Queen Jeongan

Queen Jeongan (정안왕후 김씨, 22 January 1355 – 2 August 1412) or Queen Anjeong (안정왕후), of the Gyeongju Kim clan, was a posthumous name bestowed to the wife and queen consort of Yi Gyeong, King Jeongjong; the second monarch of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. She was Queen consort of Joseon from 1398 until her husband's abdication in 1400 and honoured as Queen Deok (덕비), after which she was honoured as Queen Dowager Sundeok (순덕왕대비).

Queen Jeongan
정안왕후
Queen dowager of Joseon
Tenure28 November 1400 – 2 August 1412
Queen consort of Joseon
Tenure1398 – 28 November 1400
Crown Princess of Joseon
Tenure1398
Born22 January 1355
Kingdom of Goryeo
Died2 August 1412 (1412-08-03) (aged 57)
Indeok Palace, Hanseong Kingdom of Joseon
SpouseKing Jeongjong of Joseon
IssueNone
Posthumous name
온명장의정안왕후 溫明莊懿定安王后
HouseGyeongju Kim
FatherKim Cheon-Seo
MotherLady Samhanguk of the Damyang Lee clan

BiographyEdit

Lady Kim was born on 22 January 1355 into the Gyeongju Kim clan as the eldest daughter of Kim Cheon-seo and Lady Lee of the Damyang Lee clan within her older brother and five younger siblings.

In 1398, at the age of 42-43, she became Crown Princess Consort Deok when her husband (the future King Jeongjong) became Crown Prince. She was then referred as “Consort Deok" (덕비) throughout her lifetime within the palace. In the aftermath of the Second Strife of Princes when her husband abdicated in favor of his younger brother, Taejong on 28 November 1400, along with him being bestowed the courtesy title of "King Emeritus Inmungongye, " (인문공예상왕), she was bestowed the courtesy title of "Queen Dowager Sundeok" (순덕왕대비, Sundeog-Wangdaebi) by her royal brother-in-law. Her other little-known posthumous name is "Queen Anjeong" (안정왕후)

FamilyEdit

Parent

  • Father — Kim Cheon-seo (김천서, 金天瑞)
    • Grandfather — Kim Moon-jung (김문중, 金文仲)
    • Grandmother — Lady Yun (정부인 윤씨, 貞夫人 尹氏)
  • Mother — Lady Samhanguk of the Damyang Lee clan (삼한국대부인 담양 이씨, 三韓國大夫人 潭陽 李氏)
    • Grandfather — Lee Ye (이예, 李藝)
    • Grandmother — Lady Yu of the Munhwa Yu clan (정부인 문화 유씨, 貞夫人 文化 柳氏)
    • Uncle — Lee Gwang-shin (이광신, 李光臣)

Sibling

  • Older brother — Kim Seok-joon (김석준, 金釋俊)
  • Younger brother — Kim Su (김수, 金需) (1338 - 1409)
    • Nephew — Kim Gyeom (김겸, 金謙)
  • Younger brother — Kim Sam-won (김삼원, 金三原)
  • Younger sister — Lady of the Gyeongju Kim clan (경주 김씨, 慶州 金氏). Husband: Jeong Yeob-won (정업원)
  • Younger sister — Lady of the Gyeongju Kim clan (경주 김씨, 慶州 金氏). Husband: No Yeong-guk (노영국, 盧永國)
  • Younger sister — Lady of the Gyeongju Kim clan (경주 김씨, 慶州 金氏). Husband: Yun Yu-rin (윤유린, 尹有麟) of the Papyeong Yun clan

Consort

  • Husband — King Jeongjong of Joseon (18 July 1357 – 15 October 1419) (조선 정종)
    • Mother-in-law — Queen Shinui of the Anbyeon Han clan (신의왕후 안변 한씨, 神懿王后 安邊 韓氏) (1333 - 21 October 1391)
    • Father-in-law — King Taejo of Joseon (태조대왕, 太祖大王) (27 October 1335 - 18 June 1408)
    • Brother-in-law — Yi Bangwoo, Prince Jinan (진안대군 방우, 鎭安大君 芳雨) (1354 - 1393)
    • Brother-in-law — Yi Ui, Prince Ikan (익안대군 방의, 益安大君 芳毅) (1360 - 1404)
    • Brother-in-law — Yi Banggan, Prince Hoean (회안대군 방간, 懷安大君 芳幹) (1364 - 1421)
    • Brother-in-law — King Taejong of Joseon (태종대왕, 太宗大王) (1367 - 1422). Wife: Queen Wongyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan (원경왕후 민씨, 元敬王后 閔氏) (1365 - 1420)

TitlesEdit

  • 22 January 1355 - 1398: Lady Kim, daughter of Kim Cheon-seo, of the Gyeongju Kim clan
  • 1398: Crown Princess consort Deok (덕빈)
  • 1398 - 28 November 1400: Queen Consort Deok (덕비, 德妃)
  • 8 November 1400 - 2 August 1412: Queen Dowager Sundeok (순덕왕대비)
  • Posthumous title: Queen Jeongan of the Kim clan (정안왕후 김씨, 定安王后 金氏)
    • Lesser known posthumous title: Queen Anjeong of Joseon (안정왕후, 安定王后)

In popular cultureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 정안왕후 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Queen Jeongan
Gyeongju Kim clan
Royal titles
Preceded by
Queen Sindeok
of the Goksan Kang clan
Queen consort of Joseon
1398 – 28 November 1400
Succeeded by
Queen Jeong (Wongyeong)
of the Yeoheung Min clan
None Queen dowager of Joseon
28 November 1400 – 2 August 1412
Succeeded by
Queen Dowager Hudeok (Wongyeong)
of the Yeoheung Min clan