조씨)
  16. ^ Became the adoptive son of Yi Jong, Grand Prince (성녕대군 이종, 誠寧大君 李褈) (3 August 1405 - 11 March 1418) (a son of King Taejong and Queen Wongyeong), and his wife, Princess Consort Samhanguk of the Changnyeong Seong clan (삼한국대부인 창녕 성씨, 三韓國大夫人 昌寧成氏)
  17. ^ Her younger brother eventually married Princess Gyeonghye (King Munjong’s and Queen Hyeondeok’s eldest daughter)
  18. ^ She is the paternal aunt of Queen Jeongsun

External linksEdit

  • Soheon, thetalkingcupboard.com
Queen Soheon
Cheongseong Sim clan
Royal titles
Preceded by
Crown Princess Jeong (Wongyeong)
of the Yeoheung Min clan
Crown Princess consort of Joseon
1418
Succeeded by
Crown Princess Hwi
of the Andong Kim clan
Preceded by
Queen Jeong (Wongyeong)
of the Yeoheung Min clan
Queen consort of Joseon
1418 – 19 April 1446
Succeeded by
Queen Jeongsun
of the Yeosan Song clan